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^i0^tU»nt» ^0U^4 

% OF 


History y Antiquities^ Topography^ 





VOL. IV. ^ 

And the other BookcelleA in GlaagQW. 


R. Chapman, Printer. 

1820. _ 

^ /^ 





I 9^ 9n$imt 9nian€€ 


( * 



The Privileges of the Scots in France. 






nmrriD BY W. GHKYNB. 1751. 


Bj) Robert Chapman. 








Thc alliance of France and Scotland, - . - 1 
Treaty of alliance between Charles IV. sumamed 
die Fair, king of France, and Robert I. kiqg ^ 
of Scotland, concluded in 1326, - « - 4 

Renewals of that alliance, - * - - 10 

Contracts of inarriage between the royal families 

of France and Scotland, <• - « 11 

CHAP. n. 

Services done to France by the Soots, - ^12 


Rewards of services granted by the kings of France 
to the Scots, ..... 16 

Sbct* 1. Dignities, offices, honours and lands, 

conferred upon the Scots in France, - -17 

Sect. 2. Of the Scots guards, ... 19 

Sect* 3. Letters of naturalization for all Scots- 
men granted or confirmed by the kings of 
France, .......23 

Sect. 4. Letters-patents containing the privileges 
of the Scottish merchants trading in France, 
&C. . • «. . • • • 25 



Letters of general naturalization for the whole 
Scottish nation in France, by king Lewis 
XIL in 1513, - - . - - 25 

Letters-patents of king Henry II. containing the 

privileges of the tdtiots^ in Che year 1558, - 51 

Extract of the registers of the parliament of Paris, 35 

Letters-patents of king Henry IV. bearing can" 
firmation of the privileges of the Scots in 

France, in 1599, 36 

Extract of the records of parliament, "^ - - 41 
Leiters-patents of Lewis XIIL to confirm the pri« 

▼ileges of the Scots itt FR»6e, in idn^yH^ 

1612, - M 

Extract of the registers of the parikmenft -of p4iviS) 46 
Act of king Lewis XIV.« eoondl <if slate, in fk* 

vour of the Scots in France, . «. - 47 
Priv9ege8 of the Seottidi tneithaiits iracting m 

France, granted by king Franeis L in I51S, 49 
Privileges of the Scottish merchants trading in 

France, granted by king Heniy II. in 1554, 51 
Iteiirmation of the|)rivifege8 ef the Scotliah mer- ^^ 

chants trading in France, granted by king ;ei^ 

Henry IV. in 1599, - - . - 5S 








. \ OF \ 


AS the privileges of the Spots in France are a 

^nsequence of the union and' alliance which sub- 

' 'ted so many ages between the two crowns, it is 

necessary^ in the first place, to treat what regards 

. 'hat! alliance, in order to come afterwards to the 

privileges granted by the Kings of France to the 




It is the^ieral opinion of all the Scottishhis- 
torians, that tfai alliance of the French and Scots is . 

^i0^ll»nm ^0tim4 

d b L L E ^ T-IJO ^\ 

% OF 


Histaryy Anttquities^ Topography^ 

1 or 



And the other BooluelleA in Glasgow. 


R. Cbapman, Printer. 

1820. _ 



V^ ilmimi nui»px$ 




The Privileges of ihe Scots in France. 







I By Bobert Chapman, 




testukmny nrliereof, we oCMninaiid our $eal to be Ap- 
pended to tbtee presents. Given i^ Diindde on 
tbe twpeotietb day of Aprils in.tbe year df grace 
, QBO' tboasaod tbree htmdted Cnveatj^^my aiiidln 
tbe'iweettetbyeat 6f<6ur:i*^tgfi:.j : 
' ? Audi tol^ ead tbal thkthii^ nifty be-firm esd 
.atfd] all time comings we bave caoaed bur aeal 
.te^beaffiacedto^ibesepreE^nts. CrtvenatCotiFbdnjr, 
inibe yeap ofi^grace one tbouasnd tbreebcadred 
and twenty^six, in the mcmtb of AptiL 

Benewal of the alliance vf France and Scotland^ 
between Charles, Dauphin of France» (Xing John 
bis fiither being prisoner iniEngland,) and David 11. 
King (^Scotland^ at Paris, June 39^ 1359. * 

!Renewal of the said alUanee between the Kings 
Chirks V. of France, and Robert II. of Scotland, 
at Yjneennies, June 3, 137L f 
' Benewal of the said alliancie between Charles VI. 
Sng of France, and Robert III. £ing of Scot- 
land, Mardi 3, 1390. 1 

Renewal of the said alliance between the said 
Charles VL King of France,, and Robert Duke of 
' Albany, Regtot of Scotland during the captivity 
^ King James L in 1407. 

Rtoewal of the i^ud alliance between Charles VII. 
King of J^raoce, and Murdoch Duke of Albany, 
Regent of Scotland, in 1423. § 

Renewal of the said alliance betweeitCharies 
VII. King of France, and JameisL King of Soot- 
land, in 1488. 11 ' .. 

* Hn Tillet's collectionof treatie$,p. 80.— .f P» 98— J P» 1 1^- 
-*§ p. 137.— II p. 185, 

Gfew^yifv KJi« of Fmi«%;^^ ]U[r J^iiig 

of Scotland, in 1448. ♦ i ; ; . .,': 

, JBr^^iral of the scud a^ia||9^..,t|6(;^f«e^ Qbarles 
YIIL ?;ing of Eraucej, opd^ Jiuo^s , X^V« JS^ of 
Scotland, in 149L t * * 

Renewal of the said alliance between Lewis XII. 
King of France, and the same James IV. King of 
Scotland, in 1612. J ^ 

Renewal of the sidd alliance between Francis I. 
King of France, and tfames V\ Sing of Scotland, 
in 15154 

Renewal of the said alliance betwieen Francis I. 
King of France and. Mary Qiieen of Scotland, in 
1548.; ||; 

This faame alUance was again renewed between 
Httnry IL Eifiig of Franc^ and Mary Qiffien ef 
SoDtkuad, andibetiineeii the sucoeeding' Kings. 

To strengthen these alUances by stricter ties^ 
the royal fiBnilias of Fcaiifie and Seotlaiid hanto 
beea(i; fiidveiral tifaieK j^nited: !)y,>jQi^ 
. Th&ic(iiitraets<ase:extantQf;tfae following. , 

Contract of marriage between. Edwand Balkd^ 
son and h^r to Jicha King o£ ScDtkad.limd Joan 
dwghter to Charles de Yakaa,, brother of King 
Philipihe.Haii:, in 1SS5« ^ . . 

Contr^ot: of ibainage.beiwieeni Lewis Dauphin 
'cE Franoe^: afierwards Lewis XL and Margaret 
daughter to 'Jamjcs I. Klhgof BcQtlaitd,in 1486. ** 

* P. 140— t p. 149 — t Collection of the treaties of France 
and Scotland.-.^ Du Tillet's collectioii«p. 164.— .|| Collection of 
treaties between France and Scotland — ^ Rymer, foecU Anfifl. 
tom: 2, p. 697, and 698^** Du THlet's col. p. 137. 

13 HSMOlltS OF Ttti^ALtlAlXCB 

Contract of marriage between James V. King- of 
SiSotkmd, and Magdden daughter to King Francts 

' Contract * of marril^e between Francid Dauphin, 
afterwards Frauds II. King of France; and Mary 
Queen heiress of Scotland, in 1558. f 



ONE of the principal effects of this anoent alii* 
ance was the mutual succour which the two nations 
engaged to give each other against the English 
their common enemy ; and it was in consequence 
of this engagement that the Scots rendered so great 
services to France, especially in the - fourteenth 
century, whither by sending the flower of their . 
bravest men into France, to succour its inhabi- 
tants against the Englidi, almost masters of the 
kingdom, or by attacking England with all their 
force, on the side of Scotland, as oft as the English 
passed the sea to attack France^ . 

In 1346, after the iatal battle of Crecy, (or Cres* 
si,) in order to check the victorious English, to pre- 
vent their pushing their conquests in France, and 
to make a diversion there, David II. King of Scot- 
land, attacked England, and ravaged all the north 
of it, where, loung a bloody battle, he was defeated 
and taken, and, after ten years captivity, obliged 
to find a ransom. X 

* Printed bj Iieonaxd.«-.f Mem. Scot, tonu h p* 37. 
•«f Fxoissaid. 

BETWExy rAAVai and scotlakd. 13 

This didtotUnAerihfikix^fi^mcceB»oirBfrmn 

itiouiag to attiKik En^aody ia order 4o Bitop the 
irrnptUmB of the Engliab into Franee. But it 
wAschiefly at ffae time wfaen Ihe Fr^ich oioiiareby, 
witbia « htirtireedtli of its pyerthvow, when the 
Eoglidi, through the weakaess of King Chwrles Yh 
and the help of the Burgundians, were masters of 
abaost the whole kingdom, and when their Heni^ 
VL was crowned at Paris King of France; it was, 
I say, chiefly in this extremity, that the Soots sent, 
time after time, of their first nobility, wit^ the 
flower of the troops of Scotland, to support the juat 
righl of the Dauphin of France, sole lawful heir of 
the crown, but then proscribed and abandoned by 
the greats part of his French subjects, and by 
idmost all the other allies of the crowa, 

Fdr, in 14S0, Robert Duke of Albany, Regent 
of Scotland, se»t to the Dauphin^s assistance John 
Earl of Bm^aa, his son, with Archibald Douglas 
Ea^l of Wigtoun, John Stewart of Darnly, and 
other noUlity, at the head of a conaderable bedy 
of troops, by whose aid the Ei^lish were defeated 
at Beauge, in a bloody battle, where the Earl of 
Clarence, brother to the King of England, the 
Earl of Kent, and a great number of the English 
noUlity were killed, ^ and many others nuu^e pri- 
soners. • ' 

In the year 1422, the Earl of Douglas, at the 
head of a new reinfcnxs^aaent of five thousand Scots, 
arrived in France to the aid of the Dauphin, ac- 

• Hist ly Alait. chart, p. 49. DaTid Cluun* 171". TiUet's 
Treatiefl pf Franoe and England^ p. 126. 


knowledged King, since the death of his father, 
by the name of Charles VII. and after most of his 
troops had been cut off in the battle of Devreuil. * 

In 14S4, their came again fresh troops from 
Scotland to the succour of Charles VII. under the 
command of Robert Petilloch, (or perhaps Pat* 
tuUohy) a great captain in those days, f 

In 1428, the same King Charles VII. pressed 
on all sides by the English and other enemies of 
the French monarchy, sent, to seek new aid of 
King James I. of Scotland, the Archbishop of 
Rheims, with John Stewart of Aubigny, and to 
ask in marriage the Princess Margaret, King 
Jameses eldest daughter, for his son Lewis, Dau- 
phin of France. All was granted him ; the an* 
cient alliances were renewed, and the Lord of 
Aubigny repassed into France with fresh troops. 
But the Princess being yet too young, as well as 
the Dauphin, she went to France only in 1486, 
well attended by nobility and reinforcements. 

In fine, King Lewis XII. in his letters-patents j: 
of the privileges of the Scots in France, extols the 
service which the Scots did in the expulsion of the 
English, in these terms. « Lastly, and in the life- 
time of our late most dear lord and cousin King 
.Charles VII. (whom God absolve,) several princes 
of the said kingdom of Scotland, with a great num- 
ber of people of the said nation, came over to help 
to cast and expel forth of this kingdom, the English, 
who held and occupied most part of the realm, and 

•Al. chart, hist of Charles VII. p. 85. Da^dCham.p.l77. 
— t Da. Cham, p^ 1 78.<— :|: See these letters in the sequeL 


SO valorously exposed their persons against the said 
English, that these were driven out, and the said 
realm restored to his obedience, _&c.^ And, after 
the reduction of France to the obedience of its law- 
ful sovereign, the Scots continued to send succours 
into France, and to attack England, in order to 
make a diversion, as often as the kings of France 
should require it; besides that^ there ^re some of 
the best families of Scotland destined solely to the 
service of France. Thus we see the lords of Au- 
bigny, ^ewart, John, Robert, Bernard, (called 
also Berald,) and others of that family, in the sexw 
▼ice of France, under Charles VIII. Lewis XII. 
and in the following reigns ; especially in th^e wars 
of Italy, where they distinguished themselves at 
the battle of Fornova, and in the kingdom of 

In 1507, by the relation of Claud Seysil, Arch- 
bishop .of Turin, a contemporary author. King 
James IV. pn occasion of the wars of King Lewis 
XIL in Italy, sent to him, and offered to come in 
person to serve him with teti or twenty thousand 
fighting men. * And the sameEang James,in ,1513, 
having learned that France was attacked by the 
Emperor and the King of -England conjunctly, in 
order to make a diversion, (as the same King Lewis 
XII. observes, f ) attacked on his side England 
vith all his force, though King Henry VIII. was 
his brother-in-law, and obliged him to send back 
part of his troops into England ; whereupon fol- 

• Seysil hist of Lewis XII. p. 142— f In ^^ ^^ P**' •» 


lowed the fatal battle of Fkmden between the 
English and Scots^ in which Kii^ James lost bb 
Kfe, with the flower of the Soots, solely in the quar- 
rel of France. 

. Lastly, in 1548, the preference which the Soots 
made of the alliance of France to that of England, 
for the marriage of the young Queen Mary, heiress 
of Scotland, involved that kingdom in a war of 
about twenty years with England, which was fol^ 
lowed by an infinity of mischiefs, and ended at last 
in the ruin of the Boman catholic religion in Scot* 



IT was by reason of the ancient allianees be- 
tween the two kingdoms, and as it were in compen* 
sation of the services done to France, and of the 
losses in consequence sustained by the Seots, that 
the kings of France behaved to the Scots as if they 
had been their own native subjects. 1. To par^ 
ticular persons, by {»omoting or admitting them 
to all manner of dignities, honours, and offices, 
military, civil, and ecclesiastical 2. By commit- 
ing to the Scots the guard of their own royal per* 
sons with singular prerogatives. 3. By granting 
to all Scots, in general, letters of naturalization, 
ai|4 regarding them as real denizens of their king- 
dom. 4. By granting particular exemptions of 
duties to all the Scottish merchants in France. 



In 1422, John Stewart, Earl of Buchan, was 
made Condtable of France, after the battle of 
Beauge, by King Charles VII. and lost hi& life in 
his service at the battle of Verneuil. * 

In 1423, Archibald Earl of Douglas was crea- 
ted Duke of Tourain by the same king, and sacri- 
ficed his life in the same battle, f 

In 1424, the same king grati6ed John Stewart 
of Damly, Constable of the Scots in France, with 
the lordship of Aubigny, j: which continued down 
to our days, in his descendants dukes of Lennox, 
until the very extinction of the family. Charles 
VII. gave him also the county of Dreux, and made 
him a Marshal of France. § His descendants lords 
of Aubignyj John and Bernard, (known by the 
name of Berald,) merited like honours by their 
services, and the lords of that family were in a 
manner hereditary captains of the Scots guards. || 

In 1428, Charles VII. gave to James I. King 
of Scotland, the county of Xaintonge and Boch- 
fort in peerage. ^ 

About the same time the same king made the 
Laird of Monypenny his chamberlain, and gave 
him the lordship of Concressant. 

•ALChart.histofCharle8Vn.p.5S.— tp.5ft, DuTUL 
ooE p. 135 — t Ibid.^ p. 137.— |i Hist, of Charles VIII. edit. 
Godfrey, p. 384, 385.— f D" Till coll. p. 137. 

18 icxHoims or TBX AXxiAvem 

In 1495, the Lord ofAuhigoy was made Gover- 
* nor of Calabria by King Charles VIII. ♦ 

In 1524, John Stewart Duke of Albany, had a 
seat in the parliament of P«ris, by command of 
Francis I. before the dukes and peers. *f- He was 
appointed Viceroy of Naples, General of the gal- 
leys of France, and Governor of die Bourbonese, 
of Auvergne, and of other provinoes. J 

About the same time, Robert Stewart of Au- 
bigny, was made a Marshal of France. 

In 1548, King Henry I. gave the duchy of 
Chatelherault to James Hamilton ]Sarl of Arran, 
Regent of Scotland, and prelsented him with the 
collar t)f his order, which that kin^ sent also to the 
Earis of Huntly, Argyll, and Angus. § ' 

With regard to offices, the Scots have exercised 
some of the most considerable in France. }| Mr. 
Servien, a famous advocate under Henry III. in 
his pleading before the parliament of Paris, relates 
that Mr. TumbuU, a Scotsman, was a judge in 
the same parliament, and afterwards first president 
of the parliament of Rouen : Adam Blackwood 
was a Judge on the bench of Poitiers, and others 
in courts of justice. 

The Scots have also possessed in France some 
of the first dignities of the church. Andrew Fore- 
man was Archbishop of Bourges, David Bethune, 
Bishop of Mirepoix, David Panter, (or perhaps 
Panton,) and after him James Bethune Bishop of 

* DameFs hist of France, Lond. edit 2d. p. 134U-.t Ba- 
Ixuse hist de la tour d' Auvergne, vol. ii p. 68$^!^ Same hist 
vol i. p. 353, 354, &c — 8 Tit du duch^ de Cljat p. 1, 3. td. 
edit p 10^1 Serv. plead, printed in 1586, p. th 

Glaagoiri w«re sucoranvely Abbots of L' Abue» bed- 
sides a great number of prion, eaoona* eurateii. 
mtd •other b^efioed {icrsoiiftifi France. And it is 
remarkably, tbat, in the year 1566, die cute of St 
Cdme at Pad% 'Confer r«l by the isniversity upoa 
Jdhn HamiltoB, having been disputed him by a 
French eecMastic, wfaopralesled against Ha^l- 
t<m as bciiig a Sootsman* HamilUNi^s^iise was 
pleaded, intiie parliament of Paris, by Mr* Seiw 
Tien advocate in parliameiit, who proved tbttt the 
Soots eagoyed the right of denizens, and in conse* 
quence, by decree of the court, the provittoaal 
possession of the cure was ad^iic^ed to Hamilton. * 
And, in the university of Paris, the Scots snade 
formerly so eonnderaUe a figure, tbat otie of che 
four nalions, of whom the feouky of arts is compo* 
sed, which is now called the Gorman nation, was 
formeriy styled ^< natio Germaoorum et Scotonun ;^ 
and be^es a great number of doctors and profiss* 
son inidl the fiiculties, we find still, upon the re- 
cords of the university, that there have been thirty 
rectors of the univeruty all Scotsmen, in times 
when the office of rector was much more considera- 
ble, both in church and ^te, than itis at present. 


Nothing shows better the consideration which 
the kings of France bad for the Scots, and the en- 
tire confidence they placed in their fidelity,'than 



t]|e chcnce fbey mode of them for the guard of 
their sacred persons. 

With regard to the estabUshment of the Scots 
guards, Scottish writers refer ita beginning to the 
reign of St. Lewis« others to King Charles V. But 
it is allowed that it was King Charles YII. who 
gave them the form in irfiich they have since pre- 
served themselves. King Lewis XII. in his letters- 
patents * (tf naturalisation to the Scots, speaks of 
this establishment in the following manner: after 
having set forth, in terms the most honourable to 
the nation, the service which the Soots did to King 
Charles VII. in theexipulsion of the English out of 
France, and in the reduction of Uie. kingdom to his 
obedience, he adds, ^< Since which reduction, and 
for the service the Scots rendered to Charles VII* 
upon that occasion, for the great loyalty and vir- 
tue which he found in them, he selected two hun- 
dred of them for the guard of his person, of whom 
he made an hundred men at arms, and an hundred 
lifeguards. And the said huuidred men at arms 
are the hundred lances of our ancient ordinanees; 
and the lifeguard-men are those of our guard, who 
still are near and about our person.'^ 

With respect to the fidelity of the Scots in that 
honourable post, take here the testimony bore them 
by Claud Seysil, Master of Requests to the same 
Lewis XII. and afterwards Archbishop of Turin, 
in his history of that prince where speaking of 
Scotland, he says, << The Frendi have so ancient a 
friendship and alliance with the Scots, that, of four 

* Which see after. 


hundfed men appropriated fbr the kingf s liAguaid^ 
there are an hundred of the aatd nation who are 
the nearest to hi» person, and in the lught keep 
the keys of the apartment where be deepB. There 
are, moreover, an hundred eoniplete hmces^ and 
two famidred y e o men of tKe said nation, beside 
sereral that are dispersed throogh tbe oompames: 
andforsolongattmeastbeyhaveservedin France^ 
never hath tbete been one of them found that hi^h 
committed or done any fanlt against Uie ki^gs or 
their state ; and they can make nse of them m cf 
their own subjects.^ 

The ancient r^hts atid prerogatiiresof the 8oot« 
tiA lif(^guards were Tory hononrftble. Here fol* 
lows the description whidi those same Soots gnards 
give of the fianctions and prerogatives rf thrir com^ 
pany^ and espedaUy of the 84 first guards; to 
whom the first Gendarme of France .b«ng added» 
they make up the number of '85, commonly caUed 
^< Gardes de Mandie,^ sleeve-guards, wbo were all 
Scots by nation. 

Two of them asttsting at mass» sermon, vespess^ 
and ordinary meals ; on high holidays at the eete^ 
mony of the royal toudi, and the erectian of 
knights of the king''s order, at the reoeptioa of esp 
traOTdinary ambassadors, and public entries of 
cities, there most be six of their number next to 
the king^s person, three on each side of his mi^ty ; 
and die body of tbe king must be carried by these 
only, wheresoever ceremony requires, and his eflSgy 
must be attended by diem. They have the keep- 
ing of tbe keys of die king''s loc^ng at night* the 
keeping of the choir of the churdiy the keejping of 


the boats whea the king passes the rivers, the ho**, 
nour of bearing the white silk fringe in their anus, . 
which is the coronal colour in France ; the keys of 
all the cities where the king makes his entry given 
to their captdn in waiting or out of waiting. He 
has the privilege in waiting, or out of waiting, at 
ceremonies, such as coronations, marriages, funerals 
of die kings, baptisms and marriages of their cbil* 
dren, to take duly upon him ; the coronation-robe 
bdongs to him ; and this company by the deajli or 
change of a captmn, never changes its rank, as do 
the three others. 

This company was heretofore wholly composed 
of Scotsmen. But as, in the reign of Henry II. 
several French, or others than Scots, had been ad- 
mitted there, as well as among the Scots Grendarmes, 
that prince, at the soKcitatiod of the deputies of 
the states of SoStland, gave a breviate, oS which the 
original is extant, signed by the king^s own hand, 
bearing date June 28, 1558, whereby his majesty 
promises that he shall not allow any person to en- 
ter there, who is not a gentleman of the said nation 
•f Scotland, tmd sprung from a good family, &a * 

This regulation did not hinder afterwards others 
than Scots from being sometimes admitted, as ap- 
pears by the remonstrances made upon that sub- 
ject, 4rom time to time, by the queen-mother, and 
her son James VI. and by the privy counal of 
Scotland, in the roll of the year 1599, given in by 
the captain of the Scots guards to the chamber of 
accounts. Three fourths of the yeomen, as well of 
the body as of the sleeve, were still, however, Scots. 

* Mem. Scot torn. 1, p. VS. 


It was but afterwards, and by degrees, that this 
company became filled with French^ to the exelu«- 
sion of Scotsmen : so that at last there remained no 
more than the name, and the answer, when called, 
I am HERE* 


The first letters known of naturalization to the 
Scots, were granted by King Lewis XII. at the 
instance of Andrew Foreman, Bishop of Moray in 
Scotland, and Archbishop of Bourges. They were 
given at Amiens in the month of September, 1513* 
A copy will be found in the sequeL 

In 1547, Henry II. granted letters of naturaliza* 
tion to the ^ Scots guards in particular, given at 
Fontainebleaujn the month of November, ld46>at 
the exchequerwchamber, on the 12th of February. 

The same King Henry II. granted new letters* 
patents of naturalization for all Scotsmen, at the 
instance of James Bethune, Archbishop of Glas- 
gow, and other deputies of the states df Scotland, 
for the marriage di Queen Mary and the Dauphin. 
The letters are given at Villiers-couterets, in June, 
15589 registered, with some modifications) in^lia .^ 
parliament of Paris July the 1 1th, at the exchequex^ 
chamber the 13th of July, and in the grand council 
the 19th of the said month of July. The copy 
here afterwards inserted, was made from an authen- 
tic duplicate signed by the hand of Mr Du Tillet, 



derk of puduinBent. The charter is also printed in 
the Scots aetB of porfiameiit. 
' King Henry IV. confirmed, at the iaatanoe of 
the same James Bethune» ArdiUshcqp of Glasgow, 
ambassador from Scotlimd, the right of naturaliza- 
tion to all Scots, by his letters-patents, given at 
Fontainebleau in the month of March, 1599, regis- 
tered in the parliament of Paris, with some modi- 
fications, the 31st of July, in the said year* The 
<^opy, to be found in the sequel, is done from a 
copy collated before notaries. 

In 1612« the same privileges were confirmed to 
the Scots by King Lewis XIII. in his lettenhpa* 
tents, given at Paris 'm the month of October, 1612, 
registered in parliament, with some modificaticms, 
December 15th, axid in the treasury-books the SOdi 
of the said month. 

The copy we shall afterwards give is taken from 
a copy collated before notaries. 

It appears also by an ad of Lewis XIV.^s coun- 
cil of state, that his majesty had confirmed the an- 
ient jNrivilqnes of the Scots since his accession to 
the crown, and, in consequence, he i^scharged 
them of the taxes imposed upon foreigners. 

This act was issued, at Fcmtainebleau, the 19th 
of September, 164f6. A cc^y of it will be found 

♦» W*« *^"^'' 




1. Letters-patents of King Francis I. contain- 
ing the privileges of the. Scottish merchants^ given 
at Amboise in the month of May, 1518. 

2. . Lettersrpatents of King Henry II. to con^ 
firm the. same privileges^ given at Paris the 3d of 
February, 1664. 

Confirmation of the privileges -by King Henry 
IV. in his letters-patents given at Fontainebleau 
in the month of March, 1699. This copy is done 
from j9l copy collated with the original in parch- 

Letters of general naturalization for the whole 
Scottish nation in France, by King Lewis XII. in 

L^vis, by the grace of God, King of France, 
Be it known to all present and tx) come, that aSf 
in all time, and antiquity, between the kings of 
Fiance and Scotland, and the princes and subjects 
of the two kii^oms, a most strict friendship, con- 
federacy, and perpetual alliance, have subsist€||} 
and by these are both the kings bound to succoqr 
each other,. towards and against all, and so against 
their ancient enemies the English, wh^ch they have 
done several times ; and, latterly, during the life 
our late most dear lord and cousin King Charles 
VII. (whom God absolve,) several princes of the 


said kingdom of Scotland, with a great number of 
the 8ud nation, came crver to h^p to cast and ex- 
pel forth of the kingdom the English, who held 
and occupied great part thereof; which friends ex- 
posed their persons so valourously against the 
English, that they were driven out, and the said 
kii^om reduced unto his obedience ; since which 
reduction, and for the service they did him upon 
that occasion, thi great loydty and tirtue he found 
in them, he select^ two hundred of them for the 
giiard of his person, of whom he mad(B aH hundred 
men at arms, and an hundred lifeguard*men ; and 
the sud hundred men at arms are the hundred 
lances ofour ancient ordinances ; and the lifeguard- 
men are those of our guard, who still are neitr and 
about our person. And forasmuch as our beloved 
and trusty counsellor the Archbishop of Bourges, 
Bishop of Moray, now ambassador with us, from 
our most deiir and moi^ beloved brother, connn, 
and ally, the King of Scotland still reigning, and 
our beloved and trusty counsellor and chamber** 
lain. Sir Robert Stewart Lord of Aub%ny, Cap- 
tain of our Scottish guard, and of the hundred 
l&nces of our said ancient ordinances of the said 
nation, have remonstrated to us how much it hath 
been always desired, that the Scots, when called to 
our said kingdom of France, and our suljeets who 
might go to live in that of Scotland, or might de- 
cease there, on the account of trade or otherwise, 
should be enabled to testate and dispose of their 
effects to their respective heirs, and s6 indeed hath 
this been hitherto observed in the said kingdom of 
ScotUnd: lur to our subjects, however, those of 

the md OAtiqii of Scc^land are obliged» 9» well 
4uch 119 are in our seprice of our said guards as 
men at anoa* and others whatsoever of that nation 
who axe on this ade^ to take out particukr letters 
of naturalization^ and leave to testate and dispose 
of their effects, which they must have verified in 
our exchequer-chamber at Pam^ by our commis- 
sioners of the treasury of France, and other our 
ofl^cerp, with givat pain and labours otherwise their 
wive% children, or heirs, would be fruatrat^ of 
their effects^ and we make gifts of them as of foreign 
prpperty, to their great grievance^ prejudice, and 
•damage: requiring us, by the said ambassadors 
and the Sieur d^Aubigny, that having thi$ in re- 
.gardj as well as the perpetual fellowship, cop-* 
(^erafjs apd alliance^ between us and the said 
king of Scotland^ qui; kingdoms and subjects, 
ariucu M&tb b^n htfUy cppSrm^d and sworn, ogr 
pleasiir^ may be to grant general letters to all those 
of the said natipn, and thereby to declare, that ife 
holdf deem» and nepute (hem in all things as true 
and original natiyes of our said kingdom, and fully 
imppwered tp testate and dispose of their e£Pects ; 
as also that) in <M9 of their dying intestate, their 
duldren and other hmrs may su^eed them, and be 
enabled tp hoU all estate offices, benefices, as any 
crth^s in ovr siud kingdom, and hereupon to im- 
part unto them our grace. 

Whereby we, the abovesaid things considered, 
and the good and indissoluble fellowship^ confiedera- 
ay and perpetual alliance which hath always sub- 
aisled, and doth still subsist between us and the 
said kings of Sffltkindg our respective kingdoms 

/ ' 


and subjects, inviolably to be kept and observed^ 
baring regard to the signal services which the said 
kings of Scotland have heretofore done to our said 
predecessors, in the expuldon of our said enemies, 
to the great lojalty and fidelity which hath been 
always and invariably found in them, and those of 
their said nation, towards us, and particularly to 
the most signal, laudable and commendable service 
which our said good brother, counn and ally, tfae 
present king of Scotland, is actually doing us, as it 
is notorious, that, in pursuance of Our said friend- 
ship, fellowship, confederacy and alliance, he hath 
voluntarily declared for us agunst the king of 
England his brother-in-law, who is at present in 
our said kingdom ; and, moreover, hath .sent us 
succours and arms by sea, of great numbers of 
ships and men of war, which is so timely a tervice, 
as well requires that his subjects be for ever re- 
commended and favoured in our said kingdom. 
For these, and other just and reasonable causes 
thereunto us moving, we have resolved to declare 
and ordain, and j by the tenor of these presents, do 
will, declare, ordain, and please, from our own 
knowledge, proper motion, special grace, full power 
and royal authority, that henceforth, perpetually, 
and for ever, all those of the sud kingdom of Scot- 
land, who shall reside, or come to reside, and shall 
hereafter decease in our said kingdoms, countries 
and seignories, of what station soever they be, 
or supposing they should be neither residents nor 
inhabitants in our sidd kingdom, countries and 
seignories, they shall be capable of acquiring there^ 
in all estates, seignories andpossesmns which they 

Utey lairfufiy acqmre ; and ^thett, together wkh 
lAc»8e wliieh they may have already aoqciired^ to 
testate and diflpose, by testamettt and order of latter<i> 
inU) living donation) or otherwise, at their will and 
pleaaure ; tfnd that their wives and children^ if 
tfaeyhav^ any, or other their heirs, in what place 
soever they be residing, whether in our kingdom, 
nrelsewheie, may, by testament or otherwise^ take 
and inherit their estates and sueeessions, as if they 
weiDe na^ves of our said kingdom : and to those of 
the said natkm^ disposed to the church,* shall be 
apen all benefioss and dignities seeuhnr or regular^ 
with whieh they may be justly and canonically 
invested, by titles, collations^ or {Hrovirions^ (not 
diepcgating from the holy decrees of Basle, the 
pragmatic sanction, and the privileges of the Gralli- 
ttan church,) and they shall, in like manner* be 
aUe to dispose of their said property, as said is ; 
and that in all things those of the said nation be 
treated, favoured, held, deemed, and reputed, for , 
ever, as true originals of our siud kingdom : and 
to this end we have enabled, and do enable them, 
we have dispensed, and do dispense our grace, by 
these said presents, and that without their being 
obliged, fof the abovesaid things, either now or 
liereafter. Intake out particular letters ofnatu* 
laiiaation, and leave to testate, other than these 
presents, nor therefore to pay us any finances, 
which finances we have given and discharged, and 
do give and discharge them afowt said grace, by 
these said presents signed under our hand, to what* 
ever value they do or may amount : prorided aU 
ways that the said king of Scotland, and his sue- 


CQSsors^ shall grant and allow audi and^like prifi- 
leges to our subjects in their said kingdoms And 
that this they may enjoy in foim and manner as 
above, we do therefore give command, by these 
same presents, to our beloved and trusty the mem<- 
bers of our courts of parliament at Parb, bailiffs^ 
seneschals, and provosts of our kii^om, and to 
all our other justiciaries and officers, and to their 
substitutes, present and to come, to each and every 
one of them, that our present graces, privileges^ 
ordinances, edicts, declarations and vouchsafeaaenty 
they cause, suffer, and allow, those of the said na- 
tion of Scotland, plenarily and peaceably, as afore- 
said, to enjoy and use ; ceasing, or causing to cease 
all lets and binderances that may be made, given or 
offered to the oontrasy whatsoever. For such ia 
our pleasure. Notwithstanding that the said finan- 
ces of the said letters (^naturalization are notheve 
declared* let no dischai^ be levied by the cashier 
of our treasgry^ any (Hrdtnanoes, . restrictions, com* 
ma^ds or prohibitions whatsoever to. the contrary 
notwithstanding. And whereas there may be oc- 
casion for these presents in • divers and several 
places, it is our will, that, upon sight thereof, un- 
der the seal royal, credit be ^ven as to this present 
original; wh^reuntOy that it may be a deed sure' 
and stable, for ever, we have caused our seal to be 
affixed, saving in all- else our right, and that of 
others in dl. Given at Amiens, in the month Sep* 
tembfr, of the year one thousand five hundred and 
thirteen, and of our reign the thirteenth. Signed. 
Lswis* And upon the fold, .by the king, the Caiw 
dinal de Frie* the Bishop of Paris, Mr.- Pierre d^ 


la V^riMide master of the ordKaary requests * of 
the household, ttod by others present. Signed 
Gedoyn, and* sealed with a great seal of green 
wax, pendant to a string of red and green silk* 

LeUen^paienia ofKvi^ Henry II. amiaimiig thepri" 
vileges t^the ScaU in France^ in the year 1658. 

HsMar, by the grace of Gk>d, King of France, 
imto all present and to come, greeting. 

Whereas, nnce the* marriage heretofore pro- 
posed between our most dear and most belored 
son Ae Kii^ Dauphin, and bur most dear and most 
beloved daughter the Queen of Scotland Dauphi* 
ness, his consort, contracted, concluded, and con* 
firmed, the deputies of the states of the said king« 
dom have, for and in the name of the said states, 
taken to our said son the:oalh of fiddity, as to their 
true and natural lord, which he is; in virtue 
whareof, being subjects of both kingdoms, (which 
have hitherto, and of a long time, cultivated a 
social oommunicataon, lived in mutual ftiendship 
and inteU^noe^ favoured and assisted each other) 
by the .union of the houses of France and Scotland, 
so dosely connected that we esteem them as one 
and the same^and desire, for this cause, the better 
to establish, entertain, and invigorate this friends 
ship between our said subjects, and those of the 
Sttd kingdom of Scotknd, and to give the said 
inhabitants of the ktter kingdom the more oppoc^ 
tuaity of visiting their king and queen, when they. 

« * Atasbeiiiigneiiiy totheEoglidioouitofOreeiick)^ ' 


shall be on this side, of residing near then, attend- 
ing and serving them, as to gocMl and fiuthful sub- 
jcets bdoings, to indulge and favour them inth die 
graces and privileges whieh our own proper anb- 
jects enjoy : be it known that we, these things con- 
sidered, and tar several other great and reasondble 
causes thereunto us moving, have to all the inha- 
bitants of the sidd kingdom of Scotland, subjects 
of our said son the King Danpbin, and of our said 
daughter his consort, permitted, grafted, and 
vouchsafed, and do, by these presents, permit, 
grant, and vouchsafe, that they may at their ease^ 
as oft ai to them shall seem good^ come, inhabit^ 
and abide in thb our kingdom, and tiiermn accept^ 
hold, and possess all and every the benefices, d^ 
nitifis, and offices ecclesiastical, with which they 
be justly and eanonically invested by due 
title, not delegating ftom the holy decrees, ocm- 
oordates, privileges, franchises, and liberties of the 
Galilean diurch, and thereof to take and seiae 
possesnon and enjoyment, and to map and receive 
die finuts, profits, and revenues, unto what sum 
soever they do or may amount : and, moreover^ to 
acquire in this kingdom, country, lands, and seig* 
nories in our allegiance, all imd every of the estates, 
moveable and immoveable, which they shall see 
meet, to have and to hold them, together with 
such as may devolve, redound, and belong to them, 
whether by succession* donation, or otherwise, and 
to order and dispose of them by testament, settle- 
ment of latter will, living donation, or in what 
other manner soever. And that their heirs, or 
others to whom they shall have disposed of them, 


may be able to succeed to them, to take and seise 
possesion and enjoyment of their said estates, just 
as they would and might do if they were originally 
natives of our said kingdom and country, without 
our soHdtor-general, or other our oflScers having 
power henceforth to claim the estates as acquired 
to us by right of escheat, or the subjects of the 
said kingdom of Scotland, being in the enjoyment 
of those estates, brought to any molestati<m or 
trouble. And to all, as above, we have capaci- 
tated and dispensed, and do, by these presents, 
capacitate and dispense them, whether they have 
babituated in our said kingdom,^ country, lands, 
and seignories of our obedience, or in the said 
kingdom of Scotland, without their being bound 
on account thereof to pay unto us, or our succes- 
sors, any finance or indemnity whatever ; where- 
from, unto what sum, vatue, and estimation soever 
it doth or may amount, we have, in connderation 
of the above* acquitted and discharged, and do 
hereby acquit and discharge them, and thereof^ in 
fkVour of our said daughter, have made, and do 
make a pfft, by these presents under our hand ; 
upon condition, that if, by reason of the said bene- 
fices; any law-suit should be raised, they shall 
cause none of our subjects to be brought or con- 
vened, except bef<nre such of our judges unto 
whom the cognisance shall belong. We do there- 
fore give in command, by these same presents, 
unto our bebved and trusty the persons holding 
our courts of parliament, great council and ex- 
cbe^er at PariSf and to all those our bailif&y 
•enefchals, provosts, and other our justiciaries, or 


their di^uties, present and to CQinp, and to ever^ j 
one whom it may conoeniy that our present grace» ! 
Ijeave, UceDce> and permission^ and aU contained in ' 
these said presents^ they make> suffer, and allow 
the said subjects and inhabitants of the said king- , 
dom of Scotland, plenarily and peaceably to enjoy 
and use ; ceasing and causing to cease all lets and 
hindrances to the contrary whatsoever. Fw such 
is <mr pleasure. Notwithstanding that the yalue 
of the said finance is here neither spedfied nor de- 
dared, that such ^fts we have been wont to make 
only for the half or third of the regulations by us 
or our predecessors made in the order and distvi- 
bulion of our financesy and even that of the month 
of December last, wherein it is saidf diat all gifU, 
benefits, and rewiurds shall be paid by the treasurer 
of our exchequer } from vhl9l) if^ ^ve| by our 
full power and royal authority, derogated, and do 
derogate, and in the derogatopies, by these pre- 
sents, do abide, what other ordinances, restrictions, 
commands, and prohibitions soever to Uie contrary 
notwithstanding. And, forasmuch as there m^j 
be occasion for these presents in divers and several 
places, we will, that, upon sight thereof made 
under the seal royal, or duly collated by one of 
our beloved and trusty notaries and secretaries, 
credit be given as the present original; where- 
UDto, that it may be a deed firm and stable for 
ever, we have caused our seal to be put and an- 
nexed ; saving in all else our right, and that of 
others in all. Given at Villiers-court^ets in the 
month of June of the year of grace que thousand 

BCT#£!fci^ f ItADdS AKD MOT&AKD. 36 

flfve kiitid^ fiftjr*«igbt» and. of bur reign the 

£idm^ of tht ngUters of the parliamenJt of Paris* 

The court having seen the king's letters- 
patents, in form of charter, given at VillterSiiOOil*- 
terets in the month of June last past, subscrihed 
by the hand of the mA lord, and on the fold by 
the king de TAubespine ; fbr the whieb, and the 
clauses therein contained, the said lord vouchsafes, 
permits, and grants unto all the inhabitants of the 
sdid 'kingdom of Scotland, subjects of the King, 
Dauphin of France, son to the said lord the king, 
lind of the Queen of Scotland, Dauphiness his 
consort, that they may with full liberty inhabity 
<!ome, reside, and remain in this Jcingdom, and 
therein hold and possess benefices and offices 
ecclesiastical, and there acquire whatever estate^ 
moveable and immoveable, they shall see meet, as 
if they were originally natives of this kingdom, as 
ifi more fully set forth, in the said letters of the 
decree of the said court, communicated to tba 
king's solicitor-general ; his conclusions thereupon, 
and every thing considered, the said court hath 
ordained, and doth ordain, that the said letters* 
patents shall be read, published, recorded in the 
re^sters of this court, in order for the patentees to 
enjoy the effect hereof, so long as the kingdom 
shall be in the obedience, confederacy, and friend- 
ship of the king ; provided always that the sub- 
jects of this kingdom shall be capable, as such, of 
enjojring like rights, privileges, goods, lands, and- 
possessions, atid of holding benefices and dignities 

S6. MSMOims C9 THK MstlMXCm 

in the kingdoiD of. SootJand* Dene in ptriifliiieDt 
the eleventh day ol July, in the year one thovunod 
five hundred and fifty-eight. << Lecta, similiter 
puUicata et registrata in camera compulomm do- 
mini nostri regis, andito procuratore generali prout 
in.registro, IStii Julii anno suprascripto.^ Signed, 
lie Maitre. 

Bead, pul^Ushed, and recorded in the register 
of the king^s great council, the 8olicitor<^eneral of 
the said lord, requiring it under the modifications 
contained in the re^ster, and with the . proviso, 
. that the draught be renewed by those who shall 
be willing to avail themselves of the grant oon« 
tinned in these • presents. Done at Paris, in council, 
the' nineteenth of July, one thousand five hundred 
and fifty-eight Signed Faure. 

In consequence of these lettws-patents, and this 
act of registration, the three estates of Scotland in 
parliament, assembled, in the month of November 
1558, passed an act for naturalizing and granting 
the same privileges to all the French in Scotland ; 
and a copy of those letters-patents was registered 
in the acts of the parliament of Scotland. 

Lettera-pataUs of King Henry IV. hearing canfir" 
motion of the priv^egea of, the Scots in France, 
in the year IS99. 

Henat, by the grace of God, King of France 
and Navarre, unto all present and to come, greets 

Whereas, since it hath pleased Ood to call us 
unto the sucession of this crown, we have had 

mme «lt bedrt diM to maintain the alU* 
iaad e orresp o ndcticeft whidbi we found thai 
tli6 Ungt our predeoesscNra had made with the 
priBOfs and potentate of Chriaiendom for the pub- 
lie wtel of o«r IdngdoBi : we have taken espeoial 
care of the ancient eonfedetfaey and alliance long 
ftnoe omtXBCted and reU^ously observed between 
ottT jMr cd eco Mor SiingSy aod the Sji^ of Seotlandf 
bt^mtsAiJui aid and assjatance wbieh they have 
(pilt^fiBtaMmsfa other upon oecaaionB that have offered 
for the good of (heir respective atate% people ttd 
aufc^eets ; and b^ng that we have, nuMreover) a par<» 
tioiilar indination to love our moat dear and most 
beloved good btocher and eousin James the V I. of 
the name seiginng over the said eountry of Soot* 
landf in consideration whereof, desiring, after the 
jeauanple of our other kings our predecessors, to 
jiMike a|ypear to our said good brother and cousin 
^e said Bang of Scotland, that the ccmtinuanee of 
Ilia friendaliip is unto us dear and desiraUe, and to 
jndttlge those of the said nation with every instance 
frf* good-will, by imparting to them the graces and 
privileges whereof they have rendered themselves 
worthy, through the affection and fidelity which 
they have borne this crown : be it known, thai;, 
for Uie considerations abovesud, and of our special 
grace, full power and royal authority, we have 
smd, declared, and commanded, and do, by these 
presents, say, declare, and command^ it is our will 
and pleasure, that the subjects of our said good 
brother and cousin the King of Scotland» who do 
uibabit, or shall hereafter reside in this our king- 
dom, be capai»tated to accept, hold, and possess 

39 MBM0IB8 09 THE AlLlAIfCV 

all and every the benefices, dignities, and eoelm- 
astical offices with which they may be justly and 
canonically invested by suificient title, notbtag de-* 
rogating from the decrees and eonoOrdates, privi- 
leges, franchises, and liberties of the Ghdlican 
church, thereof to take and seise tbe possesion 
and enjoyment, and to reap and reodtve the said 
fruits and revenues, to what sums soever tbey do 
or -may amount. And, moreover, to acquire > for 
the future, in our said kingdom, countries, lands, 
and seignories of our siud obedience, all and every 
the estates, moveable and immoveable, that they 
shall see meet, to hold and possess them, together 
with those that may fall, redound, or belong to 
them, whether by succession, donation, or others* 
wise, and to order and dispose of them by testa- 
ment, destination, latter-will, living conveyance, 
or in what manner soever i and that their heirs, 
or others, to whom they shall fall ah inteHutt ot 
otherwise, whether they be residing in our said 
kingdom, or whether they be in the said kingdom 
of Scotland, when the said succession or donation 
shall fall, may succeed to them, take and seize 
possession and enjojrment of their said estates, just 
as they would or might do, were tbey original na- 
tives of our said kingdom and country ; provided 
always, that they who shall testate, or decease in- 
testate, be denizons ; without our solicitor-general, 
'Or other our officers, having any power to claim 
their said estates as our acquest by right of escheat, 
or the said subjects of the said kingdom of Scot- 
land, meeting in the enjoyment of such estates 
with any sort of molestation ; without also the acts 


and judgments h«reU>fixre passed contrary tb the 
tenor of the said^ preseats, bang able for the future 
to hinder the effect hereof, or there being any oc- 
casion for the subjects of the country of Scotland 
to obtain any other dispensation. or declaration 
than these presents ; and, as above, we have 
endbkd and dispensed, and do, by these presents, 
enable and dispense them, without their being 
oUiged, oa account thereof, to pay us, or our suc-^ 
oessors, any finances or indemnity, from which, 
qnto what sum, value, or estimation soever it doth 
or may amount, we have, in consideration of the 
above^ acquitted . and discharged, and do acquit 
and discharge them, by these presents, signed with 
our own hand ; upon cmidition, that if, by reason 
of the said benefices with which the said Scots 
may be provided, there arise any suit or conten- 
tlpn, they shall not cause any of our subjects to be 
btought or convened, but before such of our judges 
unto w;hom the cognizance shall belong. We do 
therefore g^ve in command, to our beloved and 
fiuthfulthe persons holding our court of parliament, 
great council, and chamber of aocompts at Paris, 
tveasurers geaend of France, and all our bailiffs, 
seneschals, provosts, and other our justiciaries and 
officers, or their deputies, present and to come, and 
unto .every one of them as it shall respectively 
oonoem him, that our present grace, leave, licence, 
and permission, and all in these said presents con^ 
tained, they cause, suffer, and allow the said sub- 
jects and inhabitants of the said kingdom of Scot* 
land to: enjoy and use, plenarily and peaceably, 
eeasing and causing to cease all hinderances and 

moleststioDt to the eootnry wfaaHotvw* For lif€lk 
t» Mir pkamre* jtfotwithfltandiiig AM tbe vahit 
t3t the wd finance is net there sfpedfled $kA de» 
olered, that vudb gifts have been wont tQ be made 
only for the half» or the third ef the cordinanees bj 
us, or «mr pffedeoeasors^ issued upon the ovder ami 
distribution of oor finanocs ; fveniplach weiun^ of 
our ftill power and royal authority , derogated^ md 
do derogate, and fvom the dcfogateries tberrin <mh 
tained, and the ordinaiwes^restriotiaiis^oonuanmdat 
saiklpiK>hil»tionstothecontraffy whatsoemw* Audi 
Ibrasmuoh a» these presents may be wanted iadifero 
and asveral places^ it is onr wiB, tbsikf vpon sighl 
hereof under our seal royal, or duly coUaitddy credil 
be giren ae to the pvssent oripnal ; uato whicb^ 
that it nay be a deed firm and stable for evOTf 
wt^bave eaosed our seal to be affixed : ssringin 
all rise our f%ht^ and diat of others in all. Given 
at Pomtainebleau m the month of Maroh^ and yeat 
of grace one thousand five hundred and nineiy-nine^ 
Sittd df onr reign the tenth. Sgned HmrBir* And 
upon the fidd. By the king from NeufVille^ dn one 
ride maOf and sealed in a laoeof red and green silk, 
irith the great seal in green wax^ regiaftersd in 
presence of the king^s 8ol]citor«genenl ; pMmded 
always that the Soots, wlio are not deniaons, shall 
have no power to succeed those who shall reside 
in this kingdom ; and the said Soots^ reridiag' in 
this kingdom, shall not be deprived of the sasd 
letters upon quitting the said residence. At Parian 
in parfiament, the last day of July, one thousand 
five hundred and ninety-nine* Signed Du TlUet* 
A collated extract from the registers asid royal 


oidiiwiioesv^pitcred in parliament. Signed VoiBin^ 
with a paraph. 

Extract. of the records of parliament. 

/ Thi» day the court having seen the letters given 
at JPontaineMeau in the month of March last, signed 
HxNBT, and upon. the foid^ from Neufville, and 
sealed with the great seal in green waXf in a lace 
of red and green silk, whereby, for the causes there 
OBQtained, the said lord /wills, that the subjects of 
the King of Scotland, who inhabit-and rende, or 
sbaU hereafter inhabit and reside in this kingdom, 
have power to. accept, hold, and possess all and 
every the benefices, dignities, and offices ecclesias* 
tical with which they may be lawfully invested, 
not derogating from the holy decrees, privileges, 
and liberties of the Gallican church ; and, more- 
over, in this said kingdom, to acquire all and every 
the estates, moveable and immoveable, to hold and 
possess them, together with those that may fall and 
pertwn to them whether by succesnon, donation, 
or otherwise ; and to order and dispose of them by 
testament, settlement, and latter-will, and other- 
wise, in what manner soever ; and that their rela- 
tions, and others to whom they shall have disposed 
of them, and to whom they shall fall ab inteatat^ or 
otherwise, whether they be resident in this king- - 
dcnn, or in the said country of Scotland, when the 
said donation or succession shall fall, may be able 
to succeed to them, take and seize the enjoyment 
of their said estates, just as though they were ori- 
^nally natives of the said kingdom ; provided that 


the tefUtov% or thoie who shall ( 
be denizons, as is more at large oontauied ia tfa« 
said letters and condunons of the king^s soU^Unr- 
general. The matter benig taken into deliberation, 
the said court hath decreed and ordained» Uuyt the 
said letters shaU be here v^pstered in pieseno^ of 
the king's soUcitxnr-geaenl^ without the Soota who 
are not deniaona haTiog any poNPer to snorted to 
those who diaU reside in this kkigdom. And Am 
said Scots rending kt dns kingdom shall not be 
depriised of the benefit of the said letters 

qmtting the said rettdence. IXme in pariuimeiit 

the hat day of July, in the year one thousand &▼• 
hundred and ninety-nine. Signed Voittn, witb tk 

iMen-paieaia of Lewia JCIILto emjfirm the prmri* 
kges of the SeaU in Frtmee, t« theyear 1612. 

Lbwis, by the grace of God, King of France 
and Navnrre, unto all present and to come, gvee^ 
ing* Our predecessor kings, even the late King 
Henry the Great, our most honoured lord and 
father, (wjbom Grod absolve) by his letters^fatents 
of the year one tbousaAd five hundred and ninety** 
nine, verified in our court of parliament at Paris, 
willed and commended, for several we^;hty con^* 
»deration6 therein contained, that tbo^e of the 
Scotish nation, who should inhabit and reside beve* 
after in this our kixigdom» should have power to 
accept, bold, and possess all i^nd every die bene* 
fices, dignities, and offices ecclesiastica], with which 
they might be justly invested, to take the posseis^ 


flioiiyftiiite and fcvemiaittf ffaem, to aoqinre in the 
aaid kiDgfkm* oomtfjr, and Inaida, and ae%nories 
of 0im ohfdiisiioe^ aU eilates^ nioveable andi m* 
movttable^ to havd and to bold dteni^ togetfaer vMx 
tkoee tbat laigbt faU to dian fajr testament^ deni* 
tioii, or otherwite, just aa they miglit do^ wevedirjr 
diigiaal natit^ea of oar said kingdom, uprai siidi 
€anditiaii% and an suds sort as is more at length 
flat lortband specified lijr the said kttdm and veii* 
fiGalieft thereof. Is oafiBeqtieace whereof, our moat 
dear a^d wril bekvrad Wttliam Morison^ a Soot»- 
man, SOB to Jofai Moriaon and Eluiabeth Gmjr, 
ako SootSy. his &thar and mdthac, resnieail, during 
their fife, m the city of Grlasgoa^, haring iafterwarda. 
rat»Eed feom the said eoafflftrj, and dwek tlfirty 
yeaca in our allies of noueu and Dieppe, hath 
caused vaaal, hmnbie petition and request to ht 
made iMtfo ut, t^ he may he anabted to enjoy the 
tenor of the siud kttets, under the bmefit and 
grace of vhiefa be hath quitted the sud oountry^ 
laa ordet to live and die in thia our kii^;dom : BE 
IT KNOWN, that, willing to presenioe and auun* 
tain the sdbjecta of the kingdom of Scotlaady in 
the fira»ehifiea,.pciTiiege8, and rtfaeriieaio>them'eon«- 
oaded by our said predeceesMMrs, and, after thdr 
eaanqplle, farourably to treat them, unto this same 
WiHiam- Morisoo, tot these and other causes tbece^ 
unto us moving, in censetfuence of the said first 
letters, the oopy whereof^ extracted by Ae recorder 
of our said court of parliaasenn at Pans^is berean* 
nesad under the great aeal ef our ohaaeery, w^ 
ba^e pcamitited and granted, of our special graces 
iiiU pownr and Btt^al a;|ithoiily, we. da permit and 


grant, it is our will and pteasure, that, oonfoiniably 
to the said letters and Terifioatbns thereof, he may 
resort and rende in this our kingdom, country, 
lands, and seigiiories of our obedience^ there to 
acquire all and every such estates, moveable and 
immoveable, as he shall see meet, to hold- and poa- 
ses8them,togetherwith those that may fallfredound, 
and pertain to him, whether by sucoessioD, domi» 
tion, or otherwise; and to order and dispose of 
them by testament and destination of latter-irill, 
living donation, or in what manner soever: and 
that his heirs, or others to whom they shall iUl 
ab tHUataif or otherwise, whether they be rendent 
' in our said kingdom, or whether they be in the 
said country of Scotland, when the said eucoessioii 
or donation shall fall, may be able to succeed to 
him, to take and seize possession and enjoyment of 
the said estates, just so as they would or could do, 
if they were original natives of our said kingdom 
and country, provided they shall be denizens ; and 
that without our solicitor-general, or other our 
officers, having power henceforth to claim their 
said estates to us acquired by right of escheat ; nor 
likewise shall any thing, done to the contrary of the 
tenor of these presents, have power for the future 
to hinder the effect hereof, or shaU there be any 
need for him to obtain any dispensation or declara- 
tion, other than these presents ; and to all, as above, 
we have enabled and dispensed, and do^ by these 
said presents, enable and dispense him, without 
his being obliged, on account thereof, to pay unto 
us, or our successors, any finance or indemnity; 
from which, unto whatever value or estimation it 

dddk or may amount^ we have, in consideration 
theveof, «8 abov% aof^iaed apfi 4i»^ai;g«d» ao^ 
do, by these presents, acquit and discharge him : 
iM do thei^fore giv^ in Qomxmn4» to om belo^ved 
and tvusty eouociUavs tb^ persouft hgUUng oui; 
ooiirts ^ pwliaDieiMf t09iii«ii8WQQep ^f our ai^^ 
at Pai^ wd Rou^ tseaauirfars geoeipl of Jranoej 
ml^tm'^ofd Souwi <)r .4wi^.d9puti^ pr tx^ eadi 
<^tbeii^i|]^tbekirigl»4 :4>€^melvie9'fi^ t^retpis^^ 
qw^y and to ^U Qtber omi; haiU0|i, fPnescM^ 
iNRoyonUb wd <>t|ier our jtHstiiOiaidm ap4 offica»,.oR 
tbeir d^Mti^s^ prfD^iit.a^d tQ caM».a^d to^cb 
of tiHW whoDft H sbaU m^ap^velji jiQiiq^]:^, tocw^o 
thtio pwaQUta to. be ^^t^Mt md %k^ <tenoc 
tbeiooC to be eijip^ed. and) ii$ed pl^oimly .md 
Fo t m a W y bjFiib^ anid WMUnn ^^^U^n. and hiA 
iUMMDiai eeamg and eanse to oeaqei ril mole^n 
talioii and hiqdemn$)es to the contrary whatsoever* 
For fiici tr m$t j^emurt. , And to the end tiiat it 
inoy be a tbivg firm and stable for ey^r, we haiE0 
eaiised our seal to be put to these said pre^eptsi 
flttfing in all olse our right, apd ]thal of others 
Giyen at Paris» in th^ s^ontb of October, the year 
of grace one thousand sisi hundred and twelve, and 
of our ra|^ the tlpaid. Signed L^wis. And 
eounterHUgoed by the Cogy the Quec^i-regail Ym 
molbfr pveseat : and this oar copy, sigoed Po|i^ 
bs parqib ; on. tlm. side^ conlenta signed Poulsepin, 
in paraphi and below wa* and sealed witb tbf 
great s«d of gsteii wA in fiUet <tf red and grc^c^ 

40 3AXM0IE8 09 THX ALtlAKCS 

Extract of the regi$ters of the pafUcamiaU of Paris. 

Registered in presence of the king^s soliin* 
tor-^general, towards the patentee's enjoying the 
effect and tenor hereof, with proviso that the said 
patentee shall be bound to obtain and pracnre, fcnr 
the siud lord paramount, a brief from our holy 
father the Pope, within six months next comings 
whereby his holiness shall grant, that, upon the 
falling of any vacancy by death, rengnation^ or 
otherwise, of the ben^ces willi which he may be 
invested in this kingdom and country, being in the 
nomination and presentation of the said lord paroi- 
mount, there shall be no inyesthure thereunto by 
his said holiness, without the nomination, request 
or conaent of the said lord the king ; «ad, tfiat oti 
account of the said ben^ces, he shall not cause ai^ 
of the king's subjects to be brought or coiivekied 
before the court of Bome» so if, by reason llieredf, 
any law-suit commence, he shall prosecute them in 
this said kingdom, before the judges to whom the 
pogniaance shall belong : and, mcMreover, with pro- 
viso that the patentee shall not be capable of being 
invested with any bishopric, arehUshopric, or abbey 
of chief order, nor other vicarages, in form of tlMB 
said benefices with which he may be invested in 
this kingdom as a natural subject of France/ At 
Paris, in parliament, the fifteenth day of Deoendier, 
one thousand six hundred and twelve. Signed 
Dxk Tillet ; a seal and paraph. And, upon-the 
siud fold is also wrote, recorded in the register of 
the treasury, the king's solicitor-general thereunto 


oansenting, in 0rd«r for die patentee to enjoy the 
effect and tetior< beraef^ upon the terms, and condi«> 
tions set forth by the act of court. Done at Paris, 
the twentieth of December, one thousand^six hun* 
dred and twelve. Signed L- Annier m panq^. 

Ad ^ King Lewis XIV! s amncUtfstate^ mfaoaur 
of the Seots m France. 

' Whereas it hath been represented to the King 
in his oounml, the Queen^regent his mother pre* 
sent, that, in the year seren hundred fourscore 
and nine, Charlemagne rmgning in France, and 
Achaitts in Scotland, the alliance and confederacy 
having been made between the two kingdoms, 
offensive and defensive, of crown and crown, king 
and king, people and people, as is set forth by the 
charter called the Golden Bull, it should have, 
until this present, continued widiout any inters 
ruption, and been ratified by all the Kings succes- 
sors of the said Charlemagne, with advantages and 
prerogatives so peculiar, that not only are the Scots 
in capacity of acquiring and possessing estates, 
moveable and irarooveaUe, and benefices in France, 
and the French in Scotland, without taking out any 
letters of naturalization ; but also it should have 
been granted to the said Scots, to pay only the 
fourth part of the duties upon all goods which 
they transport to tiie said country of Scotland ; a 
privilege which they have ever enjoyed, and do 
enjoy at this day : that even whatever rupture 
there may have been between the crowns of France 
and England, since the union of the kingdom of 


EhghBd ^h tluit of Soocknd, the Fraiidi httre 
been nevcrdwIeBs still treftled by the Soote as 
fiieods and confedenteB, and particnlarly in the 
y^BT one tboasand six hnndved twentg^mx, whM 
the . Franch in Seothmd, and the Seots in Franoei 
had a reciprocal replevy of their merchandiseSf 
wfafle tboae of the French in Enghmd^aid thoie 
of the English in France were confiscated ; and 
that there never hath been made any difference or 
disttndaon in tins kingdoat, betwieen his Mi^etty^s 
natural snfajeets and thesuid Soots : wherafooe the 
kte King of happy nemory^bavag^ by his dedar^- 
taon in the month of Jnnaryy one thousand six 
hundred tbifty««nne, commanded that taxes shouU 
be lind upon all foreigners of his said kiis^om. 
Ins Majesty dmuU bove^ by an act of bis conoeil 
of the eleventh of May in the said yeai^ exempted 
and discharged $11 Scots residing therein^, tiJieir 
children, descendants^ and heirsy from all taxes 
kid^ or to be Imd upon the said jbraguers. In 
consequence of the said declacalion^ acts and rdk 
of taxes expeded thereupon» willing tbat» if any 
Scot bad been tb^re oomptehended, whether in the 
city of F»is, or in others of this kingdom, they 
should be freed without difficulty in virtue of the 
sedd acts; the said letters of dedaration, actsy or 
ought else, to the contrary notwithstanding. In 
prejudice whereof, those w^bo have raised the taxes 
ordained to be laid upon all foreigners residing in 
this said kingdom, in virtue of the letters of de- 
daration of the month of January last, bad not 
forborn to comprdiend, in the rolls whiph they 
caused to be expeded in execution thereof, some 


iadmdttttls of theSeotttah naAoa amongst otber 
famgsiter^ witktot exptMsing their oountry and 
qniiityi'Wliidb being alMdilteljr contrary to the 
ioteDlion of his Majesty, who wUls and means to 
enteHain iDviolabiy the said' confederacy and alli- 
mce with the said Soots, and to umtntain themin 
ail tbevi^bts, privikges^ and prerogatives, unto 
them gfaated by l^e kings his predecessors, and 
which be hath mtified since his accession to the 
cmwn': the king being in council, die queen-re- 
gent his mother present, hath discharged^ and doth 
discharge, aU the Scottish gentlemen residing in his 
said kingdom, from the tax hiid upon them in qua- 
lity of foreigners : their majesties give prohibition 
to all baihflb and sergeants 4o constrain them on ac- 
count thereof, on pmn of a thousand livres of fine, 
and of' all costs, damages, and interests. And for 
the other Scots, bis majesty hath superseded pay- 
ment of the said taxes for three months, during 
which tiaie bis noajesty prohibits their being con- 
strained, if th^re - is not some private stipulation 
made by them to the contrary. Done in the king's 
council of state, his majesty being there, and the 
queen-regent his mother present, held at Fontaine- 
bleau, the nineteenth of September, one thousand 
six hundred and forty-six« Signed Le Tellier. 

Privileg€9 of the ScMish merchants trading in France^ 
granted by King Francis /• in 1518. 

Fkamcis, by the grace of God, King of France. 
Be it known to all present and to come, that we 
mean to treat favourably the subjects of our most 


dear and most beloved brcilbervPWsm^imd ally, 
the kiogroC gootlandy in favour ^ the gce«t and 
ancient alUanoe mhmting between w aDd bun* and 
of tbe great andxionimendable fiemcea i^hicb diose 
of tbe Soottieh . nation bave done to the. cKown.of 
France: for tbese causes, and in order jto give 
tbemgreater oecasimi to persevere tbereiif».and,fo(r 
otber considerations thereunto m moving, in totott 
also of our inclination to the Jteqiiiest of our Huwrt 
dear and most beloved cousin the duke of Albany^ 
regent and^ governor of Scotland, we have all imd 
every the Scottish mer<^]aDt8, who are and shall be 
hereafter trading, frequenting and conversing ia 
this odr kingdom» freed, acquitted* exiBitipted, and 
do, of our special grace, full power and rojal au- 
thority, free, acquit, and exempt, by these presents, 
signed with our hand, in perpetuity and for ever, 
from the new impost of twelve French deniers per 
livre, raised in the city of Dieppe upon foreign 
merchandise, beride the sum of four French denieca 
per livre, which hath been anciently coll^t^ and 
raised upon the said foreign merchandise. We 
do ther^ore give in command, by these same pre- 
sents, to our beloved and trusty the commia^onera 
of our exchequers and treasurers of France, and 
to all our other justiciaries and officers, ior to their 
deputies present and to come, and to every one of 
them, so as it shall concern him, that our present 
grace, immunity, discharge, and exemption, they 
cause, suffer, and allow, the said Scottish mer- 
chants, and their successors, whp are and shaU foe 
trading ^ and frequenting in our said kingdiom, to 
enjoy ^n4 iji^^.pleqarily and peaceably* perpetu- 


aOy aU ibr ever, without giving, or BoSknAg 
to be py^n them, any manner of disturbance or 
impediment ; for such is our pleasure ; whatsoever 
enactions, restrictionsf commands, or prohibitions 
t9 the contrary notwithstanding. And to the end 
Aat this be a deed firm and stable for ^ver, we 
have caused olir seal to be put to these sdd pre- 
soits, saving in all else our right, and that of others 
in all. Given at Amboise in the month of May, 
and year of grace, one thousand five hundred 
and righteen, and of our reign the fourth. 

Privileges of the Scottish merehatUs tnading in Frcaiee^ 
granted fty King Henry IL in 1554. 

' HsKair, by the grabe 6f God, King of France, 
to our beloved and trusty counsellors the persons 
holding otirt court of parliament at Rouen;- the 
<Mnmissioiiers of dur exchequer at Paris, the in* 
specters general of our finances and supplies, port- 
masters at the said Rouen, and to all pur other 
justiciaries and oiBcerSi or their deputies, whom it 
shall concern greeting. We liberally inclining to 
the request which hath been made us by our dearest 
and most beloved daughter the queen of Scotland, 
for her subjects in the said country, and several 
other considerations thereunto us moving, in order 
to- remove alt the difficulties which you and every 
one of you might make, of causing the subjects of 
our said daughter in the said country of Scotland, 
to enjoy our letters of exemption and ampliation 
here annexed under our counter-seal, and to put a 
final end thereunto, we have, by amplifying and 


interpreting the same, said, declared and ordaine^^ 
and do, of our own accord* certain knowledge^ 
qpecial grace^ full power, and royal authority, say^ 
declare and ordain, that, by our sidd letters here* 
unto anne^ed^ as said is, we have intended,^ and do 
intend^ that the subjects . of the. said country of 
Scotland shall not be bound to pay for the commo* 
dities. which they shall take and carry out of our 
country and duchy of Normandy, the cities, towns, 
and havens thereof, whatsoever they bei if designed 
for the said ooimtry of Scotland, other or greater 
subsidies and duties than they have heretofore 
been wont to. pay, and did. pay in our city of 
Dieppe, at the. time of the edicts by us issued con- 
cerning the collection of our foreign duties ; and* 
so long^as trade is, or shall be, we have exemj^^d* 
acquitted, and fireed them» and do^ of our grace 
and authority, as above, exempt, acquit, and free 
them from the surplusage of the said duties, imd 
uQto what sum soever they may amount, over and 
above what they have anciently been .wont to pay 
our. city of Dieppe, although they be not above 
specified by these said presents ; whereby we com- 
mand you, and every one of you ]'e8|)ectively, aa 
it shall concern him, we give commission and ex- 
press injunction to cause these our said letters and 
presents to be read, published and registered, and 
the contents thereof, our said^ daughter's subjects, 
plenarily and peaceably to enjoy, without, on occa- 
sion of our said edicts, causing, or suffering to be 
caused, made, or given them any molestation, dis- 
turbance, or impediment, to the contrary whatso- 
ever ; according to what, by our said letters here 


annexed) as said is, you are commaDded to ol> 
serve; for such is ovir pleasure ; notwubstanding 
the said edi<:ls, by us and our predecessors made 
about the receipt of the said duties, from which, 
this purpose^ and without prejudidng them in other 
respects, we have derogated, and do derogate, and 
from thence exempted, and do exempt the said 
subjects of Scotland, by these said presents, which 
to this end we have signed with our hand. Given 
Ht Paris, the tMrd day of February ^ in the year of 
grace one thousand five hundred and fifty-two, and 
of our reign the eighth. 

Ratified and approved wherever it hath been 

jConfirmatian ^ftke privileges of the Scottish merchants 
trading in France, granted by King Henry IV. 

Hevby, by the grace of God, King of France 
and Navarre, unto all present and to come, greet* 
ii^. Whereas the late King Frauds I. our most 
honoured we and grandfather, by his letters-pa- 
tents, in charter-form, of the month of May one 
thousand fiv6 hundred and eighteeUj desiring, for 
several good considerations, well and favourably to 
treat the subjects of the kingdom of Scotland, in 
favour of the great and ancient friendship and al« 
liimce which subsii^ed between the two kingdoms, 
and of the great and commendable services which 
those of the Scottish nation bad done to the crown 
of France, should have freed, quitted and exemp*- 
tcd all the Scottish merchants, trading, frequent- 
• 3. 


ing and dealing in this kingdom, from the foreiga 
impost of twelve French deniers for each livre» then 
raised in our city of Dieppe uf&a merchandiaey 
besides four French deniers for each pound of an* 
cient foreign demesne : and since, upon the oom* 
plaint that the said Scottish merchants biul made 
to the late King Henry II. our most honoured 
sire and father, (whom Grod absolve,) that, under 
pretext of a new edict upon foreign duties^ U^ 
officers thereof in our city of Rouen had'oon- 
strfuned them to pay twenty deniers a livre for the 
new foreign impost, he should have, by other let- 
ters-patents in charter-fonn, of the month of Oc- 
tober, in the year one thousand five hundred 
fifty-four, by amplifying the said first exemption, 
ordained that the said Scottish merchants should 
not be obliged to pay, on account of the commodi- 
ties which they should bring and carry out of our 
said country of Normandy, or any towns whatso- 
ever thereof, designed for the said country of Soot- 
land, any other duties and subsidies than they had 
been of old wont to do, and did at the time of issu- 
ing the said new edicts made concerning the re- 
ceipt of fordgn duties and demesnes ; as is con- 
tained more at large in the said letters verified 
where need hath been : and also, by oiher letters- 
patents, he should have declared to have meant, 
that the subjects of the said country of Scotland 
should not be bound to pay for the goods they 
should bring and carry out of our said country of 
Normandy, cities, towns, and harbours thereof, de- 
signed fi^r the said country of Scotland, other or 
crater subsidies and duties than they had befoie 

been wont tofwy, and did pay in our city of Dieppe, 

at the time of the edicts by us made relating to 

the receipt of our duties of fordgn impost But 

i»liereas» iOn oooa^on of the. troubles which have 

prevailed in diis kingdom, especially within these 

ten or twelve years past, things haire been so alter* 

ed, and the priyyeges of the Soottidi merchants 

so enervated, that, if we weve not pleased to con«» 

tiflLiie andi cQaSrm.tiie same to them, .they feared 

therein. t6 find obstacles and difficulties which 

might d^orive them of the bene&: of the grace that 

hath been unto them granted tad continued by the 

sidd lungs our pcedecessors : be it known, that we 

desire no less favourably to treat the said Scottish 

merchants, than the said kings our predecessors 

have done, as well in consequence of the ancient 

alliance and confederacy which subsists between 

this kingdom and that of Scodand, as for the 

friendship and good correspondence which sub* 

sifiteth betw'een us £ind the king c^ Scotland, James 

VI. of tbe nan^e, ow mo^t dear and most: beloved 

good brother and cpusin^ now reigning in the said 

country ; we have, of our special grace, fuU. power 

and royal autboiity, said, declared, and ordained, 

do, l^ these presents, say, declare, and ordain, it 

is our wjill and pleasure, that the, said. Scottish 

merchants, trading, frequenting, and Gonvenung» 

in this our sdid kingdom, enjoy for the future,»in 

our whole said country and duchy of Normandy, 

the same franchises, juivileges, . and immunities, 

from foreign customs and imposts, and after the 

jsame sprt and manner that they enjoyed them in 

tbe ^ays of tb^ Kings Francis and Henry, our 


most honoured graQd&ther 'and. bi0iher4ii4cMRr, 
until the renewal of the said last troublny tthat^ liy 
the injury of: the times, tfat^v enjoyment of them- 
hath been impeded : tbm which franchisef,: peaiv^i- 
leges and immuoittes, for the con8ideratioo»ab097e«* 
said) and of our grace, power, and authority, as 
above, we have confirmed, and do confirm to thenri^ 
by these said presents, therefore signed by our 
hand, for the commodities which th^ shall bringr 
and carry out of JOiir sdd country and duchy of 
Nafmattdy, dities, towns, and harbours thereof 
whatsoever, designed fmr the said country of Soot* 
land. We do therefore give in command, to ottr 
beloved and trusty %he persons holding our court 
of parliament at Bouen, commissioners of our ac* 
compts and supfrfy in the said conatry, treasurers 
general of France in the said Rouen, port-mi^ters 
in the said place, or thw deputies, and to all 
other our justidaries and offiom, or their subsd- 
tutes, whom it shall concern, that the tenor of 
these presents they cause, suffer, and allow, the 
said subjects, Scottish merchants, to enjoy and use, 
plenarily and peaceably; ceasing, and caumng to 
cease, all molestations and impediments to the con- 
trary whatsoever; and to cause this to be suffered, 
and to return and restore to them hereafter their 
effects and commodities, if any on account thereof 
should be taken or arredted^ that they constrain, 
and cause to be constrained, our ofiicers of foreign 
trade, by all due and lawful methods, any opposi* 
tions or appeals whatsoever notwithstanding ; and 
producing these presents, or a vidimus thereof, 
made, under the tefil royal for once only, we will> 


fthat our receivers of the said forrign duties be 
held acquitted and discharged thereof by the com^ 
missioners of our said acoompts in Normandy^ 
whom we warrant so to do, without difficulty or 
hesitation. And whereas there may beoccasicm 
for these presents in several different placest it is 
our will, that to the copy thereof, duly collated^ 
credit be given as to the present original, where* 
unto, in witness hereof, and to the ead that it be 
a deed firm and stable for ever, we have caused 
our seal to be put and affixed, saving in all else 
our right, and that of others in alL For such is 
our pleasure. Given at FontaineUeau in the 
month of March, of the year of grace one thousand 
five hundred and ninety*nine, and of our reign the 
tenth. Signed Henbt; oounterdgned, by the 
king at Neufville, and sealed in a silk string with 
the great seal of green wax. 

From a copy collated with the original on parch* 
ment, by a clerk of the court of parliament of 
Rouen, the 87th of April, 1599. 






William ffie Ninth Earl of Olenoaim^ 


nr TBS 

%y^xCt% of ^totJatOi^ 

IN THE TXAB8 1653 AlTD 1654. 


Wh9 wot Eye and Ear-wUnesilo att thai pasted from firet io kut. 






THE earl of Glencairn went frpm bis own 
house of Finle$ton in the beginning of the month 
of August, 1653, to Lochearn, where several of . 
the clans did meet him, viz. the earl of Athol, Mac- 
Donald of Glengarie, Cameron of Locbyell, ordi 
narily called MacEIdney, John Graham of Deucb* 
rie, Donald MacGregour, tutor of MacGregour 
Farquharson of Inverey, Robertson of Strowan, 
MacNachtane ef MacNachtane, Archibald lord 
Lorn, afterwards earl of Argyle, colonel Blackader 
of Tullyattan. 

These gentlemen, after some few days consulta- 
tion with his lordship, did promise to bring out 
what forces they could with all expedition. 

My lord, notwithstanding, did lie to and from 
the hills, not having any with him but the writer 
of this, and three servants, for the space^ of six 

The first forces that came to him here, were 
brought by John Graham of Deuchrie : they were 
forty footmen. Within two cr three days after 
came Donald MacGregour the tutor, with eighty 



My lord general with this force came to 
Graham of Deuchrie^s house, where, within 
few dkys, ny lord Kenmure came with forty h 
men from the west : colonel Blackader also c 
with thirty horsemen, which he had gatherer 
gether in Fifeshire. The Wrd of MacNach 
came with twelve horsemen : there was het 
sisLty and eighty of the Lowlandmen that were 
mounted on horses, but were very well prov 
in their arms : they were commanded by ca| 
James Hamilton, brdtber of the^urd of Milnt^ 
and were called to a nickname Gravat^* 

Colonel Kidd, gorernor of Stiflmg, %eing 
fimned that the king^i forces were come so 
him, did march with the most part of his regit 
of foot, and troop of horse, to a place called A 
foyle, within three m3es of the place when 
lord general did fie, who having tntelltgence tl 
of, did march with the small force be had, tc 
pass of Aberfoyle ; and drawing up his fii 
within the pass, did distribute his' footmen on I 
sides thereof, very advantageoitsly ; and the h 
which were commanded by lord Kenmure, ^ 
drawn up on the wings of the foot. He gav< 
ders that eaptain Hamikm, who comnandeci 
Lowlandmen, oaiiedGravatSj with Beuehrie's t 
diould receive the first charge, which they did * 
gallantly; and at the very first encounter, 
enemy began to re^e back. ITie gener^ 
cerving the same, did command the High' 
forces to puraue, as ako lord Kennmre with 
horse he IwuL Theenemy began, lipon this, d< 
right to run ; they were pursued very hard 5 

IN «BK mtmuLAXOiB xm soonuA^D. 68 

hmt oa the spot about m%tjp and about dghty 
i^fte UUed in the pnr«Dk : no prwoerB were ta» 

Mj hwd genend bsviiig euooeeded so well, from 
all p|ac8i nen did daiijocmiem to hioi. We then 
marohad to Loefaeam, and fi!om that to Laoh« 
Baanocby where, at the hall in the isle of Loch- 
Rannodi, the dbas met him* In the aaeaa whik^ 
ba wsaa teiy bu^ in dispatohing men lo the Low^ 
huMla, givitkg them commiasaon far taking horses^ 
fixnimg men, and iot carrying off aU die arma 
they could find. 

The dana who met him at Liftch«»Bannooh 
braaght their forces with them : the laird of Gkfto 
garie lifou^ght thi^ee hundred very pretty men: 
the laird of Lodiydl brought four hundred Locha^ 
ber*men : the tutor of MacOregour had then 
about two hundred men with him. 

fiir Arthur Forbes» and Geiard Irvine hb lieu* 
tedaatHtakmel, with several other oflieera, came 
with «bput'^gbty meor oo horaeback. The eaii 
of Athd came with a hundred burse, and with a 
reipmcnt of brave foot, ooomsting of near one 
thousand two hundred men, commanded by An^ 
drew Drummond, brother german of Sir James 
Drummond of Machany. He was the earl of 
AthoFs lieutenanticolonel. 

These noble persons wwe ordered to give com- 
winmk to captains, and other inferior officers, to go 
to the Lowlsnds, for levying what men they oouUL 
We then inarched down to the akirts of the Low- 
lamls, wear Uie Marquis of Huntly'a boundsi where 
sewral gentlemen joined us. 


The l^rd of Inveiey rendesvoused in Ci^ 
for the raising of a regunent. Generalni 
Morgan, who was lying at Aberdeen, beid 
formed of the day of rendezrouB in Cromar( 
draw out of several garrisons two thousand i 
and one thousand horse and dragoons, with « 
he marched day and night .before the day of 
dezvous ; and we not baring intelligence oi 
march, he fell upon our outer guards, and tb 
hotly, that our forces had much ado to get di 
up; and if it hud not been for John Grahai 
Deuchrie, with about forty men who fired % 
the enemy, some of our own men being amo 
them, and having killed the officer who commas 
the party of the enemy who had enteved the | 
before us, this put them into some oonfusioii, 
made them stand a little. 

In the mean time lord Kenmure» who oomm< 
ed the van, mardied at a great rate. Our 
took the glen on both sides* This ^n lead 
the laird of Grant^s ground of Abernetby w 
Morgan now having got up his foot^ ordered tl 
to march on both sides of the glen after our i 
he himself charging at the mouth of the glen, 
lord general, who was in the rear, was desire 
change his horse, but he would not, though 
nag he rode on was not worth £100 Soots. . ' 
gentlemen who attended on my lord general, v 
the laird of MacNachtane, Sir Muo^ Mur 
who killed one of the enemy^s officers as they 
tered the pass, Nathaniel Gordon, a Inttve gen 
man, major Ogilvie, captain Ochtrie Gampl 
captain John Rutherford, who wants the 1^ e 

Bri BWklidar, die laM orOkii^ne« with teveid 
odmr gemlHiien of reputie^ wfacM namts I otnnot 
BOW fmmabtet^ Thm glen wat too stioit <br the 
iMWaei, thst dfily two oould, morth o^brtotl, tod 
sdmetiiooe only oniti The enemy pursued so hoi^ 
\y^ that they fe«ght on foot as often as oa hone* 
back. We had eight miles to tfovel through the 
gkn, before we coidd reach the hurd of Oraot^s 
groood, aod the enetay did not give overlhefighit 
tiH n^t parted us. 

Moigao lay in the glen all that night; and the 
mtxt morning he marched down through the Cr»* 
■ar, and from thence to Abe r deen* 

After thiB we lay in that country and in Baden-^ 
odi» for near fiye weeks. Lord Kenmure was sent 
with a hundred horse to the shire of Argyle^ to 
bring up what farces lord liom had gathered. He 
had mustered one thousand foot, and about fifty 
hantf who mardied and joined us in Badenoch» 
where he remained with us about a fortnight; but 
being some how discontented, be marched home 
with his men on the Ist day of January, 1654. 

My lord general having intelligence of his deeerw 
tioB, ordered the iaird of Olengarie, with Locbyell, 
and so many horse as could be conveniently spared, 
to pursue him, and bring him back with his men^ 
or otherwise to fight him. Lorn marched straight- 
way for the castle of Ruthven in fiadenocb, a 
boose beiongii^ to the marquis of Huntly, wherein 
there was a garrison of Enghsh so. diers ; but Oien^ 
garie being very eager in the pursuit, overtook 
Urn befese be got within half a mile of the castle* 
Loid Lom seeiog this, slipped off with what horse 


he bad) leaving his toot to the mercy of Glei 
and his men. He presently commanded a 
of horse to follow Lorn, who could not ovc 
him ; but they brought back about twenty c 
horsemen. His footmen were drawn up on i 
where they beat a parley, and engaged to 
the general for behalf of his majesty* 

Glengarie was not quite satisfied with thei 
swer, but was inclined to fall upon them, f! 
had still a grudge against them, since the w£ 
the great Montrose. My lord general by 
time coming up, and hearing of the ofier thej^ 
made, ordered one to go to them, and in 
them, that he would accept of no offer firom tl 
till they lay down all their arms ; upon which 
immediately gave them up. 

The general then went up to them, with sei 
of his cheers, and they all declaring they were 
ling to engage in his majesty^s service, undei 
lordship, he caused both officers and soldi 
each of them, to take an oath to be filithful tc 
majesty ; which they very readily did, aad t 
their arms were restored to them: but with 
fortnight thereafter, neither officers nor sold 
of them were to be seen widi us : and we he 
no more of lord Lorn, nor any of his men si 
that time. 

There was one ccdonel Vaughan, or Wa| 
who came from England by Carlisle, and joii 
us with near a hundred gentlemen on horsete 
well mounted and armed. The colonel. him 
was unfortunately killed in a rencount^hei 
with the brazen-wall regiment of horse ; but i 

IN THB mGSX;AKBS OP sootlakd. 67 

witbstawfing of the deadly wounds be bad re- 
ceived, he rooled die troop, and killed the 'oom- 
mander thereof, though it was said^ that in all the 
dvil waraf they never bad been beat* This^ brave 
geattemanbad'hk wonnds healed over: butfitym 
what cause I know not, they brake out again, and 
occasioned his death, to the great regret df all 
who knew him* 

We being now a considerable body, both of 
hone and foot,' by reason of the great nuihbers of 
new levied men that came in daily to us^ the gene- 
ral, with advice of the officers, * thought it fit to 
march <lo wn to the Lowlands, in the shire fot Abeiv 
been : so we went by Balvenie, and from thence to 
a place ealled Whitelhms, near to whieb was a 
gsrrisoii of the enemy iii tbe castle of Kildf tnnmie,* 
a house belonging to tbe Earl o£ Mar.* Morg«i 
not daring to come out to us, knowing our army 
was f»Il as good as his own ; after that we had 
beeuF in this country a fortnight, we marched for 
the dbire of Murray, where we remained n^r a 
moDtfa. Omr. head quarters was at Elgin. 
' The Bnghrii had two garrisons in Murrayshire, 
one in Burgle castte, andthe other in Calder ; bat 
notwithstlinding of both, we got no hurt from them^ 
but kid very good quarters, and made ourselves 
m^rry all the time we were there. We had wasted 
the H^lands by reason of our long tarrying there* 
The marqais of Montrose, son of the great Mon* 
trose, joined the general at Elgin j with near thirty 
gentlemen ; also the lord Forrester, with a few men; 
and one tkik major Sttachan. 
The general having received letters from my 


lord Al^ldletoiit adtiMlg bin of his teriml in 
Sutherlmid, wkk several other ofioen sent by hie 
iDSjeBty» via. M^or-General M^bro^ to tpwritoaad 
as lieuienatit-geiieral of horle and foot, Didiiel, to 
eommand as major-geoeftil of horse and foot, and 
Dmmmondt as imgot-geileral of foot : loid Napier 
was to have a rq^iment* There were several oth«r 
gentlemen who came over as officers iu the same 

The lord general immediately ordered the army 
to maitsh to Siith«rland. Morgan having intell^ 
gence, mtfebed upon cmr rear, and as we mmrcbed 
we had many hot skirmishes with bin* Our ge» 
neial was always present and in action ; and always, 
when necessary, ordered fresh parties to idieve 
those that stood in need of asMStanoe. This sliir* 
milling lasted for the space of two days and two 

We sat down before the house of the laird at 
Lethen, whose name was Brodie, who held it out 
for the English* Our general sent and ordered 
him to ddiver up the house for the kkig's servioei 
whioh he refused ; and on the approaeh of our 
men, he fired out on them, and killed foiur or five 
of them. The general beii^ incensed at this, or* 
dered the soldiers to pull down several Aacks of 
corn, widi which he filled the court and gates of 
the house, which beii^ set on fire, he jtidged the 
smoke would stifle them, the wind blowing it into 
the house : but it took not the eflect he expected ; 
for they styi held out' the house, and we lost 
other three or four mam BKxe ere we marched the 
next mornmg* 


The general (»dcred all Lelhen^s land aad stacb- 
yards to be burnt, which was aooordingly done ; 
and these were the ooly orders he gave for bunfr- 
iog during idl his oommand. 

We Ihen marched straightway for a )>a8s that 
lay eight miles above Inverness ; and having got to 
that pass, our army crossed the wat^ of Inverness : 
the whole horses were made to- swim, and the men 
passed in boats. Here we kept a strong guard, 
and our army lay for the space of six weeks quite 
safe up and down the country of Sutherland, the 
English having no gfurrison in that country. 

The Icnrd general immediately set out for Bor^ 
nocfa, to receive lord' Middleton's commands, who 
was to be general in chief; and, after five or six 
days rest, lord Middletmi ordained that there a general rendezvous of the whole army, 
that so he might see what the men were, both as 
to &eir arms, mounting'and numbers. . 
' The avmy . was accordingly mustered upon a 
Saturday in the middle of March ; their number 
amount^ to S5G0 footnien, and 1500 horsemen. 
Of the horsemen there would have been about 
SOO that were not well horsed nor well armed. 

There was an: En^sh pink cast in by stress of 
weaAer^ cm the coast of Sutherland ; she was 
loadfld'.with near fiE«ty tons of French wine. Ger 
nend Middleton (fistributed this among the officers 
irf^the anny i and he gave to the earl of Glencairn 
one Uh^ theteof . 

The. army being drawn. up again, according to 
the former c»der^ the. earl of.. Glencairn passed 
along the froiit <tf aU the regiments of horse and 

70 auxlCAx&N^l buvarhw .. 


JToot, and infiirBwd «U the oflhtra and mm m he 
-w^ot along, that he had nd fvirther oonnnatid now 
bat as a priTate oobnel, awi that be hoped Amy 
should be very happy in inrrii^ ao noble a easo* 
aiander as the present general^ and the offleera 
ondarhiai; and so he wished theoi all wdl« Thoae 
who saw ibis could easily pevoe»ve beiw vefy lan* 
satisfied the soldiers wevey by their looks and oonn* 
teaanoe; for several, both officers and soUierst 
riled tears, and vowed that they wwuU serve widi 
their cdd general in any corner ci the woild» 

When tliia ceMotony wan over, the earl of Glen* 
eaorn invited the general with all the general offi- 
cers and coknels, to dine with him. His ^arlera 
were at the laird of Kettles house, four mileeaoath 
Crom Domoehy the head quarters. They were aa 
well entertained by his lordship aait was possible- in 
that country. The grace said, and the doth widi* 
drawn, bis lordship called for a glass of wine, and 
Aen addressed the general in these woedav: ^ My 
lord general, you see what a gallant army these 
worthy gentlemen here present and I have gathered 
together, at a time when it could hardly be expected 
that any aimiber durst meet togeth^; these men 
have come out to serve his majesty, at theJiasBard 
of their lives, and of all that is dear to them : I 
hope therefore you will give them aU the eaoein^ 
agement to do their duty that lies in your power.^ 
On this, up started Sir George Mam« ftom his 
seat, and said to lord Glencaim, <* By G^-^ Wf 
lord, the men you i^ieak'of are nothing but a num^ 
ber of thieves and roblMrs ; and ere long I will 
bring another sortof men to the fleld.'' On which 

eUmigirie tiRrtediip,^bbdcu« immtU tamt cm. 
eemed; bat loid^^filawaiiit dMiad hka to fiaw 
hmtj 8iufiBg, «f Oki^fBm, I wmt mow coBcariidl 
m thb affiKNit tbair - yon an ;" dun addcBBsing 
Imsdf to Uofaf0, said, f< You, Sir, ofe a kne 
Mat ; fmsiheykm BeitbM Onaraa nor robbtns, hot 
gaMantgrnABinoii, and piod •ddiers.^' 

Gewsnd llidtHrton oemuMNidai them bathitif 
ketpudM kiD|^« peaoe, sayngi << M j lanl, and jau. 
Siy Gkmi^ tliia is moUiiht^wmf to d4» tba kiog imth 
vice; yoti mast not fidi oat among jouswdvoB;; 
therefore I will hme yon both tobe friends^'* and 
iimnediately eaUiog for n gfaK» of wiae» nid^ <^ Mgr 
lord Gloneiiim, I tiiink you did ihe greatest vrong 
in gimig Sir OacHrge Ae Se^ you aball drink to 
bim, and be sball pledge yon*^ The noble and 
good lord GloBomni aeoordingly took bn glass, as 
ordered by the gra^vl^ and drank to Sir fiecNrgr.; 
who, in hts old snrly humour^ muttemd sonw words, 
wbidi were not beard, bnt did not piodge hie lord^ 

The general gave orders to sooodi to horse; and 
lord 61encaini went out in order to aocompany 
him to the boad^naatars.; bat the general would 
net allow him to go aborea nulaof^a way» His 
lordship then returned back, having none in bis 
eompany butiColoBel Bladcader and John <3rrahaitt 
of Denekrie. When amved, he bacaase eoioeed^ 
ii^ merry, emising tiie lamfo daagihl^ pl^y ^^ 
the virginals, and all the servants about tbe bouse 
todance. Sapper being now ready and on the 
taUe, as my lord was going to set down, one of 
cbe servants UM him, that Akxaadar Munro^ Sir 


Gan^s bsothcr, was at the gate. My lord im- 
mediately cominaadiBd to let hiln. iii» and met him 
at the haU-door, wlwre he saluted him> aild made 
him very weloone, sayings ^< You : see. Sir* the 
meat is on the. table» and wiU qpoil if we ttt not 
down to if He placed Monro at the bead of the 
table, next the laird^s daughter. AU present were 
Tery merry* My lord told Munro, he would give 
him a spring if he would dance; which accord- 
ingly he did with the rest, the latrd^s daughter 
playing. While the rest were merry, his lordship 
and Monro stqiped aside : they did not speak a 
dozen of words together, as all thought ; and after 
drinking a little longer, Munro departed. My 
lord ; then called for candles, and went to bed. 
There were two beds in his room, in cme.of which 
he lay, and in the other lay Blaekader and Deu^ 
chrie. The whole family in a little went to bed. 
None knew any thing of his lordahip^s design but 
one John White, who was his trumpeter and valet 
de chambre. The night being very short, and my 
lord being to meet Munro half way between his 
quarters and Dornoch, their meeting was to be as 
soon as they could percave daylight ; so that his 
lordship got not two hours rest before he rose, and, 
notwithstanding the two aforesaid gentlemen lay 
in the room with him, be went out and returned 
from the eaeounter .without Uie knowledge of any 
one iti the house, exc^t John White his servant, 
who aocotnpanied him. Munro came accompanied 
with his brother. They were both well mounted ; 
each of the parties were to use one {Hstol, after dis- 
charging of which they were to decide the quarrel 


with biKJBd swords. Their pistols were fired with- 
ottt doing any execution, and they made up to 
each other with their broad swords drawn. After 
a few passes his lordship had the good fortune to 
give Sir George a sore stroke on ibe bridle-hand ; 
whereupm Sir George cried out to his lordship that 
he was not able to command his borse^ and he, hoped 
he would allow him to figbton foot My lord re- 
plied,* *^ You base carle I I will show you that I 
will match you either on foot or horseback.^ Then 
they both quitted their horses, and furiously at* 
tacked each other on foot At the very first bout 
the nobl^ earl gave him so sore a stroke on the 
brow, about an inch above his eyes, that he could 
not see for the blood that issued from the wound. 
His lordship was then just going to thrust him 
through the body ; but his man John White, forced 
up his sword, saying, *< You have enough of him» 
my lord, yon have got the better of him.^ His 
lordship was very angry with John, and in a great 
passion gave him a blow over the shoulder. He 
then took horse and came back to bis quarters. 
Munro came straightaway to the head-quarters, 
and his brother had much ado to get him conveyed 
there, by reason of the blooding both of his hi^hd 
and head.* 

The general being acquainted of this meeting, 
immediately sent captain Ochtrie Campbell with a 
guard, to secure the earl of Glencaim in his quar- 
ters; which accordingly was done before six in 
the rooming. The general had ordered captain 
Campbell to take his lordship^s swcN'd from him, and 


to eominit hfan to arrest in bis ehambert taking his 
parole. This affiiir happened on Siindaj mormag. 
In the week ensuii^, there fell out an aocident 
which miide the breach still wider betwixt bis lord- 
ship and Munro. One captain Liiringstoo» who 
came over with Monro, and a gentleman called 
James Lindsay, who came over with lord Napier, 
had iK>me hot wovds together* Livingston al- 
- ledged Munro was in the right, and Lindsay in- 
«i«ted in the ocmtrary. They challenged each 
other, and went out early in the morning to the 
links of Domooh, wbere^at the very .first bout, 
Lindsay thrust his svoird through LiTiagstoa's 
heart, so that in a short, time he expined* . Lind- 
say was immediately after unfortunately taken; 
^which when lord Glencaim heard, be dealt very 
earnestly with the general, and caused other offiemrs 
to do the same for Lindsay's release ; but not&ing 
eould prevail with htm: he immediately .called 
a council of war^ who gavesentenee that landaay 
should be ahot to death at the cross of > Dornoch, 
before four that afternoon, which was accordingly 
done. Lord Gki^cairn was exceedingly troubled 
at this gentleman's death: but all. this must be 
done, forsooth) to please Sir Gecnrge, Lord 
Glencaim toqk care that nothing should be want- 
ing for burying this unfortunate gentknmn with 
decency : and as there was no prospect of making 
up the breach which gave oocasbn to this mischief, 
his lordship, on that day fortnight after his 
encounter with Munro, marched a\\ay for the 
south country. He was accompanied with none 
other «ave his own troop, and some gentlemen 


y€in%Mer^ ih0t were waiting for command. They 
were Hot in all a bundred horse. We marehed 
rtraigb^ Am* the liord €i Assint'e bounds. When 
the geneial had notice of our departure) he eent 
a fltvolig party to bring us baek, or otherwise to 
fight us. Wb^ hi6 lordsluphad got safely to As* 
mti die laitd therec^ Ottne to bim^ and^ offered 
to serve bitn^ promiang to secure the passes so 
that the whole army shbuld not be able to^reaeb 
biln Ibitf JBdght, though, they w«re to come in pmr^ 
anit of hfa«>- His lordehip was under the peoesv 
mtf of aoesplifig this ofi!ar» though it was said tba$ 
th&» iFety gdnclemap had b^rayed nad ddiveised 
np the great JMtontaose; yeib most part beUfved 
timi. it wasr hk fctbeg Jn-law who betiayed that 
grea* noblnniii^ audi not himfielf^ who wise yoM^g 
aft tiMit time. 

The neit day hie iocdihip maiyhed to KintsiJ^ 
whans he liras veiy gowtaslly i»Qeiv;ed by the gsar 
tkiMft who wawMBded Ifanre foe brd Ssafiirtbi 
towhositheboua^belmgadi Hese fas. stayed sam^ 
di^ to fefffssh both mm^. and horses ; fmm that 
he maichid Id Locbhmoemy from ii^cbbreom t<| 
Iiodhaberi from tbeoiDe to' LqchfBBmidbt; thence 
to the head ^ Inoeb T^s to a ohurch town called 
XHlkin. He rested here for the space of ten days^ 
tiU Sir iSeei^e Mimwell eameand joiaad him with 
near an hundred horsemen^ 

Earl WilUsBiiif Selkiric also joined him with 
sixty horsemen ; and lord' FoKresl^t inth liitk 
major Steachfintaad one who- went under the imme 
efeaptaioCpbrdoil; they bsougM with them afajoM^ 
eighty W n w miai v Thi» Goadon ^m m j&B^bsbr 



man — his real name was Portugus— he was hanged 
at the cross of Edinburgh after our capituIatioii» 
for running away from them with several troopers 
that he had persuaded to follow him. There 
joined us several more of our captains, and some 
of their men also. His lordship findings that by 
the addition of these noblemen and gentlemen, 
with their troopers, his numbers were increased to 
near 400 horsemen, he thought it proper to send 
them to general Middleton, that so they might 
not be wanting in their duty to the king^s service 
where occasion might offer. Accordingly they- 
went and joined the general. Lord Glenduro 
contracted a violent flux, by which he was in great 
danger, so that we all thought he would have 
died. This obliged us to make but eliort joumejrs* 
There were none with him but a few gentlemen 
and his own servants. We came at last to Leven, 
and stttd at the castle of Bosedoe, bdonging to 
the laird of Luss. His lordship was slill earefiil 
in sen^ng officers to different places, to levy men 
out of the Lowlands; and, within a month's timoy 
he had got together about two hundred horse. 

We had left Middleton, the general, in Suther- 
land, in the month of April, toward the latter end 
thereof; he immediately after marched to Caith- 
ness, where he expected more forces tb join him, 
both from lord Seaforth and lord Reay, as also 
others, which Munro assured him of; but he was 
disappointed of them all. 

He then marched towards the south country to 
avoid general Monk, who now had the command 
in Sootland> and had ordered Morgan to march 


trith what forces could be spared out of the garri- 
sons. Monk marched his army north, and joined 
M<N*gan in the shire of Aberdeen. They then 
inarched to the Highlands, but in difierent bodies^ 
yet so as they shduld always ' be within a day^s 
march of each other. 

Middleton, with the king^s army, came to the 
nde of Lochgarie, where, at a small village, he 
was resolved to eneamp all night ; but Morgan^ 
*by his good fortune, reached the same place be- 
fore the king^s army, who had no intelligence 
where their eil^mies were, till the van*guard waa 
fired upon by Morgan^s outer guard. The Eng^ 
liah troop were the van of the king^s army : thare 
was no ground there on which they could draw up ; 
for on the one hand was the loch, and on the 
other it was so marshy, that no horse was able to 
ride it; and on the way by the loch, two or three 
at most were all that could ride a-breast The 
gmeral Middleton finding this, ordered the army 
to faof about ; so that the vai^ who were the Eng- 
lish gentlemen, became the rear. They behaved 
themselves very gallantly^ but were very hard 
pressed by Morgan^ who tsSl upon the general's 
baggage, where was his commission and all his 

Morgan pursued so hotly, that at last he obliged 
Middleton's army to run as fast as they could. 
There was no great slaughter ; for, before they 
had passed the loch, night came on. Every man. 
then diifted for himself, and went, whwe he best 
liked. The general vent ofi^ with a few ; where 
he went to I can give no account ; only he no more 


tdok the fields but ahortlj #^iit over to his ftiaj^sty 
ikk Flanders. 

Many of the earl of Gleneaim's men who had 
beoi at Lochgariey came and t^flRsbed their senrieea 
tb faim at Bloeedde : but he and to them«. <^ Gren^ 
tiemen, I see the king^s interest in So<>tIadd is noir 
bfbken^ the kiog^s army beiiig Bo shamefully* lost 
as it hath been : and as I/am now in a Very bul 
state of health, I am resolved to capUillate with 
die enemy, ibr myself and those that dve with tee i 
mtdf if you plesae^ yen shall be included in the 
capitulation. Consider of this, geatlevsto^ aflid 
give me your answer toHOiMow, that I imgr kaom 
finr how many I am to capitukte ; inlbemcnit 
tinie you may go to the quarters I have appeintsd 
fi»r you." 

Hie ofllcers the next day iMuled en bis loiNlsbip, 
nd told him, that al they Imd at fimt joined him 
to serve die king^ and as they understood from 
him» that they could not at pcemnt d6 Vk isajestj 
any service, they were aU willing to aecepC of 
wWever teems hia lordship tduHtld malce for thdtai* 

His kMdship immediaKely sent eemonssMMsei^ 
k> capitulate with Monk, who at that time teuded 
at D&lkeith; mod it was a foil moadi befiE»e the 
business was closed. The treaty was once eatirely 
broken off; on which his lordships who was 
informed that a party of horse and drains 
were qilaitered in Dunbarton, resolved to beat 
up their quarters. We had an outer guaid ^ 4 
fcnrd witUn four miles of Duabartouy wh&ch we 
kept in possession during the month that w^ lay 
m those ports* My losd ovdered two himdsed^ 

hi« best ^prse^ under Uie coipnoapid of Sir 6e<^ge 
Maxwell of N^warkt hh Iieuteii«iit->Colonel, to ciP83 
the river where the said out^ guard was» aodt Us 
soon a$ be should CTos8,^to i:ide on At a gallop to 
the town. This was to be done about one in the 
afterno9Q» when the enemy were judged to be ai 
dinner. This was fuscordingly done to good pur- 
pose : those of U)e enemy that could^ fled to the 
castle; between thirty and forty of them were 
killedj and above twenty were made prisoners. 

All the horses belonging to both horsemen and 
dragoons were taken : we likewise brought away 
with us two hundred loads of corn out of the 

As soon as tlie news of this defeat came to gene* 
ral Monk^s knowledge, he immediately brought on 
the capitulation again ; which was soon happily 
concluded on, and he agreed to much more fa- 
vourable terms than before this he would conde- 
scend to grant. 

The conditions were, that all the officers and 
soldiers should be indemnified as to their lives and 
fortunes, and that they should have passes deliver-? 
ed to each to secure their safety in travelling 
through the country to th«r own respective homes, 
they doing nothing prejudicial to the present go- 
vernment. The officers were to be allowed all their 
horses and arms, to be disposed of as they pleased ; 
they were also to have the liberty of wearing their 
swords when they travelled through the country. 
The common soldiers were allowed to sell their 
horses ; they were obliged to deliver up their arms, 
but it was ordained that they were to receive the 


full value for/ themf as it should be fixed by two 
officers of lord Grencum^s, and two of general 
MonkV All which particulars were punctually 
*perforined^ by the general. Two long tables were 
placed upon the green below the castle, at which 
all the men received their passes, and the common 
soldiers the money for their arms. 

This happened upon the 4th day of September, 
1654. The earl of Glencairn that same night 
crossed the water, and came to his own house of 












Renovmed Lady Jean Douglas, 


Printed by R. Chapman, 




THE reader will not be surprised if he find a 
variety of matters touched in this general Preface 
or introduction to the following tracts ; this could 
not be well avoided in an account of Miscellaneous 

*The author of the fife and death of king James> 
¥• was a French gentleman, and no wonder that 
he gives a more full account of several matters 
than other historians ; because that king had iwo 
queens from Prance, and many of th&r conn* 
trymen had conndo^ble posts in the government 
of Scotland. Oiir author ^ves no account of af» 
fairs during the minority of that prince^ which is 
generally the weakest part of a reign, and affords 
only the history of the intrigues and practices of 
ambitious politicians, who involve their country in 
Uood and confusion, for the sake of ingrosong the 
whole power, or a connderable share thereof. The 
state of affairs in Scotland during this king^s mi- 
nority was this; first, queen Margaret had the 
keeping of the young prince her son, and the go- 
vernment of the kingdom committed to her du^ 
ring her widowhood : her bcother Henry VIII. of 


of England had gained her to endeavour what she 
could to lessen the inclination of the leading men 
of Scotland to the French their old confederates ; 
but she by her marriage with Archibald DouglaSi 
earl of Angus, lost the administration. To bal- 
ance the English pbrty ini^SoalilMd, the French 
king, upon the denre of the estates of the kingdom, 
sent over John duke of Albany, earl of Marche^ 
Mar, and Garioch, lord of Annandale and the Isle 
of Man, count of Boulogne and Auvergne, by his 
mmw^ m^ ibBiimfw^ Aom d« La Tow nd 
Aixf^rm^ The Prwdi li^i^ did not Pp^nly dis^* 
oov«ff what shai^ he bad in thai affiiNr» beca^se 
iimk be vat fofwng a leagp? mth ]&i|^ai|d; and 
notwithstanding all the endeavours of Henry YIII. 
lo biodor the duke U^ oome to Scotland, he 
kwded m that kwgdoWf Maxch ^7th, IplS, h^ 
giMtxaisfiartune washja igoomnce^of th^ langPiagP) 
and 6O0tons, and parties tber^; tbia made luni 
idgr too ntucb on tbeadirice of . Jbha HepbMiai, 
prior of St. AndaewSf who m aU tbecwnsek he 
gave bim, had move in his viaw to be jrevewg^ ^ 
his own eoeHiies than the poUie good. The king 
of England used all motbod^ to laake the dlike^ of 
Albany ttotaay, aad to possess tbose <^ «09l .power 
ih Scotkod wilb jeakHwies of Uas, aa beti^tbil am 
of a traitor, who was outhiwed &r. levying war 
against hb soyyenrign, and designing lodiapossess 
him of the cmwn: that the duko was enlarely in 
the interests at Ike Fxendi kuig^ and had a greater 
regard to the aervioe of that awmai«h than to tha 
advantage and prosperily of Scotland. Queeo 
Margaret, on the other hand, when tbtre yrm yrm^ 


betwixt England and Scothnd, dwoovered all the 
duke^s designs that she could oome to the know« 
ledge of. This queen, upcm some misunderstand- 
ing betwixt her and her husband^ became at last 
weary of hhn, and sued for a diTorce, because, as. 
she said, he kept a mistress when she was in Eng- 
land : this made her live in better friendship with 
the duke than formerly. Whilst the duke was in 
France, which was from Jiine, 1517, to Septembei*, 
1S8S, the earl c^ A.ngus did what he could to 
strengthen his own party, and exclude the Gro- 
▼ernor from the administration, upon wbos^ return 
the earl fled to England, where be was kindly re- 
ceived by Henry VIII. and was entirely gained 
to that king^s interest. Henry used all means pos- ^ 
sible to ^get the earl restored to his possessions in 
Scotland, but in vain ; and both by letters from 
himself, and finom some eminent divines in Eng- 
land, persuaded his sister to be reconciled to her 
busbuid, and amongst other things reproached htr 
with too great familiarity with the duke of Albany : 
though he could not get die peace made upbetwitt 
her husband and her, yet she was gained to follow 
her old practice, of being a spy upon the duke,* 
discovering his designs to her brother, or to his 
ministers, which in a great measure defeated all 
his purposes to invade England. At that time a 
ftetion began, which at last obliged the duke to 
leave Scotland, to whidr be never after returned, 
though he k^ all his titles there : he died in his 
castle of Mirefleur, 15S6, and was a prince of great 
courage ; he had the command of considerable 
forces botb by se# and land, under Francis I. of' 


Prance, in wbieb post3 be^wnyt beb»f edbiDwelf 
hoBOUxably ; he govemed SoqiIaimI wttb gtwt 
equity* When the news of hi» departure came to 
Etif^aiKl, king Henry acquainted the earl of Angw 
with it, and dewed him to go to Scotland, ibr then 
he was in France, where be had been tbr^ years. 
In the next parliament, the attlbority <^ the, go- 
vernor was abrogated; the keeping of the. young 
king was intrustad to four bishops, and four ndi)le- 
men ; who were the archbishops of. St Andrews 
and^ Glasgow, of Aberdeen and Dudkeld, fhe^ark 
of Anran» Angus, Leonex, and AfgyU9 who were 
to be the kingls tutovs by turns; but Angus at 
last got the young king, into his own keqpii^, and 
excluded the rest* Buchanan tells us, that the 
earl of Angus enooiuraged die king too mueb in 
his youthftil pleasures^ either to make him easy 
under his present restraint,, or to engage him so 
deep in pleasures that he .cajrdess of the 
government, whieh be tbonght would turn to Us 
own advantage : at kst the.ldng get f«ee fifom the 
earl and his party, and banished them ; the earl 
retired to England, and did not return till after 
the king's death. 

In the minority of this king, Henry VIII» by 
bis ambassadors in Scotland,* uled all meaM to 
dispose him to prefer an alliance with England 
before one with France ; and for that end he sent 
him presents of fine horses and arms, which he know 
would most refidily t^e with the martial genius of 
this young prince ; but several noblemen* and the 
popish clergy, many of whom had benefices in 
France, persuaded him to thfi^ contrary: those 

who weve fi»r tke^amioQt letgiie with Pi!Mee» iit- 
ways reiaiacUd hiip of the plmt: ftUwnce of hi$ a^ 
cestors wid) tbfit Mtion. Baoause there i$ men- 
tiiDii of the la^e ia the folbwu^ history, I ehidl' 
ffve here a ibort aceount of it : 

All the:Scotch hiatoriaoa agnoe, that it hegw i« 
the time of Ch.arlen9i^giie»QoleB»pQrar)r with Aehu** 
va kipg of SootUod ; it is eertaia that this leafpit 
is very ancient, Car la the * coatraot of aaarriage 
betwixt Fraoeis, daupUn of France, and Mary, 
quew^jf Seots, Aprtt the 19(h^ 1566, it is said to 
he of ei|^t hundred ycara^ slandiaig. The h^ 
aourable Sir James Balrynple, in his learned hi»» 
lofioal oaUeotiona thinks this a good argument of 
la antiquity, f Hlhuioude Coate, in hia Elqges 
ei les vies de$ liaines lUnslresi torn. 2, in thecbarw 
acter of Magdi^ de Franee^ king James VJb first 
queen, sayti the sane. . In the original instruetions 
given Noveniber ldtb» 1670, by tibeduk^of Chat»- 
tfiUieraiiltt the earls. of Huatly and Argyll, Mary 
queen^xxf Seots^ lieotenants, to lh<! iHahops of Boss 
and Cralioiray, and the lard. Ltvingston, to treat 
vith quean£iianbetb, for queen Mary^a restoration, 
in the third afti^le it^ is said, <* that tho old league 
has been inviolably kept betvioU France and Seotr 
Jand for eight hundred years «nd mom.^ Egii^ 
hardtt% seeretary to Charlemagnei gives ns an ao^ 
count of the assistance the Soots gave to Charles 
in his wars. Faulus ^aulkis, in his second book 
de Eebus Oestis Franonrum, says, ^Honoees, 
Magistratusq ; Saxoniat, G^entibus alienigenisi et 

III I 1 1 III I > ■ » II ■ ■ II 

* Tndte de pftix.— t Caligula, c S, p. 296. 


imprimis Sootis raandfibat Cardufi, qudrum «gre- 
gia fide virtuteq ; utebatur." BellefoFestus^ in.lib. 
1) Hist. Carol. Mag. confirms this; and adds, 
*^ Scotorum fideli opera non parum adjutus in tkMo 
Hispanico fuerat.'^ The occasion of the league, 
was according to Buchanan, Lesley, <* Cobaeus de 
duplici statu Reli^otfis apud Sootus,^ David Cham- 
bers, and others, that the English Saxons had in- 
vaded France and plundered the seacoast ; whilst 
Charles was 'absent in his wars against the Sara- 
cens, he thought it adviseable to enter Into a per- 
petual alliatice with the Scots, who by their near- 
ness to England, were most capable to ^re a di- 
vernon to his enemies. Achaius, who knew that 
quarrels with neighbouring princes were unavoida- 
ble, was glad of the assistance of the French* The 
articles of this league were the same with those of 
other alliances, viz. <^ That the French and 
Scotch were to have common friends and enemies, 
that they were to assist eadi other in tlmr wbts^ 
and that none of the kings of the two nations w«re 
to make a separate peace with Eogland/' And it 
may be said, that never a treaty was more inviola- 
bly kept than this. cLesly tells us^ Achaius sent 
his brother William to France with four thousand 
men to assist Charles in his wars in Italy, and in 
his absence William commanded the army. Co- 
nvus, who lived long in Italy, informs us, that 
many of WilUam's soldiers settled ther«, and were 
founders of several families, as of the Barones, of 
the Mariscotti in Bononia and Siena, the Sooti in 
Flacentia and Mantua. Sansovino and other 

geomi/offft» sAjp thai those familba b^gaa k tlm 
xtign of CJbarieis^e* 

. We do not bfsHeve vb»t soiM bistojnans affirm^ 
tbut aa. a ncworiAl of this league the cn>wn of 
£kaptliiiid» which W43 hefone mly. a plaia drdle of 
g^ldy hadm/Q^Uier of flower de lis ciused about it ; 
forlb^ le^rn^ PiftabillQaf whose testioaooy in this 
matter is much to be depended upon^ tells us^ * 
that the first French kings who had the flower de 
lis on their crowns, wene Philip I. and bis father. 
Some also say, that upon this league, the arms of 
Scotland we<e inclosed in a dottMeU»MMiggy flowered 
and oounter-floWered with flowers de lis, which is 
not probable^ jseeing Mabillon assures us, who is 
best acquiunted of any with the seals of the French 
kmgSy that f Philip the August* who died about 
188% waa tlie first who had one flower de Us in 
hia oountaip-seal ; Lewis VIIL and IX# had somo- 
timas one, Mmi sometimas laany, which was ob* 
senrad bj the feUowiag luyogs, till the reign of 
Cbajrlaf^Vp whair^uc^ the flowers ^e thr^: 
xiaitl|er;till a l9i^ time after Um^ did the kii^ of 
Scotland use ibek aiws on tWk seals» as we are 
infimned by that learnad and Judicious antiqua^ 
Mr. Andcr^oB^ I who iaa grcat jwidge «f tb« aiv* 
tiqoities of Scotland, and has had better ooea^ions 
tlian any to know what belongs to the seals, chai>- 
tCBS, aiid coina of hia country* 

At this tiana^ as Bucbaaan says* barbarity and 
ignoranaa bad not avarafN*ead. ScoAland somufh 

♦ De rt diplotnatica, p. «*.— f P«ge 139^t IftdelJfetiaen- 
0/ of fioatlBnai pi SS* 


as Other countries ; for there were still in thst na- 
tion some monks remarkable for the andent piety 
and learning. Charles was a prince who favoured 
and encouraged men of letters, therefore be in* 
vited some of them to France. Bucbanan ex- 
presses that well in his admirable poem upon the 
marriage of Mary Queen of Scots with the dau- 
phin of France. 

*• Haec quoque cum Latium quaterei Mm barbsrus Ofbea\» 
Sola prope exji^ulsis fuit Hospita terra Camaenisy &c." 

When barbaious foes the Eoman boundi o*enptcaidU 

Thither the muses for protection fled: 
Hence Greek and Roman learning in full store, 
. By Charlemagne to France was wafted 6*eir. 

Bede» lib. 3, Hist chap. 27, tells usythat many 
of the noUemen'*s sons of England, were sent te 
Scotland to be educated, whete they were enter- 
tained kindly, and had maintainanee and learning 
given them gratis ; for at that time the monasteries 
were schools of learmng, and not as afterwards, 
privileged places for impurity, laziness, and igno- 
rance. Before this time flourished Bonifacius a 
Scotchman, according to Marianus Scotus, lib. 8, 
ad annum, 741, and Trithemius, lib. 8, cap. S4 
Dempster, in a dissertation concerning the coun- 
try of this Bonifacius, has nine arguments to 
prove him a Scotchman ; he was called the apostle 
of Germany, preached the gospel in many' places 
of that country^ and was the first archbishop of 
Mentz. Those who came to France upon Charles^ 
desire, were Joannes, AJbinus, or Alcuinus, Charle- 
magne^s preceptor, he founded the university of 

Tms. In his 26tb^ epistle, he calk himself Yer^ 
naculum Soot^rtmis i* e. a native of Sootland. 
Soaiuiy torn. 89 lib. 2» cap. 9, is of the same 
q[»iuon; as also Bostetus, &e. Biidnman says, 
be. sam a book of rhetoric of whieh he was the 
author. At tbis time oim^ also Clemeiis Sodtu^ 
vho founded the university of Padua. 

The Scotch guards in France beganlupon this 
occasion, when Alexander III. beard that St. 
Lewis deugned an expedition to the holy land, he 
sent to his asnstance seven thousand soldiers^ 
Lewis ^chose twenty-^four out of that number, who 
were to have the constant keeping of his person ; 
his example was followed by his successors ; Charles 
V. added seventy-six to the former number ; 
Charles VIL bendes the hundred foot-guards, 
added a troop of ciurasnc&v of that nation, who 
were to take place of all the horse of his army. 
An * ori^nal paper, containing instructions frcnn 
queen Mary of Scotland, to her ambassador the 
Uriiop of Ross, &c. at a treaty with queen Eliza- 
betb, informs us of the state of those guards in 
1570. They then oonnsted of a hundred men of 
arms, a hundred archers of the guards, and twenty-^ 
four aicbers of the corps, keepers of the king^s 
body : after the reformation the privileges of those 
guards were greatly lessened. This is remarkable, 
that never any of those gentlemen was found guilty 
of treason, or carelessness in the defence of the 
French kings. Philip de Comines, lib. 11, cap. 
12, of tbe Kfe of Lewis XI. tells us, that tfie dti* 

• GdfcUm labnuy. Cttlig. o 2t CdL 8S& 

9S tsM mmjMi^ 

nmi of Liege btA% in tiptm the Ifld^b^ oTHiBt 
Idngi and 'bad Mtfuoly kitledf hitt, had it hot 
beqn fbr the vahMir of his Sootcli gfftttrds, who 
atood aAmit Uta Kke a wall> and wiih theilr atvows 
dmw tben and the Butgimdiaiis away* At the 
battle of Fafia, ¥nmdk I. uras not taketi till thefe 
^ere only four' a}tve of his one huikhhed Scoteh 
guards* It would he too tedious to give a long 
account of the priviteges the Scotch nation had in 
France by that league, especiidly the nerchattts 
and stndeats. 

Sevcml tilings contrifbated to tfte wtAetitkg of 
the idlianoe widi FlMce; AM, Hemy VII I. by 
means of bis sorter, queen MiM^garsi, stifled tip a 
party in Scodand agiuMt those who wete'^ the 
oU kagM. Horbert, in the life of 'that kmg^ 
tdh us, Uiat he loved intermws benatcse he mM a 
handsome prinee, and made a gf^M app^^antnos at 
jottsts and to»nanieiics$ yet the gteat reason di 
his desire to meet with king James^ wVS to alienate 
him fVoes the IHendsbip wkh Fmhee, and to per* 
suade him to mat^ a breach "with Borne, as the 
ttiost Kkcly way to attain that end! but king 
James rejected die olRers of his uncle, who per- 
suaded him to a match with his daughtk' Maary, 
and afterward«^ married w^h $*mnce. Francis h 
who had beard of the danger &( losing the fitend* 
ship of SooClaod by the soMtationsrof Henry ¥IiI« 
and that king James was eotne to France to oeurt 
1^ dattgfater Magdalen, be received hink with all 
possible solemnity. Sing James entered l^ans, 
December 3, 1636. Hilaricm de Coste tells us, 
from the records oftbe parliament of* Paris, that 


Attncia commimded the parliament to do Jtoies 
the same honours they did himself. The senators 
objected, << that it was never th^ custom to at- 
tend foreign princes in their red robes.*^ The 
French king answered, << that he could grant king 
James no less, seeing. he was his oldvally, and was 
^come in person to marry his daughter.^ The 
marriage was solemnized the next day. * When 
Henry heard of it, he wrote to Francis, then at 
peace with him, and told him, << that his alliance 
with the Scotch king, vexed him no less than it 
would do a violent lover to see his mistress em- 
brace his mortal enemy.^' After the death of king 
JameSf Henry proposed to the estates of Scotland, 
a match betwixt his son Edward and the young 
queen Maiy; one of the conditions of it was, 
<^ that they should renounce their league with 
France, and that the young queen should be car- 
ried into England.^ They could not be brought 
to that, because Mary of Lorrain, the queen dowa- 
ger, many* of the nobility, and the whole clergy^ 
were against it. Upon this, Henry made war 
with Scotland, in 1543, but missed of his design, 
which was to oblige the Scotch nobility to consent 
to the match, as the only way to unite the two 
nations. After his death, the duke of Somerset, 
the protector, continued the war to the fourth 
year of Edward VI. f That war cost England 
one million, four hundred and thirty-two thousand, 
nine hundred and ninety-seven pounds, eleven shil- 
lings and tenpence : a great sum in those days. 

* Heitot, 444— .f Otho. E. 11. 


After queen Morj was carried into France, t&e 
protector made peace with SooUand in l&SO. 

The second thing ivWch made many in Scotland 
averse to the friendship of the French, was the 
change of religion in that kingdom in the minority 
of queen Mary, upon this they became jealous of 
France, and thought an alUanee with them would 
be dangerous to their religion; they were afraid 
of the power of the house of Gnise, for the queen 
dowager had then mx brethren, vis. the duke of 
Guise, the cardinal of Lorrain, the duke d'*Aumale, 
grand captuny the cardinal of Guise, the marqins 
d^Elbeuf, and the grand prior, four of them were 
remarkable for their military bravery, and had 
gained the reputation of excellent soldiers, all over 
Europe, besides that family managed the whole 
affairs of France. The protestant lords of Soot- 
land thought it their interest to seek tlie assistance 
of queen Elizabeth ; Lethington and Robert Mel- 
vill were sent to the court of England in 1559. 

Xethington, when he was admitted to his audience, 
in an eloquent * oration;* complained, ** that nnoe 
quefn Mary was married to the dauphin of France, 
the government of the kingdom was changed ; 
Freticbmen had engrossed all posts of trust and 

> profit, had got the strong holds of the kingdom 
into their hands, and although Scotchmen bad 
titular offices, yet the French had the power: 
upon those and many other accounts, they had 
reason to believe they designed a conquest of Scot-- 
land.*^ Queen Elizabeth, who saw it was not for 

• CsmlML Hist Q. £liz;page 35; 


h^ intenefit tfaat the Freoch cihauld settle so near 
hetf and besides, longing to be revenged upon 
Francis II. and queen Mary, for tb^ir taking the 
atyle and arms of the kingdom of Englandf at 
length resolved to send forces to assist the lords of 
tbe coqgregatiom to drive tbe*French out of Leith» 
The relief which was iie^t them from France in 
tbe fleet conummded by the grand prior, was sbip« 
wrecked, which obli^jed the French to cc^tulate* 
UpoB the news of this, tbe queen dowf^r, an ex* 
Gellent imd i^rudent prin^ss^ died with grief* So 
tbe French were <^ged to leave Scotland, by 
wiuch queen Elizabeth established a party ther^ 
which iwas ever afterwards willing to be directed 
by her. When queen Mary returned to Scotland 
aftw her husbond^s death> queen EUsabeth alwaye 
maintmned that party to embroil all her affairs. 
Queen Mury at last was obUged to flee from Scot* 
land, and came to England, being invited by 
queoi Eliaabeth, vrho promised always to do what 
die could towards her restoration, provided die 
did not seek aid from France, which queen Mary 
observed, till she saw It was in vain to expect help 
from her c^purin* during her imprisonment in all 
the unsuccessful treaties for ber liberty. Queea 
Elisabeth always made that an article, ^< that the 
les^e with France should be dissolved.^ Queen 
Mary and the lords of her party declared, << that 
se^g the Scotch nation bad so great benefit by it, 
they coul4 not. well conseot to renounce it, unless 
some equivalent advantage were {proposed by queen 
Elizabeth; and the most they could do in that 


case, was to suspend that league during the lives 
of the two queens.^ 

3. But what above all ruined the French in- 
terest in Scotland, was the massacre of Paris in 
1573, which will be an everlasting reproach to 
that nation: at that time queen Mary's party was 
very strong. Upon the news of this, queen Eliza- 
beth, who knew well how to improve every thidg 
to her own advantage, sent an ambassador to Scot* 
land, who told the protestant lords, and considera- 
ble gentlemen of queen ^Mary^s party, "that by 
that bloody cruelty, they might understand the 
gauus of popery.^ So by degrees they made 
their peace with the regent ; Grange would not 
acknowledge the regents authority, but held out 
the castle against him: but queen Elizabeth sent 
artillery and forces, which obliged Grange to 
surrender. Lethington died the same year. This 
was the end of a long civil war. Cambden tells 
lis, that upon this several officers and 'Soldiers of 
both parties went over to Sweden, France, and 
the Netherlands, where they gained a great repu- 
tation for their military bravery. / 

In this king^s reign the protestdnt religion be- 
gan to be professed in Scotland, which alarmed the 
popish clergy, who by it foresaw tbie ruin of their 
absolute power over the consciences of the peopte, 
and that they were now in danger to lose those 
blessed times, when they could persuade kings and 
other rich persons, that what lands were made over 
to religious houses, as they called them, would 
certainly purchase salvation to the donor, and to 
his predecessors and successors. Scotland had one 

Imgf yit* kittg D«vid L who fbuMcd fourteen 
mcnuBtmei, and erected four HAopncB $ the 
priests in gnitkude got him flakrtcd, which sigm* 
fied no mete» bnt an easy bigotted prince. ESng 
JaflMB L of Soothnd, called him «< a sad saint td 
the crown." If we oonnder the extent of Scotia 
land^ no Inngdom had more relipous places than 
ity and some of them of mogniiioeDt architecture* 
At kngth the government began to be sensible 
that the priests, seeing they had a foreign de- 
pendanoe on Bome» were bad subjects ; to prevent 
the consequences of which^ we find several acts of 
parliament forfaidding them to go to Rome without 
license from the king, or the chancellor of the 
kingdom ; nrither were they to go thither to ob» 
tain the collation of benefices in Scotland, as is 
erident from James I. pari. 7, act 106 ; James III. 
pari. 6, aet 40; James III. pari. 11, act 84; 
king James IV. pari. 4, act 38 ; king James IV. 
pari. 5, a^ 59. The popish authors, as Lesly, 
Cameraritts, Conssus and others, own, that when 
the diange of reBgion began, many things contri- 
buted to the contempt of their clergy, of which 
these were most reraarkat>le, viz. that by the am« 
bition of the nobihty, chiUren were made bishops 
and abbots ; that if any of their sons, by reason 
of imperfections either of body or mind, were in* 
capable of civil business, they were made priests ; 
that many of the rich at>bots neglected their 
ehai^, and committed the management of their 
offices to t>thers, whilst they in the meantime aban* 
doned themselves to luxury and idleness ; that the 
clergy at that time were deeply engaged in whore» 


dom, for common harlots were frequently their 
.domestics ; and those who had solemnly devoted 
themselves to religion, spent most of their time 
both night and day in taverns, fire : and even the 
nuns, those christian vestals, were often debauched 
by their priests. These things lessened the re- 
gard formerly paid to their order, bred discon- 
tents amongst the people, which prepared them to 
shake off their yoke. No doubt but in this change, 
as well as in other revolutions, interest ^and other 
passions had their share. To prevent that storm 
which threatened them, the popish clergy per- 
suaded king James to persecute the protestants, 
as the way to atone for all bis sins, and to secure 
the peace oF his kingdom ; they had but too much 
power over this prince, for when his uncle invited 
him to an interview, they represented how wicked 
a thing it was to have any conference with an ex- 
communicated person, which in great measure 
hindered it. * The pope, to secure the obedieace 
of this king, who was still a dutiful son of the 
church, sent over his legate Antonio Campeggio 
in 1535, who, with many ceremonies and apostoli- 
cal benedictions, delivered him a cap, and a sword, 
consecrated the night of the nativity of our Saviour, 
that it might breed a terror in the heart of a 
wicked neighbouring prince, against whom the 
sword was sharpened. The pope in his letter to 
him complained oFthe affronts that Henry of Eng- 
land had done to the church of Rome by bb di- 
vorce, the executing of cardinal Fisher, ifae bishop | 

* Bruinmond's histoiy of this king. - 


of Rocbfstl^t &ID. aodthitbypatieneeslie recdv* 
ed more wrongs, miid th8t;novr 8be. was, obliged to 
use a seHrtng fren, for theapplication of .which, die 
had reeouhie to. his iiiajesl5^, whose aid she im^ 
l^redy seeing Henry deserved: to be dethroned; 
therefore .the pdpiei d^redthe king of Scotland to ^ 
uaderlake: something fi>r the dc&uce.of tbeohui^h,^ 
worthy of -a cfaortstian king^ and^hiaiself. Kingr 
Jantes dissuaded, v the pope .to excpmmunicate.bia' 
uiicle» and promised to^ndeavour what*ibe could. 
by ' letters or* . olessag^s • to reclaim him. * King 
James at that time took the title of " Defender, of . 
the Christian Eaitfa,^^ which offended his uncle. 
Henry, because it was hb title.- The proteistant 
religion made no great progress in this king^s reign ; 
but, in the minority of queen Mary, the protectants 
became a considerable body, and what above all 
things made the .popish religion odious in Scotland, 
was the cruelty of the clergy : the cardinal of Lor* 
rain and the duke pf Guise were for violent perse* 
cuting methods,. D^Oysel was recalled because h^, 
was suspect^ of Calvinism, and was succeeded by 
the bishop of Amiens, < the pope^s nuncio, after- 
wards a cardinal, and la Brosse, the ambassador, 
who complained. to the queen r^ent that she used 
too much moderation to the heretics, who deserved; 
to be pumsfaed with death and loss of their pos^*. 
sessions. Mary of Lorrain^ who knew the un- 
daunted and fierde temper of the .Scots, saw the 
danger of such proceedings, but she was guned 
ever at last to ^ose severe methods; and when- 

• Herbert, AtO. 

ever die b^m to penecote^ Hbe lotds of the c»ik* 
gregatUm dkowiied her autboiity^i 

In tJm klng^B veign * gold iniDeft vere fiwnd in 
Crmwfurd moor 1^ the GcrmanS) which affbrckd 
bim great sums ; thejwoold sot teSfim it in Scot- 
land, but after they faad'bai^ned widi the kin^^ 
they carried over the ora with them to Geraaaoiy. 
/B^MJfes those ibineB in Cnuvftirdlmoor, we htkve 
amaecount of odiers iio| fiiur ^fromit. -f* livlemg 
Jaittea iV«V reign, the Soots did. sepamte.gcdd 
ftom Band by washiog* In iciiig James V.^s time, 
three hundred were employed for several summers 
IB washing of gold, of which they got above a 
hundred thousand fxiunds of English money ; by 
the same way the laird of Marcbeatone got gold 
in Pentland-hills ; great fdenty has beea got in 
Langbam water, fourteen miles from Leadhilt- 
house, in Crawfurd moor» and in Me^^t water, 
twelve miles, and over {^inland, sixteen miles from 
that house; and in many otherplaees, where pieces 
erf gold of thirty ounces weight have been found, 
which were flat mixed with tiie spar, some with 
keel, and some with brtmstooe* 

In this king^s reign the order of the dbistle was 
in great splendour ; for he being honoured with 
the order of the garter from England, ibat of St. 
Michael from France, and the goMeo- fleece from 
the emperor, he sent also his own ocder to those 
princes ; he celebrated the festivals of them all^ 
and set the arras of c^h prince, with their ordars 
about them, over the gate of his palace of Lithgow^ 

* LesLji Dnunto/ond.^ Otho, £• 10. 

and ereeted bb own in tbe midst, ^th tbe order 
of St. Andrew. May 29, 1687, at Windsor, king 
James VII. of Sobtland renewed it : in the act for 
tbe reviving it, we have the aoeonnt of its original ; 
(but when, the statutes of that order were first 
made, and the'cogoi^ances of the knights appoint- 
edf is not BO'OHittsimi)^ ^^ The records give this fur- 
ther aeoouDt'of ihat «der, <<that it oonsuted of 
twelve knights bretbren, and a sovereign, in imi« 
tatioB of our Saviour and the twelve apostles, un- 
der die protection of St. Andrew and tbe holy 
yirgbi, for tbe< de£»iee of the- christian religion; 
that-it was evident from aneient histories, authen- 
tic proofii, reet>rd8,andd0cumeBtisofduitkiBgdom9 
tbat it' continued in splendour for many hundred 
years, was worn by several foreign princes and 
kiogs, and honoured in all places of Christianity 
till the reign of Mary queen of Scotland, when 
the splendour both of the church and monarchy 
fell into -coatei^pt^ then the order with its»cerer 
monies was extinguished ; some of the knighls, in 
rebellious contempt €£ queen Mary, laid tbe en- 
rigns of that order aride, others of them.Aed tQ 
foreign countries.^ But in her majesty^s patent 
for the reviving of it, December 31, 1703^ the ac- 
count of the disuee of it is not so reflecting upon 
the reformers ; - die word^ of the records are aa 
foHewB : <' the order of the thistle was very hon- 
ourable all over Europe-, but by the continued 
wars, and intestine trouble^ after king James V^^s 
death, and two long^ -successive minorities,, the 
splendour of theerowh'was iiimal>y things^ ftnd 

lot TffS PBUFACK. 

by many way8> cloudedt add iwoi^t g^i^&Pih tl»e 
regard to this order lessened/' 

The oath of this o^er, in king JameB VII,»**j» 
time, was^ <( Z shall fortify and defend th? tni^ 
christian religion U> the utmost of my pawer; I 
shall be lojal and true to my sover^gn the Idx^gm 
aorereign df tbia jnoaft and^iMt, Mid m0#( »c^le 
order of the tfai^e, and the bretbrm of the ordinr. 
I shaH maintatn the statuliee* priyilege8> and boa*^ 
oum, of the said ordec I thaU neirer bear treaeoa 
about in my heart against our sov^^gn the luoi^ 
but I shall discover the same lo him; so he^ me 
God and the holy church**^ This oath waa a 
little refbomed by ber m4gleaty» fipr inste/id of the 
true christian religion, it is now the true {Nrot^stant 
religion ; aifd the holy ehuich, at the emip was left 

' In king James V.^8 life, our author has pven a 
lavgeaiecount of the sufferings, bravery, and chas- 
tity, of the famous lady Jean Bouglas, sister of 
d\e earl of Angus ; we have in the Scotch hiatoiy 
another instance of the courags and Ipyalty of a 
lady of the same family. In ti^ reign of king 
James I. some wicked objects had conspired 
against the lifis of the Idng, who was one of the 
best of princes : this lady, .than one of the^ maids 
of honour, when she saw these murdermk comuag 
to assassinate the king, did run to the king^s dMan- 
ber door to shut it;^ but fin(£ng the bar taken 
away, thrust ber arm in the place of tt^ and k0pt 
the door shut till the conspirators broke her arm 
in pieces, and entered, the chamber, where thpy 
killed the king: so that family, which has had so 


Boaojr men ^remarkable - for bravery > has ako had 
womeDy who, in sgke of their %eXf have been re^ 
mai:kabk for their courage* 

The second treatise leunongst those miscellanies^ 
is the navigation, of king James V.round Scotland; * 
the author of it was Nicholas d^Arfeville, chief 
coraaographer of the Frendi king. In 1546i the 
IcK'd Dudly, the Boglish admiral, invited him to 
England) Mr. John Ferrier, who continued Hector 
Boethius? history,, assisted him to translate it intp 
Frenchi after which he presented it to Henry II. 
of France ; the author, by the command of t^he 
French king,, aftei^vards, in 1547, went with six- 
teen galleys commanded by the Sieur Leon Stroza, 
prior of Capua> and admiral of all the galleys of 
France, to besiege the castle of St. Andrews, which 
then held out, being garrisoned by those who had 
hilled cardinal Beatoun. -fr Drummond gives this* 
account of that voyage, *^ that king James sailed 
with five well-manned ships, and gave out that he 
designed to steer his course to France ; but it is 
more likely he designed to try the behaviour of the 
great men of the kingdom in bis absence ; he ar« 
rived at Orkney, placed garrisons in some forts, 
and sailed about the islands of Sky and the Lewis ; 
he surprised the chief of the clans of those high- 
land islanders, whom he sent as hostages to the 
castles of Dunbar ton and Edinburgh : and when, 
by the skill of one Alexander Lindsay Ins pilot, he 
had sounded the remotest rocks of his kingdom^ he 
was driven by storms to land at St, Ninians, near 

* SeeTicd. iti. oftiusGdlefctian.*^ S^minmondi page 309. 

104 Tflk P&EFACE. 

Whitehorn in Galloway.** This voyage did so 
terrify those islanders, that it brought long peace 
and quietness to those places afterwards. This ac- 
tive and brave princes not only ventured his life in 
pursuing and apprehending robbers and highway- 
men, which had been neglected in his minority, 
but his care extended to the most remote islands 
and rocks of his kingdom ; by this voyage he hum- 
bled those leaders who thought they might set up 
for themselves^ and exercise tyranny over their 
vassals and tenants. No doubt he had the advan- 
tage of the fishing of herrings and other fish in his 
view> which was made more easy, when the safest 
harbours amongst those dangerous rocks were dis- 
covered, the dangers and the way to avmd them 
shown, and a full account given of the distances 
and courses, and the points to which the tides 
flowed, and the times of full sea. This may be of 
considerable use to those who sail about those islands 
for fishing or otherways : it cannot fail to please 
the curious, being the navigation of a king, and 
never before published in the English tongue. 

The third treatise in these miscellanies is the 
Chamseleon) * written by the famous Mr. George 
Buchanan against Lethington, and never before 
published : that he is the author of it, is evident 
from the testimony of Cambden his cotemporary, 
who "f- gives us this account of the matter, •* that 
in 1573, Lethington was sent to Leith) where he 
died of sickness, yet not without suspidon of poi- 
son : a man amongst the Scots of greatest expe- 

* See vol. ii. of thUCo]lebtioik«.t Huft. 

19X FBSVACS* 106 

fi0ac»9, and a( an exeellebt wit, had it been lesfr 
wavering.^ Upon wliieii aeoount George Bttchanim 
Im emulator, in a paper of bis wbieh he intituled 
the' ChaBMdeon, sets him forth in bis lifefame as 
one more notable than the Chamssleon, and sharp* 
If taxetfa bkn as « 6ckle odour changing enemy 
to the kingV grandmother, his mother, Murray, 
the king himself and to his country* The learned 
Sir Bobert SibbaM, in bis commentary on the 
life of Buchanan, says, Buchanan is the author of 
ChamseleoB, but had not seen that paper. Thdr 
is a passage in it which determines this matter ; 
for the author speaks of his being at the conference 
at Yask and Hamptonoourt ; now it is certain that 
Buchanan was there, where Murray and his party 
bad need of his. eloquence and wit to accuse queen 
Mary. The lives and characters of great men are 
always instructing, when written by th€Mie who 
were capable of such a work : none donbtof Bach* 
aoan*s abiKty, if we were equally certain of his 
impartiality ; but to do him justice, he is not sin* 
gular in giving that diaracter of inconstancy and 
shifting parties to Lethington, for * Spotswood 
gives the same aeoount of him : ** Lethington,^ 
says he, << was displeased with the advancement of 
David Bizio to be secretary to queen Mary, be^ 
caose his credit was thereby impaired ; yet being 
one that could put on any disguise on his nature^ 
of dl others he most fawned on this Italian.^' Page 
196, he says, '< that Lethington had a great hand 
in the discords betwixt queen Mary and her bus- 

• Page 1S9. 


band, and persuaded her to a divorce ;" for Bays 
Spotswood << by bis subtle flatteries he had got 
again into favour with the queen.^ ^ In another 
place, he says, <* that Lethington had often ehanged 
his party.^ When he gives an account of his 
death in 157S, he says, f « that he was k man of 
a deep wit, great experience, and one whose coun^ 
sels was held in that time for oracles ; hilt varilible 
and unconstant, turning and changing from one 
faction to another, as he thought it to be ihost for 
his Interest : this greatly lessened his reputation, 
and failed him at the kst.*^ The author of the 
memoirs of the affairs of Scotland, published by 
Mr. Crawfurd, says, j: <Hhat Morton was i no 
stranger to Lethington^s shifting temper, who was 
out of his element, but when his hand was in a 
plot.^ Though Buchanan makes Lethington a bad 
man, yet by the account he gives of him, we may 
easily see he has been a very great man; and ,in 
the nxteenth book of his history he owns, <^ that 
Lethington was a youth of a vast genius, and great 
learning.'^ Queen Elizabeth, in an originid letter || 
to the eaH of Sussex, August* 13, 1570, gives a 
very great character of Lethington ; she is admira- 
bly well pleased with a letter that Sussex had 
written to him, and that in the affairs he had to 
negotiate with Lethington he had escaped his cun- 
ning, who says she, <* is accounted the flower of 
the wits of Scotland.'" Randolph and others, who 
at that time wrote to Sussex, warned him to be 
cautious in his transactions with Lethington : and 

• Page 244M-t Page 272.— J Page 273^1] Cal. c 2, foL 225, 

THS >M¥ACX. ^ 107 

queen Elicabetb^ by her ambassador in Scotland, 
used all possible means to bring him off from queen 
Mary's party which he managed; because she 
knew that his wit was still a source of new contri- 
vances to make her uneasy. Buchanan in thir 
paper tell us, ^ that it was Lethington who dis*: 
covered all Murray's and his party's secrets to the 
bishop df Boss, qaeen Mary's ambassador, at the 
conference at York, for Murray durst not leave 
him bdiind him ;" which is probaUe enough, see- 
ing he went there agmnst bis will. The. duke of 
Norfolk was blamed for this, the suspicion of which 
was the first reason why qiieen Ehzabeth hated 
him, and it was one of the articles of his hospeacb* 

Buchanan was the first who reduced resistance 
of kings and queens to a system; his book, de- 
Jure Regni apnd Scotos, was written about the 
yen* 1567^ which is dear both from the prdace of 
it,' as also by the dialogue itsdf» wfaeie it appdara 
that then queen Mary waa pritoner in Lochleven 
castle ; for after he had spoken of Darnley's death, 
he says '< si Beginam in Ordinem Bedigi mdeste 
ferunt, be." Bladcwood, who was his contempo^ 
rary, in his Apologia pro Regibus, which he wrote 
to ooitfute the dialogue de Jure Begni, &c assures 
us, that it was in manuscript long before it was 
published. . After this time many books were 
printed, upon the same subject, as Stqphani. Junii 
Bruti yindicias contra Tyrannos, which was neV^r 
publisl|ed till the year 1561, though to conceal the 
author, in jthe title page it is siud to be printed at 
Edinbinr^, in 1679, but the true author was Hu« 

btFt Luignet^ A Fnftieb pp^Mtantt m w« are iii* 
fonaed hy Joannea Pelrot Luckmoos* who wtot^ 
hU life, prialed in ITOO^ Bayle ia bk di^^ioaary 
UoftiieaanieopioiQii. Hottomaoiii Fraacp GaUub 
waa also pcinted in l&^U and Miriaaa^s bool^t de 
Regis at BqpMtt Instittttione, was not ^ublisbed 
till long after. 

Buehaua'a pen hatf pvoeured bim a freat many 
enemiei : no Wonder that all the popish authors 
hitte hiin^ beisause both in his history and hill poems 
he has expoaed that party. Camerarius is his most 
bitter eoemy, he alvays oslls him a '^prcrfuie per- 
sdn;'' and in page 269 of his book de Fortitudiae 
Scotoram; &c. says^ <« that be fled from Sootland 
because he was accused of Judaism, and had eaten 
the paschal lambb"^ Spomlanus has the same stovy, 
cd annum 1539^ aqd quotes Camerarius for it» who 
has given no Toudiers to induce tisto believe him* 
Lesly who haid better opportunities to be acquain- 
ted with this, trils ns nothing of it Blackwood 
tdls us» << that he ied finm Scotland, because he 
was suspected to be guilty of treason,* but not 
one wood of his' Judaism ; for at that time he had 
disobliged the Frandscans by a poem of his, and 
they stirred up a great many enennesagauisthim : 
if that story had been true, he had not been suffered 
to have lived three yean at Bonrdeaox ; nor had 
got out of the prisons of the inquiotion at Porter 
gal : the gmund of that scandal has been no other 
than this, he and some of his friends had been eat* 
iag lamb before Easter, the malice of the priests 
could easify turn it into a paschal lamb, and make 
Judaism out of it. Garassey Doctrine Cuvieose, 


page 50,* makes an atheist of him, and that a little 
before his death he refused to pray to God, and 
said, << he knew no other prayer but a profane ode 
of Propertius% which he repeated, and so died.*^ 
We have more reason to believe Sir James Melvill^ 
who frequently conversed with Buchanan, and was 
no great friend of his, who in his Memoirs, page 
125, gives Buchanan the character of being a re^ 
ligious^man. His dialogue, deJureRegni, has 
made all that are for pasdve obedience and non-re- 
sistance his enemies ; because there he treats sove- 
reign princes with very little ceremony ; and his 
Detectio Marise has displeased those who have any 
regard for the memory of Mary queen of Scots : 
his best friends have wished that he had written 
with more temper, and had given vouchers for 
what he asserts in his history. The Chamseleon 
was written originally in Enghsh, we have changed 





The Life end Deafk 







WHEN king James V. was twenty-fbur jean* 
old, his subjects addressed him, that now it was 
necsessary for him jto marry, because nothing would 
more effectually contribute to the safety of his 
person, the breaking the tocee of the present ftu> 
tions, and the settling the public peace, than chit 
dren. Upon the report of this, four of the greatest 
princes of Europe most earnestly desired his alii* 
ance. Heiiry VIII. king of England, who had 
the same inclinations with - his predecessors to an- 
neX'Seotland to England, offered him the princess 


Mary, his duughter by queen Catherine ; and for 
that end he sent William Howard, brother to the 
duke of Norfolk, to the court of Scotland, to nego- 
tiate an interview betwixt the two kings, that they 
might confer together about affurs that concerned 
their own peace, and that of their subjects; he as- 
sured the king, that upon the consummating of 
that marriage, his master would declare him his 
successor to the crown of England ; and as a tes- 
timony of the sincerity of his intention, king James 
should immediately be created duke of York, and 
lieutenant-general of England. Nothing could be 
more desirable than this, which certainly would 
have put an end to the inveterate hatred betwixt 
the two kingdoms, which had occasioned so great 
expense of blood and treasure, in room of which a 
sincere amity would have followed. But unluckily 
at that time two kinds of persons had an ascendant 
over the spirit of that prince, who dissuaded him 
both from the match, and the interview. In the 
first place, the churchmen were afraid if that mar- 
riage had been concluded, the king would easily 
be persuaded to a change of religion, seeing al- 
ready he was sufficiently displeased with the ava- 
rice of several of the pope's legates in Scotland, 
and according to the example of his uncle Henry 
VIII. he might be brought to establish the pio- 
testant religion, and abolish popery ; so to pre- 
vent those consequences, they represented to the 
king, ^< that his mortal enemy, Henry VIII. bad 
no other view, in desiring so earnestly that con- 
ference, but to ensnare him, and had a design 
upon his liberty ; dutt it would be an instance of 

OF XIKG JAM£S ▼• 113, 

extoeme eanness and rashness, to endanger bb . 
crown, life, and liberty, for the sake of those amu- 
sing promises. They reminded him how barbar- 
ously his predeoessor king James I. bad been 
treated by Henry II. who, though he landed in 
England- even in the time of a truce, was there de« 
tained jlrisoper e^hteen years, and at last his 
subjects were fiyroed to pay eighteen thousand 
crowns for his ransom ; and seeing we are to mea* 
sure mankind more by what has been, than what 
ought to be, it was needful to remember that king's 
never fail to improve all <^pportonities against their 
eaeones ; and that they have always a greater re* 
gard to satisfy their ambition, than to avoid the 
repioaches due to infamous and ui^ust actions. 

^ And from the time he fell into his uncle*s power, 
he may &Lpect to be entirely determined by his 
pleasure and humours. Further, that Henry not 
only intended to seiee his person, and invade his 
kingdom; but above all, he designed to ruin his 
soul, and poison it with his own heresy, to which 
he was proselyted by the sinful liberty it allowed 
him to live according to his lusts ; so it is no ^uk^c— 
der that sensual princes are easily perverted to 
that error : and in fine, seeing his person, oon- 
sdence, and kingdom, would be in viable dangerv ' 
it was no ways safe for him to enter into any con"* 
ferenoe inth such a politic and designing prince^ 
who would use all posnble means to seduce 
him from that taithf which was professed and 
teught in ScotUnd earlier than in any other king* 
dom in Christendom.^ On the other band, James 
Hanullon, earl of AmuH next heir to4he crown. 


ufled all his interest and endeavours to disappcwt 
that interview, and defeat the deagned alliance ; 
so to disguise his true motive, he insinuated, ^ that 
the match with the princess Mary would not an- 
swer the end of it, which was, to have an heir to 
the crown as soon as possible ; for rbecause <^ her 
childhood she would not be marriageable for a 
long time, and that the marriage of an infant was 
not at all adviseable, in the case of a prince, who 
was already weary of a single life. It would be 
seen that his uncle^s promises and performances 
were as contrary as falsehood and truth; in a 
word, that it was evident to all thinking people, 
that the king of England ^ was chiefly moved to 
that . match, that by it he mi^t at any time more 
easily enter Scotland^ to embrcnl the kingdom, and 
to contrive his pernidous designs.^ Kuig James 
was so sensibly moved by those reasons, that he 
was over*persuaded to dismiss the English amba^ 
sadors, with acknowledgments of the great thanks 
he owed to his uncle Henry VIII. though in the 
mean time he did. not give a positive refusal. 

Amediately after, the emperor Charles V. dis- 
patched his ambassador, Henry Godscallo, secretly 
from Tdedo, to Edinburgh; the emperor, had 
.nothing more at heart at that time than to weaken 
France, which was the greatest obstacle to the 
progress of his victories, towards the compassii^ 
of which, it was most adviseable to endeavour to 
break the old alliance betwixt France and Scot- 
land. - . 

When Godscallo was admitted to the king^s 
pn^sence, he b^an hia harangue thus : .<< Ttus is- 


the peculiar advantage of illustrious virtue, that it 
engages even those who have not the happiness to 
be witnesses of it, to admire and love it ; the re- 
putation of your abilities has reached the ears of 
my master the emperor, though unacquainted with 
your person, which has induced him to send me to 
you, as a proof of the great esteem he has of your 
merit ; upon that consideration he designs to ho- 
nour you with his alliance, which he refused to 
other kings not inferior to you in power and va- 
lour, and for you he has reserved that favour. He 
offers you the choice of two persons, very dear to 
him, viz. madam Mary of Austria, his sister, wi- 
dow of Lewis king of Hungary, or of madam 
Mary of Portugal, his niece, the daughter of his 
own sister, the lady Eleanor of Austria, both de- 
scended from the imperial eacle, who disdained 
alliance with any but with invincible hearts, such 
as yours is. Consider, Sir, that none of your pre- 
decessors had ever such an honour done them, 
that a triumphant emperor, who by his numerous 
and victorious armies, is a match for all the po- 
tentates of the earth, should court your alliance ; 
not that he expects any aid from you by this mar- 
riage, but his only inducement is^ to satisfy the 
great incfination he has to love and oblige you.^ 

This haughty and insolent speech had cer- 
tainly provoked the king to answer him in his 
own way, if reasons of state and prudence had not 
hindered him ; so he practised that modesty, which 
a great prince ought to observe in all his actions, 
and excused Godscallo^s behaviour, and imputed 



i^ either to the genius of the nation, or to hit edu- 

.The king answered him very courteously, and 
to^ him, <* that his interest and that of his people 
wei^e inseparably united, so that it was no wonder 
if he could deteriiiine nothing in a matter, on which 
the happiness or misery of his subjects very mudi 
depended, without the advice of his nobility and 
chief ministers of state ; but wpiild so soon as pos- 
nble convene them, to know their minds in that 

After thii^ the king set out for Stirling, where 
he summoned the estates o£ parliament to meet 
him ; when they were assembled, be communica- 
ted to them the emperor^s proposals, which were 
debated publicly in parliament* The king dien 
observed many, but chiefly the churchmen, to be 
very inclinable to that match, as the best expe- 
dient to preserve the peace of the kingdom. 
Amongst whom the archbishop of Glasgow, a man 
of experience and piety, being wiurmed with seal 
for the public good, made the following speech : 
*< Sir, it is criminal for us, next to the wqrsfaip of 
God, to account any thing dearer than the person 
of our king, and the good of our country ; upon 
which two, turns the small happiness this mortal 
life of ours is capable of; the relation betwixt 
which is such, that we cannot watch for the safety 
of the one, unless we provide for the preservation 
of the other, whence it comes that we are sharers 
in the good or eyil that befals our kings ; and on 
the other hand, our calamities impairs the strength 
of our sovereigns, and disarms their courage* Upon 

OV tIKa JAMKS T. 117 

%hk oonoderation, when in the time of your minori- 
^79 we your sulgects felt so sensibly the wrath of 
iMttveliy and aa£Pered both by foreign and domestic 
wara, which so (^spirited us, that we were upon 
the point of leaving our native country, tad the 
sepukbres of our forefathers, and to travelto other 
nations, wh^re we m^ht die in peace, if we bad 
not been restrained by the hopes we conceived, 
that your being of age, would put an end to our 
troubles, and that then you would strengthen your 
self with some honourable alliance, whereby we 
might be rescued from ruin. Noi^ when we are 
possessed of that blessing which we so long wished 
for, and when such a victinious and powerful 
prince as the emperor Charles V. is desirous of 
your friendship, and offers you the choice of two 
fair and virtuous princesses of his family ; what 
can now hinder that happiness, on which depends 
your glory, and our safety ? Your neighbour, 
Henry VIII, is the declared eneipy of your king- 
dom, and your consciences, and waits for an occa« 
moa to embroil the affairs of Scotland ; and seeing 
he has miscarried in his designs to subdue our 
country : the prospect he has to sow his heresy 
amongst us, is some comfort to his malicious spirit. 
But so soon as he shall see you allied with the 
house of Austria, he will abandon all his enters 
psifles against you, and turn his designs another 
way. . We observe many families in this nation 
already infected with this heresy, who upon this 
marriage will think of returning to the church, 
or of retiring to England. In a word, seeing this 
match is so vi^bly necessary for the support of 

116 THS UrB IkHD HfeATM 

your kingdom, and the cause of rdigioib dierefiire 
why should the discourses of thcfse piwml upon 
you, who dissuade you from that Mmme, eifjaor 
out of hatred to the Austrian family^ or to proiaote 
their particuhir interests ? Hiow ^aia is it to be 
jaalotts, that the enrperor derigus t» invade Scot* 
land, and thinli» hf that matdh tie shall haire n 
preteiice for sudi a design, ^seevag he has work 
enough nearer liome for his vietonaus araisf If 
you delay the the embracing of those oiFerB, Henry 
VIII. widts for an occasion to defeat that treaty^ 
being enraged that you refused to marry his daugh- 
ter ; whose resentment may be dangerous at'tUs 
time, when the kingdom is much weakened by a 
long minority, and former wars, and by the present 
parties and factions : do not therefore, Sir, delay 
that work, which is so much for the ^ory of God, 
the advancement of religion, the surpport of your 
crown, and'the peace of your Bubjeots.'" 

This discourse made some impression upon the 
king ; the rest of the counsellora obsevviDg the 
king^s inclination, were upon the reserve^ and de* 
dined giving th^r ojnnion, either because they 
would not discover that their sentiments differed 
, frdm his, or that it is dangerous to |^ve advice to 
young kings in the affairs of their marriage ; for 
if every thing do not answer their expectation, 
those who recommended that match are sure to 
l^ear the blame ; though frequently their pretended 
disappointment is rather to be attribnted to thdr 
own inconstancy and fickle humour, than the un- 
ittthfiilness of their ministers. This reservednesa 
displeased the king^ who expected that didr seal 

Qrxiir& JAKBs V. 119 

ihr llie gaoi df tbeir coutUarj, wouM have mode 
diem apeak theit'WiiBdi froely ;- and having diown 
Ilia dispieasine at their' camdnct) he peremptorxly 
GOBranMided Mr. Thomas Enddne, die master of 
requests^ a person of great exporience^ asad can* 
dour, todeelare his ofmiion aboat the matches pro- 
posed 1^ tiMr empesor. in obedience to the king^s 
eomenaod, Mr. Enkine made the fcdbmng speech. 
<^ If the regard due ta yoar mqesty had not 
inndered mci to speak upon thisaffidr without your 
express eovMDands, you ahould have known my 
aenfimentsbislbiie tiiis time. The proposed alliance 
-with, the emperor is extremely dsngenms, and 
liHit the vaifaieT^ beemise the bod consequences p( 
it are not foreseen. None can deny that those 
odfers by so great aprinee are very nrach for your 
hononr, notwithstanding whicfa^ you ou^ to co». 
Hder the issue ; for frequently pernicious desi^is 
he bid under the colour of marrisgck It is a long 
timet Sktf since amhkion has banbhed true love 
and sincerity ftom the marriages of Ungs i^ for we 
see dmly, that most princes have chiefly in their 
view, by such treaties, ekh^ thek own interest, or 
the ruin oi their new. allies. Yon may be assured 
the emperor b not so disinteffested in this matter 
as he pretends^ His design is to draw you off 
fmn the French, your oki allies^ that he may the 
mere easify attack you, when you are ei^ged by 
articles to give them no assistance. It is visible to 
every body, that these many years he has hsd no- 
thing more at heart than the destructbn of FraiM^, 
the greatest hiBdenuice of tho universal monarchy 
he has progrected : his exorbitant ambitkm has no 


bounds ; for the end of one conquest is but a 
plaunble pretext to begin another. And ifdesart 
and barren places, and the very distant rocks of the 
sea are not safe from bis arms, you have no reason 
to think, but that he will also pretend some quarrel^ 
•that he may- begin a war with you: for ambition 
is a savage bea^ which spares none ; and frequent* 
ly the nearest relations are most exposed to its 
fiiry. This obliges the &ther to have a watchful 
eye over the son, and frequently the tie of natare 
is not strong «M>ugh to restrain the son from rob* 
l»ng his father of his crown ; . and what may then 
be expected in the case of a more remote relation ? 
Therefore you have no reason to trust, in that «!• 
liance with the emperor ; for reasons of state, and 
his own convenience, will certainly det^mine him 
more than alliances, or any other considerations 
His pretended love to you is not so much the 
reason of that proposal (which he would be glad 
to have you believe) as his design to make a party 
in your kingdom, to entice your officers to desert 
your service, to disunite you from your andent 
fnendsi and to sow the seeds of faction and divi* 
sion amongst your subjects, that when a fit oppor- 
tunity shall offer^ he may wrest .the sceptre out of 
your hands; which he would. never have attemp- 
ted, if you had not entered into treaties and alli- 
ances with- him. And suppose his designs are not 
so bad, his conduct in this matter shows, that he 
is afraid least you should reject his alliance, sering 
he ^ves you the choice of two princesses, both of 
his blood, that you may be the less excusable if 
vou refuse his oSevs* What treatment may you 

^ tma SAUM ▼. 121 

csipeet from him After the m«ro«ge» wlien akeadyt 
tboiigb tbeiir is no tie or treaty betwixt you, bis 
ambfissadinv propose that affair witb sudi haugbty 
insdeooe^asiftEat you alone, and not tbe emperor, 
were to bave honoiw by that dttaace ? we all know 
tbat KAGW which Godasallo boasts ctf is tbe arms 
of the eQipirc^ whicb} beidg elective, if merit and 
vaknr gave as gpod a title to it as intrigue^ scii-. 
cUatim, and cabals, you might bid as fur for it 
as hifnself. It is suflieiwtly apparent, tbAtmar^- 
riage, instead of being advMitageoua to you, will 
nsake all your nagbbours jealous of yoo^ and your 
allies sttspiebus, without any real aasoxance of as^ 
aiatance from him in your greatest neeessi^ ; and 
wb« you are attacked by your enemies, any aid 
you can e:qiect froni him will always come too 
late, whatever timely notice you give ; bis troops 
would no sooner land in your kingdom, but you 
must expect the same fdunderings and ravages 
from them as from an enemy's. And how ridicu- 
lous is it to fiittcy, that the catholic fbith professed 
in Scodand shfdl receive any support from that 
alliance? as if th^ Scots wanted to learn religion 
from tbem, who received the christiaii religion 
long before the Spaniards. Their lives are neither 
ao ^Mnplary, nor their dkoquence so persuading^ 
that we are in any want of their instructions: 
there arelmany princes in Europe whose alliance 
is more for your interest, for which, I hope. Sir, 
you wiU reserve yourself; the empeior^s proposals 
flowing from such a selfish princi]^,can never ad«* 
vance the honour of Grod ; and how can you ex- 
pect aay advantage by it» sedng it will infidhUy 


engage your person in constant dangers ? and little 
satisfaction can your subjects reap firom it; because 
your marriage will be so far from putting an end 
to their miseries, as they hoped it would^ that it 
will only serve to increase them.^ 

This discourse pleased the king so well that he 
was resolvedimmediately to give an andienceof leave 
to the imperial ambassador, wherein he told him in a 
few words, You may acquaint your master the em* 
perdr, that I am very sensible of his affection by the 
offers he has made me ; and that he conquers as 
much by his civilities as by his arms : the kind o& 
fers of bis alliance has so gained upon me, ibat none 
of the princes of his own house can be more 
ready to please hkm than I am ; but I hope be 
win excuse me, if I do not presently embrace 
these obliging offers ; because I ;im not yet dis^i^- 
gaged from the match proposed by the king of 
England before your coming to this country. I 
desire you to assure die emperor, that upon aU 
occasions I shall testify the sense I have of this 
great favour. . . • 

Scarcely ha^* GrodscaUo left the kingdom, whmi 
Christiern II. king of Denmark^ sent to him, to 
know' if he were cotitent to marry either the lady 
Dorothy his eldest daughter, or tbe lady Elisabeth 
of Austria, the emperor Charles V/s sister ; not- 
withstanding she had been pre-contracted to Fred- 
eric, elector palatine of the Rhine; for this Idag 
had more regard to his interest than to his promise* 
The beauty, and other accomplishments of this 
lady were such, that king James had certainly 
consented to marry ber^ if he had not been unwiK 

•F Tl'M iAMEB V. 12S 

ling to displease the emperor vho was guarrantee 
of the treaty <rf marriage betwixt her and the elec- 

Whilst those designs, which heaven Masted, 
were contriving against France, Francis I.* on hia 
part n^lected nothing that was necessary to pre- 
serve the ancient alliance with Scotland ; and king 
James on his part, to riiow the affection he had to 
France, resolved at last to match with some of the 
royal &mily of that kingdom, from whence he 
could expect the surest asmstance when his affairs 
wanted it. For this end he sent bis ambassadors 
to France, viz. James earl of Murray, bis bastard 
brother, William Stuart, bishop of Aberdeen, 
John Erskine, and Robert Reists, to negotiate a 
marriage betwixt him and the lady Magdalen of 
France ; the French king received them courteous- 
ly, but was greatly at a loss what to do in. that 
matter, se^g the design of the marriage was to 
tie the two kingdoms together by a more close al- 
liance: he was afrud that both their enemies 
would make use of that match as a handle to disu- 
nite them, because king James could not promise 
himself any children by bis daughter, who was a 
fflokly lady, so in the end would rather prove the 
occasion of indifference betwixt them : Francis 
therefore proposed to the ambassadors a match be- 
twixt their master and the lady Mary of Bourbon, 
the daughter of Charles duke of Vendosme ; the 
ambassadors refused to tueat about it without in* 
structions from king James, so derired time to ac- 
quaint him with the proposal, and to know his 

Now whilst king James waited fo news firom 
bis anfaasaadors, his kingdom being then in per- 
fect peaioe, this active prince not loving to stay 
long in- one place, rea^lv^ under colour of visit- 
ing his ports and havens, to siul round his king- 
don, even to the Western Isles, that be might ooa* 
strain some geotlemen thare to be better subjects, 
who Uvifl^ at a great distance fixnii the court, and 
that in pbees naturally fortified and stroqg, thought 
they might be dispensed with aa to any obedience 
to thdr soveragn. Upon his arrival he ordered 
the building of two forts, the one upon his own 
charge, the other at the expense of the Insfafip of 
the isles, to curb the violent and ungovernable 
temper of the^ inhaUtants ; after that he dbl^;ed 
the prindpal men of those isles to coiine and swear 
all^iance to bun; those who had continued in 
thdr duty had liberty to return home, only they 
were to pay yearly some small taxes to the king; 
those who liad been rebels, were either fiHt^ed to 
g^ hostages for their good behaviour for the fa* 
ture, or to follow his majesty, who sent some of 
than to the castle of Edinbur j^ and the rest to 
Dunbarton, whidi John Stuart, lord d'Aubigny, 
had delivered to him a little time before by order 
of the king of France ; for till then it was garri- 
soned by Frenchmen. 

This voyage being happily ooadudedy when 
the king was come to Edinbuigh, he rec^ved 
letters irom his aa^bassadors, in which they ac- 
quaint him with the kind reception they had re* 
cdved at the court of France; for the French 
king told them^ that he should be glad of the bo- 



Bour of that 'alliance, but only was sorry that his 
eldest daughter was dckly, his other daughters 
were too young, and at present there were none 
of his relations that were worthy of that honour, 
except the lady Mary of Vendosme, an admira- 
ble and chamding' princess of the blood royal. 
They said, they could not give any answer to 
that proposal, because they were limited by th^ 
instructions. This account of affairs made the 
Jcing very melancholy ; sometimes he doubted lest 
some selfish views in the earl of Murray, and the 
bishop of Aberdeen, might inchne them to em- 
barrass that match ; at another time, the cofifi* 
denoe he had in John Erskine, and Robert Beists, 
made him easy ; because he was sure th^ would 
not betray the trust reposed in them, but would 
use all possible application towards the acooni- 
plishing the desired match: notwithstanding* to 
prevent delays, and oonadering that the great 
reason why the matches of most princes are so un- 
happy, is, because they never see their queens be- 
fore marriage, he determined to g6 over to France, 
and to court in person: but the great heats at 
that time obliged him to defer his voyage till they 
were a little abated. 

In the mean time, he observed that the opiraon 
of Luther increased extremely in Scotland, and 
believed it was his duty utterly to extirpate the 
ptotestant religion, lest if he delayed that necessa- 
ry workr as he supposed, it nright in the end sup- 
phmt and banish popery, which he accounted the 
foundation of his authority ; some took the firee- 
dom to tell him, «* that heresy was a scourge sent 


from faearvea upon tbe souls of men for the puniah- 
ment of their sins, and that all persecution was in 
vain, seeing the distemper was within the soul, 
whieb'conld not be reaehed by anj hmmaii memns ; 
fer it belonged only to Grod to more and ooBvert 
the mind : so that methoda of aiguments, and 
gentleness, were more likely to gain upon the 
spirits of men, than those of persecution, rags and 
fbry, seeing error was the effect of hunuut fraiky ; 
that after he had used rational means of covmcdon, 
he ought to wait for the blessing of Giod upon 
such laudable endeavours: so that the least he 
could do in that case was to grant a toleration to 
the protestants.^ Others on the contrary spake 
tbns to' the king : << that it was impious to waSBt 
a plurality of religions, which was contrary to the 
linity of the dndne nature; that Crod would be 
worshipped with one heart, and after the same uuh 
fttfra manner ; the tnmquillity and peace of king^ 
doms could not be firmly established, where the 
trne way of worshipping God was not fixed and 
determined, widionit any toleration granted to 
heretics ; otherwise the persons of kings would be 
in perpetual danger : for whetf the quarrel of re- 
li^on has divided your subjects into fieictions^ and 
enraged them against each other, bigotry shall so 
fnrevail upon them, that they shall be regardless 
even of death itself, every day your sacred person 
shall be in danger from' some desperate devotee, 
who shall think it his duty to be your sworn ene- 
my, because you are not of his beHef. What is 
more frequent than murder and aBsasmnarioas 
where di#erent sects prevail f For eadi- is per- 

9W KINO JAM8S V* 187 

suaded, that the truth is only to be found with 
their party, they think that the cause of reUgioa 
will bear them out, in killing those whom- they ac- 
oount blasphemers of Grod : but on the cooutrary, 
where the same religbn is unanimously professed, 
the suhjeets a^e more governable and peaceri>le^ 
and taone observing and obedient to die laws of 
tbdfl* sovereigns. Nothing can so effiectually mute 
the. affections of your subjects, or so forcibly dis* 
pose them to a continuanoe in their duty to your 
majesty, and prevent rebellion, than an uniformity 
in worship and doctrine ; this should oblige you 
to defend the catholic religion, seeing the crown 
and it have inseparably been conveyed to you from 
your ancestors : and if kings will not allow that 
any should share in their dignities but themselves, 
neither is it tolerable that l^e service and worship 
of God should be prophaned and deserted. In 
fine, though it is reasonable to make serious ad* 
dresses to heaven, that God may. be plolseii to 
root out heresy out of the hearts of men ; yet 
whilst we wait for that blessing horn above, it is 
necessaiy, in the mean time, to make use of the 
secular arm to chastise the ringleaders of heresy* 
that the fear of punishment may preserve the 
minds of your people from the infection of error**^ 
Those reasons prevailed upon the king. Upon 
which be published severe and rigorous laws 
against- all protestants within his dominions, and 
established a court of inquisition, the judges where«> 
of were to make strict search for all thoee that 
professed the new religion ; many were discovered^ 
who were cruelly put to death, the king hoping 


that those severe measures would ocrtainlj extir- 
pate the protestaat religion. 

During those cruelties, Henry VIII. who had 
renounced all obedience to the popcf and had em- 
. braced the doctrines of Luther, sent the bishop 
of St. Davids to hb nephew king James, with 
books printed in England, which contained an 
account of the prindples of the religion then esta- 
blished there. He helped that by the reading of 
them king James would be persuaded to disown 
the pope's authority. In his letters he earnestly 
intreated his nephew to read those books carefully 
?dthout prejudice, which he refused to do, till he 
had first got them to be examined by learned and 
religious men, who upon perusing them, reported 
that they contidned nothing but lies and impos- 
tures, and heartily thanked God that his majesty 
had escaped that snare which his uncle had laid 
for him, and that he would not pollute his eyes 
with the reading such dangerous books. 

At this time robberies were so frequent upon 
the highways, that all business and trade was at a 
stan^ ; this was owing to the negUgence of the 
sberifPs, who suffered robbers and thieves to es- 
cape unpunished. To put an end to those disor- 
ders, the king established a justidary court at 

« The king now being uneasy with impatience, 
because his ambassadors were npt like to conclude 
the marriage with that despatch he wished for, 
notwithstanding the inoonvenienoies of the season, 
resolved to sail for France, and having given or- 
ders that a fleet should be ready, he went a-board 


At Leith, together with the great ministers of his 
cx>urt, without owning whither he ^ was bound; 
many thought he designed to go into England to 
visit his uncle, and now repented, that the former 
year he refused an interview with that king; 
they were scarcely got out of the haven, when a 
storm began to rise, and the wind turned contra- 
ry :. upon this the pilot asked the king which way 
they should steer their course ? he answered, 
** whither you please except to England/V This 
convinced them all that the king designed for 
France, which was impracticable at that time, be- 
cause of the contrary winds; which, when the king 
understood, he chose rather to sail round the coasts 
of his kingdom, and try if they could have better 
passage by St. George^s channel, than to put in 
agun at Leith ; neither did that succeed, for still 
the storm increased, which made those who at- 
tended him bethink that it was safest to return 
home, and not expose their king^s and their own 
life to viable danger ; and that it was fool-hardiness 
to struggle with the unrelenting winds and waves ; 
that there was no need for sueb haste, and that 
they might lie in some harbour till the storm was 
over, without any prejudice to the king^s affairs : 
so whilst the king was asleep they tacked about, 
and sailed for the coasts of Scotland : - when the 
king awakened he was in a great rage, and never 
pardoned those who advised the sailing back tp 
Scotland ; be blamed Sir James Hamilton chiefly 
for this, whom he hated before, because he killed 
the. earl of Lennox. Sir James^ enemies, to in- 
flame the king the more against him, suggested, 
- M 

190 TPIS Um AKP 9X4kTH 

that be wasi yt^xy ftr from beiog a 4atiful 9«1gect.; 
that all hU pwtence9 of loyi^ty wwci ottly hypo- 
(srity ; £Mf* hk oidy dq9ig^ io^ aocoiiypmyiQ^ iw 
migeety was lo def(^at %1^ de$»ign of itb^ vpyi^< 

When the baid w«ath9f ^^m cuFer, the oobUi^ 
wlio wei:e^ vilb tbe kingi is coieplaisaiw^ to liJA 
laajesiy, donred bim lo think ^f wbii|g with tb^ 
finsl fair wiiid» which he did, «9d netting 8<^ll f(P«i 
Seotknd ou th^ firal day of Septe^ihert " \ ' 9 he 
knded at Edeppe tea da»y9 after, and w^t \»f^Q^ 
nif» to Vefidosme, to see tbe lady Mary of Veo- 
dosme, wherje he was satisfied that she. was an ex-f 
eellent and well acoompliahed prioceisQ, apd that 
fome bad not heea too^&vourabieto her ; but seer 
ing he had had the choice of thcee princes$e£i, al 
daughters of kio^s, he thought he could not i^ 
JioDour marry one of a lower degree ; so be left 
Vendosme, and had still tbe disposing of hilt ow^Q 
heart, notYtthfitaadlng tbe charms^crf* that Ihirbd;* 
and went straight for Ftaris to sifeet with thte Fres^b^ 
Uog, whoee comiog wa& a surpriaal to thecourC. 
' The king, who knew nothing oi it till abeu^ twQ 
hours befQve he saw him^ inamediately wi^nt^ to 
meet him and wdbime hiaa to Pariis, being apco9»r 
paoied with all the nobility then ajt oourt, and X!^ 
ceived lum with all that grandeur and honour tha^ 
king James could de»ire» He had not been long 
at Paris before tbe lady Magdalen owned that sbe 
loved him: he desired the king her {either to agree 
tp the match, and said, he hoped that the change 
of air, and more years, would confirm her in per- 
fect health, and douhted not but ha should have 
ebildteii by her. The Fisench king consented to 

dy fitHo jTAttXb ▼. 131 

tbe ihAlcb> And told him, th«r6 Wfts nothing that 
be could detty th& king of Sodtknd : w the mar- 
riage was solemnized with all the pomp and oelreM 
motty itnagiisable. 

Some days after^ the pre^^nt posture of aAiirs 
obliged the ttro kittgs to take leave ofeaeh other ^ 
at parting they gave all possible assurances of mu^ 
tutd attd perpetual irfligction and fHendship, for at 
thttt thftie the Iifl()eriaIiBt6 ravaged Piedmont and 
Picardy, and king Jatnes was afraid \est Benry 
VIII. ttiight embroil his affairs in hit abstoee : 
so king James and hi«i queen det out fhr 8ootIand» 
having with them a greirt uuniber of French Bhips* 
When th^y amved in Scotland, they were received 
with the universal joy of their subjects, but as in 
hUlliiyfi life our gladnesi» is still ^iayed^withioi^ 
rbw, so this joy was fthon lived, aad was ihteru. 
rupted by the great grief occasiotied by the death 
df the young queen, who lived only six mouflis 
after her landing in Scotland ; ibr the iea aur, and 
the fatigue of the voyage, hadoobndoned her rick>« 
ne$^ There was such an oniversal and real grief 
over all the kingdom, upon the news of hei< death, 
that to testify die sense the court, and other per^^ 
sons of note, had of the great loils, they went into 
mourning, which was the first time that ever that 
custom was used in Scotland# 

After the funeral ceremonies were over, king 
James was more deeircus than ever of cbildreni, 
and was unwUIing to live any time a indower ^ h^ 
cast bis eyeft upon the lady Mary of Lorndof 
sister to Fmucii^ duke of Guise, a famed general^ 
and the widow of tb^duki^^ Longneviile) fiir 

132 THK L1?B AKD 1>SATH 

the charming virtues of that lady bad made a 
mighty impression apon his heart during his stay 
in Fcanee* 

Whilst the ambassadors were a^gping to France 
to desire the lady Mary of Lorriuu in marriage 
for the kii^» he was alarmed with vnany false ac- 
cusations of innocent persons^ as if guilty tjf plots 
against his life ; the first remarkable person who 
su£Fered by the villany of those informers was one 
John Forbes, a young gentleman of great eourage, 
and of a good ^family, but had always lived a vi« 
cious and scandalous life^ which made people be- 
lieve the more eanly« that one of his character 
would stick at no crime : he had been managed 
- of a long time by one Strachan, ,a wicked fellow 
of a mean birth, who was a sharer in all his de- 
baucheries. Forbes found by experience, how dan* 
gerous" the society of villains is. This Stracfaam, 
1>erides his other vices, was a covetous wretch, he 
demanded from Mr. Forbes some * gift which he 
could not conveniently grant ; upon which rrfusal, 
Strachan was so displeased that he meditated re- 
venge, became his enemy, and to compass his ma<- 
Iknous designs more effectually, he went to the 
earl of Huntly, Mr. Forbes* mortal enemy, where 
they jointly contrived his ruin. They accused Mr. 
Forbes that of a long time he had a design to 
murder the king ; they hired knights of the post, 
who were evidences against him, who swore, that 
then he waited only for a fit opportunity to assas- 
sinate his majesty. Though those witnesses were 
men of bad characters, and their evidence did not 
prove the impieadiment, nevertheless he was. found 

psSkfj Md oMd«lilti«d td d«attl ; Ibf thl^ jud^ 
thought tbait th« t^y ittteiatioti tb kill the king 
deterv6d it. But God ^rittitled hiih fd t6tn€ t6 
tbM untimdjf end^ a» tt {)Uilisbiiieiit foi^ hid fdrnttl^ 
MS ; ««for though iniqmties utie liot iittibifduifely 
chMfdsed/ yet nt length nieti's sms find Mem out,, 
lind when they ate ttost ^eeure, anid leftst expeet 
the wroth of hcAYM^ they fidl iuto ansatts irhUih 
eoiBplete theif rtimJ* 

The jttdgen fouud Stradinu guilty dfrni^pAAon 
dftreaBoii, beeftuse he had io Img concealed s(Ueh 
a bomd crime, wbieh tfi^ thought he would uol 
have doue if he had not been equally guilty in thef 
plot; but Aough he desfenred de&th more thMf 
Mr. FcMfie^ yet M his puuifdhuient waa oUly baU^ 
ishment: he retired to Paris, where he foilbwed 
8tin the ttMie dkediute debauched way of lining. 
Kiug James, for reasMnd best known to himself, 
was sor^ for Mr. Forbes* death when it was too 
late, because be thought he might be useful m 
some secret terviees ; for bad men are as necefi»ary ^ 
in the body^polifie, as bad humour:^ are in the 
body*natut«ii: to testiff his concern^ he made his 
deeond broker a gentleman of his bedchamber, 
and' married the third to a great fortune, and gave 
him back bis brothei^s estate which, was forfeited. 

This punishmeift was immediately followed by 
another vei^ lamentable one, if we either consider 
the quafity of the persons accused, or the nature 
of theifr pretended crimes i but most of all depbrah 
ble for the too great severity of the punishment. 

Jean Douglas, the sister of Archibald ear) of 
Angufr^ who* then lived an exile iu England, was 


the nimt reiiawned\beauty^.BriCun,at that time ; 
she was of an ordinary stature, not toofat^ her mien 
was majestic, her eyes full^ her face was oval, and 
her complexion was delicate and extremely fiur. 
Besides all these perfections,' she was a lady of a 
angular chastity ; as her body was a finished piece, 
> without the-Ieast blemish, so heaven designed diat 
her mind should want none of those perfeclions a 
mortal creature can be capable of ; her modesty 
was admirable, her courage was above what oould 
be expected from her sexj her judgment solid, her 
carriage was gaining and a&ble to her inferiors, 
as she knew well hqw to behave herself to her 
equals : she was descended from one of the most 
honourable and wealthiest families of Scotland, 
and of great interest^ in the kingdom, but at that 
time eclisped ; she was married to John Lion, lord 
Glammes, a discreet and valiant nobleman, who 
died in the bloom of his youth, and left a son. be- 
hind him by their marriage : she continued a widow 
spme ye^rs after. During which time, several of 
the best families of the kingdom courted her ; but 
a gentleman named Archibald Campbell, had the 
honour and happiness to gain her love, he had a 
good estate, and was of a good family ,^ and com- 
manded the third squadron of king James^ army. 
Now this gentleman, who equally admired her 
beauty and virtue, made his addresses to her with 
all possible respect, at leiigth she ovvned she loved 
him, so they were married to both their satisfac- 

^- William Lion, a near relation of her first hus- 
band, and pne of her former siiitors, not being 


able to stifle his fom^er flame, nor dissemble his 
rage and discontent for the loss of her, became al« 
most frantic upon thiscUsappointment ; and though 
he was so unhappy: as to lofliie her, yet he did not 
forbear his addresses, hoping. still, that in reoom- 
pense of his punful attendance,, she would grant 
him some fiayours* 

Thb beautiful lady repulsed him wifb disdain, 
and told him, that the reason why she fcwmerly 
treated him with, civility, was. more owing to his 
relation to her last husband, and to her .son, than 
to any regard to himself; but now, seeing he had 
deMgns upon her honour, she hated the aght of 
him; for he nught be assured that she would 
never comply with hi» criminal and brutal desires. 

This resolute and virtuous refusal distracted 
him, and not knowing what to answer, sometimes 
he complained of her severe virtue;. atMiotfaer 
Ume he told her, the great love he had for her 
was Ae occasion of his addresses : he blamed her 
also for her ingratitude, as .if, in complaisance to 
him, she ought to throw away, all regards to ohaa* 
tity ; in fine, he told he had lost all his time and 
endeavours. This interview was spent in com* 
plaints, intreaties, reproaches, and threateningg ; 
after which he departed and never visited her more* 
From that time bis love, or rather lust,: was 
changed into rage and revenge ; his thoughts were 
divided, whither be should ^ill her himself, .or 
contrive some plot against her life ; the fir^t 
seemed unworthy of his courage, wbereajs the lat* 
ter required very nice conduct, and too long a de« 
lay^ seeing he was eori^ged to th^t deffee^ that he 

136 THS L1V1& AMI^ MATH 

lliirsted fbr pr^sait rt^6ng« ; but att la«C iht latter 

Sb the jmmtoQ of lovci being sneeeeded by that 
of vengeance, be was broodiiq; ov^rUsfcfMntment 
for tome aaonthsy at last be lights upon one of 
die Uaiekeat eontriranees that heU ooold Mi^eet* 
TiK. he accused this lady, her son^ her bnabaiid, 
and one John Lion, an ag«d priest, and hk own 
near relation, as gvilly of a de^n to potdon the 
king. Thia waa the most unlikely thing in the 
world, if we eonsifdct the charact^s and oonveMi^ 
tion of the pemons accused^ who lived for the 
' mott pact in the country at a gyeart; distance firem 
courts and seldom bad an oooarion erf" seeing the 
king; however, upon this, those ilinocevt pelBona 
were apprehended and imprisoned in the castle of 
Ed^nbargh, and their goods were seised, with a 
strict diatge to the judges ^ the justieecourt to 
pmceed to their trials^ 

WilKam Lion, the accuser^ who had the ear of 
the jeidooa king, used all lus rhetoric to aggravate 
tibe natter, and- that he might dispose the king to 
fieat tbem with all posnble emeky, he represented, 
<« that the family of Douglas had always been dan- 
gerous' and troublesome to his predecessors, and 
even to himself and his kingdom ; and reminded 
bim of the insolent bdiaviour of Archibald Dou«* 
glasb c^l of Angus, the brother of the prisoner, 
isk the time of his majesiy^s minority, whose prac- 
^»B were so pernicious^ that by a public decree 
he was banished the kingdom as a disturber ci 
the peace of hianalive country ; that since that 
time he was became the subject ot Henry king of 

or KING JAMC8 V. 137 

England, his majeftty^s enemy, and was now tbe in- 
cendiary betwixt the two kingdoms, and advised all 
the inroads that were made from England upon 
Scotland ; and that, seeing he could not be restored 
to his honours and fortune^ without*great dUJIculty, 
revenge incited him to plot all the mischief posn*. 
ble against the king^s person ; and who could he 
employ for compasibng such wicked designs more 
fit than his own uster, who was ob%ed to secrecy 
by the ties of blood? That he engaged her in 
that cons{Mracy, thinking that her sex, character^ 
and birth, would make her tbe less suspected: 
therefore, if his majesty had any regard either to. 
his interest or sitfety, it waa neoessaiy. to exteiy 
minate that race which .produced nolhing but 
monsters of rebeUion, and especiatty tbatworaan, 
whom if he spared,' he would put it in her power 
to accomplish her wicked defflgns.^ 

This discourse found too easy a belief with the* 
king, tfho was. naturally jealous and sasptcious, 
and was wholly ignorant of the hatred which Wil^ 
liam Lipn bore, to that lad/; upon which, he or- 
dered that they should be put upon their trial 
in all hastci so that small regard was had either to 
their characters, birth» or defences they made. 
Before the judges gave sentence, this lady was 
brought to the bar accordingto custom, that they 
might hear what she could say for herseU*: she 
knew well enough that her misfortunes proceeded 
fromher near relation to the earl of Angus* When 
fifae had answered to all the the questions wbicb 
the judges asked^ with the greatest courage and. 


bdldness imi^iiable, she defivered the following 

<« Those who bate the merit of my brothet are 
enraged because he is not in their power, that he 
might fall a sacrifice to their malice, and they notr 
dlisoharge their sjnte upon me, because of my near 
relation to him ; and to gratify thehr Avenge onth 
my Mood, they aocuse me of crimes which, if true, 
deserve thd severest death. But seeing it is the 
only pren^ttve of Ood to punish men or women 
for the faults of othetv, which billongs tx> no judge 
. on earthy who aire obliged to punish every one ao* 
cording td dieir personal crimes^ you ought not to 
punish in me the actions of my btother, how blame^ 
able soev^p; ihovi all, you ought to consider if 
those things I amaoeusedof bav^theteastappear^. 
anoe of truth imaginaUe ; for i^t gives the 
greatest evidence either of the guilt or innocence 
of an impeached person^ is their former Bfb. What 
fiislt cooU airy hitherto lay to my ebarge P Did 
any ever reproach me with any thing that is ScatH 
dakms ? Examine, I intr^t you, my formcar con- 
versation, vice hath its degrees as well as virtue, 
and none can attain to a perfection in dther, ex** 
otpt by long use and practice ; and if you can find 
nothing reprovable in my conduct^ how^ can ye 
befieve that I «si arrived all of a sudden to conlrive 
this murder, which is the very height and perfec» 
tion of impiety? I protest I would not defiberately 
injure the mc»t desfncaUe wretch alive ; oouM I 
liien make.tfae murder of my sovereign, whom I 
always reverenced, and who never did me any 
wrongs the first essay of my wickedness P None 

^e i09{»i^bfo nS «tocli 4imPiibk and unnatiiml ao- 
tioBs, fXQ^t tva mHa of peraona^ viz. thoee of deah 
par^te fortuoaa who aire weaty of their tivefl» or 
tboae w)io are hurtied into tlian hy reranga i nj 
hirtHtk^ and ^atviep of life, |Mita me beyond lhe»fr- 
pjipiop of the fiiA kind ; and for the lattec, aeekig 
I waa «evar injured bj the king^ bofw can I be 
auapaoled lo tJiirslk for any revenge? I aod here 
accoaad (^ purposing ta kill the kii^ and to 
mak^ my pretradad ov^nie appear more frightful^ 
it ia given out, that the way was to be by poiaon* 
With wbaA impudeiice can any accuse mt of such 
wickedness^ who never aaw any poison, nor knofw 
I any thing about the preparation of it ? can any 
say they ever saw me have any of it ? let theaoL 
tell me where I bought it; or who proewred it 
me. And thoU|^ I had it^ how could I use i^ 
seeing I never came near the. kingV person^ his 
table nor paliace? It ia well known, that^inca 
my laat ma^a^^ with this uiifortunate.geiit]emaii) 
I have Uv^d in the country, at a great distanoe 
from the court ; what opportunity could I ever 
have then to poison the king ? You may see by 
thoae circimsUiieeSt which give great lightin suob 
matjlers, that I am intireiy innocent of those orimei 
I am cfanii^d with : it ia the office of you judges 
to protect iojiiured innocence ; but if the malice and 
power of my enemies be sueh» that whether inno- 
cent or guilty I must needs b^ eondemned, I shall 
die QheecfuUy» having the testtmcHiy of a good oo»* 
scienco %, and assure yourselves that ypu sfaatt e^^ 
tajAly find it more easy to take away my life, than 
to blast my reputation^ or to fix any raid blotupoa 


my memoty. This is toy last denre of you, that 
I may be the sole ollgect of your severity, and that 
those other innocent persons may not share in my 
misfortunes. Seeing my chief mme is, that I am 
descended of the family of Douglas, there is no 
reason that they should be involved in my ruin ; 
for my husband, son, and couun, are neither of 
that name, nor family. I shall end my life with 
more comfort if you absolve them, for the more of 
us that su£Per by your unjust sentence, the greater 
ivill be ypur guilt, and the more terrible your con* 
demnation when you shall be tried at the great 
day by God, who is the impartial judge of all flesh, 
who shall then make you suffer for those torments 
to which we are unjustly condemned.'' 

This admirable speech, which was spoken with 
such boldness and manly courage, astonished the 
judges extremely, and when they had reasoned 
upon what she had alledged in her awn defence, 
they determined, before they gave sentence, to 
send two of their number to the king, and to re- 
present to him, that ^though the witnesses had 
proved the articles of impeachment, and that, ac- 
cording to tlie law of the land, upon this evidence 
she deserved death, yet^ upon a serious considera- 
tion of the whole circumstances of the matter, they 
could not perceive the least probability of her 
guilt : they were afraid lest the rigour of the law 
in this case should prove the height of injustice, 
therefore they wished rather that equity and mercy 
should take place, it being more safe to absolve a 
criminal, than to condemn an innocent person; 
that time alone could discover the truth of the 


matter, by making known the character of those 
witnesses who had sworn against her, whether they 
were men of honesty, or had been bribed to accuse 
her ; that nothing was so adviseaUe as to delay 
the whole affair for some days, which could be no 
danger to the king, seeing those persons were not 
to have thdr liberty ; but whenever they could 
perceive any presumptions of their guilt, they 
should not escape justice : as for themselves they 
were tied up to the formalities and letter of the 
law, it belonged only to his majesty to temper and 
moderate' the severity of it by his clemency, upon 
which account they addressed themselves to him, 
seeing in such cases wherein the life, hpnour, and 
estates of persons of distinction are concerned, all 
possible caution is necessary. 

The king, who was naturally merciful enough, 
had yielded to this reasonable request, if Lion, 
who had contrived that hellish plot, and was 
afraid, if they had escaped, his wickedness would 
be discovered, had not prevailed witlji the king to 
give this answer to the judges : ** that the exercise 
of justice was a considerable part of the royal dig- 
nity, which he had entrusted them with when he 
made them judges ; that it belonged to their ofBce 
to preserve the innocent, 'and punish the guilty ; 
that the book called Regiam Majestatem, con* 
tained all the forms and rules which ought to de- 
termine them in such cases ; wherefore he gave 
them full power to proceed in that business accord- 
ing to justice, and the laws of the land ; and said, 
he knew of nothing that could hinder them from 
doing th^r duty like men of honour." 


UpoD Fc^lviogthiU; antwroTt those that vere seat 
to wait ufKHi the king, retitmed to the exchequ^» 
where the court of justice then aat, and reported 
to the refit of the jadges^ what Ithe Img bad given 
them in chai^; upon which the judges gave sen^ 
tenoe agaif^st that lady, wbicb-wad, that she was 
to be led out to the plaee of exeeutioB} and there 
to be bijurnt fdive till she was dead« A little time 
after the 8eQteiiee» 4ie was ideUvered into the 
hands of the eseoutioner, to be led out to sulR^r; 
the coostancy and courage of this heroioe is al- 
most incredible, wbitijh astonished all ithe specta- 
tors: she heard $he sentence pronounced against 
her witjbout the least sign of ycoaoem, neith^ did 
she cry, groan, or shed a ilear, tbeagh that kind 
of death is most frightful to bujinaQ nature. When 
she was Inrought out to suffer, the people who 
looked on could not conceal their grief and com- 
passion ; some of them who wece aoiuainted with 
ber, and knew her innocent, designed to rescue 
her ; bu t the presence of the king and 'his tmimaters 
restrained them : she seemed to be the only uacoo- 
cemed pejrson there, and her beauty and charms 
never appeared with greater advantage than when 
she was led to the flameib and her soul being for- 
tified with support from heaven, and the sense of 
her own innocence, she outbraved death, and her 
courage was equal in the fire, to what it was be- 
fore her judges ; she suffered those tormients with- 
out the least noise, only she prayed devoutly for 
divine assistance to support her under her suffer- 
ings: thus died this fiunous lady with a courage 

OF UN& JAXKft ▼• 146 

net infefiov td tist of aft; of th« heroes df fttit»A 

Tbe dsy idOowing her dioeomolAte husband, de* 
s^mng to make bis escape firotn the eastlie of Ediii- 
biu^» was let down over the walk by a cord, 
which haf ^BiDg to be too short, he fell upon the 
rocks, where he was dashed to pieeesr The king 
was iKerj sad upon heanng of that loaientable ao^ 
cident, and immediiltely ordered that Lfon, ^e 
old priesi, should have bis liberty^ because his 
ffKaJt age made lum incapable of a»y sttoh desigd ; 
aa for tbe yousig lord Glamis, though his child^ 
hooil was suffldent proof of his insoeency, yet he 
was kepi stitt in pridoDy from whence be wa» not 
released till after the king's death. 

Those who make any f dkctione upon Ihe tragic 
cal history of this dnfortunate lady may observe^ 
that gff«at beauty frequenttf exposes women to 
danger, and often proves a snare and cinrse, ra^ 
ther than a blesnng; seeing most men who^ be- 
hold them become passionate admirers of them, 
whereas it is only in such virtuous lady^s power to 
tuke one man hqypy; the other less fortunate 
]ival% missing that bliss they impatiently longed 
for, sometimes their disappointed love degenerates 
into revenge and fury, which proves tbe eause of 
great misfortunes to those beautiful females. 

William Lion, after this Tirtuous and inooni- 
parable lady had fisdlen a vktim to his fury, when- 
ever he began to think cooly upon tbe wickedness 
he had done^ wa» so «Qed with horror, that he was 
not able to endure the lashes of his awakened Oon« 
science ; he lamented when it was too late, that 


his loaHce had occasioaed the loss both of the lives 
and fortunes of those who were his near relations i^ 
so that having confidence in the king^s mercy, he 
confessed the whole matter secretly io him. The 
king abhorring such frightful wickedness, banished 
him from the court, and designed his punishment 
should be answerable to his guilt ; but affairs of 
greater concern which happened immediately after, 
made the king forget that matter. 

At length the king heard from his ambassadors 
cardinal Beaton and Robert Maxwell, then at 
the court of France, that his marriage was conclu- 
ded, very much to the ^tisfaction of the French 
king, and all his court, and that they designed to 
set out in a little time from France^ and to bring 
with them the lady Mary of Guise i from that 
time he thought of nothing but of his amours, and 
of making preparations for his queen^s honourable 

Monsieur D'Annebault, admiral of France^ was 
ordered to wait upon her from the court to Dieppe, 
with a great number of the nobility of the best 
quality in the kingdom, where she went aboard 
about the beginning of June, 1538. A great 
number of French ships conducted her to Balcomy 
in Scotland, where the earl of Murray and other 
Scotch noblemen were sent to wait upon her j af- 
ter she had stayed there some days, and had taken 
leave of the French noblemen who attended her, 
she was brought to St' Andrews in great state, 
where the marriage was s(Jemnized with all possi-. 
ble rejoicing. ^ 

The great merit of the new queen was so re- 

foharluibie^ that sbe was ddoHred and k>Ved by 
all her suhjeot* ;^ bei^ |j«'ttd66c6, and love ta the 
1^^& gained bis biwi mtirely, and %o complete 
his bappisessi she bronght forth a son the first 
year of their marriagei at St Anfdre#s ; and the 
next .year c^ bad another son at Stirling, opbii 
whic^ the king admired her to that {}egree, that he 
advised with her in all affairs of state : she was a 
lady of great wit, and was reputed a princess not 
inferior to any at that tinie> either for beauty, 
courage, or prudence* 

Hitherto all things went well with king James, 
who was arrived to that height of prosperity, that 
he bad nothing to wish for ; having children by 
his marriage, was loved by hissubjects^ and feared 
by bis enemies : but frequently adversity is nearer 
prosperity than we expect, thus it was with this 
king, for all of a sudden he experienced the re- 
verse of fate, and was immediately attacked with 
so many and various troubles, that whenever he 
thought to disengi^e himself from any of them, 
be was overpowered with new ones wiiich defeated 
all his endeavours. 

The first mortification he met^with, proceeded 
from his bad conduct, which lost him the aiFec- , 
tions of his subjects ; for when he saw he had two 
sons, and thiat there was no fear he should want 
heirs to succeed him in the throne, he began to un- 
dervalue his nobility, and ^ upbraided them witb 
want of couri^e, and that they had degenerated 
from the valour and military bravery of their an* 
cestors r he reminded them of the dishonourable de* 
feat at Floddon, where they gave small proof of 



their regard to the king bis father, or concern for 
the, honour of their country : he told them, if they 
were willing, he had inclination to revenge his fa- 
therms death upon Henry Vlll.and to retrieve the 
ancient reputati<»i of the kingdom. He found them 
not very forward to engage in any such matters ; 
for those reproaches had so much alienated their af- ' 
fections from him, and, enraged them, that they de« 
serted his service, when he had most need of their 
help : for of all things, what can more highly pro- 
voke haughty spirits than disdun ? 

The kingdom was then at peace, the Protestants, 
who were at that time a very numerous body, and 
increased daily, were so displeased with what they 
su£Fered upon the account of their religion, that 
they had certainly taken up arms to get their griev- 
ances redressed, if they had had any nobleman of 
note to head them. The king knew that well 
enough, but his affairs were then so embroiled, that 
he was obliged to dissemble his displeasure at them, 
and waited till he had extricated himself from his 
present difficulties, as a more fit season to mortify 
them ; his treasury was then very mueh exhausted 
because of his extraordinary expense, by his mar- 
riages, and his many new buildings, so *that he 
wanted money extremely ; the most ready way was, 
either to lay a tax upon the clergy, or upon the no- 
bility ; both of them desired to be excused from 
that hardship, and enlarged upon their own pover- 
ty, and the riches of the other estate. 

Now Henry VIII. who had not forgotten that 
be had been affronted by king James, who refused 
to marry his daughter, and to have an ifiterview 

with him, was determined to trj if he could by 
subtihy persuade him to meet bim in Ei^Iand, 
otherwise, upon refusiil, be should have a specious 
colour for beginning a war : he sent his ambassador 
to icing James, to desire him to come to York, 
where he would meet him, and that they might 
confer fiiendly together about affairs that related 
to the peace of both their kingdoms, and conclude 
a lasting peace; for what could be more for 
both their glory, than to put a period to the 
ancient hatred and animosity betwixt their two 
kingdoms, which had occasioned the fusion of so 
much christian blood P that instead of those na- , 
tional and hereditary quarrels, . a firm and sincere 
friendship might be established betwixt the twb 

Many of the peers of the kingdom, and who 
had great interest with the king, were protestants, 
and used all possible arguments to persuade him 
to go and see his uncle, who, they assured him, 
had then ^ all the inclination imaginable to receive 
him with the utmdst demonstration of love and 
friendship ; there was not the least cause of fear 
that his person would be in any danger, for they 
had all the teason in the world to believe that 
that interview would procure a well-grounded 
peace betwixt the two kings and their subjects. 
But what above all things made them long for 
that meeting was, that they knew that Henry VIII. 
was a prince of a very moving eloquence, so they 
hoped their king would be gained upon to choose 
the king of England for his ally, rather than any 
other prince, and hoped i he might be induced I7 


Ihb UQde to make a chtage of rdfi^i* in hk king!*' 
domt as he had b^an to do in hki. 

But upon the other band the clergy fareaeemg 

how much that interview threatened tlw downfUl 

of tbeiiv .autbority^ employed the utmost of their 

skill ta defeat it; (or (hey told the king^ they 

. were assured that a tcderation to the protestants 

would be the leaist effect of it* To dissuade the 

king they used all the arguments which they had 

employed upon a like occasion, << that his majesty 

was not4o trust to safeconducts, seeing Malcotra, 

and William bis ln»ther^ -both kings of Seotlandt 

by trusting to such securities, had lost their Kberty, 

and were made prison^s by Henry IL of England^ 

and carried to Guyeane, where the English were 

at war with France, that he might oblige them to 

rooounce the old alliance with that kingdom* The 

misfortutiesof his|Hredece&orking James I, might 

teach' him caution and wisdom in sueh affairs ; and 

if his unde bad broke his engagements to heaven^ 

and was an apostate from the truth, what human 

tie could bind him ? Those consideraticms might 

pvevail with his majesty to avoid the snares of his 

enemy^: but if his uncle should be so enraged 

with this refusal that it should be the oocamon of 

a war with En^buid, they promised him as much 

money as should be necessary to defray tiie 

charges of it ; besides, they promised to pay bim 

yearly thirty thousand crowtis, and if at any time 

his affairs required more money, than they would 

wiUingly contribute as far as tfaeir revenues would 

go for his assistance : provided his majesty would 

aUow the laws to be put in execution against those 


who had scandalously renounced all obedience to 
the Holy See» and despised its ordinances, and 
now avowedly professed Lutheranisra : they de- 
sired his majesty, as the only way to stop the 
course of that growing mischief, he would bMo^ 
them to seize the goods and estates of those who 
should fpr the future be convicted of that heresy, 
which they thought would amount to a yearly rent 
of a hundred thousand crowns, which they said 
might be annexed to the king^s revenue ; so they 
Jioped his majesty would appoint such judges as 
were men of courage and resolution, and would go 
through*stitch with sudi a godly work*^ 

The king was so sensibly toudied with this ad- 
dress from the clei^, that he . laid ande all 
thoughts of an interview with his uncle the king 
of England, not so much upon the account of the 
money they offered him, as to please the queen, 
who declared, that she wjeis averse to that journey, 
because the danger of it overbalanced any pros* 
pect they could have of advantage i she knew that, 
the king did not love his uncle, neither could he 
disguise his aversion, , so feared that his open and 
frank temper would widen the breach betwixt 

He made Sir James Hamilton, bastard brother 
of the earl of Arran, judge of this court of inqai- 
sition which was to be erected. This choice mighti- 
ly ]dea8ed the churchmen, because he was a declar- 
ed enemy to the protestants, and his interests were 
inseparably from those of the clergy. This com* 
mission proved, his ruin ; for the protestants per- 
ceiving how dangerous an enemy he should prove^ 


for that now his malice was armed with power ; 
diey laid a trap for him whieh he could not es- 
cape : James Hamilton, brother of Mr. Patrick 
Hamilton who suffered for the proteslant religion, 
after he had been a long time sheriff of Litbgowi 
was oUiged to flee from Scotland, becaase he was 
of his brother'^s relig^ ; when he had been « con- 
siderable time abroad, he got Bbertjr from the 
king t9 return for some time to settle his affiiirs : 
notwithstanding which, he could not think he was 
safe whilst Sir James Hamilton was precsdent of 
that new inquisition, who, though his near rcbtion, 
was his mortal enemy, becaase when be was sheriff, 
he had given a oonse against him ;^ he kneir that 
SSf Janes never forgave what he believed was an 
injury, and would now colour his vevenge agsuist 
bis enemies, by the aii*atoning name of seal for 
the catholic fiudi. And now, seeing an aftefgame 
was dangerous, this gentleman designed to be be- 
forehand with him, upon this he sent his son to 
the king, who was then in Fifeshire, to warn ban, 
that now there was great necessity for lus majesty 
to take care of his person, for Sir James Hamilton 
corresponded secretly with the earl of A^gus, and 
that he only wailed for a convenient time to put 
his wicked designs in execution ; for whenever he 
could nick the time when bis majesty was alone, 
or had few attendants, then be would enter his 
chamber and assasnnate him. The king, who 
never was regardless of any thing that was propo- 
sed for the safety of his life, dispatched that young 
gentleman to Edinburgh, and gave him his riiig; 
which was well known to his ministers as a token 

W XEKG JAXfiB W. 151 

of ihe tradi of the laeaaiiige; he toU tbem the 
kwg orderi^ Jam^ LermoDtt his maater of the 
household, James Kirkcaldy, the treatorer, and 
Thomas Erskine^ master o{ requests, to meet iu 
jthe exchequer; that the yousg g^itkman, the 
bearer, would acquaint them with the treasonable 
designs of Sir James Hamilton, which they were 
speedily to prevent* 

Those judges, who couM not dispence with 
theur obedience to. the kii|g^s positive commandsi 
went immediately to Sir James^ house, where they 
arrested him, and committed bin; to prison in the 
castle of Edinburgh, and in the mean time drew 
up the articles of impeachment against him. Hie 
churclmien were persuaded that this aocusaUon 
was a contrivance of the protestants, to ruin the 
inquisition, which began then to be hard upon 
them ; upoti which accouiiit they undertook the 
defence of the prisoner, went to the king, and 
most earnestly desired him to give no credit to 
those calumnies Sir James was diarged with, who 
had always been a very faithful and obedient sub- 
ject to his majesty. They moat humjbly begged 
that he might be enlarged, and sent back to the * 
exercise of his office. Lermont and Kirkcaldy, 
being apprised how eagerly the clergy defended 
the prisoner's cause, were mightily troubled ; on 
the one hand they knew that the king was na- 
turally in'^lined to mercy, and was too much di- 
rected by the counsels of churchmen; on the 
other hand, they knew if Sir James regained his 
liberty, he would never forgive the affront thqr 
had done him ; for he was a man of great interest, 


factious, and reyengeful, and tbeir known loye to 
the protestant religion, would give him the best 
handle imaginable to work their ruin. 

To provide for their safety, they went to the 
king, and enlarged not so much upon the prisoner's 
guilt, or the circumstances of it, as upon his dan- 
gerous and wicked temper, that he was bold, out- 
rageous, and powerful, and would never forget 
the scandal of his imprisonment, but would think 
of nothing but revenge, if he were freed from 
prison before he was tried : those hints determined 
the king to lay aside his journey to Seatoun, and 
to go to Edinburgh, On the day appointed for 
the trial, the king came to the court of justice 
and sat there in person ; the prisoner was brought 
to the bar, and had liberty to make his. defence in 
the most full manner he could ; after this the king 
went out of the court, probably to shun any pe- 
titions that might be made for his life, or lest his 
presence might hinder the judges from speaking 
their minds freely, seeing it was a matter that 
concerned the safety of his own person : he or- 
dered the judges to continue the trial till it was 
ended, and told them he gave them all power to 
do justice according to their consciences, and to 
the laws of the kingdom : so upon the proof of 
the articles of impeachment Sir James was found 
guilty, and was condemned to be hanged and 
quartered, and his quarters to be fixed upon the 
gates of the city. Few lamented his death ex- 
cept his relations ; for his actions had procured 
very many enemies, because he stuck at nothing 
to advance his own interest. 

OF KiKa JAMES V. 153 

From that time there was an intire change in 
the temper and nature of the king, so that all at 
once he became morose and chagrin to that de« 
gree, that be was uneasy both to himself and 
others ; he was displeased with every thing, and 
abandoned himself so much to melancholy, that 
he avoided all recreations: but any scandalous 
discourse that concerned the nobility, was the only 
conversation that pleased him. 

The cause which was assigned for this melan- 
choly of his, was * his superstitious observance of 
dreams, which he always explained to be the pre- 
sages of some future dismal event. << It is one of 
the most remarkable misfortunes* of mankind, who, 
for unaccountable apprehensions, torment them- 
selves with what is past, are perplexed for what is 
to come, and not satisfied with their present 
troubles, make use of the night, which was de- 
signed for their rest, to increase their misery, and 
to afford them new materials of affliction/' 

Amongst all his dreams, none tormented him 
more than this; be dreamed, the night after the 
execution of Sir James Hamilton, that he entered 
• bis chamber, and with a sword cut off his two 
arms, and threatened he would return and take 
away the remains of his life ; upon which he dis- 
appeared. The king awakened in a great sur- 
prise, continued thoughtful, and was persuaded 
that that dream which he could not get out of his 
head, was an omen of something very afflicting, 
which was very near at hand ; this he found too 
true, for not long after, he had the sad news that 



both his sons died the sane day, add the same 
hour, the eldest at St. Andrews, and the other at 
Stirling. This was a verjr great loss, btit he bore 
it patiently, because the queen was theh with 
child, who dissembled the sense «fbe bad df that 
affliction, and endeavoured by all means to comfort 
the king, whom she endeavoured to dissuade from 
having such a regard to dreams, which above all 
things impaired his health ; for that end she em- 
ployed the assistance of two learned divines and 
philosophers who were then at court, if possibly 
by argument they could cure the wounded iraa^ 
gination of the king, and persuade him that 
dreams are nothing but delu^ons. When the 
question was stated, whether we ought to give 
any faith to dreams or not, they were not both of 
the same opinion : 

One of them said, << that Ood by dreams used 
to give men notices of what was to come, and 
though sometimes they appear very obscute and 
unintelligible, yet the event, which is the best 
commentary upon them, discovers their tmth ; 
dreams are generally big with mysteries, the un- 
folding of which belongs only to those, to whom 
heaven has imparted that gift; and if any ol>- 
ject that they are frequently false, that mis- 
take proceeds from our ignorance of them, and 
frequently because persons who are unacquaint- 
ed with such high secrets, undertake to ex- 
plain them : beskles, that God for vary wise rea- 
sons reveals himdelf to mankind during their sleep, 
because then the soul is most free from the noise, 
hiirry, and confusion of the senses $ and as that 

OF XIKa JAM98 V* 16^ 

tifloe is most su^oeptible of his holy iii£^iratioii99 
OS the acripturefi! informs iis in the CAse of Abime^ 
lech, I^aban, Judas Mi^ihabeus, Nebuchadoezarf 
St. John, the three Wis^ MeD» and others who 
were all instruct^ from above in dreams : Hke* 
wise those surprising arts which Bea^aleel and Aho- 
liah exc€fUed in, were more frequently infused 
into tbem wh^i asleep, than when they were 

The other learned man on the contrary m«in- 
tiuned, ^ that it waa only an error of an old date 
that had seduced several great men, to believe 
thai dreams contained any heavenly mystery^ see»- 
log they were to b^ accounted for in a natuzal 
way ; for they had their rise partly from the con«> 
stitutipn of m^, and partly ftom the a<;tive nature 
^ men^s s{Hrits> ^ven in the time of rest, when 
they cannot use th<s senses and organ^ of the body, 
which are then fast bound up by sleep : the mind 
is obliged to sport itself in the imagjioation, where 
there is a medley of ideas relating to different ob*> 
jeets, by the blending of which together, it creates 
diimeras that never did exist, and are impossible 
ever to be ; and sometimes the soul diverts itself 
in the memory, where are imprinted the ideas of 
things that have struck our senses, or the traces of 
things which we have done, or design to do ; if 
the mind happen then to be in any violent passion, 
the ideas* of the imagination are jumbled with 
those of the memory ; the dreams which proceed 
from such a confusion are incapable of any mean- 
ing; so it is profane to attribute them to the holy 
qnrit. How foolish is it to imagine that our 


dreams are more capable of infallibility and inter- 
course with heaven, than our thoughts when we 
are awake, which -are frequently then engaged in 
deep and rational meditations ? How unworthy 
of God is it to fancy he is the author of dreamB, 
and that by them he warns us of things that are 
to come, when of a hundred thousand of them we 
shall scarcely find one that can have any meaning 
at all ; the rest are only chimeras which have no 
signification : this would prove quite otherwise, if 
they were from God, who never does any thing 
in vain ; for all his gifts answer the ends they 
were designed for ; so those inspirations which 
proceed from the omniscience of Grod, must of 
necessity be intelligible: for Grod, who is infallible, 
never produces effects contrary to his own perfec- 
tions. How ridiculous is it to imagine, that Grod, 
who is light, truth, and order, is the author of 
dreams which are full of obscurity, lies, and confu- 
sion P In vain it is to support that opinion from 
the authority of the holy scriptures, seeing it is 
expressly forbidden in Leviticus to observe dreams ; 
further, a regard to dreams and vain delusions 
has been the occasion of the miscarriage of many 
actions. He owned that great secrets had been 
discovered in the night by revelation, which is the 
peculiar favour of God, but not at all by dreams, 
which have nothing to do with inspiration ; that 
it was an improper way of speaking to call those 
vinons in the night which appeared to Abimelech, 
Solomon, and other holy persons, by the name of 
dreams, seeing the former are prophecies full of 
high and holy mysteries: in fine, it was great 

«r KIHa JAMB8 T. ] J^7 

iveakness to be moved by dreams, or to give any 
evedit to them/' 

The king listened to this disoouree with great ^ 
attention i but when he compared his dream with 
the loss of two sons whidi followed upon it, and 
whom he thought were represented by his two 
aims, nothing eould hinder him from believing 
^em. * 

At this time there was neither certain peace, nor 
open war, betwixt England and Scotland; for 
Henry VIII. was enrag^ to see that his nephew 
alighted him, this made him g^ve secret orders to 
his garrisons on the frontiers to make inroads 
upon Scotland ; when king James saw that such 
grievances and injuries were not at all redressed, 
be began to review his troops, because he was as- 
sured that in a little time a war would begin be- 
twixt the two kingdoms : upon which he made the 
earl of Murray, his bastard brother, lieutenant- 
general of his army, and gave all the necessary 
orders for putting a stop to the incursions of the 
enemy. In the mean time, whilst both kings 
were making preparations for war, king James 
desired by fair means to compose the differences 
between his uncle and himself: for that end he 
sent James Lermont to wait upon king Henry 
at Newcastle, to excuse his not comipg to York, 
according to his uncle's desire, because then the 
dircumstances of his affairs were such, that it was 
not safe for him to leave his kingdom ; that there 
was no reason why the king of England should 
be angry with him upon that account; that it 
was unjust for him to suffer his army, even in the 


time of peace, to invade his kiogdonii and lay bis 
subjects under contribution, and besides to treat 
them with all possible cruelty. Mr. Lermont was 
to ask reparation for those wrongs. 

During Mr. Lermont's absence, the king or- 
dered George Gordon, earl of Huntly, to the 
frontiers with a squadron of light horse, to op- 
pose the English army if they entered Scotland ; 
but he did nothing that was considerable, because 
he was very far inferior to the enemy in number, 
whose forces increased daily. The English, in 
the view of Huntly, marched towards Jedburgh 
to take it by assault, where they expected good 
plunder ; but the earl of Hume, who had raised 
four hundred horse in great haste, opposed their 
march, and disputed every foot of ground with 
them ; and after a bloody fight of three hours^ 
Hume's party perceiving Huntly^s troops riding 
up to them, thought they were coming to reinforce 
the English army, upon which they retired in 
good order, with the loss of few of their men, but 
several were taken. All this time Henry VIII. 
amused Lermont with promises that he would 
give full contentment to his nephew till his army 
was ready to march, which he ordered Lermont 
to accptppany to Scotland, lest otherwise he might 
give warning to his master, whom he designed to 
surprise before he was prepared to encounter him. 

When the king was informed of the march of 
his enemies, not being then ready to take the field, 
to gain time, he sent John Areskine to York, to 
the duke of Norfolk, who was lieutenant-general 
of king Henry's army, to demand the reasons of 

OF KING JAM£a T. 159 

that invanon ; that if he had done any injustice 
to the king of En^and he was willing to make re- 
paration, seeing war would be to both their losses. 
The duke detained Areskine till his army came to 
Berwick, and would not suffer him to go to Scot- 
land, though Areskine saw there was no hopes of 
peace, he got no positive answer from the duke : 
the design of this was, that king James, expecting 
peace, might not be in readiness to resist him 
when he entered Scotland. The king being in- 
formed by his scouts* that the English army was 
within fifteen miles of the borders, he encamped 
the body of his army near Falla-church, and or- 
dered the earl of Huntly to march before with 
a thousand men to meet them ; but he did nothing 
that was remarkable. 

Though the Scotch army was outnumbered by 
the English, yet the king sought all occasions to 
bring it to a battle ; but could not persuade his 
DobiUty to be willing, which highly enraged him, 
and to gain, if possible, upon them, he made the 
following speech : 

«« Shall it ever be said that the nobility of Scot- 
land have abandoned the service of their king in 
the aght of the enemy, and when the two armies 
were ready to engage? Is it possible that you 
who have courted opportunities to show your bra- 
very, that you now shall lose this occasion which 
offers, where you may purchase new laurels ? How 
unlike are you to, those brave warriors your pre- 
decessors, whose arms and names you bear, who 
were regardless of their lives when honour and 
the defence of their country invited them to war f 


If the danger of your king 19 not firgume&t enoij^h 
to persuade you, let the safety of ypur native coun- 
try move you^ which is in danger of su&ring all 
the inconveniencies of being made the seat of the 
war, seeing your birth, your wives, and children, 
oblige you to spend your blood in their defence : 
what have you to fear from the English army 
which is marching against you, seeing they are 
only new levied men, and undisciplined, whidi I 
could undertake to disperse with those of my 
household ? but I am more afraid of those amongst 
you, who are not determined, as yet, if they shall 
as^st me in the time of the engagement; you 
ought to remember it was always a fixed principle 
with your worthy ancestors. That life is a punish- 
ment to those 'who have lost their honour. Bouse 
then your courage, and suffer not victory to es- 
cape us, which shall certainly be ours, if you dis- 
oover any bravery at all upon this occasion ; other- 
wise I shall publish your ingratitude, and leave it 
to posterity to judge, whither cowardice or treascm 
has the greatest share in your thus deserting the 
service of your king.'' 

The king could not moderate his wrath, though 
many of the nobility represented, << that they had 
acquired reputation enough, in that with so small 
a force, and levied in such haste, they bad stc^t 
the progress of their enemies powerful and nu- 
merous army, which had been so long a preparing, 
and which designed no less than to overrun the 
whole country, which though it had been eight 
days on the frontiers, yet never durst advance one 
vuile withip it ; they were pot sensible that they 

OF KI196 JAMES ¥• 161 

had degenerated from the valour and merit of 
their forefathers, and should never give occasion 
to the king either to doubt of their courage or fi- 
delity. But they desired his majesty to consider 
how dangerous it would be, both for his person, 
and kingdom, to hazard a battle at such an unfit 
Ume ; he , ought to remember Flodden Field, 
where rashness contributed more than any thing 
to the defeat, and lost the life of his father, and 
exposed their country to the mercy of his enemy : 
if he would be graciously pleased to listen to the 
advice of his faithful servants, and would suffer 
his affairs to be managed with patience, they could 
promise him a sure victory.^ 

It soon appeared, that the advice of the nobility 
was very fit at diat time ; for the duke of Nor- 
folk leaving Berwick, had entered Scotland, and 
crossed the river Tweed at Kelso, and did not 
think there was any Scotch army to oppose his 
march ; but when news came to his camp, that 
king James was not six miles distant from him, 
with a conttderable army, and designed to give 
him battle, this unexpected account of matters so 
terrified his soldiers, a great part of which followed 
more upon the account of plunder than for fight- 
ing, that they repassed the river in great disorder, 
leaving behind Uiem their arms and baggage, and 
returned to their houses. Huntly, who knew of 
this, made no advantage of that disorder, and did 
not pursue them ; so from that time the king hated 
him. The lord Maxwell, who earnestly desired 
to recover in the king^s mind a good opinion of his 
nobility, came and proposed to his majesty. That 


if he would give him the oommBiid of tea thou- 
sand men, he would enter England by the way of 
Sol way, whieh diversion would divide their enemy^s 
force^ and doubted not but he should do some 
action that should please his majesty. This de* 
sign was very like to turn to a good account, if it 
had not been ruined by the king^s implacable aver* 
sion to the nobility : for the king, after he gave 
the command to Maxwell, a wise and experienced 
general, who detached a body of ten thousand 
men ftom the army, he th^i gave also a secret 
commission in writing to a young gentleman, 
called Oliver &U Clare, of no great family, and 
above all, who had no expertence in any such 
mattersi which strictly commanded all the army 
to acknowledge him for the kiag^a lieutenanti* 
general, which oommissbn Oliver was not to open 
till the two armies was about to engage ( his de* 
ngn in this was. That if that army routed the 
English^ the nobility might pretend no diare in 
the victory, whose pride above all things he de^ 
dred« to mortify. Maxwell passed the Solway, 
and was about to enter England, when there ap- 
peared on the top of a hill about one thousand 
five hundred of the enemy^s horse, about two miles 
from his army, and was then about to pursue 
them, when St* Clare, according to the king^s or^ 
ders, is presently mounted on crossed pikes, that 
he might be seen by the army, and has his com* 
mission read with a loud voice : this unexpected 
turn of affairs, provoked all the soldiers so much, 
and especially Maxwell, that immediately they 
broke thdir ranks, and refused to obey the new 


general; M ootirosion now prevailed instesaid of 
their former good order. The enemy perceiving 
tbie, improved it to their own advantage, and 
were resolved to attack them immediately whilst 
in disorder, before they were determined either to 
fight o^ retire; they eharged them with great 
fury and a load ery, whilst their snttl^s, baggage, 
and servants, horse and foot were all mixed to- 
gether : few soldiers were killed in this encounter, 
but many were made prisoners. The news of this 
scandalous defeat when brought to the king, who 
wis neat iit hand, almost distracted him ; some- 
tiroes his thoughts was fiill of nothing but fevenge 
against thdse who would not acknowledge St. 
Clare their general ; at another time he was racked 
with, indigtiatibn and shame for that scandalous 
misfortiine, and resolved to levy a new army, and 
either to rout his enemies, or to lose his life. 

But the prudent queen, who perceived that the 
king was distempered with melancholy and chagrin, 
and that the present bad posture of affairs required 
a peace, she procured a truce by the mediation of 
the earl of Angus, who for that good service had 
liberty granted him to return into Scotland. 

Upon the disbanding of the army the king 
came to Stirling, whither the queen came also, 
and was brought to bed of a daughter called Mary, 
who was queen of Scotland after her father^s 
death ; this was a considerable comfort to them 
in their late troubles : but the long watchings, the 
constant perturbation of mind, and grief which he 
had suffered for about four months, Kad so weak- 
ened the king» that at length he was taken with a 


loss of appetite, which hindered from taking any 
nourishment, and that occasioned his death. 

He was a comely prince, of an ordinary stature, 
but strong to a wonder ; he was naturally a man 
of great abilities, of a penetrating judgement, and 
had made a greater figure in the world, if those 
gifts of nature had been cultivated by a good edu- 
cation; but it was the unhappiness of that time, that 
learning was thought unbecoming a great man : 
he was gracious, a lover of justice, and punished 
thieves severely; he could endure much fatigue,and 
suffer trouble with a great evenness of temper ; 
the poor had as easy access to him as the great ; but 
withal he was very much ^ven to his pleasures. 

Thus died king James, the fifth of that name, 
December 30th, 1541, more by grief than ^ckness, 
being in the flower of his youth, about thirty years 
of age, after he bad reigned twenty-eight years. 


Glasgow: Piinted by R. Chapman. 1819. 















By jRobert Chapman. 



AN Inquiry into thb Genealogy and Present 
State or Ancient Scottish Surnames^ 


of the Family 
Qf the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Family 
of the Fimiily 
of the Family 

of Murray^ 
of Stewart, - 
of Douglas, 
of Wymess, - 
of Campbell, 
ofOgilvie, - 
of Kennedy, 
of Graham, - 
of Seaton, 
of Levingston, 
of Hamilton, 
of Hepburn, 
of Gray, - 
of Fraser, - 
of Sinclair, 
of Ramsay, » 
of Carnegie, 
of Munroe, - 
of Grant, - 
of Menzies, • 




~ An Account of the MacDonalds^ - - 45 
An Account of the Surname of MacDougal^ parw 

ticuUrly of Lom^ - - - - • 58 
An Account of the Surname of MacNeil, • 6S 
An Account of the Surname of MacLean^ or 

MacGillean, 66 

An Account of the Surname o£ MacLeod, - 73 
An Account of the Macintoshes and MacPher- 

sons, - - - ^-- - -76 

An Account of the Eoberttfons, or Clan Don- 
nochie, - - - - - -81 

An Account of the Surname of MacFarlane, • S$ 
An Aoooont 4rfthe Surname of Cameron, * 'Qi 
An Aooouat of the Surname of MacLaiidilan, 98 
An Account of the Surname of MacNauchtan, 101 
An Account of the Surname of MacGregor, - 104 
An Account ofthe Surname of Colquhoun: and 
the Ancient Lairds of Luss, before the As- 
sumption of that Surname, - - 108 
An Account of the Surname of Lamond, -> 1 1 5 
An Account ofthe Surname of MacAulay, - 119 

Heir foUowis the Geneologies ofthe Chieff Clans 
of the lies : collected bj me Sir Donald 
Monro, Heigh Dean ofthe Hes, - - 121 , 

A Briefe Chronicle ofthe Earles of Ros, and Ab« 

bots of Feme, . . - - - 125 
Ofthe Clan-Ounn, Clan-Leod, and Clan^Leandris, 1 33 

A Historical and Genealogical Essay upon 

THE Family and Surname of Buchanan, 135 

An Account of the Family of Auchmar, - 184 
An. Account of the Family of Spittel, « - 193 



An Account of the Old Family of Arnpryor^ - 200 
An AccounJ; of the Family of Drumikill^ - 209 
An Account of Mr. George Buchanan^ - - 226 
An Account of the Family of Carbeth^ - 232 
An Account of the Family of Lenny, • - 243 
An Account of the Family of Auchneiven, « 259 
A Brief Account of Buchanan of Miltoun ; also 
of Buchanan of Cashill, Arduill and Sal- 
lochie, - - .... -265 

An Account of the MacAuselans, - - 272 
An Account of the MacMillana, • * . . 277 
An Account of the MacColmans, - - 284 
An Account of the Origin of the Spittels, • 288 
An Account of the Origin of the MacMau- 
rices, MacAndeoirs, MacChruiters, and 
MacGreusichs, ..... 292 
A Brief Account of the Martial Achievements 

of the Family of Buchanan, - - -297 
A Brief Account of some Learned Mon of the 

Name of Buchanan, - - - - S09 



THE suliject of the fWlowmg book may p6dgii^ 
bly appear a little- too confined Ixy the most pai^ 
of readers, m regard tlie affairs of private famHied^ 
can be of so very little concern to thc^ public ; atid* 
basidea, genealogies themselveik are commonly reck- 
oned so dry and tasteless a thing, that very tew 
peepie thmk it worth while to be at mfCich paiMi 
about them. It i« not my design to answer idl 
the arguments may be urg^d on this head. I per- 
suade myself^ iH^ man thinks it tost krbodr to in- 
quire into the descent of princes, and other emiir- 
ent personages ; and why should it be looked' OH 
afl! altiogetfeep unnecessary to know that af priv^stb 
famiKeS) especially when they have produced per- 
seftfi^ of^xtraerdinary characters and rtputatiotf in 
the world ? The public historians cannot be sap^ 
posed to know any thing of suxrh mitiotie passagei^ 
witbout the help of such private ihemoriais ;* and^ 
tWdbrei^ lis^ necessary! that some orotfaer shoofd 


take upon them that lower employment, of gather- 
ing together the materials, that may be serviceable 
to the higher order of writers.. Instead, therefore, 
of incurring censure for the choice of my subject, 
I ought rather to have the thanks of my readers, 
for not going out of my depth, by undertaking 
what I had not sufficient abilities for. 

None of my reader^ need be. afraid of b^g im- 
posed upon in my management of this work. For 
though, indeed, in some cases, where authentic 
records could not be had, I have been obliged to 
take up with the best attested, and most generally 
received,* traditional accounts; yet for the most 
part I am supported in what I say, by ancient 
charters of uncontested authority. And beude^ 
whenever I am obliged to make use of tradition, 
I always advertise my reader «of it; and giting . 
him the most probable account to confirm my own 
opinion, leave him to make what judgment he 
pleaseth himself upon the mattea:. 

In the Account of the Highland Ci^aks, the 
curious will find something that has ndt yet' been 
touched upon by any of our writers, and which 
may be agreeaUe to such as are fond, of our Scot- 
tish antiquities ; there being not only an ^bstafaet 
of all that our historians have delivered unto us 
on that subject, but also all the old uncpntKovert* 
ed traditions we have among us relating thei^eto, 
which, though they cannot be Touched by writt^ 
authorities^ yet it would be overgreat; u\a;^du)ity^ 


to jmj <io iiMu»er oC v^^ 4to tham; e^pedidif 
sMioe iFe have lor the mofttpflrtnolaei^ter'dodii* 
meats Sot the origin of niosi nataoiis in EtiMpe. 

The Family of Bitchahak has had the honour 

to prodiice a |^eat many persons^ that make a tcY j 

coosidinrable^igiire in our history; andaS it it na^ 

tural for us to be curious labout the smaller ciN 

oumstances i^lating to great meo« those of that 

' temper will here find what in a great meactore me^ 

serve to gratify such Iheir curiosity. Beades^this 

family is now grown so v^ numerous^ di«^ it 

cannot but be of very great use to those of the 

name^ or that are any way allied to it» to have a 

full and distinct account of its affairs* So that 

though perhaps this treatise may not be of such 

gtoeral use, yet it will at least serve them for whom 

I principally intended it^ to wit, those of the namfii 

and family of Buchanan. 

In ^ving an account of the fiimily of Buchanan^ 
I have been very exact in looking over the writings 
belonging to it, nowsin the hands of his grace the , 
duke of Montrose, which the laird of Gorthy tiras 
pleased to supply me with. This account, though 
a great many documents are lost;, has bean of Mn« 
dderable use to me : as has also th^ tree of the 
family of Buchanan in Lenny^s hands» which though 
a great part of it is cut off, and some of it ocmtrar* 
dictory to more certain evidents, yet is in the main 
a very valuable piece of antiquity^ I have had 
also the perusal of all the writings la the hands of 

theBocfaanaiifl of DtotmkiUy Lennj, Cartieth, Spit- 
tel^ Auchnmen and Gartinstatry, which though 
Yeiy distinct yet woaldnot have been full enough, 
had I not obtained an ancient chartulary among 
the records of Dunbattonshire, containing the 
whole progress of the earls c^ Lennox and their 
vassals, from the beginning of the reign of king 
Alexander the second, anno 1814, till the latter 
end of king Robert the third's reign, which has 
been of singular service to me. The chartularj , 
of Paisley has also furnished me with several 
things very useful for fny purpose. 

Some people, indeed, of the name of Buchanan, 
from what inducement I will not pretend to de- 
termine, have been pleased to refuse me the neces- 
sary helps for giving an account of their families : 
if I have therefore been any ways defecdve in what 
relates to' them, they have none but themselves to 
blame for it, who have deprived me of the means 
whereby I can do them justice, which was my sole 
intention in undertaking this work, 

I do not think myself obliged to make any 
apology for the style of the ensuing sheets. The 
subject of them exclude every thing of labour and 
elegance. All that can be looked for in them is 
plainness and perspicuity, both which it has been 
my greatest pains to endeavour after. If I have 
succeeded, so as to satisfy those for whom I chiefly 
intended these sheets, I am content, and shall de- 
ore no other reward for my labours, than that 



they will charitably excuse whatever errors I may 
have fidlen into, on account of the sincerity and 
honesty of my intentions. I submit the whole to 
the candid reader, and shall no longer detain him 
from the perusal of the work* 






INTENDING, to give an account of the origin 
of some of the most considerable clans in Scotland, 
I think it necessary to advertise the readers in the 
entry, that they are not to expect such distinct and 
well vouched relations of things transacted at so 
great a distance of time, as in matters of more re- 
cent memory. The history of all nations and peo- 
ple in their origin depends upon the authority of 
immemorial tradition, which if it be not a good 
one, is at least the only one can be obtained in all 
such cases. I have therefore made use of it in the 
ensuing treatise, wherever more authentic docu* 
ments were wanting, and when other circumstances 
give the strength of probability to the traditional 

The existence of any surnames as now used be- 


fore the reign of king Malcolm Canmore^ which 
commenced in the year 1057, is vigorously con- 
troverted by a great many of this age ; and that 
the first surnames which commenced in, or shortly 
after that reign, were local surnames, or these de- 
nominated from the lands first acquired by the as- 
sumers of these surnames. This supposition, upon 
due examioatioDj^ will be Ibmd of na gcpi9t waght, 
if the least regard be had to our public histaiies, 
and some other records ; there being no designation 
more frequently mentioned in our histories than 
that of Phylarchs, or chieftains of tribes, which in 
all rational probability <yi& ^ftauit of 9^ ^ther con- 
struction than chiefs of surnames or clans, agreeap 
ble to those of that station in these modem ages. 
It is very absurd to assert, that there were chief- 
tuns of tribes in these times, and yet allow them 
no tribes to be chieftains of; which is the same 
thing in effect as to call one by the name of a king, 
and yet allow him to have no kingdom ; or to 
speak of a general, and at the same time deny 
him any soldiers. Though it may be urged against 
this assertion, that these Phylarchs, were the 
king^s governors of provinces, inhabited by tribes 
of ditiSM^ent denominations ; yet this is no way 
probable, it being evident from our history, that 
in the reign of king Eugenius YIII. about the 
year 740, Murdoc was governor of the province of 
Galloway, and in the reign of king Solvatheus, 
anno 770, Cullan governor of ArgyU, and Duchal 
governor of Athole. All these being designed by 
the particular provinces governed by them, and 
existkig in the same ages, that the Phylarch® were 

GP ^vcaem tm^nm Muts^AAik^. S 

not mly laditifi^ tiut in Aek full ipkMAoiA*, IM 
tiiey ooiittAU^ for tnMiy Ageii th«teafti», and df m 
fuite diAreitt office and ^^^gtifttion^ WEfikn^Dtly 
demMittfates tile Phylit^hfib to hwt htm difl^rent 
fitnn tbe fbv^mMi of pHmnee^. Not Muld these 
hav« b^sn foventK^rs ^&t ea^m ctthe twd or thttt 
tribes of tiipe Bfigaoteft and Silares> td which by 
Some (be leeni Si!e lulded^ feto whkli the Scottish 
people w«lre ift anctekii tiflAeS divided, i& i^gatd the 
Pfaylarafas^ are stud %b be veiry xi^Hnevoas^^ ^^ 
cbuwUIofi in id^i}, and tibptaiiiB m fiiartial affidvs 
ladcr mir ScdMish laai^ Whenaas, tf there bad 
Miy been eii|pt«do8 of theae tribeai their iiumb^ 
had been no mate than Hii^ nidth Is highly im^^ 
fg^bMs^ and the moft ec^ in regard ^tily the first 
of theee idiree tribes is metitioned, <ir apf^ied or« 
di&arily to tbe Scots, by any uneitce>ptfonaMe au<- 
tbers. Much lettt are we to rely tm. these iieWly 
invented fictitious names of Oadeni, Kovantee, 
Ladeai, and sudi like names of ixflbes assigned to 
die ancient inhttbitants o( each province^ or ishite 
m tbia kingdom, to be met with in divers, espe* 
cnUy nf our modem writetis, none tf which bath 
the least significatioA in, or affinity with, the un- 
deniable natSre knguage used by those u> whom 
these terms a»e ^ven ; whereas the term of Ga^ 
tfasfians, denotii^ thdr origin, and Albinidi, im* 
poiting their country, though ftr more ancient 
teraiB than any of the other, ar^ as yet in the na^ 
tivt language r^ained by the pt^eny of the an- 
cient Scots. So that it may be presumed the above 
names of the severid tribes had not been so wholly 
dttsused, had the tame erer been really in use, or 


of any import in their language ; these terms seem- 
ing , to have been invented by such as had little 
knowledge of the language, and other circumstan- 
ces of those to whom they assigned them, and there- 
fore no great reason to assign the Phylarchsewho 
had a real existence to* these tribes, which in all 
appearance had no other than a fictitious one. 

Nor be well imagined with what show of 
reason it can be denied, that the ancient Scots were 
composed of divers surnames in Iximmon with 
other nations, such as the Grecians, who, though 
called by the general denomination of Gredans, 
and more particularly by their several provinces, as 
Beotians, Spartans, &c. yet at the same time sur- 
names were in use among them ; as the Heraclidset 
from their progenitor Hercules ; Felopidas from 
Felops; Mirmidons, so denominated from their 
frugality or laboriousness. Also among the Bo- 
mans distinct surnames were no less frequent than 
among the former; as the Fabii from their' ances- 
tor Fabius; the Manlii Torquati denominated 
from their ancestor Manlius Torquatus. Among 
the English the ancestor of the surname of Fiercy, 
ancient earls of Northumberland, obtained that 
surname upon account of their ancestor's pierdng 
king Malcolm III.'s eye with a spear at Alnwick. 
Also the Tumbulls in Scotland are said tp have 
first got that surname from one of their ancestors 
turning of a mad bull, which made an attempt 
upon king Robert I. Nor were surnames in these 
more ancient times only used among the more 
polite nations, but also among the more bar- 
barous; . as the Acmenidss among the Fendans; 


ArsacidK among the Parthiiaiiy tmd so in gene^l 
amcmg most of the known world* And it is very 
miiarkable» that ootwithstanding of the various 
revolutions, aod grand mutalionb which have fallen 
upon the country and people c^ Italy^ since the 
decliimtiony at least extinction of the Roman em>» 
pirO) yet some remiunder of the MMsient surnames 
with Uttle variaticm oontinue at yet in that country \ 
as some of the Vitellii, of which family was Aulas 
Vitellius, a Roman emperor. And we find Chia- 
(ttaius VitelliuS) a principal officer under the prince 
of Panna in Uie wars of Flanders^ not much above 
an age ago^ being of that ancient surname. The 
Irish also contend in their histories, that they can 
carry down the deso^sit of the O'NeiUsi O'DonnellS) 
O^Lauchlins, O^Brians, MaoRories, and others^ 
telrmed by them the Mileoan progeny, from certain 
sons of Milesius king of Spain, being,captain of the 
first coltmel of Gathdians, or Soots, which from 
Spain first arrived, and settled in Ireland. 

The Welch, and some English writers assert, 
that the ancestor of the sarname of Tudbr, of 
which was king Henry VII. was ori^nally de^ 
scended from Cadwallader^ last king olTthe Britons, 
who flourished about the 668 of the christian epo- 
cha* To instance the fisndness of peopIe^s having 
the origin of tbrir most famous men screwed up 
to as great a pitch of antiquity as possible, yea, 
sometimes above measure, I observed in Harrison, 
an English writer, the genealogy of Hen^st first 
king of Kent, and planter of the Saxons in Britain, 
carried up to Noah, and names assigned to each 
of hb pn^nitors through all that long pedigrees 


Though, indeed, I in no manner approve of such 
vain-glory ; I as little do so of the opinionative- 
«ne8s of some of our writersi who endeavour all they 
can to deprive their country of that which other 
nations esteem their honour, and which a great 
many upon much worse grounds, and much less 
satisfying authorities, use their utmost efforts in 
asserting, by extolling the antiquity of their na^ 
tion, and surnames. 

The principal reason of some people^s decrying 
the antiquity of the last is, that those writers will 
not allow private evidences, judged by them the 
only infallible records,' to have had any existence 
before the reign of king David I. and therefore 
what is recorded of any surnames is not to be re^ 
lied on before that time. But as the first part of 
that supposition is not so infallible as these would 
make private evidents, so no more is the last part 
of it, it being well known, that there is lately found 
among our public records a charter by king Dun*- 
can I. grandfather to king David, as also a charter 
by Ethelred, one of king Malcolm III.'s sons, of 
lands called Admor, to the Culdees of St. Andrews, 
granted in his father's time, and to which he is 
witness. And as these, so divers others of equal, 
if not greater antiquity, might be found, upon due 
inquisition, in our public records, and some pri- 
vate bands. Yea, Speed, and other English his- 
torians, mention that there is a charter in the pub- 
lic records of that nation, granted by king Athel- 
9tan, to one Paulan a Saxon gentleman, of the 
lands of Rodham in Yorkshire, with divers others 
^y king Edgar, Ethelred, and other Saxon kings. 


long before the reign of king David. So that if 
these Saxon kings be allowed to have granted char« 
ters in those more ancient times, who received 
both their religion and letters from the Scots, I 
see no reason of denying those of this kingdom the 
same matter; though probably a great many of 
the most andent have been cancelled, and others 
carried into foreign parts in the time of the wars 
after the deAth of king Alexander, and at the Re- 

And though there were no other record than 
our public histories concerning divers of our sur« 
names, and other affairs, if no credit must be al- 
lowed to any thing recorded therein before the 
reigns of king Malcolm IIL and king David I. 
the loss would be found much greater than could 
readily be compensated by any supposition newly 
advanced, however spedous, tending to the sub- 
version of a history, as well founded in all circum- 
stances as is requisite for any of that kind. 

To this, therefore, I shall appeal in relation to 
what I am to offer in further prosecution of the 
above-mentioned subject, and by the same will en- 
deavour to illustrate a good many of our most con- 
siderable surnames, whose progeny ^of the same 
denomination is found in this age to have existed 
in several junctures, and different reigns, divers 
ages before the time prefixed by those modern 

My first instance is of the surname of Mureat* 
Our historians relate a people of that denomina- 
tion to have arrived in this kingdom in the reign 
of king Corbred I. and for possessions to have got 


MuRiay land, retainii^ that name yet$ of whidb 
tribe, in regard of their armorial bearing, bdng 
MoUetSy accounted by heralds the most aacient, 
and that the ancient and once numerous surname 
of Sutherland is reputed a brandi of the same^ the 
present surname of Murray may without the least 
inoonsistracy be not only presumed, but even ad^ 
mitted to be originally descended; especially see* 
ing, in the reign of king Donald V* anno 900, 
there is mention of a controversy, maintained with 
much slaughter, betwixt the Murrays and Rosses, 
both being considerable surnames at that time, 
which is mcnre than two centuries before the time 
asagned for the commencement of surnames. And 
that which in a great measure confirms my allega* 
tion in relation to the Murrays, is, that among the 
first of our surnames that of Murray is found up- 
on record by private evideuts, and is thereby 
known to have been a potent and numerous name. 
For further instances we have the Grahams in 
king Fergus II.'s time, anno 404. Of which, with 
the Dunbars, there is again mention made in the 
reign of king Indulfus. Now, as was before ob- 
served of the surname of Murray, the surname of 
Graham within so small a tract of time after thia 
reign being found upon record by private evidents, 
leaves no room to doubt of its being the genuine 
offspring of those already mentioned. In the 
same manner also the Dunbars, of which the po- 
tent name of Hume is a branch, may be asserted 
to be the progeny of that considerable person of 
that name mentioned in the foresaid reign, not- 
withstanding of some late writers asserting <me 


Gospatrick, a Saxon^ who left Northumberland, 
and settled in the Mers about the reiga of king 
Malcolm IV. to be ancestor of the Dunbars. But 
the contrary plainly appears by the concurrent tes* 
timony of divers of our historians, who maintain 
that, suiiiame^s descent from one properly called 
Barr, one of king Kennedy the Greats captains, 
who in the wars agiunst the Picts, and upon the 
subversion of that people, obtained an estate in 
the Mers, h&ng a part of the Picts^ dominion, and 
upon the acquisition of those lands named the 
same Dunbar, which in the ancient language im- 
ports the fort or habitation of Ban*, whence his 
progeny assumed the surname of Dunbar. Nor 
does it infer any inconsistency, that the principal 
person of that name had besides his estate in the 
Mers, the estate of Bengelly in Northumberland, 
of which he retained possession till the Scots were 
dispossessed of that whole province, by the unjust 
avarice of king iienry II. of England. 

The third and most clearly documented instance 
of any hitherto advanced, is that of the illustrious 
surname of Douglas, in king Solvathius^ time, in 
the year 770. Of which surname. Sir William 
Douglas went lieutenant to prince William, king 
Achaius' brother, in the army sent by that king 
to the service of Charles the Great, first emperor 
of the west, and king of France, upon the conclu- 
don of the league betwixt France and Scotland ; 
after which, the said Sir William, having settled 
in Tuscany, was ancestor of the family of the 
Douglasni there, and in the low countries, who 
have always retained the ancient surname and 


beniiii^oftfae family of Douglas hi Scodaiid, and 
also a close corresrpondenoe tdberewitli^ as may be 
aeai by the exqutmte hutory of tbat Buraame here, 
fB also l^ the history written by ITmbeito de Lo^- 
fato c^ tho6e odiers abroad, whiefa could not htctt 
hetn very procticabiie to be so exactly done^had 
aot die samame of Douglag been iso deamninalftd 
in the re%n in irfiieh that tea^e gentlettian) a 
branch tho'eof^ Icfft this kingdom* The piogem- 
ter of the vumanM of Do«^ia is repotted by some 
aHfiquarieB to have been a son of MaeDvff, thane 
of Fife, who, upon his so mwch signaUcing bin*- 
self in the battle against Donald Bain, obtained 
his sunittaie, not from hisblajek^gtwy annouralonc^ 
as is oommonly lasserted, but from his samame of 
MacDufi; or thxf, tei^ned hi Irish Du, or Day» 
&om irbeBce) and his gray anHoar^ he iras «p6b 
that occasion turned Maeduiglas, and tbereafts: 
more briefly and properly Douglas. 

However this be, there am not other instanosfi 
wanting to oonfim what has been advanced on the 
present eubject ; such as the ancestor of the sui^ 
iMune of Hay, who with his two sons by their va* 
lour gttned that i^;nal ^tmry for the Scots against 
the Danes at the battle of Luncarty, in die reign 
of king Kenneth III. He by our h»toriam is ex- 
pressly asserted to be sunuuncd Hay at that oeoa- 

The anoeatar of the surname of Keith is also 
memoraMe in our history for killmg of Camus the 
Danidi general in the rcogn of king Malcolm II. 
We have also an account of Dunean MaeDuff, 
who was thane <tf Fife, in the rnga of MacBeadi, 


and k recorded to haoKe l^eem- a penscHR. of greal 
power and authority, and chief of a nttmerQUS and 
potent sumttsie, ae the many connderdllle branches 
descended of that fitmily near those tasaies clearly 
evince, sueh as the Weymesses,. Macintoshes, and 
Sbaws, with £vers others. The first oi these do- 
rive tlieir sumane from caves, with which the sea^ 
coasts of those lands first accjuired by the progeni- 
tor of that name abounds ; cares being termed in 
Irish, Uaimb, whidi can be no other way rendered 
in Engli^ than Weymess. The surname of Hiune 
has also the same etymcdogy, all the diflbrence be-* 
ing thi^ the JET, or note of aquration, is more plain-f 
ly pronounced in the last of these surnames. 

These above adduced being not only of a date 
much more anoioAt than the period by some wri^ 
ters assigned fiw the commenoement of surnames 
iu gen«^, but also in these times in which the 
said are found upon record both potent and qu-> 
merouB, which cannot be in reason thought to have 
been ctfccled in an instant, or even a small traisl 
of time ; it seems theiefore much more reasonable 
to presume, that they^ with some others long ago 
extinct, or not expressly reccnrded^ and others here- 
after to be mentioned, w^^e the genuine progeny 
of the Phylarchss, and othera anciently planted $(X 
aevoral junctures in this kingdom, than to conclude 
them and all our other surnames in a manner up* 
starts, in regard each of them cannot (as I suppoae 
few others can) produce such distinct evidentscon? 
ceming their several origins, as may satisfy, such 
as reject all that suits not their particular humours, 
however incoqsistent with reason, or the nature of 


the matter canvassed, the same may sometimes 
fall out to be. 

Next falls to be considered that assertion of lo- 
cal surnames derived from the lands of the as- 
sumersy to have commenced in the reign of king 
Malcolm III. and to be the most ancient surnames, 
and that there was no other surname, or method 
of distinguishing persons, in use before that time, 
but what was assumed either from bodily proper- 
ties, applicable to particular persons, as Roy, or 
Baan, from the red or flaxen colour of a person^s 
hair; Balloch> from spots on the face; Bacab, 
from a halt in one^s leg : or from some quality of 
mind, as Coich, mad or passionate, and such like. 
It id also asserted, that these names then used were 
sometimes derived from a petson^s father^s chris- 
tian name, as James son of John, with others of 
that kind, none of which were of longer duration 
than the person^s own time so denominated. And 
so there was room left for new surnames each 
generation. All which, if true, would argue us 
to have been a more confused and rude set of peo- 
ple, than our very enemies could have wished, or 
ever gave us out to be. 

As to local surnames, it is to be observed, that 
the greater part of them are derived from proper 
significant terms in the English language, termin- 
ating mostly in toum^ or some other term in that 
language ; which language cannot be documented 
to have commenced in the reign of king Malcolm 
III. even in England, much less to have been 
either spoken, or understood in Scotland, over all 
jehich Irish was the native language used by the 


infaabitants then, and for some ages thereafter, it 
being severely enacted, that none should either 
use or learn the Saxon, or Teutonic, which was 
that used in England, lest by that means there 
should be any correspondence with the Saxons 
when enemies. Yea, so far was the mixture of 
Teutonic, and old Cimbric, or Danish, from being 
either perfect or pleasant, that William, the Nor- 
man Conqueror, upon his conquest of England, 
endeavoured all he could, as did also some of his 
successors, to suppress or abolish that language 
entirely, and bring the French in place thereof, 
which in a great measure was effected. So that 
it was at a long distance after his time ere that 
compound of the Bsid three languages, and the 
Latin, termed now English, \>as introduced, and 
longer time ere the same was brought to any mea- 
sure of perfection ; so that it is somewhat ridicu- 
lous to assert, that surnames, which in the least 
can lay any just clmm to antiquity, could be de- 
rived from any significant terms in a language 
scarcely known, and far less used in this kingdom 
before the reigns of king Alexander II. and III., 
who, by their successive marriages with the daugh- 
ters of the kings of England, their frequent com- 
merce and correspondence with that kingdom, and 
the resort of divers English to, and settlement in 
this, made that language, though even in those 
times very unpolite, to be in some measure used 

Nor will it be found upon record, that these lo- 
cal surnames are generally of a more ancient 
standing than the reign of the first of these two 


kings ; and even then the assumers of these local 
surnames had other surnames, not only at the 
time, but also a good many for divers ages before 
the assumption of the local ones ; as Houston^s 
ancestor had that of Padvinan before that of Hous- 
ton ; Buchanan that of MacAuselan before that 
of Buchanan ; and so a great many others. How- 
ever, in the reigns of king Alexander III» and 
king Robert I. the English language having b^ 
come pretty much in use, it is probable those Idngs^ 
as did some of their successors, encouraged the 
assumers of new surnames from. their Ii^ds, in 
order to carry off some dependants and cadeta 
f^m the too numerous and potent clans, by that 
means diminishing their numbers, and weakening 
their union, so formidable often to the kings them* 
selves, who rationally concluded, that few were so 
free of ambition, and careless of their Qwn interest, 
as not to chuse to be a kind of chief of his sept, or 
at least expected some one of his progeny in a 
little time would be so, and to be in the king^a 
favour and protection, rather than be subject to 
the imperious commands of their chieftains, which 
often tended to the ruin of themselves and their 
dependants. Moreover, many of English extract, 
who upon divers accounts settled in this kingdom^ 
in the time of the wars betwixt the death of king 
Alexander III. and the be^ning of the reign of 
king David II. judged it their interest to change 
their former, and asS^ume new surnames from their 
lands, or some other occasion ; by that means, in 
some , small process of time, to bring in oblivion 
^heir extract and nation, both so justly odious at 

OV AKtimrr SOOTttSR smiKAMKS* 15 

that time to the people they resided among. So 
that as the most probable time of the commence^ 
m^t of these surnames is hereby pointed out, so 
also the extract of them, upon a due disquisition^ 
will be found to be English. 

For further iUustration of this suligect, it is un* 
animously agreed to by our historians, that upon the 
subversion of the Picts, being more than two hun<« 
dred years before the reign of king Malcolm III. 
a great part of the land possessed by the said peo- 
|de, obtained new denominations, from the proper 
names of those brave captains to whom king Ken- 
neth assigned the lands in recomp€»pce of thdr ser*- 
vice in conquering the ancient possessors thereof; 
as, for instance, that peninsula formerly called Ross, 
was then called Fife, from the proper name of a 
nobleman called Fife, whose surname was Macduff, 
and whose progeny continued thanes of that coun* 
try for divers ages thereafter* As was at the 
same time the country called anciently Horestia, 
termed afterwards Mems and Angus, from the 
proper names of two brethren betwixt whom that 
country was divided. 

Nor seems the other supposition concerning 
epithetical surnames to be much better founded, 
as derived from some properties of person^s bodies, 
or qualities of their mind. These epithetical de-* 
signations must be owned to have been in use in 
some preceding ages, and even in the present, in 
all places where the Irish language is used, or pre- 
vails; though at the same time there is not the 
least reason of allowing these epithets to have been 
ever used in place of surnames, or that persons so 


designed had no other surnames save them} which 
indeed are mostly to be met with in private evi- 
dents, the clerks of which being mostly churchmjen» 
were so stupid, and supinely, n^ligent, and so 
very careless of the instruction or advantage of fu- 
ture ages, as for the most part to neglect aU other 
des^ations of persons, except those epithetical 
ones so much used then, and by which persons 
were well enough known, though of no longer du- 
ration than their own time ; which seems neither 
to have been regarded nor considered by those un- 
thinking derks, more than their frequent omission 
of inserting dates in charters^ and other evid^nts 
written by them. So that if it be argued, that 
surnames did not commence, or tliat persons had 
none, because not designed by them in most of 
those reputed unerring private evidents, it may as 
well be argued, from the omission of inserting, 
dates in those evidents, that no certain orstated 
epocha of time commenced, or was known, at the. 
time of writing those evidents in which the same 
is omitted. As these private records, or evidents^ 
so much at present reUed on, are most frequently 
defective in respect of the particulars above-men- 
tioned, and some others, so neither are our pub- 
lic histories wholly free of such imperfections in. 
relation to full designations of persons; as, for in- 
stance, that Donald Baan, in king Solvathius". 
time, by most of our historians is no otherwise de- 
signed, and therefore by our modern writers judged 
to have had no other surname than the epithet of 
Baan assigned, upon account of his flaxen hair ; 
yet archdean Ballenden, translator of Boetius^ 

OF jLKcnBirr Scottish sitbhawks* 17 

history, fully and tirnly dengns faitn Donald Baasi 
MacDonald, governor of Jura* He seems to hate 
been tutor to the great MacDonald, while minor, 
or his deputy in some parts of his vast territories. 
Also another Donald is no other way designed 
by our historians, than Donald Ballodi, or spotted 
Doaald, who lived in the reign of king James I* 
and was brother to Alexander, lord of the Isles, 
who, with his clan, are very well known to be 
MacDonalds for a great many ages before that 
time. Malcolm Beg, who succeeded to Gilbert, 
laird of Buchanan, in the ofBce of senescall or 
chamberlain to the earl of licnnox, in the latter 
part of the reign of king Alexander III. and be- 
ginning of king Bdbert I. is always designed, in 
all charters in which he is inserted, granted by 
that earl, Malcolm Beg, or little ; yet he is found, 
by very authentic documents in the hands of the 
earl of Perth, and m the public records, to have 
been mmamed Drummond, and one of the eari^s 
ancestors. The same Malcolm^s father, in a char^ 
ler by the earl of Lennox, in the reign of king 
Alexander II. is designed Gilchrist Drummond. 

I have observed charters of no earlier dates 
than the reigns of king James V. and queen Mary, 
with others in the two preceeding reigns, to be 
the most carelessly and rudely written, most con- 
fused and unexact in designations of persons in<* 
serted therein, and in divers other circumstances, 
of any of the kind to be met with in any preceding 
age; some being therein designed from epithets 
applicable to their fathers^ as John son of black 
William, Thomas son of long or tall Donald, and 


such like. Yea, in this present age there are two 
gentlemen of Sir Donald MacDonald^s fisunily, 
and Eepach'sy termed Donald Gorm, or blue 
Donald, whose progeny, if existing an age or two 
after this present, would, with a deal of reason^ 
judge it most ridiculous in any to assert, that their 
ancestors were not of the surname of MacDonald^ 
because more frequently demgned, at least termed^ 
by the qpithet Grorm. So that it seems consistent 
with reason, that the asserters of epithets in place 
of surnames refuse the exbtence of any other sur- 
names in these three last ages, in which those epi- 
thets are most frequent in evidents, or otherways 
allow persons to have had other surnames together 
with them in more ancient times. 

THAT people known by the denomination of 
Soots, of which our Scottish nation is at present 
composed, may, in respect of the ori^n of the same, 
be divided into four di£ferent distinct classes, or 
divisions. The first of these classes consbts of 
these surnames whose origin is purely Scottish, 
being the genuine progeny of the ancient .Scots, 
which from Ireland, at different junctures and oo« 
casions, arrived and settled in Scotland. The se- 
cond cl^ss is composed of such as came from south 
Britain, or England, at the time of the four grand 
conquests of that kingdom, and upon some other 
accounts, and settled here. The third class, or 
division, consists of such French, as upon ac- 
count of the mutual amity and correspondenGe 


oommenced by the league betwixt Scotland and 
France, in Charles tbe Great and king Achaius^ 
reigns, and continued for a great many ages there* 
after, upon which, and divers other accounts, a 
great number of French settled in this nation, of 
whom are descended a great number of very con- 
aderable families. The fourth and last divirion, 
bdtng the least of the four, consists mostly of such 
[Danes and Norvegians as were naturalized by our 
Scottish kings, and obtained possessions in this 
kingdom upon divers occasions, being upon the 
accounts permitted to continue in this kingdom, 
after their countrymen were obliged by king Alex* 
ander III. to yield or quit their possession of the 
northern isles of Scotland, of which they had got 
a grant from Donald Baan the usurper, for their 
assistance in supporting him in his usurpation, and 
by virtue of that grant, retiuned possession for two 
hundred years, till obliged to abandon those isles 
by king Alexander, about the year 1880. How* 
ever, divers of Danish extract, having, by alliance, 
and other means, before the said time, obtained 
considerable estates, were alfewed to continue by 
the benevolence of king Alexander, and the suc^ 
cessive kings of Scotland. So that these, with 
some few others in ccmjunction with them, of dif- 
ferent extracts from the three classes above-men-^ 
tioned, make up the fourth class, or division, of 
Scottish surnames. 

The first example by which I shall illustrate 
the class first mentioned, shall be the surname of 
Stxwabt, bdng not only of an extract or descent 
purely Scottish, but also the only Scottish sur- 


name whose ancestor was an immediate nm, or 
lineal descendant, of the race of our ancient Sooi» 
tish kings* The time and maimer of whose de« 
scent, though treated of by divers of mudi greater 
abilities than I can pretend to, nevertheless agpreea-» 
ble to the account given by our Seneriooea, or 
Shanadiies, but espedally according to that deliver'* 
' ed by a certain genealogical account of that illafr- 
trious family, composed in the rieign and dedicated 
to king Charles II. by an unknown author, (which 
little pamphlet is as well vouched, if not better, 
than any thing ever I could discover upon that 
subject,) I shall deliver the origin of that family 
in the manner following. 

Kenneth the Great, king of tive Scots, subverter 
of the Picts, had three sons, Constantine his suc^ 
cessor, Ethus, and Gareth. This lasTt had one son, 
Dorus, whom Mr. Aberctomby makes son to 
Ethus the swift^ being by that account grandGhihl 
to king Kenneth, as well as by the other, the dif- 
ference bdng concerning hb father. Gareth, fa* 
ther to Dorus, was first thane of Lochaber. Doire 
or Dorus had two sons ; Kenneth, by some errone- 
ously termed Murdac, and Ferqubard, father to 
Donald, who murdered king Duff, fer which he 
and his progeny were exterminated. Kenneth 
had two sons ; Murdac his successor, and Gareth 
thane of Athol. Murdac was married to Dundi- 
na, daughter to king Kenneth III. by wbom be 
had two soas ; Bancho his successor, and Alexan- 
der : also four daughters ; the first married to one 
of the ancestors of the Douglas', another to Donald, 
thane of Suthedand, the third to Angus, ancestcw 


of die CameroDs, and the fourth to Malcolm Mac« 
Bory, lord of Bute. 

Bancho, with three of his sons^ and his brother- 
in-law, Hugh Douglas, was murdered by order of 
the tyrant MacBeath, his fourth son, Fleance, 
having escaped, and fled to Wales. Bancho's two 
daughters were married to MacDuff, thane of Fife, 
and Frederick, ancestor of the Urquharts. Fleance, 
by Maria Mnesta, daughter to Griffith ap Lewellin, 
prince of Wales, had Walter, first of the surname 
of Stewart, being married to Christian^ daughter to 
Allan, lord of Bretaign, in France, by whom he 
had Allan his successor, who Imd two sons ; Wal- 
ter his successor, foundc^r of the abbey of Paisley, 
tmno 1160, and Simon, ancestor of the Boydst 
Walter^s successor was Allan the second, whose 
successor was Walter the third, high justiciary of 
Scotland. He had two sons ; Alexander his suc- 
cessor^ and Robert, lord Torbolton^ who, by m^- 
riage of the heiress of Sir Robert Croc, obtained 
with her the estates of Croukstoun and Darnly, and 
was ancestor of the family of Darnly, afterward of 
Lennox ; notwithstanding that, Mr. Abercromby 
makes. Allan, son of John, commonly termed of 
Bute, ancestor of that family. Alexander had two 
sons ; James his successor, and Walter, who, by 
marriage of the heiress of Cummine, earl of Mon- 
teith, got that earldom, and thereupon changed 
his surname to Monteith. He had two sons ; Mur- 
do his successor, and Sir John Monteith of Husky, 
ancestor of the surname of Monteith, and who be- 
trayed Sir William Wallace. Murdo, earl of 
Monteith, had one son, Allan, who, by marriage 


of the heiress of MacDuff> edri of Fife^ obtained 
that earldom, who, having one daughter^ conveyed 
those estates, hy marriage^ to Boblfrt Stewart, 
second' son to king Robert II* and first of the Stew** 
art& xBoth estates, through forfaulter of duke Mur- 
do, his son, fell to the crown. Alexander'^s third 
son, by Jean MacRory, heiress of Bute, was John, 
killed at the battle of Falkirk, anno 1898. 

James, High Stewart, had one son; Walter, 
married to Marjory Bruce, daughter to king Ro^ 
bert I. by whom he had one son, Robertj named 
Bleareye : his mother, when big with child of bim* 
being killed, by a fall from her horse, at that place 
of Renfi-ew-moor called Queen Bleareye's Cross, 
the child, by a doctor there present, wad cut out 
of her belly, and ^e instrument with which the 
operation was performed having touched his eye^ 
the same continued to be always tender thereafter, 
which gave him the epithet of Bleareye^ Upon 
the death of his uncle, king David II. without 
male issue, he obtained the crown of Scotland, by 
designation of king Robert II. of whose successors 
I refer to our public histories. 

The second principal branch of that great familyi 
was the family of Lennox, lineally descended from 
Robert, lord Torboltcm, already mentioned, his 
son, being Allan, first lord Darnly, who had ti»o 
sons ; John his successor, and Allan, who acquired 
the lands of Faslane, and others, in the Lennox. 
Allan, of Faslane^s son Walter, by marrii^of 
Marg^t, heiress of Donald Lennox, earl of Len* 
nox, obtained that earldom ; whose son, Duncan^ 
earl of Lennox, had only two daughters ; Isabel, 


the eldest, married to Murdo, duke of Albany^ 
who, with his father-in-law, the earl of Lennox* 
and his own two sons, Walter, and Alexander, 
w€w, by order of king James I. executed, anno 
1424, and their estates forfaulted. 

John, second lord Damly, had two- sons ; Allan 
his successor, and Robert, first lord of Aubigny, 
in France. Allan, lord Darnly, married LiUas, 
second daughter to the last mentioned Duncan, 
earl of Lennox, and, by her, by gift of her father's 
forfaulter, got the earldom of Lennox, whose issue 
enjoyed the same till the reign of king James VL 
that the earldom was conferred upon Esme, lord 
Aubigny, whose grandchild died without issue, in 
the reign of king Charles IL The earldom hav- 
ing devolved upon an illegitimate son of that king, 
he sold the same lately, reserving only the title. 
Of this family are descended the earls of Traquair, 
and Galloway, with a great many others ; the earl 
of Moray being descended of a son of Murdo, 
duke of Albany, and the earl of Bute of a son of 
king Robert III* 

Of all other ancient surnames of Scottish de- 
scent, or origin, the heroic surname of Douglas 
justly merits to be mentioned next to that of Stew- 
art ; but having briefly touched that surname al- 
ready, and there being a particular history of the 
same, I shall insist no further thereon, than to de- 
clare, that I agree with the sentiments of those an- 
tiquaries who assert the progenitor of, and who 
first assumed the surname of Douglas, to have 
been a son of MacDuff, thane of Fife ; for which 


there are divers arguments used, not necessary to 
be in this place enumerated. 

From the same ancient surname of MacDuff, 
as already hinted, is descended the surname of 
Wymess, the ancestor thereof being Eugenius, 
son to Constantine, third earl of Fife, in the reign 
of king Alexander I. It is asserted, the Lesleys 
and Abernethies are of the same stem with Wymess; 
but I could not obtain any exact account of the 
time and manner of the descent of cither of these 
two last off that of MacDuff. 

The next instance is of the surname of Camp- 
sell, which is of an ancient Scottish origin, how- 
ever otherwise asserted by some of our historians. 
I shall briefly glance at the genealogy, and some 
other matters, relating to this surname, conform 
to two accounts of the same, in manuscript ; the 
one of these, composed by Mr. Alexander Colvil, 
from evidents, and other records, of the family of 
Argyll; the other account, by Neil MacEwen, 
who, and his ancestors, for divers ages, have been 
seheciones, or genealogists, of the said family. 
This last derives the ancient surname of Oduibhne, 
now Campbell, from Mervie Moir, or Mervin the 
Great, son to the famous Arthur, king of the Bri- 
tons, and of Elizabeth, daughter to the king of 
France, which behoved to have been Childebert, 
the fifth in descent from Pharamond, who was con- 
temporary with king Arthur. 

Mervin is reported to have been a wild untracta- 
^e man, and upon that account rejected by the 


Biittons, though neither this nor. any other cir- 
cumstance relating even to the existence of such a 
person is any way consistent with probability ; for 
though there be no great reason of so doing, yet 
there are a great many who doubt of the existence 
of king Arthur himself, in regard some of his 
countrymen, in their writings, have so much 
blended the account of his life and actions with so 
many ridiculous and monstrous fables, as have 
very much prejudged the credit due to his exis- 
tence and heroic atchievements. This brave king 
is recorded to have begun his reign in the year 
518, and in a reign of twenty-four years to have 
guned twelve victories, with the assistance of 
Goranus, king of the Scots, and Lothus, king of 
the Ficts, over the Saxons, till in the end he ex- 
pelled most part of them, and obliged such as 
stayed in his kingdom to be in subjection to him. 
But much prosperity having rendered him and 
' his subjects too insolent^ they endeavoured to de- 
fraud Mordred, king of the Picts, of the British 
crown, which, through defect of Arthur's issue, 
justly belonged to him, which was the occasion of 
a bloody battle betwixt them, in which both these 
kings lost their lives, and so shattered the state of 
the Brittons, that it could never be retrieved there* 
after, till in the end ruined by the Saxons. King 
Arthur -was not only very much esteemed by the 
Brittons, but also by most others, being accounted 
one of the world's nine worthies, of which three were 
Jews, Joshua, David, and Judas Macabeus ; three 
Christians, Arthur of the Brittons, Cbarlemaign 
of France, and Godfrey of BuUoign ; three Pa- 


t ♦ 

g;ns, Alexander the Great, Julius Cassar, and 
ector of Troy. But as for Mervin, this pre- 
tended son of king Arthur, there is ho probable 
ground for the existence of any such person, it be- 
ing plainly recorded, by all such histories as make 
mention of this king, that he never had any issue, 
nor was ever married to any but his queen Gwyva- 
xior, who survived bimself : nor would the British 
and French histories have wholly omitted a matter 
of that importance, were there the least ground 
for the same ; neither would the Brittons, however 
wild or foolish he might be, have past by that 
king's son, whom they so much valued, and confer 
their crown upon one Constantine, a nobleman, 
who had ho manner of pretence thereto ; much less 
would Modred, the Pictish king, being only king 
Arthur''s cousin-german, contend for a crown, 
which, by so plain a right, pertafueS to another. 
So that, although by this account the surname of 
Oduibbne is said to have got that denomination 
from the marriage of Ferithar Olla, the fourth in 
descent from Mervin, with ^a daughter of Diar- 
muid Oduibbne, a principal nobleman of Ireland, 
and to have not only obtained from this Diarmuid 
the denomination of Oduibbne, but also that of 
Siol Diarmuid, by which that surname is in Irish 
frequently designed j yet this supposition is wholly 
groundless, there being no instance of any ancient 
Scottish or Irish surnames obtaining their ancient 
or principal denomination by any such means. 
Some of the progenitors of this surname are by 
the said account reported to have been married to 
grandchildren of Con Centimachus, and Neil the 


Great, two of the most famous kings that ever 
reigned in Ireland ; so that^ if they were used 
to take denominations from such families as they 
married into, the same would much rather be as- 
sumed from names of one of those kings, than from 
that of any nobleman their sul^ect 

But pasdng this topic, I come to the account 
most consistent with probability, in relation to the 
orij^n of that surname. The ancestor of the 
same was Diarmuid Oduibhne, who, as one of the 
prindpal Phylarch», or captiuns, came from Ire- 
land with 9pme^ of the ^cots, who either in king 
Fergus^ time, or in that of one of the two colonies, 
whidi at different junctures came from that king- 
dom, and settled in Argyll and the isles adjiMsent. 
For though the generality of our historians, more 
especially genealogists, rather to please the taste 
of those of the modem times, than in any great 
measure to promote the truth, or at least proba^ 
bility, use their utmost efforts to assign some plau- 
sible manner, and stated pieriod, concerning the 
ori^n of ancient surnames ; yet all amounts to 
no more than probable conjecture, supported only 
by probable and solid tradition, of which that 
most insistent with sound reason, and probability, 
ought most to obtain : so that, in the accounts of 
the ori^n of this, or any other of our ancient 
Scottish surnames, there is as little absurdity In 
presuming the same to be the offspring of those 
who first settled here^ as, by a specious kind of 
story to assert them, descended at such a time» 
and JTrooi such a person, some eight or nine huii- 
dred, or a thousand years ago, there being as fei^ 


iprritten documents to confirm the last, as the first 
of these accounts.. Nor is it in reason to be suppo- 
sed, as I have hinted already, that the whole pro- 
geny of those Scots, who are recorded to have set- 
tled before^ at, and in some process of time after the 
coming of King Fergus I. here, to be so totally 
mouldered away, and extinct, as that few or none 
of these surnames now in being, and of an ancient 
Scottish extract, can be pretended to be their genu- 
ine . progeny, but that each surname must be put 
to the shift of framing a later origin for themselves^ 
which, when affected, is not a whit better founded9 
nor more satisfactory to people of understanding, 
than the former method ; to which, lest I appear 
too closely to adhere, I shall relate the account 
most agreed to, conform to the more modem me-> 
thod of genealogizing, in relation to the origin of 
the above-mentioned surname. 

Thus, in place of Mervie, or, as others call him» 
Smervie Moir, supposed son , of king Arthur, 
these other genealogists, with a greater show of pro- 
bability , mention Diarmuid Oduibh ne, a very famous 
Irish nobleman, and much celebrated for valour and 
other heroic atchievements by the Irish historians, 
who, having come to Scotland in the beginning of 
the reign of king Goranus, or Coranus, about the 
year 512, married a daughter of the said king, 
of whom he begot Ferithar Uor, or Ferithar the 
dun. From this Diarmuid, according to the 
above antiquaries, the surname obtained the two 
designations of Oduibhne, and Siol Diarmuid, 
who flourished in, or some little time after that of 
king Arthur, which gave rise to the story of hia 

OJt AllClMKt ftCOTttSH 81TEKAM98. 8j^ 

beiag son to that king, as also of divers of bis 
posterity being called Arthurs, whence no infer- 
ence can be deduced of their descent from king 
Arthur, that christian name being used among 
the Irish long before king Arthur^s time : as, for 
instance, Cormac MacArtur, son of Arthur, to- 
named Ulfada, or long beard, king of Ireland, a 
great many years before the time of Arthur, king 
of the 3ritton8 : as also a great many others, of 
account, in Ireland, in very ancient times. This 
Diarmuid seems either to have been of the same 
origin with the sept of Scottish Oduibhnes, and 
therefore to have been by them, at the juncture* • 
assumed for Phylarcha, or chieftain ; or, which is 
more probable, to be lineally descended from the 
first Diarmuid, and upon account of the grandeur 
by marriage, of the Scottish king^s daughter, and 
other achievements, to have been acicounted the 
progenitor of that surname, and from whom the 
same was first so denominated. 

Ferithar Uor was married to a great grand* 
child of Neill the Great, to^named Naoighealla, or 
nine hostages, whom he is recorded to have had in 
his custody, at one time, from several Spanish and 
!Qritish princes, with whom he had been at vari- 
ance, being thence termed keeper of nine hostages^ 
and one of the most famous of the Irish kings* 
Ferithar Uor''s successor was Duibhne, or Duina^ 
an ordinary christian name in those times. Duina^s 
successor was called Arthur, whose mother was 
Murdac, thane of Murray^s daughter. There is 
Qd account of the family this Arthur married into: 
however* his successor, called Ferithar 011a* or 


the physician, is reported to have been married to 
one Diarmuid Oduibhne^s daughter, which is a 
grand mistake, as already' observed. Ferithar 
01Ia'*s successor was Duibhne Faltdearge, or Duina 
red hair ; he is said to have been married to a 
grandchild of Neil the Great, which is no less an 
error than that above-mentioned> as appears from 
the vast distance of time betwixt these two. His 
successor was Ferithar Fionruadh, or whitish-red. 
His successor was Duina Dearg, or red, his son 
being Duibhne Doun, or Duina the brown, from 
the colour of his hair. His successor was Diar- 
muid MacDuine, or son of Duina. 

This Diarmuid MacDuina had two sons ; Ar- 
thur with the red armour, either from artificial 
colour, or frequent colouring thereof with blood. 
The second son was Duina white tooth. The 
eldest of these, called Art Armdheafg, or Arthur 
red armour, had three sons ; Sir Paul Oduine, or 
MacDuine, knight of Lochow, of which estate all 
his progenitors already mentioned were proprietors. 
This Sir Paul was termed Paul Ansporrain, or 
Paul with the purse, being treasurer to king Mal- 
colm III. as is commonly alledged. His two 
brethren were Arthur Dreinuch, of whom de- 
scended Macarture, of Inchdreiny, and others of 
that name, upon Lochow side. The other brother 
was called also Arthur, of whom descended the fa- 
mily of Darnly, in Lennox, lately extinct. Of 
the first of these two Arthurs descended also the 
family of Strachur, which, though recorded to be 
descended gf one of the knights of Lochow, some 
generations after the assumption of the surname 


of Campbell^ yet it is not so probable as the above 
descent^ in regard of the lojig continued preten- 
sion of the family of Strachur to more antiquity 
than that of Argyll, which could be founded 
upon no other ground than that above related. 

Diarmuid MacDuibhne^s second son, Duina 
white tooth, had one son, called Gillecollum, or 
Malcolm Oduibhne, who first married the lord 
of Carrick's daughter, by whom he had three sons. 
The eldest of these, Gilmorrie, was ancestor of 
the MacNeachts of Lochaber^ and other parts of 
Argyllshire. The second son was Corcarua^ an- 
cestor of the MacUilins, or rather MacAilins, in 
Ireland. The third son, Duncan Drumanach, in 
regard he resided beyond Drumalbin, was con- 
form to this genealogy, ancestor of the Drum- 
monds. But that surname refuse this, and as- 
sert their ancestor to have come to Scotland with 
queen Margaret, queen to king Malcolm III. and 
while the ship, in which the queen was, happened 
to be in very much danger by a storm, that thiB 
dexterity of that gentleman, in piloting the same^ 
was a great means of the preservation of the ship 
and passengers, whence he obtaided the surname 
of Drummond, importing the top of the waves, 
as is very much illustrated by the armorial bearing 
of that surname, being three barrs waved, or 

Malcolm Oduin, after his first lady's death, 
went to France, atid married the heiress of the 
Beauchamps, or, as in Latin, Campus Bellusy being 
niece to the duke of Normandy. By her he had 
two sons, Dionysias and Archibald, who, from the 

9f OMJmAUmr 4K|» TBSKK^r PTAty 

inheritance got with their mother^ chapged their 
surname from Oduin to Campbell. Dionysius, 
the eldest, continued in France, and was ancestor 
of a family, designed Campbell, in that kingdom^ 
of which family was count Tallard, a Mareschal 
of France, carried prisoner to England in the 
reign of queen Anne, and divers others of quality* 
The second brother came to Scotland, as some say, 
an officer in William duke of Normandy^s army, 
at his conquest of England, anno 1066. And 
laming to Argyllshire, married his cousin Eva 
Qduin, only daugKter to Sir Paul Oduibhne, or 
Paul Ansporrain. She being heiress of Lochow, 
and he having retained this surname of Campbelli 
as did his successors, the whole clan of Oduibhne, 
in a small tract of time, in compliance with their 
chief, assumed thiit surname, as did many others 
in Uiis king4om upon the like occasion* 

This Archibald^ who first assumed the surname 
. of Campbell, his successor was called Duncan, 
who, by marriage of one called Dorothy MacFia* 
cbir, heiress of the upper part of the barony q£ 
Loi^hQWy united these two estates* He was sue* 
ceeded by Colin the Bald, who married a niece of 
king Alexander I. : or, as others, with no less 
prob^ility, assert, of king Alexander II. This 
Colin was instituted master of the househqld to 
the king, and the king^s lieutenant in the shire of 
Argyll, and west isles* Colin's eldest son was 
Archibald. He had a second son, Hugh, ance&- 
tpr pf the old house of Loudon, in the shire of 
ivjr, they having got that estate by Crawford, 
h^ess the^reof, as did ^her ancestor acquire the 


same by marriage of the only daughter of Sir 
James Loudon, heiress of that estate. The race 
of the old Campbells of Loudon terminating also 
in an heiress, in the reign of king Charles I. 
Campbell of Lawers, descended of a son of Glenor- 
chy, by marriage of the said heiress, obtained that 
estate, being afterwards chancellor of Scotland, 
and grandfather to Hugh, the present earl. Colin 
the Bald had also two illegitimate sons; the 
eldest, Taus Corr, or Thomas the singular, he 
was ancestor of the MacTauses, or Thomsons, of 
Argyllshire, and some other parts. The name of 
the other illegitimate son was Iver, of whom the 
Maclvers of Glasrie, and other parts. 

Colin the Bald was succeeded by his son Archi- 
bald, who had two sons ; Duncan his successor, 
and Dugald, ancestor of the old family of Cnug« 
iiish* Archibald was succeeded by his son Dun- 
can, whose successor was Dugal. His successor 
was Archibald, who married the lord of Carrick's 
daughter, by whom he had Colin Moir, or the^ 
great, being so both in body and spirit He 
married a daughter of one Sir John Sinclair, by 
whom he had his successor Sir Neil. This Colia 
Moir was killed by his neighbour, John MacDou- 
gal, lord of Lorn, at a place called the Strein, 
being a ridge of mountains betwixt Lorn and 
Lochow. It is thought the family of Argyll de- 
rived the designation of MacCuillain Moir from 
this Colin ; but I am more apt to believe that de- 
signation was derived from Colin, first earl of Ar- 
gyll, and chancellor of Scotland in the reign of 
king James II. Sir Neill was married to lady 


Marjory Bruce, sister to king Robert, which was 
the occasion of the close adherence of Sir Neill, 
and his son, Sir Colin, to the interest of that 
prince, and performing many signal services to 
him and king David II. his son. Sir Neill had i| 
flpn, called Dugald, or rather Duncan, ancestor 
of MacDonachj, now Campbell, of Inverraw, and 
Other gentlemen of that name, the said Diincan^s 
mother being a daughter of Sir John Caoieron, 
]40cbiel's ancestor, mid second lady to Sir N[eil, 
He had another son ; Sir John of Moulin, after- 
ward earl of Atbole. The further account of this 
«umame is set forth at large in Mr. Crawford^^ 
Peerage, to which I refer the reader. 

There is also, of ancient Scottish descent, the 
mimame of Ooilvie, descended of Bredus, a bro- 
ther, or rather son, to the famous Gilchrist, earl 
of Angus, who flourished in the reign of king; 
William, of Scotland, and was married tp tha)i 
tfing^s sister. 

The surname of Ksnnedt is in like maQu^r of 
peat antiquity in this kingdom, beii^ originally 
descended of that once potent surname of the Majc^ 
Kennedys of Ireland, of which aumame was th^^t 
brave king, Brian Kennedy, to^^named Boraimh, 
QX Taxer, being contemporary with our king Mal- 
colm II. 

Thus having adduced a suffident number of 
instances for the illustr^on of surnames of an an- 
wn% Scottish descent, being the first class of Scot- 


tish surnames, I shall next proceed to give instan- 
ces of these whose descent is from England, being 
tbe second class of those surnames, now reputed 
Scottish ones. 

The £rst instance I shall adduce of the same, is 
the surname of Gbaham, which, according to 
Buchanan, and some others of our historians and 
antiquaries, is descended from one Fulgentius, a 
nobleman, lineally descended from the ancient 
kings of the Brittons, who, in the beginning of the 
third century of the christian epocha, with an army 
of his countrymen, attempting to free themselves 
and country from the Roman servitude, their just 
endeavours were nevertheless frustrated by the su- 
perior power of their adversaries, in which exigen- 
cy Fulgentius, and divers of his associates, were 
obliged to flee for refuge to Donald, first of that 
name, king of the Scots, then at war with the Ro- 
mans, who not only gave a very kind reception to 
these strangers, but bestowed estates upon Ful- 
gentius, and some other principal men of them» 
whose posterity remained always thereafter i^ Scot- 
land. The principal person of Fulgentius' pro- 
geny, having, afler the fatal battle of Dun, in 
which Eugenius, king of the Scots, with the greatest 
part of his nobility, and others of any account 
of the Scottish nation, were killed by Maximus 
the Jloman legate, in conjunction with the perfi- 
dious Picts, gone with divers other Scots into Den- 
mark, he continued there till the restoration of 
king Fergus II. anno 404, or, as Boece, 433. 

That person of Fulgentius^ race who went to 


Denmark, whose proper name was Graeme, mar- 
ried in Denmark, and his daughter was married to 
king Fergus II. though others relate that Grseme^s 
daughter was mother to king Fergus, being mar- 
ried to Erthus his father, which carries little pro- 
bability, in regard Graeme was not only a princi- 
pal assistant to king Fergus in his own lifetime, 
but was after his death elected governor, or regent 
of the kingdom, during the minority of his son 
Eugenius, and having in that time broke over the 
wall of Abercorn, greatly harrassed the dominions 
of the Brittons; so that, from that adventure, 
that wall is said to have obtained the denomina- 
tion, retained as yet, of Graham's dyke, which de- 
nomination others assert to be taken from the em- 
peror Severus, who repaired that wall, which was 
first begun by Julius Agricola in the reign of the 
emperor Domitian. The reason given for the last, 
is, that Severus being born in Africa, was of a very 
black and swarthy complexion, and that thence 
the dyke was termed Grim's dyke; grim, in Irish, 
signifying black, or swarthy, whence the Scottish 
word grim is derived. However this be, the first 
seems the most probable ; nor can these great at- 
chievements, in Eugenius' minority, be imputed 
to Graeme, by reason of his too great age, whereas, 
the translator of Boetius calls Fergus' mother 
Rocha, daughter to a nobleman of Denmark, called 
Roricius, or rather Rodericus. And that which 
very much evinces Graeme's origin, as above as- 
serted, is, that his grandchild Eugenius, upon as- 
sumption of the government, (as our historians 


relate}) gave, for pretence of the war commenced 
by him against the Brittons, the restitution of his 
grandfather Graham's lands. 

Our history gives no account of the posterity 
of this Graeme for some ages. The first to be 
met with of them is that Graham who, with Dun- 
bar and the forces of Lothian, appeared in the 
rear of the Danes, when in battle with king In-, 
dulph and his army, which was the occasion of 
the defeat of the first. The next was Constantine, 
married to Avila, daughter to Kenneth, one of 
the ancestors of the Stewarts, in the year 1030. 
And in the year 1125, William de Graham is 
witness to the foundation charter of Holyroodhouse, 
in the reign of king David I. The said William^s 
son, Sir David, got charters of Charletoun, and 
other lands in Forfarshire, in the reign of king 
William of Scotland ; as did his son, another Sir 
David, from Malduin, earl of Lennox, of the lands 
of Strablane, and from Patrick Dunbar, earl of 
Dunbar, or March, of the lands of Dundafi^ and 
Strathcarron» in the reign of king Alexander II. ; 
as did his successor, also David, the lands of Kin- 
cardine, from Malise Foreteth, earl of Strathem, 
in the reign of king Alexander III. Before all 
which lands, mentioned in the above charters, 
that surname seems to have been in possession of 
Abercorn, Eliestoun, and other lands in Lothian. 
And though one Muir is reported to have had 
Abercorn in the reign of king Alexander III. yet 
in all probability he has had but some part thereof, 
acquired frimi the Grahams, which; after having 


continued some little time with Muir, returned ta 
the Grahams again, and went from them with 
Margaret, heiress thereof, to James, brother to 
the earl of Douglas, in the reign of icing James I. 

There were two principal families of this name 
in the reign of king Alexander III. the one being 
of Abercom. Both these are mentioned among 
the Magnates Scotm^ in cognition of the debate 
betwixt Bruce, and Baliol anent the Scottbh king^ 
dom, as also inserted in that famous letter, written 
by king Robert I. to the pope, in the year 1320. 
These two thereafter were united, when Patrick 
Graham, of Eliestoun and Kilbride, second son to 
Sir Patrick Graham, of Kincardine, in the reign 
of king Robert III. married the only daughter 
and heiress of David, earl of Strathern, and by 
her obtained that earldom, whose son Malise was 
deprived of the same, by king James I* in regard 
that estate was entailed to heirs male ; but he gave 
Malise, in lieu of Strathern, the earldom of Mon- 
teith, anno 1428, whose posterity continued for 
nine generations earls thereof. William, the ninth 
earl, having no issue, disponed his estate to the 
marquis of Montrose, and died, anno 1694. 

The firdt cadet of this family was Sir John 
Graham, of Kilbride, Gartmore^s ancestor. And 
the last cadet, of any repute, was Walter, ancestor 
to Graham of Gartur. 

The next in antiquity, of surnames thus de- 
scended, and who were obliged to leave their na- 
tive country by the Romans, are by some antiqua- 


lies raported to be the Ssatovs, though there be 
little to be found in any of our private records 
oonoeming that surname till the reign of king 
David I. when Alexander de Seaton is mentioned, 
as also his son Philip, in a charter of those lands, 
which for the -uiost part that family enjoyed, till 
of late, in the reign of king William. The famous 
and' loyal Sir Christopher Seaton, who was mar- 
ried to Christian Bruce, sister to king Robert I. 
is very much celebrated in the account of the wars 
managed after the death of king Alexander IIL 
and no less so is that heroic action of his son. Sir 
Alexander, in keeping of the town of Berwick, 
though at the expence of the lives of his two sons, 
both executed by the orders of that rigorous prince, 
king Edward III. 

Those surnames which were obliged to aban- 
don England, through the tyranny and oppression 
of the Normans, upon the conquest of England, 
are so very numerous, that I can only mention 
some few instances of the same. 

As first, the Lxvingstoks, derived from Le^ 
vingus, a proper name frequent among the Saxons: 
as was also Alphingus, or, as it is ordinarily ex- 
pressed, Elphingus, ancestor of the Elphinstons. 
These, with a great many others, ancestors of 
divers of our prindpal surnames, came to Scot- 
land with Edgar Atheling, and his sister Margaret, 
queen to our king Malcolm III. some little time 
after the Norman Conquest, and were all courteous- 
ly received, and many of them endowed with 


estates^ by that magnificent prince. The aaoestor 
of the Levingstons having settled in West Lothian, 
denominated these lands, first acquired by him, 
Levingston, from his own proper name, which 
continued to be so for some descents. The first 
of that surname, found mentioned in any private 
record, is called Levingus, in the reign of king 
David I. This name was agrandized by two 
several means ; firsts by Sir William Levingston^s 
marriage with the heiress of Callander, and with 
her obtained that estate, in the reign of king Dar 
vid II.: secondly, by Sir Alexainder^ this Sir 
WilKam^s grandchild, being governor of Scotland^ 
in the minority of king James II. 

As the Levingstons gave denomination to their 
lands in West Lothian, so the ancestor of Elphing- 
stons, after the same manner, denominated the 
lands first acquired by him in Mid Lothian, which, 
by an heiress, in the reign of king James I. came 
to the Johnstouns, that part of the estate in Stir- 
lingshire, called formerly Airthbeg, (as Mr. Craw- 
ford asserts,) being retained by the heir male, and 
changed into that of Elphingston. 

The Hamiltons, Hepbuens, Geats, and a 
great many others, are of a more late descent 
from England than these already mentioned. All 
I shall observe, concerning them, is only in rela- 
tion to that of Hamilton, the descent of which, 
from England, seems to be of greater antiquity, 
by far, than what is generally asserted by oar 
historians ; and I am more apt to join sentiments 


with the author of the English Peerage, who 
affirms the ancestor of the Hamiltons to have come 
to this kingdom in the reign of king WilKam. 
And that which in a great measure confirms me 
in this opinion, is a charter, in the register of Dun* 
barton, pertaining to Hamilton of Bardowie, grant- 
ed by Duncan, earl of Lennox, to John Hamilton 
of Bathemock, now Bardowie, upon resignation of 
John Hamilton, his father, of those lands, in the 
year 1394, and the reign of king Robert III. So 
that the lord Hamilton's son, who married Gal* 
braith, heiress of Bathemock, being named, by all 
who write of that surname, David, and owned to 
be a later cadet than the ancestors of the Hamil- 
tons of Preston, Innerwick, Bathgate, and a great 
many others, evinces these writers either to be in 
an error in relation to the descent or those of 
Bardowie, or, which is more probable, in that of 
the surname in general, as to their ancestor'^s com- 
ing to Scotland in the reign of king Robert I. 
For ' though it be evident, that, by some several 
descents, Bardowie's ancestor is later than divers 
cadets of that family, yet, by the above charter, 
in 1394, being only eighty-eight years posterior 
to the coronation of king Robert I. the grandfa- 
ther of that John, in whose favour that charter 
was granted, must be allowed to have existed at, 
if not before, the coronation of the said king, and 
consequently before the time allotted for the first 
coming of the ancestor of the surname of Hamiltoi^ 
to this* kingdom. 

The next class of Scottish surnames is those 


whose descent is from the French, beingalfioa 
very considerable part of our Scottish surnames* 
The first instance of these is the surname of 
Fbaseb, so denominated from the three strawberry 
leaves, termed in French frazts^ which that sur- 
name use for armorial bemring. Some other sur- 
names, of a French extract, have also obtained 
denominations from the same cause, as the Sharps^ 
Purvesses, and others. The Frasers are said to 
be descended of Peter, count of Troile, who came 
to Scotland some little time after the league be- 
twixt Scotland and Franee. That surname is not 
only found upon record, but to I^ave been divided 
in divers great branches, or families, in the rdgns 
of king Malcolm IV. and king William ; one of 
which, in the r^gn of the latter, was chancellor of 
Scotland. That great man, and loyal patriot^ 
Sir Simon, so famous in the reign of king Robert 
I. was lord of Tweedale, and resided in Oliver 
castle, in that country. 

The Tweedies, now possessors of that castle^ 
and adjacent estate, are supposed to be descended 
of the ancient Frasers. Lovaf s ancestor was also 
called Simon, his mother being a sister of kipg 
Robert I. From this last Simon the Lords Lovat 
are always termed MacShimes, or, oontractedly, 
Maclmmey, the same with Simpson, whose family 
is by far the most numerous of any odier of that 

The SiNCLAiBs are also of a French descent, 
being earls of Orkney, afterwards of Caithness; 
William, or . rather Henry, earl of Orkney and 


Caithness, being chancellor in the reign of kiqg 
James IL and of the .greatest grandeur of any no- 
bleman of his age. Also the Montgomeries, as 
their arms and motto evince, are of a French, or^ 
as others assert, of a Norman origin ; as are also 
the Bruces, and the Bailliesj thought to be de- 
scended of the ancient Balliols, and the Browns^ 
with a great many others, too numerous to be 
here mentioned. 

The fourth and last, and indeed the least, class 
of Scottish Surnames, is those whose descent is 
from Denmark, and some other northern regions. 
Some antiquaries, more especially our heralds, 
presume the Bam8£ts,Cabn£gies, and Muneoes, 
to have come originally from Germany, by reason 
of their armorial bearings. The Geants assert 
themselves to be of a Danish descent, from Aquin 
de Grand, or Grant. Sir John de Grant is one 
of these mentioned in the debates which fell out 
after the death of king Alexander III. The 
Menzies^s also contend to be of a Danish extract ; 
as also some others, more especially of the dansy 
as shall be hereafter specified. 

Having thus briefly illustrated, by instances, 
the several classes of Scottish surnames, I shall 
proceed next to an account of the clans, or those 
whose surnames commence with jtfoc, of which 
such as are nobilitated, being so fully treated of 
in the Scottish Peerage, shall not therefore be 
touched in this place; nor the MacDowals of 
Galloway, Macllvains, MacGuffogs, MaeCuUos, 
and some others, who, though of an ancient Scottish 


extract, yet having no manner of correspondence 
or agreement in language, habit, or any other cir- 
cumstances with those most properly termed clans, 
shall not here be in»sted upon. I shall therefore 
confine myself wholly to the Highland clans, which 
are ordinarily conjoined in our old records and 
acts of parliament. 





HAVING already offered some few argumentt 
for eviDGiBg of dome of the daiusy «id other sur- 
nam^ of a Scottish extract, to be the genuine 
prc^eny of the ancient Scots, who at different 
junctures jdanted the western parts of Scotland^ 
I shaH not, in this place, farther insist upon that 
sulgect, but proceed to an account of the Mac- 
Donalds, who, for many ages, were of the greatest 
esteem, and deservedly had the precedency of 
other clans. For had not their fate been to be 
planted in the most remote corners of this king- 
dom, and by that means no object or occasion 
offered of exerting that valour and vigour so very 
natural to them, their actions had been recorded 
in as bright characters as those of the Douglasses, 
or any others of our hercnc surnames. 

The chieftain» or Phylarcha, of this tribe, or 
dan, and from whom the principal men thereof are 
descended, according to Mn Welsh, and some 


Other Irish, also some of our Scottish senecionesv 
or genealogists, about a century before our Sa- 
viour^s nativity, was Coll, to-named Vuais, who 
had two cousin-germans of the same name, they 
being, by three several sons, grandchildren to Con 
Cenchathach, or Constantine Centimachus, king 
of Ireland, so named from his fighting a hundred 
conflicts, in his time, against foreign invaders of 
his kingdom, and homebred rebels, as the Irish 
History asserts. From these three Colls some of 
the most ancient of the dans deduce their descent ; 
and as these are termed descendants of the Milesian 
fitem, so they are also designed Sliodbd nan CoI» 
luibh, or the posterity of the Colls ; in the like 
manner, as the Campbells are designed both 
Clanoduibhne and Siol Diarmuid, the children of 
I>uina,.and-pregeBy oi Dermid, two of the most 
famed of their ancestors. 

Coll Vuais^s son was called Gillebreid^ or, as 
our histories name him, Bredius. This Bredius, 
in the reign of king Ederus, about fifty-four years 
before our Saviour^s nativity, with an army of bis 
islanders, entered Morvem, and the other western 
continent, which having with great barbarity de- 
populated, he was in his return met by king Ede- 
rus, with an army, and entirely defeated. Bredius 
hardly escaping, by absconding himself in a cave, 
was thence termed Bredius, or Gillebreid of the 
cave« However, after the kings departure he ob- 
tained new forces, by which he obliged the inhabi- 
tants of these parts to become his tributaries, in 
which he was not disturbed by king Ederus, th^ 
under some aj^rehensions of an invasion by Julius 

HA0DPNAI.D8. 47 

CsesaTj who at that juncture had invaded the 
south parts of Britain. 

Bredius's son was called Sumerledus, from 
whom the chieftains of that clan were» for some 
ages, designed MacSoirles, or Sumerledsons ; as 
Richard Southwell, an English writer, in his ac- 
count of the petty kings, or Beguli, of some of 
the British isles, while under the dominion of the 
Norvepan kings, asserts, who says, that those 
Reguli possessed all the isles round Britain, at 
least Scotland, except those possessed by the 
son of Sumerledus, being most of our Ebudse, or 
Western Isles, then possessed by the MacDonalds. 

Sumerledus son was called Rannald ; Rannald's 
son was called Donald; which name continued for 
several successive gen^ations, and from which 
that clan obtained their denomination. The first 
of these Donalds of the isles, found upon record, 
was that Donald, who, about the year 248 of the 
christian epocha, in the reign of king Findoch, 
made a descent upon the continent of Argyll, but 
being defeated by the king, was killed with a great 
many more of his men : for revenge of whose 
death, his son, of the same name^ in the year 269, 
and first year of the reign of king Donald II. with 
an army, entered the continent, and being en* 
countered with an army hastily levied by the king, 
that prince was defeated by the islanders. The 
king dying of his wounds in a few days, Donakl 
of the isles usurped the government, and retained 
the same for twelve years, at the end of which he 
was killed by Cratlinth, king Findoch's son, who 
kq>t down lus successors, as did some of the sue- 


oeeding kings. They made no great disturbance 
for a considerable time, till, the year 763, one of 
these chiefs of the isles, called Donald, made an 
insurriection, but was defeated by king Eugenius. 
That insurrection, made by Donald Baan, is else- 
where mentioned. 

The chiefs, or principal persons of this surname, 
as the title of thane came to be used, were, 
among the first of our nobility, dignified therewith, 
by the title, first of thanes of the isles, and after- 
wards thanes of Argyll, upon account of that large 
tract of land, possessed by the chiefs of that sur- 
name, besides Kintyre and Enapdale, all along the 
western sea^coasts of Argyllshire. Of these were 
the two successive Sumerleds, mentioned in the 
reigns of king Malcolm IV. and king Alexander I. 
of Scotland. The last of these two Sumerleds' 
sucSoessor was Reginald, or Rannald, mentioned 
in the records of the abbey of Paisley, being 
founder of the abbey of Sanda ; Rannald's son was 
Donald, mentioned also in a mortification made by 
him to the abbey of Paisley. 

Donald had two sons, Angus, or MneaSf his 
successor, and Alexander, progenitor of the Mao- 
Alasters in Argyllshire. This Angus, upon ac- 
count of a mortification made by him, is men- 
tioned in the records of the abbey of Paisley. An- 
gus had also two sons, Alexander, his successor, 
and John, ancestor of the MacEans of Ardnar 
murchan, now almost extinct. To Alexander, 
mentioned in some old records of Argyll, succeeded 
Angus Moir, or the Great, who, with two thou- 
sand men, was with king Robert Bruce at the 

MArpOlTALDg. 49 

battle of Bannockburn. Angus^ successor was 
also called Angus, being married to a daughter of 
Okejan, lord Dunseverin in Ireland. His suc- 
cessor was John, who very much aggrandized his 
family by marrying of lady Margaret Stewart, 
daughter to king Robert II. as is evident by two 
charters, by that king, in his favour, by designa- 
tion of his beloved son-in-law, of the lands of Moy- 
dert and Croydert. This John had four sons, 
Donald his successor, John of Glins, ancestor to 
the earl of Antrim, in Ireland, Alexander, by 
some said to be ancestor of the MacDonalds of 
Eeppoch, but both, by what I can find, are errors ; 
and Allan, who was ancestor of the captain of 
Clanronald ; whereas, Keppoch's ancestor is re- 
ported to have been Rannald, son to Alexander 
of Argyll, and the Isles, id the reign of king Alex- 
ander III. 

Donald, lord of the Isles, married a daughter 
of Walter Lesley, who, in right of his wife, daugh- 
ter of William, last earl of Ross, was earl of that 
eHate. He had one son, who left only one daugh- 
ter, heiress to that earldom ; which daughter hav- 
ing become a nun, disponed her estate to John 
Stewart, earl of Buchan, second son to Robert, 
earl of Fife and Montieth, then Governor of Scot- 
land. The lord of the Isles, jud^ng himself pre- 
judged by the said right, applied to the governor 
for redress, but to no purpose ; whereupon, resolv- 
ing to assert his right by arms, he, for that effect, 
levied ten, or, as most assert, twelve thousand 
men, and marching through Murray, was encoun- 
tered, with an army of equal number, by Alexan- 


der Stewart, earl of Marr^ the bravest general of 
his age, at a village called Harlaw» in the year 
1411 ; betwixt whom was fought the most bloody 
conflict that for many ages had been observed to 
have been fought betwixt native Scottish men, till 
night parted them. Next morning, observing 
their mutual loss, they marched off with the 
small remains of their several armies. However, 
the lord of the Isles, in a little time thereafter, 
took possession of the earldom of Ross, and left 
the same to his successor, Alexander, designed 
earl of Ross, Kintyre, and Inohegal, or west Isles. 
He had also another son, Donald Balloch, or spot>- 
ted Donald, who, upon the accession of king James 
I* to the throne, and bis depriving his brother, 
Alexander, ^^f]{d of ^he Isles, of the earldom of 
Ross, and imprisoning him, levied an army of ten 
thousand men, and being engaged at Ennerlochy, 
by the Stewarts, earls of Marr and Caithness, their 
army was defeated by that of Balloch, with the 
death of the earl of Caithness, one of the generals : 
but upon the king^s approach with another army, 
Donald Balloch was deserted by a great many of 
his forces, and was obliged to flee to Ireland^ 
where, at king Jameses desire, he was executed. 

Alexander, earl of Ross and the Isles, was mar- 
ried to the earl of Huntley's daughter, of which 
marriage he had three sons, John, his successor, 
Hugh, first of Slate, ancestor of Sir Donald Mac- 
Donald, and, as most assert, Alexander, ancestor 
of Glengary. John, earl of Ross, married a 
daughter of James, lord Levingston, by whom he 
had issue, and being deprived, by forfaulture, of 


tbe earldom of Roos^ for some disloyal practices, 
in the minority of king James III. his other es» 
tate was conveyed, in favour of Donald^ grandson 
to this John, by Angus, his natural son. This 
Donald also dying widiout issue, king James V. 
took the estate into his own hand ; but this does 
not hold with the assertionof mostof the seneciones^ 
who record the affairs of this surname. They con^ 
trovert the above account, by asserting that this 
Donald j last lord of the Isles, died in the reign of 
king Jimies VI. and leaving no issue, the king took 
tbe estate into his own hands^ and afterwards dis^* 
poned it to a brother of die earl of Argyll, who dye- 
ing without issue, all those lands fell into the fiunily 
of Argyll, as they yet continue. That which con- 
firms ikis ofixkioii is, that the lord of the Isles is 
mentioned in Knox^s History, to have received 
pay ftom Henry VIII. king of England, in the 
time of the earl of Arran's re^sncy, which was 
after the death of king Jwat&s V. It is also 
asserted^ that the ancestor of MacDonald of Slat^ 
was son .to Angus, lord of the Isles, and hm^ 
ther to that John who' was married to a daugh* 
ter of king Robert IL and that the ancestor 
of MacDonald of Lergie came off the family of 
MacDonald much about the same time. But, 
seeing there are more who adhere to the first than 
the hist account, I shall leave the smne to be de- 
termined by those better seen in the concerns of 
that name; observing, pnly, that MacDonald of 
Slate hath always been reputed the chief family of 
that surname, since the extinction of the lords of 
the Islesy and^ as such, is always designed, by way 


eminencj, Macokel, or MacDokald, without 
any further distinction. 

This surname was formerly, and at present, 
divided into six different families, which retain 
the surname of MacDonald ; and other six families* 
which pass under other other denominations, yet 
own their descent to be off the family of Mai> 

The first of those families who retain the sur- 
name of MacDonald, is that of Slate, being not 
only the latest descended, but also possessed of 
the most plentiful estate, of any other of that sur- 
name, both in the isle of Sky and the western con- 
tinent of Morvean and Croydert. The present 
MacDonald of Slate is a boy, being son to James 
MacDonald of Orinsay, second brother to the late 
Sir Donald. The next principal man of that fa- 
mily is William MacDonald, present tutor of 
SlatC) and youngest brother to the said Sir Donald. 
The principal residence of that family is the castle 
of Duntuilm, situated in the north part of the isle 
of Sky. They have also another place of residence, 
adorned with stately edifices, pleasant gardens, 
and other regular polices, called Armbdel, upon 
the south coast of the same isle. 

The second family of that surname, of most re- 
pute, next to that of Slate, in respect of estate, and 
all other circumstances, is that of Clanronald ; the 
principal man of which is designed captain of Clan- 
ronald, and in the Irishjianguage Macmhicaillain, 
or the son of Allanson ; it seeming that his proper 
name, who was progenitor of this sept, and came 
first off the family of MacDonald^ was Allan. The 

MACt>01VA£B9. 58 

wfade tfnBe is ttso fanned Siolaii^m, or tbe prd- 
geikj of Allan; The person of best repute of this fa^ 
mily» next to tbe captain, is MacRonald of Beneula. 
This family, having an old quarrel with the surname 
of Fraser, determined the same by a formal conflict, 
in the time of the regency of queen Mary of Guises 
mother to queen Mary of Scotland,^t the village of 
Harlaw, famous for the battle, fought formerly 
thereat, by Stewart, earl of Mar, and Mac Donald, 
earl of Boss. There were ssud to be upwards of two 
thousand men on both sides, of which scarce a 
hundred are said to have survived that fatal con- 
flict. The- northern branch of the name of Fraser 
was in a manner cut ofl^; but Providence favoured 
them so far, that eighty of their principal men 
left thehr wives with child, all of whom were de- 
livered of sons, who all came to age. The prin- 
cipal residence of the captain of Clanrouald is 
Castletirim,.in the western continent of Moydert, 
where a good part of this gentleman's estate lies, 
the other part lying in North and South Uists, 
in the first of which isles the captain ordinarily 

The third family, of best repute, of that sur- 
name, is MacDonald of Glengary. The next 
principal man of this family, to Glengary, is Angus 
MacDonald, brother to the late Glengary, a gen- 
tleman of good account and circumstances. Glen- 
gary's interest lies mostly in that part of Lochaber, 
within the shire of Inverness. Glengary, in their 
native language, is designed MacMhicallester, or 
the son of Alexander. This gentleman's residence 
is the castle of Innergray, in Lochaber ; but that 


castle not being now in repair, he resides in an 
island, in a loch, called Locheawicb, in the said 

The fourth principal family of this surname 
is that of Kepoch, ordinarily designed MacHi- 
craneill, or the son of Ronaldson. His resi- 
dence is in Eepoch, in the lower part of Lochaber, 
which, together with Glenroy, the property where- 
of belongs to the laird of Macintosh, being a 
large tract of land, is possessed by the present 
Kepoch, and hath been so for divers ages by his 
ancestors, without any other acknowledgment to 
Macintosh, than such a gratuity as they thought 
fit to give. The late laird of Macintosh, in the 
year 1687, endeavouring to dispossess Kepoch of 
these lands by force, raised twelve hundred of his 
own men, and obtuned from the government the 
concurrence of a company of the regular forces, 
under command of captain MacEenzie of Suddey. 
Kepoch, with a few more than the half of that 
number, encountered with Macintosh and his 
party, and entirely defeated the same, with the 
death of captain MacKenzie, and a great many 
others, having taken Macintosh prisoner, and 
obliged him to renounce his pretensions to those 
lands, for which Kepoch was denounced rebel ; 
but the revolution coming on the subsequent year, 
he was not further prosecuted for that affair, and 
the present laird of Macintosh having given him 
a new grant of these lands, he continues in posses- 
sion of the same. Next to this family are Ronald, 
Alexander, and Angus, brethren to the present 
Coll MacDonald of Kepoch. 


The fifth principal family of this surname is 
that of Largy. This gentleman's residence is in 
the south part of the peninsula of Eintyre^ ivithin 
four miles of the Mule, or cape of Kintyre. The 
next man of account, to this family, is MacDon- 
ald of Sanda, residing in the said country. 

The sixth principal family of this name, is Mac- 
Donald of Glencoe, his residence being in Polli- 
wig, in Glencoe. The next principal man, of 
this family, is MacDonald of Attriatain, in the 
same country. 

The first of those families, of another denomina- 
tion, which derive their origin from that of Mac- 
Donald, is that of MacCallaster, the principal man 
of which is MacCallaster of Loup, whose principal 
residence is in Airdpatrick, upon the south side 
of the west Loch-Tarbit, in Enapdale, in the 
shire of Argyll. The next principal man, of this 
family, is MacCallaster of Tarbit, in the same 

The second principal family, of those of another 
denomination, is that of MacNab, his principal 
residence being at Einally, in Braidalbin, in the 
shire of Perth. This gentleman is recorded to be 
descended of a son of the first abbot of Inchchaf- 
fery, whose surname was MacDonald, in the be- 
ginning of the reign of king Alexander II. The 
lairds of MacNab had of old a very good interest 
in those parts, but lost the greatest part thereof 
upon account of their assisting of MacDougal, 
lord of Lorn, against king Robert Bruce, at^he 
conflict of Dalree. There are MacNabs of Incheun, 
and Acharn, with several other landed gentlemen^ 

56 Aceomrp 09 the 

besides the principal family in those p^rts. There 
is also a pretty numerous sept of the MacNabs, 
in the county of Dunegale, in Ireland, who term 
themselves MacNabanies, but own their dlescent 
from the Scottish MacNabsj or Abbotsons. 

The . third family, of this kind, is that of the 
Maclntyres, the principal person of these being 
Maclntyre of Glennoe, in Glenorchy, in the shire 
of Perth. 'The other heritors, of that name, are 
the Maclntyres of Corries, and Cruachan. 

The fourth family, of this kind, is that of Mac^ 
Aphie, whose ancestors, for many ages, were lairds 
of the isle of CoUinsay, which was violently wrested 
from that family, in the beginning of the reign of 
king Charies I. by Coll Eeitaeh MacDonald, who 
lost his life, and unjust purchase, in the time of 
the civil wars: but the interest was never restored 
to MacAphie. The greatest part of that name re- 
side in Lochaber, and Upper Lorn, 

The fifth of these families is that of MacEecfaoim, 
whose principal residence is at Killellan, within 
two miles of the cape of Kintyre. The sixth, and 
last, is that of the MacEechnies. The interest of 
the prindpal person of these was at Tangay, in 
the south part of Kintyre. 

Besides these mentioned, there are divers other 
small clans, who, though not descended from, yet 
of a long time have been dependants upon the 
MacDonalds ; as the MacKinnings of the isle of 
Sky, whose chief is the laird of MacEinney, a 
gentleman of a good estate in that isle, and m 
Mull, and depending on the family of Slate. The 
MacWalricks, also, who derive their origin from 


one Ulrick Kennedy^ a son of the family of DunureSi 
who, for slaughter, fled, divers ages ago, to Locha* 
ber ; his progeny, from the proper name of their 
ancestor, deriving their surname of MacWahricks ; 
the principal person of whom is MacWalrick of 
Liinachan, in Lochaber, who, with his sept, are de- 
pendants of the fiamily of Kepoch; as are the 
MacKenricks, being originally MacNauchtans, de- 
pendants on the family of Glencoe. The Mao- 
Gillmories, and others, are dependants on the fap 
mily of Glengary ; as are the MacUrevies on the 
family of Clanronald, with divers others, too nu- 
merous here to be mentioned. 

The MacDonalds, in their atchievementSy or 
armorial bearings, have four several kinds of bear- 
ings ; as first, Or, a lion, rampant, azure, armed, 
and langued gules. Second, a dexter hand cou- 
pee> holding a cross crosslet, fitcfaie sable. Third> 
Or, a ship, with her suls furled salterwise, sable. 
Fourth, a salmon naiant, proper, with a chief waved, 




THE simiame of MacDouoal* though now 
somewhals low, yet, in respect of th^andcat power, 
gFimdeur, and antiquity thereof, deserves in jus- 
tice to be motioned next to that of MacDonaU ; 
the chiefs, or principal men of that surname, being, 
for some considerable time, dignified with the title 
of lords of Lorn, a country of a very large extent, 
and of old valued a seven hundred merk land. 
These lords of Lorn, from the beginning of the 
reign of William the Lyon, till the reign of king 
Bobert I. were of the greatest power of any other 
of the Highland clans ; the family of MacDonald 
being very much depressed, in those times, by 
reason of the insurrections made against the go- 
vernment by the two successive Sumerleds, chiefs 
of that surname. It might be rationally presumed, 
that the MacDougals of Lorn are originally de- 
scended of the family of MacDougal of Galloway, 

ACCOUNT ar the macdougals. 69 

if not absolutely, at least among the most ancient 
families of Scodand; the armorial bearing of both 
these familiesi which is the most authentic docu- 
ment can be adduced in this case, differing very 
little in any material circumstance. Nevertheless, 
the MacDougals of Lorn, for any thing I can iSnd, 
refuse their descent to be from those of Galloway, 
making it from one of these Colls already men- 
tioned in the genealogy of the MacDonalds, at 
least from the Milesian mce of the ancient kings 
of Ireland, in common with some others of the 
most ancient Hi^land clans. 

The first to be met with, on record, of these 
lords of Lorn, is Duncan, who, in the latter part 
of the reign of king William, founded the priory 
of Ardchattan in Lorn, who had two sons, Alexan- 
der his successor, and Duncan. Alexander mar- 
ried a daughter of John Cummine, lord of Ba» 
dencx)h, chief of that potent and numerous sur- 
name. Of this marriage he had John Bacah, or 
halting, bis successor. This John, lord of Lorn, 
upon king Robert I.'s killing John Cummine, 
lord of Badenoch, Lom^s cousin, at Dumfries^ be- 
came, upon that account, an inveterate enemy to 
that king and his interest, and, as such, used his 
utmost efforts in molesting Sir Neil Campbell of 
Locbow, the king'^s brother-in-law, and other 
loyalists in those parts. For relief of whom the 
king, with a party of his friends, marched for Ar- 
gyllshire; but before he could join his friends 
there, the lord of Lorn, with an array vastly supe- 
rior to his, encountered him, and his small party, 
at Strathfillan, upon a plain, called as yet, from 


that event, Dalree, or king^s plain, and did so far 
overpower the king^s forces, that, after a sharp 
conflict, he entirely defeated the same. The king 
himself narrowly escaped being either killed or 
taken, one of Lorn*s soldiers having taken hold 
of his scarf, worn bend-ways over his shoulder, 
and though the king knocked the soldier dead 
with a steel mace, yet he did not let go his hold 
till the king was obliged to loose the buckle which 
fastened the scarf, and to leave the same in the 
soldier^s hands | which large silver buckle was of 
late extant in the hands of the laird of MacDougal, 
if not as yet, as a memorial or trophy of that vic- 
tory. The king was again assaulted by three 
robust fellows of Lorn^s men, called MacAnorsoirs, 
who encountering him in a strait pass, one of 
them seized his bridle, and another his leg, and 
and the third jumped on behind him ; nevertheless; 
such was the unparalleled valour and presence of 
mind of that heroic prince, that in the end he des- 
patched those three ruffians, and escaped, but was 
necessitated to quit his horse, coming on foot for 
two miles of very bad way, to the upper end of 
Lochlomond, and for twelve miles more through 
woods and precipices all along the north side of 
that loch, having lodged, the night the battle was 
fought, in a cave in Craigrostane, in the parish of 
Buchanan, called as yet the king'^s cave, and, as is 
reported by tradition, having come next day to 
Maurice, laird of Buchanan, he conducted him to 
Malcolm, earl of Lennox, by whom he was pre- 
served for some time, till he got to a place of 


This John, lord of Lorn, as soon as king Ro- 
bert had obtained possession of his kingdom, bad 
his estate forfaulted, and given to Stewart of In* 
nermeth and Dining, a descendant of the family 
of Damly, who (as many of our historians say,) 
fiiarried a daughter of the k>rd of Lorn ; which if he 
did, it was upon the same account that Leving- 
ston, of that ilk, married a daughter of Patrick, 
lord of Callandar, forfaulted at the same time, 
both being done for the better securing of their 
rights to those estates, agsunst the pretensions of 
the nearest of both those surnames to the same. 
This lordship continued with the Stewarts for 
four descents, till in the reign of king James III. 
the same was conveyed, by marriage of the three 
coheiresses of John, last lord Lorn, to the earl 
of Argyll, and the Campbells of Glenorchy and 

There are none now remaining of the male issue 
of Stewart, lord I^orn, at least in those parts, ex- 
cept Stewart of Appin, whose ancestor was Dou- 
gal, son to Stewart, second lord Lorn, of which 
estate he got that of Appin, retained as yet by his 
representative, who, with those of his family, al- 
ways associates with the other clans. Next to Ap- 
pin is Stewart of Ardsbeal, who, with a good num- 
ber of gentlemen, and others of that family, reside 
in those parts. 

The dependants on the surname of MacDougal, 
are the MacOleas, M acAbeirs, and others. The 
principal residence of John, present laird of Mac- 
Dougal, is the castle of Dunolicb, in Mid Lorn, 
being one of the ancient mansions of that family. 


Tb^ person of best aocountf next to llie laird of 
MacDougal, isMacDougalof Gallanacb, there be- 
ing divers otber gentlemen of that name residing 
in those parts. 

The armorial bearing of MacDougal of Lorn is, I 
quarterly^ first and fourth, in a field azure, a lion 
campant, argent, for MacDougai. Second and I 
third, Or, a lymphad sable, with flame of fire issu- | 
ing out of the. topmast, pit^r, for Lorn. | 





ISIS saraame of MacNeil teingene of the 
most andent of ear Sdbttish clans^ is originally 
desoeaded &om that once potent knd flourishing . 
surname of the Q^Neii^ of Icdmid. These O'Neils 
wete divided tnto two gitetltribes^.the one termed 
tbeBontem, aad th^ othef the fidUthem O'Nieilft 
Tii6 first of tbese^ for a gv^t ioaaity af^^ until. 
tfae.Btigiish conquest^ v^&ee ^vitaQiid kings of 
North Ulster. Aftfer the English ootaqUest, the 
tide of ki^g being abrogated throughout that 
kiagdoift, the suooeasors of the kings of Ukteif 
were designed earls of Tyrbney till, in the reigii 
of iq[H^ea Elizabeth, Shtea O'Neily eari Of Tyrone^ 
with others of his countljmen, made an insurreo^. 
tion ligwinst thAt quteti* But her better fortune 
prevailing, this family^ in a dtort time thereafter^ 
became extinct^ the lineal Representative of it be^- 
iog now John O^Neil, EsqUire^ of SbaaH castle, in 
the county of Antrim, a gentleman of the Pi^tesi* 
tttit religkm, and of one of the most considerable 


fortunes in that kingdom. He is manager to the 
earl of Antrim^s affairs, the earl himself being 
minor, who is a nobleman of the greatest estate 
of any of Scottish descent, in that kingdom, whose 
ancestor was John, second son to John, lord of 
the Isles, by the lady Margaret Stewart, daughter 
to king Robert; the second of that name, and first 
of the Steiivarts. This John^s lineal successor was 
Sorely Buey, or fair Sumerled MacDohald of 
Glins, who went to Ireland, as some say, in the 
reign of king Henry VII. of England, or, as others^ 
more probably, in the reign of queen Elizabeth^ 
where he so far idgnalized himself in the queen'^s 
service against Tyrone, and others in arms against , 
her, that, at the end of those wars, the queen, in 
recompense of his services, gave him that estate 
of which his representative is yet in possesion. 

Ketine, and other Irish historians, derive the 
ori^n of the O^Neils from Neil, son to Milesius, 
king of Gallicia, in Spain, who, with Hiber, Eri- 
mon» and Ir, his three brethren, came with the 
first Gathelians, or Scots, who, by conquest of 
Ecta, Eetur, and Tectius, kings of the Dedannins, 
the ancient inhabitants of that kingdom, obtained 
the sovereign possession of the same. The Mac- 
Neils of Scotland, a branch of those of Ireland, 
are reported to have come here with the first Scots, 
who, from Ireland, planted Argyllshire, and the 
Western Isles, being, for some ages bypast, di-' 
vided into two considerable families, these of Barra, 
and Taynish, who, of a long time, have contended 
for chiefship, or precedency; but the matter is 
generally determined in favour of MacNeil of 


BanrSf wbo, of all other Highland chiefs of clansy 
retains most of the magnificence and customs of 
the andent Fhylarchse. He is in possession of the 
isle of Barra, which is of a pretty large extent^ 
also of some small isles round it. Mr. Martin, 
composer of the Western Isles^ asserts, that Mac- 
Nril of Barra can produce evidents, for thirty-nx 
descents, of his family^s pbs^ssion of that isle, be* 
sides a great many old charters, most of which are 
not legible. However this be, he is accounted 
one of the most andent chieftains of the Highland 
clans. His principal residence is the castle of 
Keismul, situated in a small island of the same 
name, divided by a small canal from Barra, and 
of no more extent than what the castle, and a 
large quadrangular area, or doss, round it, occu« 
pieth. MacNeil of Taynish, the next prindpal 
person of this surname, resides in Knapdale, in 
Argyllshire, in which are also MacNeil of Galia^ 
chiol and Tarbart. There is also another gentl&> 
man of that name, Iiurd of the isle of CoUinsay, 
once the property of the MacAphies. There are a 
good many more gentlemen, of the surname, in 
the Western Isles, and the continents of Kintyre 
and Knapdale. 

The armorial .bearing of Barra is, quarterly, 
first, azure, or, as others, gules, a lion rampant, 
argent. Second, Or, a hand coupee, fess-ways,' 
gules, holding a cross croslet, fi tehee, in pale,' 
azure. Third, Or, a lymphad sable. Fourth, 
parted per foss, argent, and vert, to represent the 
sea, oat of which issucth a rock, gules. Supporters, 
two large fishes* 






THIS brave and heroic surname is originally 
descended from that of Fitzgirald, in Ireland, be^ 
ing once the most potent surname of any other9 
of English extract, in that kingdom. Speed, and 
other English historians, derive the genealogy of 
the Fitzgiralds from Seignior Giraldo, a principal 
officer under William the Conqueror, at his con- 
quest of England, anno 1066. This Giraldo got 
from the conqueror the lordship of Windsor, from 
which he was afterwards 'designed of Windsor, 
as were his posterity, from his proper name Fitz- 
giralds, or Giraldsons. Maurice Fitzgirald, grand- 
child to this first Girald, by orders of Strongbow, 
earl of Pembroke, with four hundred and ninety 
men, in the year 1169, went, in aid of Dermud 
MacMurcho, provincial king of Leinster, to Ire- 
land, being the first Englishman, who, in a hostile 
manner, invaded that kingdom, whatever Atwooc], 


and other obscure Eoglisb writers, assert to the 
contrary : the ground of Fitzg^rald'^s invasion be- 
ing briefly as follows : 

In the reign of Roderick Oooner, last principal 
king of Ireland, the said Dermud took away, by 
force, Orork, provindal king of Meath^s lady, or 
queen, which injury while Orork endeavoured to 
resent, he and his party were defeated by the 
Leinstrians ; in which exigence having recourse 
to the principal king, he was so effectually assisted 
by hitn, as obliged MacMurcho, after some defeats,' 
to abandon Ireland, and betake himself to the 
court of king Henry II. of England, to whom, re- 
lating his misfortune, he implored his aid for re- 
covering his principality, which, upon being done, 
he offered to resign in his favour. King Henry 
being a prince who measured the justice of most 
causes, if in any way beneficial to him, by the 
length of his sword, would willingly have complied 
with MacMurcho'^s request, had he not been en- 
gaged in a war with France. However, he issued 
out proclamations authorizing any of his subjects, 
that pleased to adventure in behalf of that justly 
distressed prince, promising to maintain them in 
possession of what they could acquire in that king- 
dom; upon which Richard Strongbow, earl of 
Pembroke, a nobleman, no less powerful than po- 
pular, in Wales, condescended to go to Ireland, 
with Dermud, upon condition that, upon recovery 
of Leinster, he should give him the same, and his 
only daughter in marriage, which being readily 
agreed to, Pembroke sent first over Maurice Fitz- 
^ald, as already mentioned, and went afterwards 


himself, with greater forces; and^having defeated 
die Irish ia a conflict, recovered Leinster, and 
married MacMurcho's daughter. King Henry 
hearing of bis subjects'* success, patched up a 
peace with France, and, in the year 1170, or, as 
others, 1171, went over into that kingdom, with 
an army of twenty thousand men, and, by the as* 
dstance of the treacherous Leinstrians, obtained a 
victory over Oconor, the principal king, who in a 
short time thereafter died* After his death the 
king of England settled his conquest of that king- 
dom, as the same has continued ever since, not« 
withstanding of the many efforts, at divers junc-^ 
tures, used by the native Irish ior shaking off 
that yoke. 

The family of Strongbow, in a little time, be- 
came extinct, to which, in grandeur, succeeded 
that of Fitzgirald, being divided into two power- 
ful Ifamilies, the earls* of Desmond and Kildare, 
concerning each of which two I shall relate a cer- 
tain remarkable passage, ere I proceed to my de» 
signed subject. The first is in relation to that of 
Desmond, of which family were seven brethren, in 
the beginning of the reign of queen Elizabeth, or 
rather queen Mary, of England, who, being ac« 
cased of some practices against the government, 
were, by the queen's orders, carried into England, 
and relying either on their innocence, or the inter* 
position of powerful friends, appeared very cheer- 
ful for some hours after they went on board, till 
at length enquiring at the captain the name of the 
ship, they were told it was named the Cow ; upoa 
hearing of which they all fell apweeping ; the rea- 


son of i^hich sudden change being demanded by 
the captain, he was told there was an old prophecy 
among the Irish, that seven brethren, the most 
noble of the kingdom, should be at once carried to 
England, in the belly of a cow, none of which 
should ever return, and now, though the thing ap- 
peared to be very ridiculous, they were afraid that' 
it would be accomplished ; as accordingly it was, 
none of them having ever returned, some of them 
Imnished, others executed, and their estate fore- 
faulted> so that, in a short time, that flourishing 
family was ruined. The other, relating to EiU 
dare, is, that in the reign of king Henry VII. of 
England, that earl was very ungovernable, against 
whom frequent complaints were made to the king» 
concluding with this, that all Ireland could not 
govern the earl of Eildare. Then, said the king, 
shall that earl govern all Ireland. Upon which 
he sent him a commission for being lieutenant of 
that kingdom, which unexpected favour had such 
effect upon him, that he continued afterwards a 
very dutiful and loyal subject to that king. 

There are divers other good families of this 
kingdom descended of those two honourable fami* 
lies, as the MacEenzies, of Colin Fitz^rald, son 
to the second earl of Desmond, who, for his ser- 
vice at the battle of Largs, against the Danes, 
anno 1264, obtained from king Alexander III. 
the lands of Kintail, from whose son, Kenneth^ 
the MacEenzies are denominated, by contraction 
instead of Eennethsons. The Adairs, and divers 
others, are also descended of the Fitzgiralds ; as 
are the MacLbans, so termed contractiedly, but 


mere properly MacGillealns, Fitzgirald, brolheri 
as some say, to Colin, ancestor of the MacKenziea» 
But others, with more probability, assert this Gil- 
lean to have been a son of theeari of Kildare, airid, 
either aft, or in a little tine after bis cousiti^s <^m« 
ing, to have come to Scotland, wbere^ felling 
into great favour with MacDonald^ lotd of. the 
Isles, he obtiuned from biia the lands . of Ai:^^ 
afterwards, in a small time, Ae whole isles of 
Mult, Tyree, Cdl, aiid others, being a vei'y large 
estate. While the family <t MacDonald continued 
in grandeur, MacLean was always his lieutenant 
in martial expeditions, as in the battle of Harbw, 
in which MacLean, and Irwin of Df unl> Upon 
aocouTit of some ancient quarrel betwixt tbrir &• 
milies, and having no knowledge of one anolher 
till they bad got it from thdr ahntirial bearings, 
or coats of arms, painted, as was usual iii those 
times, upon their shields^ engaged hand to hand, 
and died both upon the spot. 

MacLean, with bis naiiie and dependants, wi» 
at the battles of Flowdon and Pinky; as was 
Hector Maclean, and his re^ment, consisting of 
MX hundred men, at the conflict of Innerkeithing^ 
m the reign of king Charles II. in which he, and 
his regiment, after a valiant resistance, were killed 
by the English, few or none escaping. This sur* 
name has been known> for some ages bygone, in 
bravery and loyalty, to b^ inferior to no otherof 
diis kingdom. The laird of MaeLean^s estate 
was evicted for debt, by the present duk« of Ar» 
gylPs grandfather, and is now in the duke's hands. 
Hector, the present laird, is abroad. The princi* 


pal residence of the Maclean is the strong 
. castle of Dowfirti) situated upon the north shore of 
the Isle of Mull. There was another impregnable 
fort belonging to this femilyt at a little distance 
from MoU^ called Kerniburg. 

Tbe next to the laird of MacLean, is MaoLean 
of Brolois. The person of best estate now, of 
that name, is MacLean of Lochboy, who hath a 
good castle and estate in Mull. There is MacLean 
of Goll» being a considerable island at some leagues 
distant from Moil. There is also, upon the oppo- 
site continent to MuU^ a gentleman of good ao> 
count) designed MacLean of Ardgower. He is 
designed ordinarily MacMhicewin, or the son of 
Hugbson, his ancestor, a soA of the laird of Ma<y 
luean, being properly named Hugh. There «re 
also a great number of other gentlemen of that 
name in those parts. There is a gentleman^ 
termed MacGuire, of Uluva, being a pretty large 
isle to the south-west of Mull, of which this gen* 
tleman is proprietor, and was a dependant upon the 
family of MacLean while in a flourishing condi« 
lion, but since the decline of that family, continues 
peaceable in his own island, not much concerned 
with any affairs that occur in any other part of 
this kingdom. There is in Athole, and other nor- 
thern places, a sept termed the MacOlays, som6 
of which are in Stirlingshire, termed MacLay^ 
descended also of the family of MacLean. 

Divided by a small arm of the sea from the west 
point of Mull, is the isle Jona, or I-colm-kill, fa- 
mous for tbe ancient monastery and church situa- 
ted therein^ and no less so upon account of tbe 


burial-place of forty-eight of our Scottish kings, 
i^ith divers of the kings of Ireland and Ncnrway, 
as also of most of the piincipal families of our 
Highland clans. The ruins of these once stately 
edifices and monuments evince their beauty when 
in repair. There are two singular kinds of stones 
to be found there, of which are a great many 
tombs and crosses, and which composes the very 
mould round that church, and of which consists a 
great deal of the more ornamental parts of all these 
structures ; the one of them being of a crimson- 
red colour, the other white, the nature of which 
dannot be easily discovered. These stones, in out- 
ward appearance^ resemble marble, but are much 
harder, and not so brittley and are somewhat po- 
rous, and fully as light as any ivory or ebony. 
There is none of that kind of stone to be found in 
any other part of Britfdn or Ireland, but only in 
that island, and in another little ruinous churchy 
dedicated to St Colm, close by the Mule of Slin- 
tyre, called KilchoUumkill. 

The laird of MacLean, for armorial bearing, hath 
four coats, quarterly. First, argent a rock gules. 
Second, argent a dexter hand fess-ways, couped 
gules, holding a cross crosslet fitchee, in pale azure. 
Third, Or, a lymphad, sable. Fourth, argent^ a 
salmon naiant proper, in chief, t\\ o eagles heads 
erased a fronte, gules. Crest, a tower embattled, 
argent. Motto, Virtue mine Htmour. Supporters 
on a compartment. Vert, two selchs proper. 





THE origin of the surname of MacLeod^ 
is evidently found, and by that name always ac- 
knowledged, to be Danish, one of the ancestors 
of the same in king William'^s reign, being the 
king of Denmark or Norway'^s vicegerent over 
the isles, belonging to that king, along the coasts 
of Scotland, from whose proper name of Leodius, 
that surname derived the denomination of Mac- 
Xicods. From two sons of Leodius, called Toiv 
quil, and Norman, that surname was divided for a 
considerable time into two principle families of 
Siol Torquil, and Siol Tormaild, or the progeny 
of Torquil, and Norman. The first of these was 
proprietor of Lewis, and the second of Harrise, 
from which two estates these families were designed. 
Which families, at the expulsion of the rest of their 
countrymen by king Alexander III. were in such 
favour with the king, and some of his principal 
nobility, that they were allowed to continue in pos- 


session of their large estates, and also obtained the 
benefit of being naturalized. After which they con- 
tinued for divers ages in a flourishing condition, till 
in the reign of king James VI. that MacLeod of 
Lewis had the misfortune of falling into some dis- 
loyal practices, for which he was forfeited. King 
James having a design of civiliaing and improving 
that large and fertile island, thought that a fit op- 
portunity of falling on that project, and in order 
thereto, gave a grant of the Lewis to certain gen- 
tlemen of the shire of Fife, for payment of a small 
sum of feu-duty, and some other casualties. Mac- 
Leod of Lewis dying, these gentlemen thought to 
get their design with all facility accomplished, but 
were very far disappointed ; for notwithstaoding 
that they built pretty good houses near one ano- 
ther, in the form of a village, for their mutual 
defence, yet Murdo MacLeod, bastard son to 
MacLeod of Lewis, with some of his father^s ten- 
ants and dependants, assaulted the Fife lairds, io 
their village, and having fired their houses, obliged 
them all to become his prisoners, and for preser- 
vation of their lives, to swear, that with the utmost 
diligence they would abandon the island, and 
never return, which was punctually performed* 
The king finding this method would not do, gave 
in a short time thereafter a grant of the liewis to 
the earl of Seaforth, who, with his dan, reskUag 
upon the opposite continent, obtained possession 
thereof, and the more easily, in regard the aaid 
Murdo MacLeod died about that time ; after which, 
for security of his possession, Seaforth, or, as odiers 
say, one of his sons, married a daughter of the last 


MacLeod of Lewis, and retained possession of that 
estate in all time thereafter without disturbance. 
Since the extinction of the family of Lewis» the 
principal person, and chief of that surname, is 
MacLeod of Harrise, being a gentleman of the 
greatest estate of any of our Highland clans ; his 
principal residence is the strong castle of Dunve- 
gan in Sky, in which isle the most part of his nu- 
merous clan reside, of whom are a great number 
of gentlemen of good account. 

The person of that name (for any thing I can 
find) next to MacLeod^s family, is MacLeod of 
Tallisker. Those of other denominations, descend- 
ed of that surname, are the MacGillechollums, the 
chief of which is MacGillechoUum of Raarsa, a 
considerable island near Sky. He hath a pretty 
numerous clan, not only in! those parts, but also 
in the shires of Perth, and Argyll, though some 
in the last of these shires term themselves Mac« 
Callums, pretending to be Campbells ; but it is 
generally thought these are led so to do, more by 
interest than by justice, there being no satisfying 
reason given by tbem of their being a diflferent 
stem from those others of that name, who own 
themselves to be MacLeods. The second sept de- 
scended of the MacLeods, is the MacCriomans^ 
wl^reof there are divers in the above-mentioned 
twa shires. The third sept is that of the Mao» 
Lewis, some of which are in the shire of Stirling. 

MacLeod carries for arms, azure, a castle triple 
towered, and embattled, argent, masoned saUe»^ 
and iUuminated galoa^ 




or THE 

Macintoshes and MacPhersans. 

THE surname of MacIktosh, as a genealogical 
account thereof in my hands, and all other accounts 
of the same, assert, is descended of that ancient 
and heroic family of MacDuff, thane and after* 
wards earl of Fife. The ancestor of that name, 
according to the above account, was Sheagh, or 
Shaw MacDuff, second son to Constantine, third 
earl of Fife, and great-grandchild to Duncan Mao* 
Duff, last thane, and first earl of Fife of that name. 
This Shaw MacDuff went with king Malcolm IV. 
as one of his captains in that expedition he made 
against the rebellious Murrays, and other inhabi- 
tants of Murray land, in the year 1 163. After 
the suppression of that rebellion, Shaw MacDuff, 
in reward of bis eminent service upon that occasion, 
obtained from the king the constableship or go- 
vernment of the castle of Inverness, with ccMisidera- 
ble interest in land in Peaty, Breachly, and other ad- 


jaoent places to that castle, with the forestry of the 
forest of Straithherin, all which family belonged to 
some of the rebels. The country people of those 
partSy upon notice of Shawns descent, gave him the 
name of Maclntoshich, or thane's son, the old title 
of thane, by which his ancestors were so long de« 
signed, obUuning more among the vulgar than the 
new one of earl so lately brought into use. So that 
he continued not only himself to be so denominated 
always thereafter, but transmitted the same as a sur* 
name to his posterity, which is yet retained; though, 
as it would seem, there was one of his sons, who, 
instead of Macintosh, cboosed rather to derive his 
surname from this Shawns proper name, being an- 
eestor of the ShawsofRothemurchasin Badenoch, 
one of whose sons, called Ferquhard Shaw, having 
settled in Mar, was ancestor of the Ferquhardsons 
there, the principal person of which is Ferquhard- 
son of Innercauld, a gentleman of a good estate. 
There are also Ferquhardsons of Inverray, and a 
good many more gentlemen of that surname in 
those parts. These are termed in Irish, MacEin- 
lays, from Finlay Moir, one of their ancestors, who 
bore the royal standard at the battle of Flowdon, 
or Pinky, in which he was killed. There are 
divers gentlemen, and others of the vulgar sort, 
in the northern parts, who retain the surname of 
Shaw ; so that it is pretty clear our southern Shaws, 
of which Shaw of Greenock is chief, are of the- 
same stem. 

Angus, the ' fifth in descent from Shaw Mac- 
Duff, married the only daughter and heiress of 
Gilpatriek, son of Dougal Dall, or Dougal the 


blind, son of Gilcattan, in the year 1291. This 
Gilpatrick was chief of the tribe of clan Chattan, 
whose estate and chiefship by this marriage was 
conveyed to the family of Macintosh, whence he 
was for a long time designed captmn of clan Chat« 
tan. The principal person of that name, next to 
the laird of Macintosh, is brigadier Macintosh of 
Borlum. There are also Macintoshes of Aberardor, 
Stron, Connidge, and a great many others of good 
account of that numerous surname. Macintosh of 
Monny waird, by this account, is reckoned the first 
cadet of the family of Macintosh, descended of 
Edward, son to the second laird of Macintosh^ 
about the year '1200; but Monny waird refuses 
this, and differs, both in his surname, and armorial . 
bearing, from the other Macintoshes, always de- 
signing himself Toshach, and asserting that his 
ancestor was a son of the earl of Fife. 

The clan Chattan derive their origin from the 
Chatti, a German tribe, which is said to come 
here long before the expulsion of the Picts, there 
being no other ground for this allegation, than the 
aiBnity of the denomination of this surname to 
that tribe. But the account of the family of Mac- 
intosh, with more probability, derives the origin of 
that name, MacCattan, or GilChattan, from Ire- 
land, and so to be accounted an ancient Scottish 
name, that of Cathan being an ancient Scottish 
proper name ; as, for instance, St. Cathan, one of 
our primitive Scottish christians, or siunts, to 
whom was dedicated the priory of Ardchattan in 
Lorn, and some others in this kingdom, and from 
the proper name of this saint was named Gillecat* 


tan, as Gillecollum and Gillepadrick were from 
the proper names of St. Colm, and St. Patrick, 
with a great many more of that kind. 

The prindipal person, or chief, of the clan Chat- 
tan, in the reign of king David I. dying without 
male issue, his brother Murdo, in Irish termed 
Muriach, parson of the church of Kingusie in Ba- 
denoch, was assumed by the clan for captain, or 
chief, who had two sons ; Gillecattan his successor, 
and Ewan Baan, or Hugh the fair, his second son, 
who had three sons; Kenneth, ancestor of the 
MacPbersons of Cluny, John, ancestor of Pit- 
mean, and Gilchrist, ancestor of Inveressy. Some 
of this Ewan Baan^s posterity assumed the sur- 
name of MacMurrich's, or Murdbsons, from their 
ancestor's proper name ; others of them MacPher- 
sons, from his function ; but both acknowledge 
one chief, being MacPherson of Cluny, whose es- 
tate and residence, as also that of his clan, is in 
Badenoch. The principal person of that clan, 
next to Cluny, is MacPherson of Nuid. There 
are also MacPhersons of Inveressy, Pitmean, with 
a good many other gentlemen of both the above- 
mentioned septs in Badenoch, and the adjacent 
places, being accounted so many of the best men 
of the clans. The principal residence of the laird 
of Macintosh is in an isle of a loch upon the bor- 
der of Lochaber, called Lochmoy, and thence the 
isle of Moy. He hath another castle called Del- 
ganross, upon the north side of the river of Spey, 
in the head of Murray, or shire of Inverness. 


The lurd of Macintosh carries quarterlj, Or^ 
a lion rampant, gules, as cadet of MacDuff. 
Second, argent, a dexter hand couped {es^wayg^ 
grasping a man's heart, pale-ways, gules. Third, 
azure, a beards head, couped. Or. Fourth, Or, a 
lymphad, her oars ^^cted in saltyre, sable, upon 
account of the marriage with the heiress of clan 
Cbattan. Crest, a cat saliant proper. Supporters, 
two cats, as the former. Motto, Touch not the 
Cat but a Glove. 

MacPherscm of Cluny carries parted per fess, 
Or, and azure, a lymjjiad, or g^dley, her sails 
furled, her oars in action of the first : in the dex* 
ter chief point a hand coupee, grasping a dagger 
pointing upward, gules, for killing Cummine lord 
Badenoeh : in the sinister point, a cross orosslet, 
fitchee, gules. Motto and crest, the same with 
those of Maelntosh. 





THE surname of Robertson is descended of 
one Duncan Crosda, or crossgrained, a son of 
MacDonaldy lord of the isies, about the reign of 
king William the Lyon ; but I did not enumerate 
this surname among the descendants of other de* 
nominations of that family^ in regard that of Ro 
bertson hath for divers ages been reputed a dis- 
tinct surname, and had no dependance upon that 
of MacDonald. So that although this above ac- 
count be the most generally received in relation to 
the descent of that surname, I am not positive 
how far it is acquiesced in by those of the same* 
However, this surname of Robertson ^hath been of 
good repute for some ages bygone ; those of that 
surname are in Irish termed Clan Donnochie, or 
Duncansons, so denominated from the proper name 
of their ancestor ; but in English termed Robert- 


SODS, from one Robert, chief of that name, who 
signalized himself very much in the reign of king 
James I. and apprehended Robert Graham, one 
of that king^s murderers. 

The surname Skene are said to be descended of 
the family of Strowan, and obtained the name of 
Skene for killing a very big and fierce wolf, at a 
bunting, in company with the king, in Stocket 
forest in Athole ; having killed the wolf with a 
dagger, or skene, as the arms and .motto of that 
surname clearly evince. Also the*CoUiers ai^e of 
this surname, one of the same being closely pur- 
sued for slaughter, did hide himself in a coal-pit, 
and so escaped. Of thi$ are Collier, earl of Port- 
more, and divers others of good account in Hol- 
land. Robertson of Strowan is chief of that name. 
His residence is with most of his dan in Athole, 
at Strq Wan castle* 

His arms are, thr^e wolf heads erased, gules^ 
with a monstrous man in chains, for compartment 
upon account of one of his ancestors seiaing tike 
above-mentioned Robert Graham. 





THE laird of Macfablane (whose ftDcestOTy 
Gikfaristy son to Aluin, and brother to Malduin, 
both earls of Lennox, obtained the lands of Arro- 
char about the year 1200, in the reign of king 
William,} being now reputed heir-male of that 
great and ancient family, it will not be amiss, be* 
fore I proceed to give an account of bis family, to 
premise something concerning the antiquity and 
origin of the old earls of Lennox, from whom he 
baa the honour to be descended. 

Peter Wal^, in his Animadversions on the His- 
tory of Ireland, derives their descent from Mainus, 
son of Corus, provincial king of Leinster, who is 
said to have come to Scotland, in the reign of king 
Fincormachus, and to h^ve married Mungenia, 
that king^s daughter. This Main us being sur- 
named Lemna, the estate he obtained from the 
said king was called Lemnich,.or Lennox, which 
in after ages became a surname to his posterity : 


but this account seems too fabulous to deserve any 

Our own antiquaries, with far greater probabi- 
lity, which is also confirmed by a constant and in- 
violable tradition, derive the origin of this ancient 
family from Aluin, or Alcuin, a younger son of 
Kenneth III. king of Scotland, who died in the 
year 994. From this Aluin descended, in. a direct 
male line, Arkil, who was contemporary with king 
Edgar, and king Alexander I. and seems to have 
been a person of considerable note in both these 

His son, Aluin MacArkill, i^^e. the son of Arkill, 
ad he is designed in old charters, was a great fa^ 
vourite at court, in the reigns of king David, and 
Malcolm IV. as is evident from his being so fre^ 
quently witness to the grants and donations of 
both these princes to churches and abbacies, par- 
ticularly to the church of Glasgow, * and the ab- 
bacy of Dunfermline, f 

His son and successor, called also Aluin, next 
earl of Lennox, was, according to the devotion of 
those times, a liberal benefactor to the church, for 
he mortified the lands of Cochnach, Edinbamet, 
Dalmenach, with a great deal of other lands, to 
the old church of Kilpatrick, in honour of St. Pa- 
trick. } Which mortification is on very good 
grounds supposed to have been made before the 
foundation of the abbey of Paisley, anno 1160. 

* Extract of the Register of Glasgow.— -f Chartulaiy of 
Dunfermline. See also Sir James Dahymple's Historical Col- 
lections.— j: B^isier of Dunbarton^ 


This carl Aluin left issue, (besides others whose 
posterity is long since extinct,) two sons ; Mal- 
duin his successor in the earldom, and Gilchrist, 
ancestor to the laird of MacFarlane. Maldiiin 
was succeeded by his son Malcolm, and he again 
by his son of the same name, who was father to 
Donald, the last earl of Lennox of that family, 
whose only daughter, Margaret, was married to 
Walter Stewart of Faslane, son to Allan of Fas- 
lane, second , son to Stewart, lord Dartily. The 
old family of Lennox being thus extinct for want 
of male issue, and having produced no cadets since 
Gilchrist came off the same, it is pretty eriderit 
that the laird of MacFarlane is latest cadet, and 
consequently heir-male of that ancient family. 
Having thus cleared my way, I proceed to the ac« 
count of the surname of MacFarlane* 

Gilchrist, ancestor to the laird of MacFarlane, 
obtained, by the grant of his brother Malduin, 
earl of Lennox, terras de superiort Arrochar de 
Luss, very particularly bounded in the original 
charter, which is afterwards confirmed in the re- 
cords of the privy seal. * Which lands of Arro- 
char, so bounded, have continued ever since with 
his posterity, in a direct male line, to this day. 
This Gilchrist is witness in a great many charters, 
granted by his brother Malduin, the earl of Len- 
nox, to his vassals, particularly to one granted, hj 
the sjud earl of Lennox, to Anselan, laird of Buch- 
anan, of the isle of Clareinch in Lochlomond, dated 
in the year 1226. As also to another, granted, by 

* Cliarta in Rotulis Privati Sigilli. 


the said earl of Lennox, to William, son of Arthur 
Galbreath, of the two Carrucates of Badernock* 
dated at Fintry, anno 1238. In both which char- 
ters he is designed *' Gilchrist Frater Comitis.^ 

He left issue, a son, Duncan, designed in old 
charters ^< Duncan Filius Gilchrist, or MacGil- 
christ,'* who had a charter from Malcolm, earl of 
liCnnox, whereby the said earl ratifies and con- 
firms DofiafiVmem tiOam qiiam Malduinus, Avus mens 
Comes de hennoxy fecit Gilchrist Fratri suoj de terris 
de guperiori Arrochar de Luss. This Duncan is 
intness in a charter, by Malcolm, earl of Lennox, 
to Michael MacEessan, of the lands of Garchel 
and Ballet. He married his own cousin, Matilda, 
daughter to the earl of Lennox, by whom he had 
Maldonich, or Malduin, his successor, concerning 
whom there is little upon record, 

Malduin^s sou and successor was Partholan, or 
Parian, from whose proper name the family ob- 
tiuned the patronimical surname of MacPbarlane, 
or Parlansons, being, as is asserted, for three de- 
scents before the assumption of this, surnamed 
MacGilchrists, from Gilchrist already mentioned. 
Some of these last have retained that surname as 
yet, who nevertheless own themselves to be cadets 
pf the family of MacFarlane. 

Parian was succeeded by his son Malcolm Mac- 
Pbarlane, who got a charter from Donald, earl of 
Lennox, upon the resignatipn of his father Parian, 
aon to Malduin, ^ wherein he is confirmed, by the 
said earl, in the lands of Arrochar, formerly called 

* Register of Dunbartouu, 


the Carrucate of MacGilchrist, together with four 
isles in Lochlomond, called Island-vow, Island* 
vanowy IsIand-row-glasS} and Clang, for four merks 
of feu-duty, and service to the king's host. Al- 
though this charted, as many other ancient ones, 
wants a date, yet it is clearly evident, that it was 
prior to another, granted by the same earl, to the 
said Malcolm, laird of MacFarlane, whereby the 
earl discharges him and his heirs of the four merks 
of feu-duty, payable by the former charter, both 
for by-gones, and for the time to come. This is 
dated at Bellach, May 4th, 1354. * 

To Malcolm succeeded his son Duncan, sisith 
laird of MacFarlane, who obtiuned from DuncaU 
earl of Lennox, a charter of the said lands of Ar« 
rochar, in as ample manner as his predecessors 
held the same, which is dated at Inchmirin, in the 
year 1395. -f- This Duncan, laird of MacFarlane, 
was married to Christian Campbell, daughter to 
Sir Colin Campbell of Lochow, sister to Duncan, 
first lord Campbell, ancestor to the present duke 
of Argyll. For clearing of this, there is still ex- 
tant, in the Register of Dunbartoun, a charter, by 
Duncan, earl of Lennox, confirming a life-rent 
charter, granted, by Duncan, laird of MacFarlane, 
in favour of Christian Campbell, daughter to Sir 
Colin Campbell of Lochow, his wife, of the lands of 
Clanlochlong, Inveriuchi Glenluin, Port-cable, &c. 
This charter is dated also in the year 1395. 

For brevity^s sake I omit giving an account of 
this -Duncan^s successors for several descents, it 

* Register of Duubartouu.— f Ibid. 


being sufficient for my present purpose to take 
notice that, in the reign of king James IV. Sir 
John MacFarlane of that ilk, married a daughter 
of the lord Hamilton^ by whom he had two sons ; 
Andrew his successor, and Robert MacFarlane* 
first of the branch of Inversnait He married, 
secondly, a daughter of the lord Herries, by whom 
he had Walter MacFarlane of Ardliesh, ancestor 
to the family of Gartartan. To Sir John Mac- 
Farlane of that ilk, succeeded Andrew his son, 
who married lady Margaret Cunnipghame, daugh- 
ter to Williams earl of Glencairn, who was lord 
high treasurer in the reign of king James V. By 
ber he had issue, Duncan his successor. 

This Duncan, Iiurd of MacFarlane, was one of 
the first, of any account, who made open profes- 
sion of the Christian religion in this kingdom. He 
joined the earls of Lennox and Glencairn at the 
fight, in Glasgow-moor, anno 1544?^ against th^ 
earl of Arran, who was governor in the minority 
of queen Mary. He was afterwards, together^ 
with severals of his name and followers, slain va^ 
liantly fighting for his country at the battle of 
Pinky, September 10th, lUil^ leaving, by Anne 
his wife, daughter to Sir John Colquhoun of Lus8» 
only one son, Andrew. 

This Andrew, laird of MacFarlane, inherited 
not only his father^s estate, but also his jseal for 
the Protestant religion, which he evidently showed 
on several occasions; particularly when queen 
Mary, after her escape out of the castle of Loch* 
leven, endeavoured to re-establish Popery, and 
for that end had got together a great deal of forces : 

MAC7ilBLAirZf« 89 

he, hearing thereoT, immedialelj raised no lest 
than five hundred of bis own name and dependants, 
with whom, joining the earl of Marraj, who was 
then regent, they encountered queen Mary^s forces 
at the Tillage of Langside, May 10th, 1568, where 
the laird of MacFarlane and his name behaved so 
raliantly, first galling and then putting to flight 
queen Mary^s archers, that they were acknowledged 
by all to be the chief occasion of obtaining that 
glorious victory. * In conrideration of whidi sig- 
nal piece of service, in defending the crown, he got, 
among other rewards, that honourable crest and 
motto, which is still enjoyed by his posterity! ▼iz. : 
a demi'Savage proper, holding in his dexter hand 
a sheaf of arrows, and pointing with his sinister to 
an imperial crown. On Motto, TTn$ Pll DeferuL 
He married Agnes Maxwell daughter to Sir Patrick 
Maxwell of Newark, by whom he had three sons ; 
John his successor, George MacFarlane of Mains, 
who got a disposition from his father to the Mains 
of Kilmaromxrk, but died without issue, and Hum- 
phrey MacFarlane of Bracheum. 

John, next laird of MacFarlane, married, first, 
Susanna Buchanan, daughter to Sir George Buch- 
anan of that ilk, her mother being Mary Graham, 
daughter to the earl of Monteith, by whom he had 
no issue. He married, secondly, Helen^ daughter 
to Frauds Steuart, earl of Botbwell, by Margaret 
Douglas his wife, daughter to the earl of Angus, 
by whom he had Walter bis successor. Thirdly, 

• Petrie'5 Church History. Godscroft'i UuUny of tlic 



be married Elizabeth, daughter to the earl of Ar« 
gyll, by whom he had Andrew MacFarlane of 
Drumfady John, predecessor to George MacFar« 
lane of Glenralach, and George, ancestor to Mac- 
farlane of Clachan. Fourthly, he married Mar- 
garet, daughter to James Murray of Strowan. 

His son and successor Walter married Margaret, 
daughter to Sir James Semple of Beltrees, by 
whom he had two sons ; John his successor, and 
Andrew MacFarlane of Ardess. Which John 
married Grizel, daughter to Sir Coll Lamond of 
that ilk, by Barbara his wife, daughter to Robert, 
lord Semple. But having no male issue, he was 
succeeded by his brother Andrew, next laird of 
MacFarlane, who marrying Flizabeth, daughter 
to John Buchanan of Ross, had by her two sons ; 
John his successor, and Walter, a youth of great 
hopes, who died unmarried. John, late laird of 
MacFarlane, married, first, Agnes, daughter to 
Sir Hugh Wallace of Wolmet, by whom he had 
no surviving issue: he married, secondly, lady 
Helen Arbuthnot, daughter to Robert, lord vis- 
count of Arbuthnot, by whom he had three sons ; 
the present laird of MacFarlane, William, and 

The other families of this surname are, first, 
the family of Clachbuy, severals of which are dis- 
persed through the Western Islands: their an- 
cestor was Thomas, son to Duncan, laird of Mao* 
Farlane, in the reign of king Robert, I II. from 
whose proper name they are frequently called 
MacCauses, or Thomas-sons. Secondly, the &- 
mily of Kenmore, who lire pretty numerous; their 


ancestor was John, a younger son of Duncan 
MacFarlane of that ilk, in the reign of king James* 
I. Of this family is Robert MacFarlane of Achin- 
venalmore in Glenfroon, James MacFarlane of 
Muckroy, and Walter MacFarlane of Dunnama- 
nich in the north of Ireland. Thirdly, MacFar- 
lane of TuUichintaull, whose predecessor was Du* 
gal^ a younger son of Walter MacFarlane of that 
ilk, in the reign of king James III. Of this fa- 
mily are descended John MacFarlane of Finnart, 
Malcolm MacFarlane of Gortan, and Mr. Robert 
MacFarlane, minister of the gospel at Buchanan* 
Fourthly, MacFarlane of Garlartan, whose family 
is pretty numerous in the shire of Perth. His an- 
cestor was Walter MacFarlane, eldest son, of a 
second marriage, to Sir John MacFarlane of that 
ilk, by bis wife, a daughter of the lord Herries, in 
the reign of king James IV. Of this family is 
John MacFarlane of Ballagan. Fifthly, MacFar- 
lane of Kirktoun, in the parish of Campsy, and 
shire of Stirling, whose ancestor was George Mac- 
Farlane of Merkinch, younger son to Andrew, 
laird of MacFarlane, in the reign of king James 
V. Which George went afterwards and settled 
in the north, where his posterity continued till 
they bought the lands of Kirktoun. Sixthly, 
there is also one Farlane MacFarlane, or Mac- 
Walter, of little Auchinvenal, who pretends that 
hrs ancestor Walter, was a natural son of one of 
the earls of Lennox, a long time after MacFar- 
lane came off that family. But this account is 
controverted by the laird of MacFarlane, who as- 
serts his predecessor to bare been a cadet of bis fa- 


mily, wliich is also owned by all the surname of 
MacWalter, Aucbinvenal himself only excepted, 
who also never denied it till of late. 

The surname of MacFarlane is very numerous 
both in the west and north Highlands, particularly 
in the shires of Dunbartoun, Perth, Stirling, and 
Argyll ; as also in the shires of Inverness^ and 
Murray, and the Western Isles ; besides there is 
a great many of them in the north of Ireland. 
There is also a vast number of descendants from, 
and dependants on, this surname and family, of 
other denominations, of which those of most ac- 
count are a sept termed Allans, or MacAUans, who 
are so called from Allan MacFarlane their prede- 
cessor, a younger son of one of the lairds of Mac- 
Farlane, who went to the north, and settled there 
several centuries ago. This sept is not only very 
numerous, but also divers of them of very good 
account, such as the families of Auchorrachan, 
Balnengown, Drumminn, &c They reside mostly 
in Mar, Strathdon, and other northern countries. 
There are also the MacNairs, MacEoins, Mac- 
Errachers, MacWilliams, Mac Aindras, MacNiters, 
Maclnstalkers, Maclocks, Parians, Farlans, Grua- 
macbs, Kinniesons, &c. All which septs own 
themselves to be MacFarlanes^ together with cer- 
tain particular septs of MacNuyers, MacKinlays, 
MacRobbs, MacGreusichs^ Smiths, Millers^ Mon- 
achs, &c. 

The Iwrd of MacFarlane had a very good old 
castle in an island of Lochlomond, called Island- 
row-glas, which was burnt by the English during 
Cromweirs usurpation, and never since repuredi 


He has also another pretty good house and gar- 
dens in an island of the same loch, called Island- 
vow. But his principal residence is at Inverioch, 
or New Tarbet, which is a handsome house, beau- 
tified with pleasant gardens, situated in the parish 
of Arrochar, and shire of Dunbartoun» near the 
head of that large loch^ or arm of the sea, called 
I,Ax:h-long, where there is excellent fishing for 
herring, and all other sorts of sea-fish. 

The laird of MacFarlane's armorial bearings is 
Argent, a saltier engrailed^ cantoned with. four 
roses gules, which is the arms of the old family of 
Lennox. Supporters, two Highlandmen in their 
native garbs, armed with broad swords and bows 
proper. Crest, a demi-savage, holding a sheaf of 
arrows in his dexter hand^ and pointing with his 
^nister to an imperial crown, Or. Motto, This FU 
DtfmL And on a compartment, the word Loch^ 
slfiy^ which is the MacFarlane^s slughorn, or Cm 
dc Gticrrc* 



or THE 


THE most ordinary account delivered of the 
origin of the surname of Cameron is, that in the 
latter part of the reign of king William, or the 
beginning of the reign of king Alexander IL a 
principal person of those Danes, or Norvegians, 
then in possession of most of our northern Scottish 
islesj named Cambro, did marry the daughter and 
heiress of MacMartin, proprietor of that part of 
Lochaber now possessed by Locheal, chief of that 
surname of Cameron. And as Macintosh did not 
change his surname upon his marrying the heiress 
of the principal person, or chief, of the MacCat- 
tans, but instead thereof many of that surname 
iveut into that of Macintosh ; so also in this case 
the above-mentioned Cambro not only retained his 
own name, upon his marriage of the heiress of the 
principal person, or chief, of the MacMartins, 
a very old clan in that country, but also (rom his 


own proper name transmitted the surname of 
Cameron to his posterity, which, in a tract of time, 
becoming the more powerful, the whole remains of 
the MacMartins went into that surname. 

I find it asserted in the genealogical account of 
the surname of Campbell, that Sir Neil Campbell, 
who flourished in a part of the reigns of king Alex- 
ander III. and king Robert I. for his second lady, 
married a daughter of Sir John Cameron, Locheal's 
ancestor. But that account cannot hold, in re* 
gard Sir Neil was only married to Mary Bruce, 
sister to king Robert, who survived him, and was 
after his death married to Fraser, lord Lovat But 
others, with more probability, assert that Sir John 
Cameron^s daughter was second lady to Sir Colin, 
successor to Sir Neil. This Sir John Cameron, 
upon very good, grounds, may be presumed to 
have been one and the same with him designed 
John de Cambron, or of Cameron, who was one 
of the subscribers of that letter, sent by king Ro- 
bert I. and his nobles, to the pope, anno 1320. 

The Camerons, or clan Chameron, seem to have 
been a name of considerable antiquity before the 
reign of king James I. in regard of the figure 
that clan made in that king's reign ; for, being in 
conjunction with Donald Balloch, brother to the 
lord of the isles, they, with very considerable loss, 
defeated an army sent against them by the king ; 
butf in A short time thereafter, the desertion of 
that clan. With the clan Cbattan, so broke Bal- 
locVs mea3ures, that he was obliged to disband his 
army, and flee to Ireland. 

The C^jtmerons, as most other neighbouring 


clans, while the family of MacDon^M continued 
in a flourishing condition, were dependants on the 
same : but after the extinction of that great family, 
each of these clans came into an independent state, 
setting up upon all occasions for themselves, as at 
this pre^nt time. The laird of Locheal, in the latter 
part of the reign of king James VI. married Camp- 
bell of Glenorchy's daughter, aunt to the late earl 
of Braidalbin. Of this marriage he had Sir Ewan 
his successor, a very well accomplished gentleman, 
who performed a great many signal services against 
the English, in the reigns of king Charles I. and 
II. having defeated, at one conflict, with very 
much loss to the enemy, a party of two hundred 
English, and at another wholly in a manner cut 
ofi^ a party of eighty, there escaping only two 
centinels. In one of these adventures, a robust 
fellow of the enemy grappled with Sir Ewan, and 
tripped up bis heels, and while the Englishman 
was searching for his dagger to stab him, Sir Ewan 
got hold with his teeth of the Englishman's throat, 
and in a few minutes deprived him of his life. 
Upon the Restoration of king Charles II. he be- 
stowed the honour of knighthood upon that gen- 
tleman, who always continued faithful to his in- 
terest. This Sir Ewan married the laird of Mac- 
L^n's daughter, by whom he had John his suc- 
cessor. Secondly, he married Barclay of Urie*s 
daughter, by whom he had also issue. John, 
present laird, is abroad ; he married Campbell of 
LochnelPs daughter, by whom he had Donald his 
son, and several other children. The nearest to 
that family is. captain Allan Cameron, brother to 


Locheal, who is also abroad* LocheaPs principal 
residence is in Auchincarry in Lochaber, where 
he hath a large housey all built of fir planks, the 
handsomest of that kind in Britain. There are 
also, the Camerons of Glendeshery, Einlochlyonj 
and a good many more gentlemen of considerable 
estates^ and a great many of the vulgar sort of 
this surname in Morvern and Lochaber. 

The dependants on this surname are a sept of 
the MacLauchlans, the MacGilveils, MacLonveis, 
MacPhails, and MacChlerichs, or Clerks, who, 
with the MacPhails, or Pauls, are originally Came- 
rons, with some others. There is also MacMar- 
tin of Letterfinlay, in Lochaber, being the princi- 
pal person of the old sept of the MacMartins, who, 
with that whole sept, own themselves now to be 
Camerons. The Camerons also contend that the 
surname of Chalmers is descended of a cadet of 
their surname, who, having gone some years ago 
into the French service, assumed the name of Came- 
rarius, or Chalmers, for that of Cameron, as more 
agreeable to the language of that country. One 
of this Chalmers's progeny having continued in 
France, was ancestor to the lord of Tartas, and 
others of that name in that kingdom : another of 
that name having returned to Scotland, was an- 
cestor to the Chalmerses of the shire of Aberdeen, 
and other parts of this kingdom. 

The Camerons of old, as some heralds record, 
carried for arms, Or, two bars gules. But now, 
argehtf three pallets gules. Or as some, argent, 
pally barry gules ; asIhaveseenasealofLocheal's 


, AN 



THE surname of MacLauchlan hath been of 
a long time reputed one of our ancient clans, be- 
ing originally descended of the surname of the 
OXauchlans of Ireland, the principal person of 
whom, according to Mr. Walsh, and other Irish 
historians, was, in the second century of the chris- 
tian epocha, provincial king of the province of 
Meath) which dignity his successors enjoyed for 
many descents, till some little time, before the En-< 
glish Conquest, the family of Orork, obtained that 
principality. This surname is asserted to be of 
the Milesian stem, or that of the ancient kings of 
Ireland, and the progenitor thereof to have come 
to Scotland with the first who from Ireland plant- 
ed Argyllshire. I have heard some of this name 
affirm, that the laird of MacLauchlan had a char- 
ter of his estate from king Congallus II. but can-* 
not assent too far to any such assertion, there be- 


ing no evidences of that antiquity as yet found 
out, at leadt any mention made of such, in any 
place or record in thislcingdom, though there may 
be a traditional account, that the above surname 
was in possession of their estate in that reign, or 
before the same, which is no way inconsistent with 

The laird of MacLauchlan, chief of that sui^- 
name's estate of Strathlauchlan, and principal 
residence, being the large and ancient castle of 
Castlelauchlan, are in the lower part of Upper 
Cowal, near the north side of Lochfyne, in the 
shire of Argyll, in which ihost of his clan re- 
side. The next to that family is Colin 'Mac- 
Lauchlan, the present laird of MacLauchlan's 
uncle. There are also the MacLauchlans of Craig- 
intairrow, Inchchonell, and divers other heritors of 
that surname in the said. shire ; as also MacLauch- 
lan of Auchintroig, in the, shire of Stirling, in fa- 
vour of Celestin Maclauchlan, one of whose ances- 
tors, Duncan, earl of Lennox, confirms a charter, 
granted by Eugen MacEessan of Garchels, to one 
of the said Celestin's ancestors, which confirma- 
tion is dated in the year 1394, and eighth year of 
the reign of king Robert III. There is another 
numerous sept of the MacLauchlans residing in 
Morvern and Lochaber, the principal person of 
these being MacLauchlan of Corryuanan in Locha- 
ber. Of this family is MacLauchlan of Drum- 
lane in Monteith, with others of that surname 
there. Those of this sept residing in Lochaber, 
depend upon the laird of Locheal, as already men- 



MacLauchlan for Arms hath four coats quar- 
terly. First, Or, or as some, argent, a lion rana- 
pant gules. Second, argent, a hand coupee fess- 
ways, holding a cross crosslet fitchee, gules. ThircJ, 
Or, a galley, her oars in saltyre, sable, placed in a 
sea, proper. Fourth, argent, in a base undee, 
vert, a salmon naiant, proper. Supporters, two 
roe-bucks proper. Motto, Fortes et Fidus. 



or TBB 


THE surname of MacNauchtak, though now 
low, hath been a surname of very great antiquity, 
and for a long tract of time of much esteemi and 
possessed of a very considerable estate in Argyll- 
shire. This surname was so denominated from 
the proper name of Nauchtan, being that of one 
of the progenitors of the same, and an ancient 
Scottish proper name. The ancestors or chiefs of 
this surname are reported to be for some ages de» 
signed thanes of Lochtay, and also to be possessed 
of a great estate betwixt the south side of Loch- 
fyne and Lochow, parts of which are Glenera^ 
Grlenshira, Glenfine, and others. 

The first of this name, mentioned in our pub- 
lic histories, was Duncan, laird of MacNauchtan, 
an assistant of MacDugal, lord of Lorn, against 
king Robert Bruce, at the battle of Dalree, for 
which he lost a part of his estate \ but afterwards 


he, or gather his son, was a loyal subject to that 
king, and to king David II. his^ successor. The 
present laird of MacNauchtan^s father, Sir Alexan- 
der MacNauchtan, was one of the bravest and best 
accomplished gentlemen of his age, and a. very 
close adherent to the interest of king Charles L 
and II. in all their difficulties ; so that, in recom- 
pence of that gentleman^s loyalty and signal ser- 
vice, king Charles II, at his restoration, not only 
bestowed the honour of knighthood upon him, but 
also a liberal pension during life, the latter part 
of whi^h having spent at court, he died at London. 

There is a very considerable gentleman of this 
name in the county of Antrim in Ireland, whose 
ancestor was a son of the family of MacNauchtan. 
He hath a good estate called Benbardin, and a 
pretty castle in which he resides, there being also 
divers of his name residing in his estate, and other 
parts of that country. Those of other denomina- 
tions descended of this surname, are the MacEen- 
ricks, descended of one Henry MacNauchtan ; a 
sept of the MacNuyers, especially those of Glen- 
fine ; the MacNeits, MacEols, and others. It is a 
clear demonstration of the antiquity of a surname, 
that many branches, especially of other denomina- 
tions, are descended off the same ; it being evident, 
that in order of nature such things are not suddenly 
brought to any bearing, but gradually, aiid in a 
considerable progress of time. 

Thepresent laird of MacNauchtan is in posses- 
sion of no part of his estate, the same being evicted 
some years ago by creditors, for sums no way 

livalent to the value thereof, and there being 


no diligence used for relief thereof, it went out of 
the hands of the family, MacNauchtan's eldest 
son, being a very fine gentleman, was a captain in 
the Scottish foot-guards, and was sometime ago 
killed in Spain; his only surviving son, John, 
being a customhouse officer upon the eastern coast. 
MacNauchtan^s estate, called MacNauchtan's-Let- 
ter, being a pretty good estate, lyes upon the west 
side of Lochfyne, within a little way of that loch, 
in the shire, of Argyll. His principal residence 
is the castle of Dundaraw, situated upon a little 
rocky point, upon the west shore oiF Lochfynci 
contiguous to his own estate. 

The armorial bearing of the laird of MacNauch- 
tan is, quarterly. First and fourth argent, a hand 
fess-ways coupee, proper, holding a cross crosslet 
fitchee, azure, Second and third argent, a tower 
embattled, gules, and a demy tower for crest 
Motto, / hope in God. 



or THd 


THE surname of MAcGaEeoRi once a numerous 
name^ and in possession of divers considerable ea* 
tates^hatfa of a long tract of time been accounted one 
of the ancient Scottish surnames, or clans, being de- 
nominated from the proper nameof Gregor, ances- 
tor of that surname, being a known ancient proper 
Scottish name. Those of this surname assert their 
progenitor to have been a son of one of jthe Scottish 
kings of the Alpinian race, more especially of king 
Gregory ; but our historians are generally agreed 
that king Gregory never married, and was not 
known to have any issue, either legitimate or ille- 
gitimate. However that be, that this surname is 
descended from one properly so called, a son, or 
some other descendant of another of the kings of 
Alpinian race, is no way inconsistent with proba- 
bility. But that surname having lost their estates 
at different junctures, and by various contingences, 


is a mean of the loss also of any evidents relating 
to the manner and time of acquiring those estates, 
and that were any way conducive for evincing the 
descent of the family: the best document now ex- 
tant, in their custody, being their armorial bearing, 
which insinuates pretty clearly, that the said name 
was either descended of some of the stem of the 
Scottish kings, or that they had done some piece 
of signal service for some one of the kings, and 
kingdom, though the circumstances of either of 
these cannot at this distance be fully cleared. I 
find, in the genealogical account of the surname of 
Campbell, that Sir Colin Campbell of Lochow, 
who had divers great offices from king Malcolm II. 
had a daughter married to MacGregor, laird of 
Glenurchy, and that of this marriage was Sir John 
MacGregor .^f Glenurchy, a person of very good 
account in the reign of king Malcolm III. The 
chief of that name is very well known tohave been 
for manr generations lairds of Glenurchy, and to 
have built the castle of Balloch, or Tay mouth, at 
least to have had their residence therjB, and also to 
have built castle Caolcbuirn, in the west part of 
that country. How this estate was lost is not very 
evident ; but it is probable, that the name of Mac- 
Gregor, being so near neighbours, might be indu* 
ced or obliged to join MacDugal, lord of Lorn, 
against king Robert I.. and upon that account lost 
a good part of their estate ; as the MacNauchtans 
and MacNabs lost a part of theirs for the same 
cause. However, the first of the name of Camp^ 
bell who got that estate of Glenurchy, was black 
Sir Colin Campbell, second son to Sir Colin Camp-. 


bell of Lochow, in the latter part of the reign of 
king James II. or in the beginning of the reign of 
king James III. being ancestor of the present earl 
of Braidalbin. Besides the chief family of Glenur- 
chy, there, was also MacGregor of Glenlyon, who, 
having no issue, nor near relation, disponed his 
estate to a second son of Sir Duncan Campbell of 
Glenurchy» being ancestor of Campbell of Glenur- 
chy» in the beginning of the reign of king James 
VI. There was also MacGregor of Glensre^ 
who was forfated in the same reign, the laird 
of MacGregor having also near the same time 
sold the last lands that family had in those portSy 
called Stronmiolchon ; so that since that time, viz. 
the latter part of the reign of king James VI. the 
liurds of MacGregor estate, till the prind* 
pal branch of that family became extinct in the 
reign of king Charles 11. the chiefship devolving 
upon Malcolm MacGregor, descended of a coUar 
teral branch of the chief family, whose son, Gregor 
, MacGregor, in the reign of king WiUiam, djring 
without issue, was succeeded by Archibald Mac- 
Gregor of Eilmanan, whose male issue being all 
dead} and those few who pretend nearest relation 
to him being of mean repute and circumstances, 
made (as is reported) a formal renoundation of the 
chiefship in favour of Gregor MacGregor of Glen- 
gyle, who is lineally descended from a son of the 
laird of MacGregor. 

This surname is now divided into four priiica- 
pal families. The first is that of the laird of Mac- 
Gregor, being in a manner extinct, there being 
few or none of any account of the same. The 

HACGBE60BS. 107 

next family to diat of Macgregor is Dugal Eeir^s 
family, so named from their ancestor Dugal Eeir, 
a son of the laird of MacGregor ; the principal 
person of that family is MacGregor of Glengyle, 
whose residence and interest is at the headof Loch- 
cattern, in the parish of Callander, in the shire of 
P^h. The third family is that of Ilora, the 
principal person of which is MacGregor of Rora 
in R^tnnochi in the shire of Perth. " The fourth 
family is that of Brackley, so denominated from 
Brackley, of which the principal person of that fa« 
mily was not long ago proprietor. 

Those of other denominations descended of this\ 
surname, are the MacKinnins, being a pretty nu- 
merous clan in the isle of Sky ; the principal per- 
son of that dan hath a pretty good estate in the 
isles of Sky and Mull. How far this pretension 
is acquiesced in, I cannot determine ; but am con- 
^dent, that gentleman^s armorial bearing differs 
very much from that of the surname of MacGre- 
gor. Another branch of another denomination is 
that of MacCarras, a pretty numerous sept in the 
north parts of Perthshire. There are also the 
MacLeisters, MacGhoiters, and divers others, de- , 
scended of that surname ; of which the armorial 
bearing is, 

Argent, a fir tree, growing out of a mount in 
base vert, surmounted of a sword bend- ways, sup- 
porting on its point an^ imperial crown, in dexter 
chief canton proper, importing the descent of that 
surname from one of our kings, or the same having 
done some signal service to the crown. Motto, 
Undae and spare not. 







Before the Assumption of that Surname, 

THE ancestor of the surname of Colquhoitn 
was Humphrey Kilpatrick, in whose favour Mai- 
duin, earl of Lennox, grants charter of the lands 
of Colquhoun, in the reign of king Alexander II. 
That of Kirkpatrick, or Kilpatrick, always reputed 
'the place in which St. Patrick the apostle of Ire- 
land was born, is presumed to have obtained that 
denomination in very ancient times ; as is evident 
by a charter, by Aluin, earl of Lennox, mortifying 
some lands to the old church of Kilpatrick, before 
the foundation of the abbey of Paisley, anno 1160, 
that being then, and as it would seem for a long 
time before, so designed: from which, and the 
adjoining village of the same denomination, was 


an aaadeat surname in dmse parte dencKDinatedf 
4)f wfaSefa was duut Huinpkrey, who first acquired 
the lMids<<yf Cdquhmiin, 'winckhod^ w«reso namod 
*beCM'e he aequiared the aasae ; the ii»{iori of which 
deooBiiaatidiiheiiiga aoa^oas&ag <iorner^ or pointy 
to vMoh the fiormer sLtualioB of those land^ ^per 
«Mly ta€ that now termed Dunglase, the ancient 
fioansioii-boiMe tbereof, very well agrees; rather 
€han to that from Counaucht io Ireland^ or any 
oilier to fbeA purpose pretended tor the denomina- 
lioB of that surname. The first who assumed 
the «miame<if Colquhomif w\as Ingrajoij the abov^ 
Hampbrey's snoceasor, being so des^ned in the 
charter of Luss, by Maloolmy earl of Lennox^ to 
M^colm, laird of Luss^ confirming John, laird of 
liHSS; his diarter to his son of those lands, in the 
beginning of the reign of king Robert I. This 
Ingram's successor was Robert of Coiquhouiiy 
who u meaftiooed, as abo his successor of the same 
name, in divers charters by Malcolm the second^ 
and Donald^ earls of Loanox. 

To Robert, the second of thai name, of Col- 
quhoun, succeeded Humphrey of Colquhouu, who, 
in the year 1394, and fourth year of the reign of 
king Siobert III. married the daughter and heiress 
cf Godfrey, ifaacd of JLuss; however otherwise as- 
serted, that at that time the laird of Luss jnarried 
the heiress of Colquho^Q, it being evident that 
the family of Luss of that ilk, or, as others, Len-« 
BOX ^ Luss, was the greater family^ both in re- 
spect of ostiquity and estate, than that of Col- 
qii^un ; so that being the ^eater, it cannot be 
presumed be would have qukted his sunuaoe^ and 


assumed that of the lesser upon his marriage mth 
the heiress thereof: as, for instance, Macintosh, 
Locheall, and Shaw of Greenock, with many others, 
whose ancestors, though married to heiresses equal 
to themselves, retained their surnames : and so it 
may be thought would Luss upon marrying the 
heiress of Colquhpun. For further illustration 
of this matter, Grodfrey, laird of Luss, is witness 
to a charter granted by Duncan, earl of Lenoox, 
in the year 1349; as also Humphrey of CoU 
quhoun is witness in another charter,*of the same 
date, by the same earl; and in the charter of 
Camstroddan, confirmed by the same earl, in the 
year 1395, being the very next year, the same 
Humphrey Colquhoun is designed ** of Luss,^* and 
Robert, Camstroddan^s ancestor, is designed << Ro- 
bert Colquhoun, his brother:" so that, by the 
above charters, the time and manner of the mar- 
riage of the laird of Colquhoun with the heiress of 
Luss is fully illustrated. 

The most ancient charter now extant of the 
lands of Luss, is a charter by Malduin, earl of Len- 
nox, to Gilmore, son of Muldonich, of the lands of 
Luss. This Muldonich, or another of 6ilmore*s 
ancestors, is upon very good grounds asserted to 
be a son of the earl of Lennox, and to have re- 
tained the surname of Lennox, or, as others, as* 
sumed that of Luss, and retained the same till the 
marriage of the heiress with Colquhoun. The 
above charter was in the reign of king Alexander 
11. but it is thought the estate was given off to 
one of the ancestors of that family before that char- 
ter, though the same be the oldest now extant in 


their hands. To Gilmore succeeded Maurice, 
being only mentioned witness, by designation of 
Luss, in a charter by the earl, to Maurice Gal* 
braith, of the lands of Auchindoich. Maurice^s 
successor was Sir John of Luss, in whose favour 
Malcolm, earl of Lennox, grants charter of the 
lands of Luss, and superiority of Banra, and the 
adjacent isles belonging in property to Gilmichal, 
Gilmartin, and Gillecondad, surnamed Galbraiths^ 
To Sir John succeeded Malcolm, in whose favour 
Malcolm, second son of that name eari of Lennox, 
grants charter of confirmation of Luss, with the 
property of Easter Glinn, in the reign of king 
Robert I. Malcolm^s successor was Duncan, in 
whose favour Donald, earl of Lennox, grants char> 
ter, and he is a frequent witness in others of that 
earl's charters. The last laird of Luss was God** 
frey already mentioned. 

Humphrey Colquhoun, first of that name, laird 
of Luss, granted charter of the lands of Camstrod* 
dan and AuchigiAvin, to Robert Colquhoun, his 
brother, and his heirs male, which failing to ano- 
ther Robert, and Patrick, his other brethren; which 
charter was written at Luss, and subscribed by 
the laird, and confirmed by Duncan, earl of Len-^ 
nox, at Inchmirrin, his man^on-house, upon the 
4th day of July, 1395, bdng the fifth of the reign 
ofking Robert in. 

To Humphrey succeeded Sir John, who was 
married to the lord Erskine^s daughter. He was . 
first governor of Dunbartoi^ castle, afterwards of 
the castle of Inchmirrin, and being enticed, under 
a show vt friendly conference, or parley, to come 



oat of bis gsrmon^ by meiDS of Lauchkn Mao 
Leaoi^ and Murdo Gibaony comimaiideffs of an army 
(tf isfesmeD^ who harraased Lannos in the minority 
of king James II«, waa^ by an ambush planted for 
that purpose, trcaeherously sbiin, with one huo- 
dred and twenty of his men. I have seen this ^ 
John dasignedy in an old Scottish chfonicle in 
manuscript) *< Sir John Colquhclan of Luss and 
Sauchy,* the holds of Saucby and 61yn being re* 
ported to be given to Malcolm, laird oi Luss^ by 
king Bobert I» for hia serviee at the battle cS 

Sir John^s sncoesaor was called Ski John^ who 
was married to the lord Bcyyd^s daughter. He 
was for some time treasurer to lung JaoMs III* 
His successor was Sir Humphrey^ marri^ to the 
hard of Houston's daughter. His second son waa 
Patrick of Glyn, who had a daughter manried to 
Murray of Tullibaim, who had to him seventeen 
sons* To Humphrey succeeded John, who maiv 
ried the earl of Lennoxes daughter, by whom be 
had John his soocesscv, and James, ancestor of 
Colquhoun of Kilmardinny, of which fiunily is 
Colquhoun of Craigtoun ; and two daughters mar- 
ried to the laiirds of Houston and Kilbimy * Jcrfin, 
fourth of that name laird of Luss, was married to 
the earl of Monteath's daughter, by whom he had 
Sir Humphrey bis successor, Alexander, afterwards 
laird of Luss, and John* Sir Humphrey was 
married to the knrd Hamilton's daughter, by whom 
he had one daughter, married to Campbell of Cmt^ 
rick* This Sir Humphrey fought the conflict of 
Glenfroon, against the MacGregors, and was a£* 

COlQtTHOITiys. lis 

terwaids kiUed in Beaachra castle by the Mao 
Farianes, through influence of a certiun nobleman 
whom Luss had disobliged. He was succeeded 
by Alexander his brdther, who married Helen* 
daughter to the laird of Buchanan, by whom he 
had five sons ; Sir James his successor, Sir Hum- 
phrey of Balvey, Alexander of Glins, Walter, and 
George. Sir Humphreys Walter, and GeorgCy 
died without issue. 

Sir James of Luss married the earl of Mon^ 
trose^s daughter, and had by her Sir John his suc- 
cessor. Sir James of Corky, and Alexander of 
Tullichewn. Sir John married Baillie, heiress of 
Lochend, by whom he had three sons, who died 
all unmarried, and eight daughters, three of which 
only had issue, being Lilias, the eldest, married 
to Stirling of Keir, Christian to Cunningham of 
Craigends, and Helen to Dickson of Inveresk. 

To Sir James succeeded his brother. Sir James 
of Corky, who was married to Cunningham of 
Bellyechan^s daughter, by whom he had Sir Hum* 
phrey his successor, and James. Sir Humphrey 
was married to the laird of Houston^s daughter, 
by whom he had no children that came to age^ 
but one daughter, Annei who being heiress of that 
estate, was married to James Grant of Pluscarden, 
second son to Grant of that ilk, who, upon the 
death of Sir Humphrey, succeeded to the estate of 
Luss, and in a little time thereafter, through de* 
cease of brigadier Alexander Grant, his elder bro* 
ther, without issue, succeeded also to the estate of 
Grant, being now in possesrion of both those great 
and ancient estates, designing his eldest son for 


Iford of Grant, and his second son fcv hitd of Ltiai^ 
The principal residence of the iairds of X»tt8e k 
Bosdoej jJeasaodj situated in a little peninsula^ 
upon the south shore of Lochlomotid» in the parish 
of Lussy and shire of Duabatton* 

The next to the family of Luss, of that name, 
in this kingdom, is Colquhoun. of Tullidiewn. 
There is also in the parish of Lijias Colquhoun of 
Camstroddan, descended of a soii of the said family 
in the the reign of king James V. There is Col- 
quhoun of Oarsoaddan, in the parish of Eilpatrick, 
descended from the fcunily of Camstroddan, in the 
minority of queen Mary. There is also Colquhoun 
of Craigtouttj a cadet of die family of Eilmardinnyj 
as already menti^Hiecl. Those of other demnmna- 
tidns descended of thift surname are the Cowimsi 
pretty numerous in th^ shire of Fife, and in the 
east parts of the shirfe of Stirling. The diief per^ 
son of that name is Cowan of CorBtoa% in Fife. 
Also the >MacMainesies, who are not very numcar* 
OU& There is also a sept of thia sumaaie very 
numerous in Appin, and other fdaoesof Upper 
Ix>m, called MacAchounicbs. 

The armorial bearing of Colquhoun of lAiss is, 
argent, «. saltyre engnuled, sables Supportnrs, 
two hounds sable, collared argent. Crest, a hart^s 
head coupee, gules. Motto, Si Je J^u* 





THE surname of Lamond did not upon most 
occasions associate with most others of the mofst 
remote clans: Neveretheless, upon very solid 
grounds, it hatfi been always accounted a sunuune 
ctf great antiquity and esteem ; the same for dirers 
ages being in possession^ woA the chiefs thereof 
lairds, or rather lords, of all Lower Cowal, a very 
fatile country, and of a large extent, though most 
part thereof, at several junctures and occamons, (of 
which the circttmstaaces cannot in this age be cb» 
covered,) was wrested out of their hands. The 
aiuae itsdf did alio sustain very great loss, or di- 
minution, in the time of the civil wars, in the reign 
of king Charles I., having joined with the manjuis 
of Montrose^s party, who stood for the king^s in- 
terest. Upon the defeat of the Marquis at PMlip- 
hau^, and suppression of that party, the LanKwds 
for 0ome time defended themselves in their cln^s 
eaatleof Towart; but being besic^d by a party 


of the Parliaments forces, were obliged to yield 
themselves prisoners of war, and as soon as they 
came into the enemy^s hands were all put to the 
sword; as were also near the same time. a great 
number of the MacDougals and MacNeils, who 
defended themselves for some time, in the fort of 
Dunabarty in Kintyre, against lieutenant-general 
Lesley, after the defeat of Alexander MacDonald^s 
army at Largy : Lesley having given quarters to 
a party of Irish, who, with the above clans, de- 
fended that fort, did put all the Scots, without dis- 
tinction, to the sword, of which the most part 
were of those mentioned, with some MacDon^ds, 
after they had surrendered at discretion ; so that 
none of these surnames are any thing so numerous 
ever since as formerly. 

The surname of Lamond is asserted to be de- 
scended of Lamond O^Neil, a son of the great 
O'Neil, provincial king of North Ulster. The 
chiefs of this surname were allied with very hon- 
ourable families both in Scotland and Ireland; 
as with the families of Argyll, MacDonald, Luss, 
Buchanan, Okyan, lord Dunseveiin, and other 
families in Ireland. I find Duncan MacLamond, 
who seems to have been laird of Lamond, men- 
tioned witness in a charter, granted, by Duncan, 
earl of Lennox, in the reign of king Robert III. 
This surname is always in Irish termed MacLa- 
monds, or clan Lamond. 

Archibald, late laird of Lamond, married Mar- 
garet, daughter to colonel Hurry, by whom he 
had no issue ; so that the estate went to Dugal 
Lamond of Stiohdg, as being nearest hdur male. 


He married Margiuret, mter to James, earl of 
Rute» bj whom be had five daughters!, the eldest 
whereof, Mar^ret, is married to Sotm Lamood pf 
Kilfinaa, whose eldest soa is to succeed to the es- 
tate of Lainond. There are of other denomiuao 
turns descended of this surname, tbe MacLucases^ 
or Lukes, Maclntumers, or Turners, MacAlduies, 
or Blacks, Macllwboms, and Towarts. The laird 
of Lamond, since the demolition of his castle, of 
Towart, by the above-mentioned siege, re^es in 
Ardlamondyin Upper CowaL The prindpal gen- 
tlemen of that name are the Lamonds of Silvep* 
craig, Lamond of Willowfietd, who,* with some 
other gentlemen^ and most others of that surname, 
reside in Lower CowaL There is also descended 
of a son of the Imrd of , Lamond, Burdon of Fedale, 
in StraltbMab with others of that nanediere, hav- 
ing got ihut estate l^ marriage of tbe h wess there^^ 
(tf some ages ago» 

These is also in Argyllehire a gentleman of a 
small estate, designed MaoOrquodale of Faint* 
islands* His interest lyes upon the south side of 
Lochow, and he is accounted one of the most 
ancient gentlemen, of his own station, in that shire, 
or probably of any other in this kingdom, it being 
with assurance asserted, that the cause of his an« 
cestor^s getting that estate' was for taking down the 
head of Alpin, king of the Scots, by night, off the 
walls of the capital city of the Picts, where these 
had affixed it, and upon bringing the same to king 
Kenneth the Great, he was for that service recom- 
penced with that estate, possessed by his successor 
as yet ; and that there was a charter granted of 


the said estate by king Kenneth, which is reported 
to have been sent, npon his earnest request, to Sir 
George MacEenzie, to be perused by him, some 
little time before the JLevolution, and that the same 
was not got back. However this be, that gentle- 
man is reputed to be of very great antiquity by 
all in these parts; but I could not obtain any dis- 
tinct account of the same, or of his armorial bear- 

There was also a gentleman of a good estate 
in Kintyre, designed MacKay of Ogendale, which 
family continued in a very good repute for a good 
many ages. The principal family is lately extinct. 
There continues a considerable number of that 
surname as yet in Kintyre, and the north of Ire- 
land ; so that I am very apt to think that the an- 
cestor of the northern MacKays, of which the lord 
Rae is chief, was descended off this ancient family 
of that name in Kintyre, rather than from one 
Forbes, a son of Forbes of Ochanochar, as is as- 
serted by some modem writers. 

Lamond for armorial bearing carried sometimes 
azure, a mond, or globe argent ; but the most an- 
cient and more ordinary bearing of that family is 
azure, a lion rampant, argent. Crest, a hand cou- 
pee proper. Motto, Ne pereas nee spemas. 





AS divers of the most ancient surnames in the 
western parts of the Lennox derive their ori^n 
from the family of Lennox ; so also the surname 
of MacAulay may, upon good grounds, be pre- 
sumed to be descended off that ancient family. 
For confirmation of this alle^tion, in a charter, by 
Malduin, earl of Lennox, to Sir Patrick Graham, 
of the carrucate of Muckraw, one of the witnesses 
is Aulay, the earPs brother : as also in another 
charter, by the same earl, to William, son of Ar- 
thur Galbreath, of the two carrucates of Sather- 
nock, and carrucate of Kincruich, now Culcruich, 
the witnesses are, Duncan and Aulay, the earPs 
brethren. This Aulay is mentioned in divers 
other charters of the said earl; as also the siud 
Aulay^s son, and successor, designed Duncan, son 
of Aulay or MacAulay, knight, is inserted in a 
charter, by the said earl, to Walter Spreul, of the 
lands of Dalquhern, and in a great many others. ' 
I find no mention of this Duncan^s successor. 
The next to be met with, and to be presumed of 
that family, is Arthur, designed of Arncaple, being 


witness in a charter, by Duncan, earl of LennoXi 
to Murdac, son of Arthur Dinin, of the lands of 
Drumfad and Eirkmichal ; so that this Arthur 
might be grandchild to Sir Duncan last mentioned. 
There is a current tradition, that this family, or 
surname, was designed << Arncaples of that ilk,^ 
for some time, until, from one of the chiefs of that 
family, properly called Aulayy the whole surname 
was so denominated. But there is much more 
ground for the first than the last of these supposi- 
tions, in regard of the small interval betwixt the 
time of the above Sir Duncan MacAulay^ and 
that surname's being found upon record to be 
so denominated as it continues to this present time. 

The next of that name to the family of Arnca- 
ple, is the representative of major Robert MacAu- 
lay, a gentleman of a good estate in Olenerm, in 
the county of Antrim m Ireland, in which county a 
great many of that surname reside. There is also 
a numerous sept of that surname in Caithness and 
Sutherland, who own their descent off the fismiily 
of Arncaple, and that gentleman to be their chief. 
The MacPheidirans of Argyllshire own themselves 
to be originally of this surname. The prindpal 
residence of the laird of Arncaple is the castle of 
Ardincaple, in the shire cf Dunbarton, situated 
upon the north side of the Frith of Clyde, opposite 
to the town of Greenock. 

The armorial bearing of MacAulay of Arnca- 
ple is, gules, two darts their points conjoined in 
base, in form of a cheveron reversed argent, sur- 
mounted of a fess cheeky of the second and first 
Crest, a boot coupee at the ancle, with a spur 
thereon proper. Motto, Dulce Pmculvm, 








Imprimis, CUai'Donaldy and of them five branches in 
the lies by branches smaller* 

FIRST} Donald Gormesone his kin are called of 
surname Hutscheon, that is to say, the succession 
of Hutseheon McDonald, quhom of they descendit 
and sprange. Therefore this man is called Donald 
McDonald Gorme, Vic Donald Gurmacke} Vic 
Donald Gorvucke, Vic Hutscheon, quo was sone 
to Alexander of Ila, earl of Roase, and lord of the 
lies, or, as the Heighlandmen calls him« king of' 
the lies. 

And this Alexander was sone to Donald earle of 
Rosse, by the marriage of Yalter Lesley earle of 
Rosse, daughter and heir ; and this earle Donald 
wes the first earle of memory that of the Clan-' 
ronald justly bruikit Rosse. 


And this Donald wes the stocke, quherfra Clan- 
ronald were named last in ther names, quha wes 
sone to Jhone oF Ila, and of the best that came of 
that sorte} quho had the Stewarte to hjs wyfie, 
mother to this Donald forsaid. 

This Jbone of Ila wes sone to Angus M^Angus, 
Vic Donald, fra quhome they were called first, and 
of the auld clan Donald. 

This Donald wes the sone of Raynald M^Somerle 
or Somerledi, frae quhome they were for a quhile 
named and called clan Somerle. 

This Somerle wes the sone of Gillebryde M*Gil- Vic Sell^,yic Mearshaighe, Vic Swyf. 
fine, Vic Malhheussa, Vic Eacime, Vic Gothefred, 
fra quhome they were called at that time clan Go* 
thofred, that is, clan Gotheray in Hybers Leid, 
and they were verey grate men in tbat tymes of 
zeire, and ay on; called clan Gotherey, quhill Don- 
aid Gorme, quhome I last made mentione. 

This Gotheray wes the sone of Fergus M^Eriche, 
Vic Cartayne, Vic Ethay, Vic Thola Crcdsme, Vio 
Ethay de wiff Leist* Ethodius Vic Frathrequerwy 
fratherus, Vic Clarpre Lisse Chuyr, Corbr^us, 
Vic Chrorinweet Alada, Cormacus Vic Airt, Ler* 
xneche king of Irland, mist royall in all his actioiis, 
Vic Chuyin Chidekakey, Condus lenti beltus king 
of Irland) a royal prince, and lyon like in all his 
actions of warre, of quhome I make thir the stoke 
in Irland, for that he is lineally degcendit of Gathc* 
I us seed. 

Clan Eanmore^ the second house ofthfi ClanDonaldU 
Sir James Macconeill of Kyntyre is the second 


house of the lies, quho is the sone of Alexandet 
M*Jhone, Vic Anald Agnaldi, Vic Ean Johannis^ 
Vic Donald Ballay, Vic Ean, of quhom they are 
called to surname Sleight Ean Moire successio 
Johannis Magni, quho wes sone to Jhone the best 
lord of the lies, as I have said off befor, quho had 
the Stewarte^sdauchtertohis ladey.. Heir I impe 
tbis branche to the tree justly as is afforsaid. 

Ckm Baynaldj the third lumse of the ClanDonatd. 

Jhone Moydeor Tyeiche is the sone of Alexan- 
der' Macallan, filius Alani, Vic Rorey Roderici, 
Vic Ean Johanis, Vic Raynald Reginaldi, quhorae 
I impe to this good Jhone of Ila, his father forsaid. 
Heir sprouted twa branches out of the free at ance, 
that is, the clan Ean-moire and the clan Raynald. 

Clan Ean of Ardnamorachin^ the fourtt houH of the 

Alexander McDonald Donaldi M^Ean Johannis 
M'Aloir Alexandri M'Angus M'Ean Achechter- 
wache M< Angus Moire, who wes the lord of the 
lies, and him I impe to the tree. 

jUexander Carrathy thcfyfle house of ClanDonali, . 

Neirest this descendit frae the house of Clan- 
Donald is Alexander Carrath, that is, Shawit 
Alexander sua that be the countrie's custome, be- 
cause Highlandmen callit the fairest hared man 
Chewit man, and the Chewit the hared, and sua 
furthe, for this Alexander was the furest hared 
man as they say of aney that ever was ; and this 
^aid Alexander was brother to this Donald of the 


lies forsaid, and to John: Moir^ ira quhome James 
Kyiityre descendit, and brother of the father syde 
to Raynalds of quhome came the ClanRanidd. • 

And this Carrath hea maney oome of himy and 
good succession in Lochaber called ClanRanald^ 
McDonald Glasset Vic, Alexander, quhilk bruy^es 
a pairt of Lochaber sinsyne. 

Ther wes, by thir I have wretten ofFe, Jhone 
Gothofiredy and Angus, the quhilke had nae suo- 




THER wer fyve earles of Roa successively and 
immediately before Walter Lesly that marryed 
the heretrix of Ros, quherof the first was called 
Ferquhardi the second William, the third William, 
the fourth Hew, and the fifth William, who was 
father to Eufiam the heretrix, spous to the forsaid 
Walter Lesly. 

Walter Lesly begot on Eufiam ane sone called 
Alexander, (who was marryed on a doughter of 
duk Robert Stewart, (governor of Scotland,) by 
whom he hud only a doughter called Mary, who 
dyed a virgin,) and ane doughter called Eufiam, 
who was marryed on Donald, lord of the Yles, 
(who fought the battle of Harlaw). This Donald 
begot on Eufiam Lesly,' Alexander, earle of Ros, 
and Alexander begot Jon of Ila, earle of Ros, who 
rengned his right to the earldom of Ros, in king 
James the third, bis favors, in the year 1476. 


quherby tbe said earldom beoom to be anneited to 
the cEowne. 

1. Ferquhard, the first earle of Ros, (upon a 
certan occasion,) maid a vowe that he should found 
ane abbey of the first reli^ous men Jie should meit, 
and meiting with two why t channons in Galloway, 
(having oertan of sanct NinianV relicts^) he brought 
them to Ros, and founded an abbay of that or- 
der at Feme, beside Kintarue in Strathcharron, 
(quherof eqm pairt remaynes as yet to be seen,) 
and maid ane of the said channons (called Mai* 
colme,) abbot thereof, who, being abbot fifteen 
yeirs, deceist, and was burryed in the sam place, 
and after his death was boldin be his people as a 
sanct.— 'Tberafter the said earle, with consent of 
the abbot [and] brethren of the said. place, for the 
more tranquillitie, peace and qiiietnes tfaerof, tran-^ 
slated the said monastrie quhemow presently it 
stands, the twenly^seventb yeir of the said F«-- 
quhard's earldom, and yeir of God .... .—At 
this tym was the second abbot called Malcdme of 

Ferquhard, earle of Ros, dyed in Tayne, upon 
the first day of Februarie, 1 25.1 . . 

2. Unto Ferquhard succeeded William his son^ 
who maryed anlB doughter of Johii Gumming^ 
earle of Buchan ; he lived .twenty-four yeirs earle^ 
and dyed at Earles-AUane, the 17th of Decemb^, 

In his tym was the thhrd abbot called Maccabeusf 

Mackhorsin. . . . - ^ c- . 

. 3« Unto, this William succeeded bis sone WiU 

liam, the third earle, who was mad earle at Whit- 


iimdajr the Baid ye$r;— •be lived -forty-nine yeiri 
earle, and was niarryed on Mauld, sbter to the 

. la his ijm Robert, ea?le of Caitiek, mad insur* 
rection« pretending to the crowne of Scotland^ 
qnherupon the king entered in eonfederacte with 
bioif and gave him his nster to wyff, as said is, 
who bore to him a son called Hew. 

*'T%ts William was a long tym imprisoned in 
England for his fidelity to the ctowne of Scotland, 
and depurted in Delny in Ros, the S8th of January, 

Dn^tym of this earle William wer divers abbots 
ot Feme ; thefirst was called Martin, ane channon 
of Why thorne, (not choysen, but presented be the 
pryor «of Whythome), Nixt, ther was ane other 
brother of the said house of Whythorne, called 
John, (who was invested, not choysen). The third 
was called Mark Ros, son to Sir Mark Ros, (not 
choysen be the convent of Feme, but presented be 
the pryor of Whythora). This Mark, abbbt, en* 
tered in the said monastrie two years befor the de* 
cease of the sakl earle William,, and found the said 
place destitute of idoneous persones, ornaments, 
bi^ngs, and other guids. He governed that 
place weell in bis tym, and, according to the order> 
instructed them dilligently. 

4. In' tym of this Mark, abbot. Hew, sone fo 
prementionat William, was maid earle upon St; 
Pfttrick^s day, the 17th day of March, after the 
deeease of his father, viz. 1983, and lived earle ten 
years, and,.in the defence of the realme, departed 


in the oonffiet of Halydouoe-^bill, besyd Berwick^ 
the 18th of. the caletids of August, 1333. 

He maryed the lord Graham^s doughter, who 
bore to him William^ fifth earle of Ros, and Hew» 
who was first laird of Belnagowne. 

5. Unto Hew succeedit bis sone William, (the 
third of that Bam, and fifth earle of Ros,) who, 
after three years^ banisbDient in Norway, com 
home, and, having gathered a grieat annie, invaded 
the towne of Pearth, then garrisond be the EpgUsh^ 
and, having drawn the water frcnn them, oon- 
strayned them to depairt out of the towne. 

He was most friendly to all reli^ous persones, 
and repaired and re-ec|ifyed all the biggings and 
manor-places of his predecessors in sindrie pairts 
of Ros ; he was maid earle after his retume from 
exylei on Fryday before Whitsunday, in the year 

This William, be the advyce and counsell of 
^oger, bishope of Ros, the said Mark, then abbot 
of Feme, and haill convent, caused re-edify the 
abbey kirk of Feme, (being formerly bigged of 
ruch staine and clay,) and bigged it of new, with 
hewin work, quhilk work was begune the second 
year after the said William was m^d earle of Ros, 
that is, in the year 1338, and the said Mark, abbot, 
dyed among his bretherin, after the beginning of 
the said work, in the year 1355, and was honorap- 
blie buryed within the said kirk. — Unto this Mark 
succeeded Donald Peibles. This earle William 
considering the channons of Feme haid frie power 
of election be pope Urban the fourth, in whose 


tyinie tbey were founded, and others, frOm the be- 
diming of tlie said order, giving them special prir 
viledges, he, (the said William,) for keeping all 
ther juries and rights to the sliid t'eligious men, 
ordered that nether election nor presentation should, 
bn no wages, be hud tt> them from uthers, but 
wi^in the said abbacy, according to the institu- 
tione of Augustin, and that som worthy persones 
be elected out of the ix>6ome of the' Said place ; 
and for tb^r entres they elected and presented the 
said Donald abbot, who refused the sam for the 
in vie of presentation which he haid of Whythome; 
yet, shortly therafter, h^ was elected abbot with 
consent of the baiU brethren, and past (acoompa* 
nyed with ane brother called John Abernethie,) 
to Whythome, to the pryor therof^ in his erand 
of election, quher, after many reasonk arid contra** 
versies tb<e pryof 6f Whythorne and convent therctf 
confirmed and approved the election of the said 
Donald mad at Feme. 

In the dayes'of this earle William, and in abbdt 
Donald^s tym, the st&ine work of the said kirk was 
ended ; and als the timmer wor'k therof, be the 
SUpplie of the said earle, was also finished. 

This earle William,'biEiving repaired the kirk and 
abbay of !Feme, granted to the sam, for his soule 
and his predecessors^ the kirk of Tirradaile in Ros^ 
that was at his presentatione, and obtained consent 
to the abbey of Ferne therupon, be the bisbope 
and chapter of Ros, for whose saule every chan* 
iiotve, under great payne, was appoynted ilk day 
to say ane mass atthe hich altar. 

•This William lived earle tbirty*five yeires, and 


deceased at Delny, ibe 9th day of February, 1369 
yeirs.— [JfantiwTip* of Rig^ 1371, 9<A February.'] 
To abbot Donald Peibles succeeded Donald 
Adam Monilaw, wbodeceiait at Ferne^ the 10th of 
,September, 1407. 

6. And in his tym was earle of Ros^^ Walter 
Lesly, who maryed Eufiam^ doughter to the said 
earle William, and depairted at Pearth, the penult 
day of February, 1381 . 

7. To him succeed Alexander Lesly his sone, 
wbo maryed ane doughter of duk Robert Stewards, 
governor of Scotland, and got on hir ane doughter 
called Mary, who dyed ane virgin ; and the said 
Alexander deceised at Dingwdil, in his young adge, 
the 8th day of May, 1402. 

And after that, on Thomas Kathimach sent to 
the pryor of Whythome to be abbot of F^me. 
This Thomas was given to the lust of the flesh, 
and it is uncertan what was his end. 

After this was ane abbot, Finlay M'Faid, oy of 
Sir Ferrier, viccar of.Tayne, who, foracertan 
space, governed the place cX Feme, and dyed the 
15th of October, 1436. 

Therafter, Alexander of Yla, lord of the Ties, 
and son to Donald of the Yles who marryed 
Eufiam Ledy, becam earle of Ros, and justice be- 
north Forth. 

This Alexander dyed at Dingwell, and was bur* 
ryed in the channonrie of Ros, the 8tb of May, 

King James the first, in the ydir • • • . , caused 
behead James Campbell, for murdering Johne df 
af the Yles, a mm dearly beloved of bis people. 


& In the year 14Sd, Alexander, lord of the 
Yles, was arrested be tbe king at Invernes, for his 
mantaining of theeves and robbers, and brought 
prisoner to Edinbrugh, and, shortly therafler, for 
promising to reforroe his maners, was pardoned 
and set at libertie, quherof ther ensued great 
trouble imediatly therafter, for he gathered a 
great many reavers and robbers, and* burnt the 
towne of Invemes and beseedged the castle therof, 
enforceing with all dilligence to, win the sam, till 
he was advertised that the king was comming with 
ane great powr, quherupon he fled to the YIes, ' 
and therafter, b^ng informed that many lay in 
wait to tak him, he cam, disguised in poor array, 
to Halyroodhouse, and ther finding the king, on 
pasch day, in the kirk at his prayers, he fell on 
his knees before him, and besought him for grace, 
for his saik who raise that day from death to lyfe, 
and at the queen^s request the king pardond his 
lyfe, but appoynted William Duglas, earle of 
Angus, to have the custody of him, and that with- 
in the castle of Tantallon, that no trouble should 
ryse by his mean therafler* His mother, Eufiam 
Lesly, doughter to Walter Lesly, earle of Ros, 
was also committed to ward in St Colm^s Insh, 
becaus it was knowen that shee solicited her son 
Alexander to rebellion against the king, in maner 

Not long afterj Donald Baldach Makdonald, 
coosen-german to the earle of Ros^ com with a great 
power of men into Lochaber, quher tbe carles of 
Mar and Cathnes com, with such power of men as 
they could conveen, to defend the countrey against 



the invasion of the Hylandmetl, and fought agsdnst 
the said Donald at Inverlochy, quher the earle i>f 
Cathnes was slayne and the earle of Mar discom- 

This Donald therafter taking banishment to 
Ireland, for his rebellion was taken be a lord of 
Yrland, and bis head iient to the king of Soot- 

9. In May, 1476, the king raised a puissant 
army in pursuit of the lord of the Ylea, both by 
sea and land. The earle of AthoU (the king^s 
uncle by his father,) was mad lieutennent-^^erall 
to the land-forces, who acted t»o as the lord of the 
Yles was forced, in the beginnipg of July nixt 
therafter, to submitt himself to the king, quber 
ther was ane agreement mad and confirmed betwixt 
them, that Mackdonald should resigne in the king's 
hands all the right he haid to the earldom of Ros 
and lands of Eintyre ; and at this tym Ros was an- 
nexed to the crowne, and McDonald continued lord 
of the Yles and earle of Bos during his dayes. 

The king gave also to the earle of Atboll^ for 
his service in the aforsaid expedition, the lands and 
forrest of Cluny. 

In tym of the aforsaid Jon, lord of the Yks, 
was abbot Finlay MakFaid^ who did- many good 
works during his being ♦ • » ♦ 

♦ ♦ * • • ♦♦ * 

\Tht remainder y which ooaqned fted haves of the 
manmcripty ia wanting,'] 


IT is recorded, that three brether, called Gain, 
Leody and Leandris, com out of Denmark, to the 
north pairts of Scotland, to follow ther fortune ; 
and that Guin took possession of the breas of 
Cathnes, quher his posterity remanes to this day j' 
called the Clan-gunn- Leod conquest the Lewes ; 
and of him ar descended the M'Leods of Lews 
and the rest of the name of M'Leod ; and that 
Leandris conquest Brea-chatt, viz. Lairgg, the 
parish of Creich, Slischilish, or Ferrincoskie, to- 
gether with the lands of Strath-charron, Strath-^ 
hockell, Scrivater, and Glenbeg. To this Lean- 
dris succeeded his son Tyre, and to Tyre, Paull 
M*Tyre, whose doughter and heire (called Kater- 
in,) was marryed to Walter, (agnamed Cluggmach,) 
laird of Belnagowne, 

Of the forsaid Leandris ar descendit the haill 
Clan-leandris, now surnamcd Ros: Paull M*Tyre, 
aforsaidj (grandchild to Leandris,) was a valiant 
man, and caused Cathnes pay him black maill. It 
is reported, that he got nyn scoir of cowes yeirly, 
out of CathneS) for Mack maill| sb long as he was 
able to travcll. 



This Paull had a sone called Murdo-reocb) (a 
stout and hard'ie captan,) who (quhill he was tak- 
ing up bis custom ky,) was killed be the Cathnes- 
men at the Spittell hills, and Murdo's bairns, com- 
ming out of Cathnes then, wer drowned at Helms- 

Paul! M^Tyre built a house in Creicb, called 
Drumscreich, with such a kynd of hard mortar 
that at this day it cannot be knowen quherof it 
was maid ; and, as he was building this house, he 
haid intelligence that his only sone was slayne in 
Cathnes, which mad him derist fVom furder build- 
ing quhen he haid almost finished the sam, and 
shortly therafter dyed for displeasyr of bis lost 

The lands of Creich-moir and Slischilish, lyand 
on aither syd of the water of Portinculter^ ar called 
Ferrin-coscaiie, and did appertain somtyme to the 
Clandonald, which they haid from the earles of 
Bos, who, possessit the sam, as appears be ane in- 
infeftment, granted to the earle of Ros, be king 
Robert Bruce, the sixteenth year of his raigne, 
and yeir of our Lord 1333, of certan lands, and 
especially of the land^ of Ferrin-coscarie, or Slis- 
ehilish, desyned to ly within the earldbme of Su- 

Thes lands of Ferrin-coscarie fell to the lurds of 
Kildone and Glengarrie, by the marriage, of two 
sisters of the surname of Clandonald, who wer 
heretrices of the sam* Which lands wer aold be 
Glengarrie and £iIdone to the Btuns; and tbe 
Baynes disponed them to the Monros* 








[First PubMedimiHe Tear 1723.] 

Sff Robert Chapmmu 









I MAY, upon very solid grounds, presume, 
that any one who offers to treat of the genealogy 
of any Scottish surnames, which can lay any just 
claim to considerable antiquity, especiiJly such as 
^re planted in or near the more remote or High- 
land parts of this kingdom, cannot in reason be 
supposed to have records, or written documents, 
upon which any thing that ordinarily is, or ration- 
ally may be advanced upon such a subject, can be 
founded ; there being for the most part little dili- 
gence used by these surnames or clans in obtain- 
ing, and though obtained,* in preserving any such 
documents ; as is evidently instanced by the de- 
porUhent d( the nobility and barons to king Ro^ 


bert the I. upon his requiring them to produce their 
evidents : there being also many contingencies, 
particularly the feuds so frequent betwixt families 
ef these clans, carried on to such a degree ot vio- 
lence and animosity, and so detrimental to the 
private affairs of all concerned therein. ''Besides, 
the public commotions affecting the nation in gene- 
ral, may in reason be imagined a palpable means 
of the loss of many private evidents in custody of 
those, subject in a greater measure to such incon- 
veniences, than were many other surnames planted 
in the more inland places. Though, indeed, some 
who treat of the origin even of Some of those last 
mentioned, are obliged to found their allegations 
in relation to the origin of these surnames, of which 
they treat, upon probable and solid tradition. As 
for instance, that exquisite historian of the celebra- 
ted surname of Douglas ; also the historian of the 
surname of Lesly ; as indeed, in general, all who 
treat of that subject use the same method in rela- 
tion to the more ancient surnames. The reason 
being obvious which obliges them so to do, if that 
allegation be as generally allowed, as the same is 
asserted by the greatest part of our modern writers, 
that there can be no written record or evident evin- 
ced to have existed, or at least be produced of a 
more ancient date than the reign of king David the 
I. which compfienced in the year 1124. So that in 
that case, all those surnames, whose origin is assert- 
ed, to be more ancient than ^he commencement^ of 
that reign, must of necessity be founded upon tra- 
dition. Upon which account, and more especially 
that of the practice of the above-mentioned histo- 



mos, I judged it cannot be esteemed any dispar- 
agement to me, or to the subject I resolve to treat 
of, to be obliged to found the account of the origin 
of the surname of Buchanan in general, and of 
six of the first principal men of that family succes- 
sively in particular, upon probable^ ^gd uncontro- 
verted tradition. In regard, confor^p^ to the more 
modem method used in genealogiztng that sur- 
name, the origin of the same is- extended to a 
more ancient date than the reign already men- 
tioned. Though, mean while, I am much more 
inclinable to join sentiments with those of the 
more ancient seneciones, or genealogists, who, upon 
,very solid grounds, contend the generality of our 
clans, and more ancient surnames, whose origin is 
truly Scottish, to be the real and genuine progeny 
of the Gathelian, or Scottish colonies, which in 
the se^'eral junctures before and afterwards, under 
the conduct of the two kings Fergus I. and II. 
came from Ireland, and planted Scotland. And 
for confirmation of this supposition, these demon- 
strate, that many of the most potent and ancient 
surnames in Ireland are of the same denomination^ 
(except what must be allowed to some little differ- 
ence of the dialect and accent of the Irish language 
used in both nations,) with a great many of the 
most ancient and modern of our Highland clans ; 
as the O^Donels and O^Neils with our MacDonalds 
and MacNeils ; MacCustuIas, almost the same with 
MacAuslan, the ancient denomination of the pow 
surname of Buchanan, with divers others* A good 
many of the clans do as yet closely adhere to this 
ancient kind of genealogy. Some others of them 

14d Accoimr ov the 

are induced to adhere to a newer form, composed 
b^*" a set of men some ages ago, oome in place of 
the amdent sieneciones, which arrogate to themselves 
the title of Antiquaries. These rejecting the an- 
cient method, as too general, and inconsistent with 
the i!^otiond^6f ^ese more modem ages, have com- 
po^d genealojgies in their opinion more exact and 
circumstantiate than the former, by fixing, upon 
certain periods of time, the manner and other cir- 
cumstitnces relating to the families or dans of whom 
they tt^t. But all their allegations being founded 
upon tradition, and the matters they treat of being 
generally of more ancient date than the ages of 
these antiquaries, they are subject to the same in- 
conveniences, and, in my opinion, can be allowed 
only the same measure of historical credit due to , 
the most ancient of the traditions delivered by the 
former^ if equally solid and probable. However, 
in 'regard this last method is that more generally 
received by, and most agreeable to, the taste and 
sentiments of the greater part of those of the pre- 
sent, and some bygone ages, I shall conform my- 
self thereto as to what I am to offer in relation to 
the origin, and other concerns of the surname of 
Buchanan. And in regard these latter antiquaries 
do derive the genealogy of some of our Scottish 
elans, upon very good grounds, from the Danes, 
rather induced thereto by the fame acquired by the 
Danes by their martial achievements, for some 
ages in Britain and Ireland, than upon any other 
solid ground, or show of truth ; and more espedal- 
ly, seeing the progenitor of the surname of Buch- 
anan (according to the above antiquaries) was 


obliged to abandon Ireland, through tyranny of 
the same Danes, then domineering over that king- 
dom, J presume it will not be esteemed too incohe- 
rent with the ensuing subject, nor unacceptable to 
those who shall have occasion of perusing the same, 
that I should briefly glance at the origin of that 
people, and some few of these surprising achieve- 
ments managed by them in Britain and Ireland, 
and some other parts, as a native introduction to 
the account of the time, manner, and cause of the 
Buchanans, their ancestor, or his abandoning Ire- 

The Danes, accordinig to ih&r own and divers 
other historians, are the native progeny of the an- 
cient Cimbrians; who, as PuffendorflF relates, had 
kings for some ages before our Savionr^s nativity, 
having dominion over Denmark, Norway, Sweden, 
and some other northern regions. That people was 
of such a gigantic stature and unparalleled fierce- 
ness, 89 gave occasion to Livy, prince of the Bomnn 
historians, to relate them to be framed by nature for 
the terror and destruction of other mortals. These 
Cimbrians in the third consulship of the famous 
Caius Marius, (then the glory, though afterwards 
the scourge, of his native country,) to the number 
of four hundred thousand fighting men, with their 
wives and children, went to invade Italy, which put 
the Romans in no small consternation, concluding 
their state in a manner lost ; and probably it would 
have been so, had not, as Livy observes, such a 
brave and politic captain as Marius been their gene- 
ral at that juncture, who by divers stratagems weak- 
ened the power, and broke the fierceness of these 

148 Accomrr OF the . 

barbarians^ and in cpiicIusioiSi engaged th^if aiiny » 
and entirely defeated tfae same, with the daughter 
of one hundred and forty thousand of them. Theif 
wives and children daring the battle being placed 
in- waggons, on both wings of their army, greatly 
molested the Romans with siings,' and other missive 
weapons ; but at last observing the' defeat, they iil 
the first place killed Iheir children, kad lastly thetn* 
selves ; the women as well as men partaking in 21 
great measure of that fierceness natural to their na- 
tion. This fatal defeat struck such a terror to the 
Cimbrians, as for some ages thereafter deterred 
them from encroaching upon the Roman territories; 
till in th<e middle of the fifth century of the chris- 
tian epocha, having some ages before that, chianged 
the name q£- Cimbrians into that of Danes, they 
made up a part of that formidable army with which 
Jittik the Great, king of the Huns, attempted to 
subvert the Roman empire in the reign of the em- 
peror Yalehtinian III. and year 451. And in re- 
gard these were the two most formidable anmes 
that ever invaded the Roman state and empire, and 
contributed very much towards subverting the 
same, I shall briefly recount the manner and suc- 
cess of this expedition of Attila, in which the Danes 
werd concerned, and shall than proceed to narrate 
some of the most considerable actions performed 
by them in Britain and Ireland. 

Attila was king of the Huns> now Hungarians, 
and did by his courage and conduct bring under 
his subjection most part ofalL these nations betwixt 
the Euxine and Baltic Seas, entitling himself " At- 
tila the Great, king of the Huns> of the Medes, 


Goths, Vandals, Gepidsand Danes, the scourge of 
God, and terror of the world.*** This magnaqimous 
and ambitious prince resolved to subdue the Roman 
empire, theti in the decline, and in order thereto 
levied an army of five hundred thousand .chosen 
men, which, the quality of general and soldiers duly 
considered, was not qnly of power to subdue the 
Roman empire, but as it might seem, the whole 
known world. Etius, who indeed may be accounted 
the last of the Roman heroes, being general of. the 
Roman array in Gaul, and being informed of the 
inarch of this army towards that country, not only 
mustered all the force the Roman empire could 
raise, but also those of the Visi-Goths, and Alans 
of Spain, Franks and Burgundians of France, all 
at that time in confederacy with the Romans; by 
which means he made up an army equal to that of 
Attila, and engaged in battle with him in the large 
plains of Chalons, near the city of Lyons in France. 
This battle lasted a whole day, with the loss in 
end of one hundred and eighty thousand of Attila^s 
army, and one hundred thousand of that of Etius. 
The slaughter was so prodigious, that the waters 
of a rivulet which traversed the plains where 
the battle was fought, were so increased with 
blood, as carried many dead bodies divers miles 
with the current thereof. Attila being in a manner 
defeated, and not in. condition to make a safe re- 
treat, caused fortify his camp with waggons in the 
night-time, and ordered his army to defend the 
same to the utmost. Meanwhile, having caused a 
lai^e pile of combustible matter to be erected in 
the middle of his camp, be ordered, if the enemy 


should enter his camp per-force, that fire should 
be put to the pile, and his. body burnt therein, to 
prevent the enemy from triumphing over the same. 
Etius next morning observing Attila'^s army in a 
posture of defence, and, considering the loss his 
own had sustained, thought not fit to assault such 
a number of desperate men ; therefore he drew off 
his army, and by that means gave opportunity to 
Attila to march away with his. 

The Danes, with their neighbours the Saxons, 
for some considerable time before, but in far greater 
number after this expedition of Attila, having 6tted 
out a great fnany long small vessels, by them termed 
Kiuis, and having put a great manj"^ of their people 
on board the same, grievously infested the coasts 
of Britain, France and Ireland, and the Nether- 
lands with their piracies; but in a greater measure 
the coasts of England and Ireland. For no sooner 
had the Saxons wrested the sovereignty of Eng- 
land from the Britons,, than the Danes began their 
attempts upon the Saxons by frequent depreda- 
tions and rapine committed upon the sea*coasts of 
their dominions ; till in the year 859, and reign of 
Ethelred the I. of that name, and LV. monarch of 
the Saxons, or Engtishmen, the Danish king, being 
influenced by Biorn a discontented Saxon noble- 
man, sent a numerous army under command of 
Hubba bis son, and Hungar a Danish nobleman, 
in order to invade England ; who, having first 
landed in Scotland, judging by the easy conquest 
thereof, to open their way into England, were here^ 
in disappointed, being engaged by Constantine, 
the Scottish king, o,tr Leven-water in Fife, and the 


ooe hdf of their armjr wpunnnded by Hubba de* 
Iwled ; but heing relieved by the otb^r port, the 
Saneft, in the night-time, imrehed in all haste to 
Crail, where their ships rode at anchor, and em* 
barking their nmy with all diligence^ sailed for 
Kaglaod, in which aniving^ they engaged ^th £d- 
mtnid and Osbnght, tributary kings of the eaat 
Aisles and Noi^iimberluid, lulled these two 
prinotB in battle, and possessed most part gf their 
dowunion. And not only jso, but in a short time 
obliged the Saxon kings of fUigland to pay them a 
vast tribute yearly, which they augmented at plea- 
sure upon every advantage they obtained, till in the 
esd it became so insupportable, as to put Ethelced 
the II. of that name, kingof Eii^laad, upon a very 
tragical method of redressing the same, by giving 
private orders to bis subjects to assassinate all the 
Danes throughout England in one night ; which 
was punctually performed upon the eleventh of 
November, 1013. But this massacre was not at- 
tended with the projected success ; for Sueno, king 
of Denmark, informed of his countrymen's fate, arr 
rived next/ year with a potent army in England, 
and having defeated Ethdred in divers battles, ob- 
UgjQ^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^'^ ^ jdiattdon his dominions, 
and fly to Normandy ; Sueno meantime taking 
possession of the whole kingdom, and retaining 
poBsesmn thereof till his death, as did Qanutus 
his son, Harold md Hardiknout his grandchildren, 
for the spate of twenty-suL years, with greater au- 
thority than any ever did that kingdom. And if 
the. royal line of their kings at that period of time 
had not iailed, wd thdr native oountry Denmark 


been harrassed with civil wars, in all human proba* 
bility England might have continued for a mucb 
longer time, if not as yet, under the dominion of 
the Danes. 

.English historians assert their countrymen to be 
brought to the utmost degree of slavery, during 
the Danes their government ; there being a Dane 
quartered in each Englishman's house, and the 
Englishman being upon all occasions necesatated 
to show a deal of reverence and respect towards 
his guest, and to address him always by the title 
of lord, which gave a rise to the term of Lurdan, 
given in after ages to idle useless fellows. Yea, 
the English were brought to that pitch of dgec- 
tioii and servile adulation, as to urge their Danish 
king Canutus to receive divine adoration or honour 
from them. For which purpose, a* vast confluence 
of his subjects attending that king near Southamp* 
ton, he ordered his throne to be placed within the 
sea-mark, and being set thereon at the season the 
tide flowed, he commanded the waters to keep back 
and not to approach him ; but the sea disobeying 
his orders, he was obliged to retire therefrom ; up« 
on which he caused proclaim aloiid, that none 
should presume to give divine adoration to any, 
but to such as the sea and all other created beings 
behoved to obey. These, and divers such stovies, 
English writers relate concej*ning the servitude 
imposed upon tbem by the Danes, whose avarice 
and ambition was not satiated with the conquest 
of England, but they did also invade France under 
the conduct of a noble Dane, named RoUo. > And 
though that nation was then governed by Charles 


the Bald, a very martial prince, yet after a tedious 
and bloody war, he was obliged to yield to Rollo 
the province of Neustria to be possessed by him 
and bis army, the name of which,, after obtaining, 
he changed into Normandy, anno 866. The seventh 
in descent from Rollo was duke William of Nor- 
mandy, who, in the year 1066, with a potent army 
invaded England, and at Hastings engaged in bat- 
tle with the English king, Harold, who, with fifty- 
nx thousand six hundred and fifty-three^ of his 
English soldiers, was killed : and duke William, 
by that one battle, having entirely conquered Eng- 
land, was afterwards termed William the Con- 

' The Danes being desirous to try their fortune 
once, more in Scotland, to retrieve the loss lately 
sustained by them therein, invaded that kingdom 
the second time, und^r the command of Hago and 
Helricus, in the reign of king Indulfus ; but with 
no better success than at first, being beat back into 
dieir ships, and obliged to sail off for England. 
Notwithstanding of these reiterated losses, they 
With a more numerous army than in any former 
time, invaded Scotland the third time, in the reign ' 
of king Kenneth the III. and year 988. The Scot- 
tish king with his army engaged in battle with the 
Danes at Luncarty, within few miles of Perth, in 
which the left wing of the Scottish army was defeat- 
ed ; which one Hay, with his two sons observing, 
who were ploughing at the tiifne near the place of 
battle, pulled the beams off their ploughs, and en- 
tered a strait pass through which the Scots were 
flying, and beat down.pronnscuously all who came 


Within tkenr veaek. The Danes, amased HI the 
sudden change, retired to the bodj of th^ own 
army ; as did the fljing Soot% not a IiMlecnooufft* 
giedi with aU speed jmn theirs : and bgr a mirade 
of Divine Provkkenee, within a few hour»^ obtaimed 
a glorious victory, by the assistance ei these tliree 
heroic persons, being progenitors of the noble and 
ancient name of Hat. 

The Danes, by these repeated defeats, being ra* 
ther incensed, than dejected, with a greater army 
and more resolute than ever, invaded Scotland the 
fourth tnne; under .connnand of Oltaus viceroy of 
Norway, and Enecus governor of Denmark, in the 
year 1010, and sixth of the reign of king Malcolm 
the II. ; who with his army engaged in battle with 
the Danes at Mortlicb, and after a bloody and ob* 
stinate battle, defeated that potent army, with the 
death of one of their generals, Enecus. Sueno 
the Danish king, governing then in England, sent 
an army, under command of Camus, to reinfiorce 
the remainder of the Danish troops in Scotland ; 
which being done, king Malcolm defeated that 
army* Also at Balbride the Danish general Ca- 
mus being slain by a Scottirii gentleman called 
Keith, ancestor of that honourable family, Sueno 
irritated to a degree, upon intelligence of the late 
defeat, sent the most potent Danish army th«t in 
any age invaded Scotland, \inder command of his 
son Canutus. King Malcolm, notwithstaadKng of 
the vast loss he had sustained in the two former 
engagements, did, with unparalleled resolution and 
bravery, engage in battle with this army also, which 
continued till night separated them* The Soots 


keeping the field, were reputed victors, and as such , 
were addressed next day for peace by the Danes, 
which was concluded upon very honourable terms 
to the Scots. 

' It is recorded, that for a long time afler the bat* 
tie of LuDcarty, all Danes and Norvegians, who re- 
ceived the honour of knighthood, were solemnly 
8Worn upon all occasions to revenge their country- 
men^s blood upon the Scots : but that after this last 
battle fought by king Malcolm, there was a curse 
imprecated upon all such of those nations as should 
attempt to invade the cursed Scots ; which impre- 
cation, it seems, took effect in the Danes their two 
last invasions of Scotland, by Sueno, and Acho, 
kings of Norway, in the reign of king Duncan the 
I. and Alexander the II. of Scotland : the first of 
these Norvegian kings getting off only so many as 
manned one ship, and the other scarcely what could 
man four, of their two numerous armies. So that 
the Danes, who were a terror imd scourge to most 
of the neighbouring nations, reaped no other ad- 
vantage by their frequent invasions of Scotland, 
than that the same, upon very good grounds, should 
be. termed Dananxm Tumulus^ The grave of the 

The reason which partly induced me to insist at 
such a length upon the Danes their wars in Scot- 
land, and conquests in other parts, was, to illus- 
trate the Scots their heroic valour and bravery, so 
conspicuously superior to that of any of their neigh- 
boiirtDg nations of these tiipes, to the conviction of 
all, who industriously, if not maliciously, endea* 
vour to derogate in any degree therefrom. For 


though the reason why the Soots, after divevs at- 
tempts for that effect, continued uiwiOiK|aeved l^ 
the Romans, be imputed to the inai3ee9sU}I«ne8a' ^ 
their country, by which means tbey were defeadbd, 
rather than by force of arms^; yet no sud» reaabn 
can hold, in the Dane» their freqjuent invasiote of 
them; all that war being managed in the open 
fields, with plain force, and fait {day, as the pm>- 
verb runs. While at the same tie^,. most other 
nations, with whom they had dealings,, were eillffiF 
obliged to submit to their yoke, or allow theoi' very 
advanti^eous conditicms, as is evident by wha^ is 
already mentioned, and no less so. by what follo^ra. 
In relation to Ireland, the historians of that n»* 
tion assert the Danes to have begun their descents 
and depredations in the be^nning of the fourth 
century, upon the seacoasts of that kingdom^ ;. wbidi 
obliged Cormackulfada, then king of Ireiand^ to 
employ three thousand,, or, as others say^ mne 
thousand of the choice men of the kingdom ; whidi 
number he appointed as astafidingarmy,. for op- 
po^g the insults, and restraining the raptaea of 
(hese Danish pirates* These forces were terawd 
Feans^ being the andeat. Irish ti^nn for giants ; 
and their general was termed king of Feans,^ than 
which the. Irish use no other term as yet in their 
own language for a general. About the middle of 
the fifth century, the Iridi, with some of oar 
Scottish historians, assert Finmacoel to be general 
of these Irish forces ; whose huge stature and ac- 
titons against the Danes, and others, are somewiiat 
above measure extoUed in divers rude. rhymes, in 
^eir own langu^e, retained as yet by the Iriab^ 


and bjr scNoe of 6vkv ScoUisk H%hktfders«r How^ 

evmr^ tbk pmeralf with these uadev bis ammaiid^ 

gafre< so inAiiy cheeks to the Danes^ as obliged 

thteitt for some, tkne to desist from infestiiig his Ba^ 

live country. Birt he W9» badly regarded' for bier 

good senrioe by bis uograteful countrymeDy- \pbo 

esteemed those forces useless in time of peaeOf 

and d^orous to be Srec ^sooie little tax. of clothes^ 

arms and provision, ordinaiily paid tbem^ uponr 

their refusing to disband, by the permissioD, or 

rather contriTance of Corbred the Irish kiag, Fean 

with all his forces were assassinated iir one nighi. 

Which inhuman action was not long unpunished : 

the Danes within few years thereafter, halving witb 

greater numbers and violence than at any formei^ 

time, infested the coasts of that kingdom, and 

finding the same destitute of the diseiplined troops 

whieh were ia use to oppose their insolences, were 

thereby encouraged to marcb a good way into the 

inland country; which having done wMv little or 

no oppositions, they fortified themselves iii a .eon- 

venient place^ and sending some of their mimber 

to Denmark for more forces^ whieb they obtained 

in « short space, subdued a good part of the- king-* 

dom ; having fortified and garrisoned a good many 

of the seapcHTt towns thereof^ and also builtthrougb- 

ont the kingdom, forts at convenient dialaiftees) 

termed in Irbh, Baes^ or wheels, in regard their 

form was round like that of a wheel. These foits 

were ordinarily biiilt upon emmences, the in«de 

thereof raised wi(b stime, and the outside faeed 

w;ith square turf, of • considerable heagbt and 

breadth, thal^ four men migbt walk idireaat round 


the same* The buildings were joined round the 
inside with sloping roofs. There were also two^ 
sometimes more ports, or entries, with stairs moant- 
ing to the battlement, and a draw-well or spring; 
within each. The garrisons kept in these, with the 
others in the fortified towns, so overawed the Irish, 
that they durst not fall upon any means, or so 
much as think of regaining their liberty ; although 
they had always elective kings of their own natives, 
not always of the old line of their kings, but more 
often of other stems, the state of the country oblige 
ing them to choose men of valour and conduct, 
without much regard had to their pedigree. These 
elective kings were rather kings in name, than ef- 
fect, being in condition for a long time of doing 
no other service in behalf of their country, than to 
keep themselves with such as adhered to them in 
woods, mountains, and other inaccessible places, 
being intent upon all occasions to cut ofip such 
small parties of the Danes as they found l^itber 
robbing or purchasing provisions in the country. 

Things continued in this state till the year 998, 
in which the Irish elected a valiant nobleman, and 
eminently expert in martial feats, for their king, 
called Brian MacEennedy : who entering upon the 
government, and pondering with himself what in- 
superable difficulties he was to grapple with, in 
supporting the burden of such a disordered state, 
did fall upon the most effectual methods he could 
in prudence imagine, for remedy of the present in- 
conveniences ; and for that effect having called 
his whole subjects to a general rendezvous, he elec- 
ted out of them nine thousand men, which.number 


he kept as a shnding^ unny in p]aee of the old 
Feims, termiiig this neir army Dalgheass.- Foe 
the subsistence of these, he iiiipoBed apob that 
part of the kingdom subjeet to him, a tax in money, 
whieh seennrthe first of that imture imposed there. 
This king upon that account was termed Brian- 
boray, or the taxer, who^ with his select band of 
the Dalgfaeass, with other forces, prosecuted the 
war so successfully against the Danes, that he not 
only defeated them in d^ers battles, but also 
obhged them to abandon their whole forts^ or raes. 
throughout the kingdom ; and in fine, immured 
them within the four stt^oog t^wns of Disblin, 
Limerick, Cork, and Eiogsail, These being sup« 
plied by the Danish pirates at sea, king Brian re^ 
solved to deprive them of that advantage, by or« 
dering a certain number of* ships to be rigged out 
for clearing the coasts of these Danish pirates* 
JFor this purpose, he ordered the provincial kings^ 
and other nobility, to convey certain quanitities of 
timber to the next ad§acen« seaport^ and amongst 
others, Mallmoro MacMurcho, provincid king of 
Leinster, whose sister was king Brian-s queen. 
MacMurcho designing to visit king Brian residing 
then at Tara, went in company with his servants, 
who had the care of conveying his share of the 
timber, of which a large masT, in carrying through 
a rugged way, stuck betwixt tvro rocks, so as nei- 
ther force of horse nor servants could disengage . 
the same, till at length MacMurcho himself was 
obliged to dismount, and assist his servants: in 
whieh business a silver clasp whieh he wore in^ the 
breasi of his purple mimtle, was almost torn off; 


which not regarding, he proceeded on his journejr^ 
and arriving at^ Tara, after some conference with 
the king, went to visit the queen his sister, who^ 
noticing his mantle, asked, how it came to be so : 
be telling plainly the manner, the queen desired a 
sight of it, which so soon as she obtsdned, she 
threw it into a fire which was in the room ; withal 
reproaching her brother, in most bitter terms, that 
he and his predecessors being provincial kings, he 
should so far degenerate, as to become in a man- 
ner a slave to her husband, whose ancestors never 
exceeded the character of noblemen. MacMurcho^s 
choler, as well as ambition, sufficiently inflamed 
by these speeches, and some others which past be- 
twixt him and prince Murcho king Brian^^ eldest 
son, left the court in a great rage, and posted to the 
Danish garrison in Dublin, using what arguments 
he could with them, to use all diligence in getting 
supplies of men from the king of Denmark, promis* 
ing, upon their so doing, to join them with all the 
forces of Leinster. The Danes being now in des- 
perate circumstances, gladly accepted of his pro- 
posals, and despatching a message to the Danish 
king importuned him earnestly, that he should not 
neglect to send a competent army to their assist- 
ance ; for that then, or never, the affairs of Ireland 
were to be retrieved. The king of Denmark, 
being that Sueno who afterwards conquered Eng- 
land, glad of this opportunity, despatched an army 
of fifteen thousand men for Ireland, under com- 
mand of Carolus Knutus his brother, and Andreas 
a Danish nobleman, with all the Danish pirates, 
and others in garrison in Ireland to join this army. 


Which being done, kikd MacMurcho joining also 
with his Leinstermen, made up altogether an atmy 
of sixty thousand men. Of all which king Brian 
getting intelligence, levied an army of fifty thou- 
sand men to oppose these invaders, whom he found 
encamped in the plain of Clantarf, within two 
miles of Dublin. These two grand armies drawing 
near one another, neither did, nor could defer 
joining battle ; which was begun, and muntained 
with equal valour and obstinacy for most part of 
the day, till towards evening, the left wiiig of the 
Irish army began to give ground, which bnive 
prince Murcho observing, (king Brian his father, 
by rea§on of his great age, being left in the camp) 
caused a regiment left there for guard of the old 
king to be hastily brought out, with which he so 
vigorously charged the right wing of the enemy's 
army, commanded by Carolus, as wholly disordered 
the same, and caused the death of Carolus their 
general; at whose fall the Danes were so dis- 
couraged, that they wholly abandoned the field, 
flying towards Dublin, the Leinstrians bearing 
them company, whose perfidious king was also 
killed, as the just reward of his perfidious rebellion. 
Prince Murcho, i^ith his own guards, too resolutely 
pursuing a part of the Danish army which went 
off. in a body, was unfortunately killed, being a 
prince of the greatest expectation of any ever born 
in that country. The old king was also killed by 
a party of Danes, which accidentally fled near by, and observing the 'same without any 
guards, entered it, as also the king^s tent, and 
killing all they found therefn^ thereafter escaped. 

156 AceouHT er ths 

There are reported to be slaia id this fatal battle 
senrent J thousapd men, with all the penoBS of dis- 
ttaetion on both sides. The circamstances of this 
raeBdorable battle are not only related by the Iiish, 
but ako by Marianus Scotus, an unexoeptiooaUe 
historian. The Irish never fully retrieved the 
loss sustained in this battle ; but in the end, by 
the means of Dermud MaeMurcho, lineal successor 
of the former, the Irish nation was brought und^ 
sutgection to the Boglish in the year 1171 • 

After this £sital disaster, for want of a more 
sufficient, the Irt^ were necessitated to iekct Mad- 
seachluin for king, whom they had formerly de* 
posed upon aecoufit of his inciqpacity to govem» 
and he behoved to be much more so at this time, 
in regard of bis great age. This old king oo«ikl 
do little good for repairing of the disordered atate 
6t his country, 4he remnant of the Danes having 
secured themselves in their garrisons, and being 
reinforced with new supplies from England, over 
which Sueno the Danish king, or as others 
say Canutus his son, had then the sovereignty. 
So that by these joint Danish forces, Ireland was 
reduced to its form^ state of servitude, dll in 
soine ikne an occasion was presented to the Irish 
king of doing service to his country. 

Sueno, or Canutus, at this time king of Eng- 
land, and Denmark, his birth^day approaririnf^ 
which all the Danish officers and soUiers in Ire- 
land resolved to sofomnia^ with great jollity. Tor- 
genus, the Danish general, sent orders po all the 
Danish officers in Ireland to repair to Limerick, 
being their principal garrison andbisresidanosy 

.. J 


to assist at the solemnity, fearing nothing that the 
Irish would or could do in such low circumstances. 
1%e goieral at the same time sent orders to the 
Irish nobility and gentry, to send to Limerick 
against the king's birtb*day a thousand, or as others 
eayt two thousand of the most beautiful of their 
daughters, to dally with the Danish officers at that 
festivaL Of this the Irish king getting intelligence, 
resolved to send the desired number of the most 
clear com|dexioned youths could be found, clothed 
in women^l habit, with long Irish skiens, or dag- 
gers, below their clothes, with orders that, so soon 
as they went to bed with their several paramours, 
bang generally drunk on such occasions, they 
should stab them with these concealed daggers, 
and afterwards seize upon their guard-housej 
where, their arms were laid by, and if matters suc« 
ceeded, to give a signal by kindling a large fire 
upon the town wall ; the Irish king with a small 
party being absconded in a wood near by, in e3&^ 
pectation of the event. These Irish viragoes put 
their orders in execution to the utmost, and having 
gtv^i the concerted signal to the king, introduced 
him and his party to the town,^ who, without any 
mercy or resistance, killed all the Danes in the 
garrison, being destitute of sense, officers, and 
arms, reserving their general Turgesius for fur- 
ther- punishment^ which was inflicted upon him by 
diowning, which then, and as yet, is reputed the 
most ignominious death . among the Irish.. Mo^ 
of aU the other Danes throughout the kingdom 
were shortly after. cut off. This massacre was a 
kind of parallel to anodier of that nature commit- 


ted on the Danes in England «>me little time be^ 
fore thih by command of Ethelred, the En^tsli 
king. But, as that» so also this fell short of the 
sacoess projected thereby. For no sooner was th^ 
Danish king of England informed of his country 
men's disaster, than he sent a powerful army into 
Ireland, which with the utmost rigour did prose- 
cute all who had any hand in this late tri^gady ; . 
So that most of them fell yibtiikis to, the n^ of 
their inveterate enemies, and those who did HOI 
were necessitated to abandon their native country* 
Among the number of these was 

Ansblav Busy, or Faib, Okyan, son to Okyaa, 
provincial king of the south part of Ulster, being 
one of the youths concerned in the above-mett^ 
tioned massacre. These Okyans, with some others 
of the nmst andent and reputed Irish surname 
are asaerted to be of the Milesian stem or lineage ; 
as are also the McDonalds, and some others of 
our Scottish dans. These Milesians are reputed 
the progeny of the sons of Milesius, Gathelifflit 
king of GaUieia in Spain, under whose conduct the 
Gathelians, or Scots, were first brought to, and 
planted in Ireland : so that all surnames in Ireland, 
<or Scotland, descended of these^ term tfaemsdyies 
in tbeir native language, Clatoa Miley, or die 
Milesian progeny. 

The time of this Anselan Okyan hisieaving Ir^ 
land is generally computed tx> be ill the year 1016, 
and twelfth year of king Maleolm II. his v&ga* 
He having landed with some attendants upon die 
northern coast of Argyllshire, near the Lennox, 
was^ by a nobleman who had a considerable inte- 


rest in those part,8, and m the kiiig^a fnvpur) intro** 
du^d to the kiog, who took him into his service 
Jlgniost the Danes ; in which service, upon several 
occasions, particularly those two last hatdes fought 
by that king against Camus and Caautus, Okyan 
so signalized himself, that he obtained, in reoom* 
pence of his service, several lands in the north 
part of Scotland, of which the lands of Pitwhonidy 
and Strathyre may, upon good grounds, be pre* 
samed a part; which in due place shall be more 
particularly observed. 

Not only the Okyans of the south part, but 
also the Oneils of the north part, with all the other 
provincial kings, who enjoyed that title in the 
kingdom of Ireland, upon the English conquest of 
tbat kingdom, were not only obliged to quit their 
title of kingship, but also a great part of the terri* 
tories ei^yed by them formerly, and to content 
themselves with the title of noblemen* The Oneils, 
formerly kings of the north part of Ulster, were 
after that conquest entitled earls of Tyrone; as 
were the Okyans, provincial kings of the south part, 
entitled lords of Duoseverin : with which family 
the lord M'Donald of the Isles, the laird pf I^a- 
moad, and other principal families of the High-r 
land clans, have been allied. The circvimstances 
of the Okyans in the kingdom of Ireland are at 
present somewhat low : however, upon all occa* 
Mons wh^ein they have business or converse with 
any of the name of Buchanan in that kingdom, 
they adhere closely to them upon account of the 
ancient relationt This Anselan Okyan, and some 
of his ancestors called by that name, are in old 


charters termed Absalon ; which difference is not 
material, in regard the writers of these charters 
(as it would seem,) were not acquainted with the 
orthography of ancient Irish names, and therefore 
expressed those which were better known, and 
could best be rendered in Latin. As is evident 
by a charter relating to the family of Macpharlan, 
wherein the progenitor of that surname is termed 
Bertholoneus ; whereas, by the manner that name 
both write, and, in an ordinary way of speaking, 
express themselves, their progenitor's proper name 
behoved to have been Partholanus, or Partholan, 
a knowii ancient - Irish name : as is also that of 
Anselan, ancestor of the M'Auslans, now Buchanan. 
So that the manner the clerks of these more an- 
cient times expressed these names is not to be too 
much criticised nor relied upon. 

There is a current tradition, or account, that 
this Anselan Okyan married one Denniestoan, 
heiress of a part, if not the whole, of the estate of 
Buchanan. But this account is not too generally 
adhered to, because that heiress of the name of 
Denniestoun, whom that Anselan married,, is only 
reputed to have had some little part of the estate 
of Buchanan, with Drumquhuassib, and other 
lands on the water of Ainrick ; and because the 
greater part of the estate of Buchanan was given 
to the same Anselan, by king Malcolm, with other 
lands, in reward of his service agiunst the Danes. 
Though, indeed, the name of Denniestoun was a 
very ancient and honourable name in the LenDox» 
and continued to be so for divers ages ; Hugb» 
lord of Denniestoun^ being witness to a charter^ 

FAlimY or BUCHANAN. 161 

gmHed bj MnJooIoi, the firat of that name earl of 
Leimox^ to Johii» laird of Lu«8, in the reign of 
kSbg AlKtaoder HI. As abo Robert, lord Den* 
iuettottiit i» recorded to be sheriff of Dmibartoun4 
thire in the reiga of king Robert I. The male 
iaaae of tbif family failed in the reign of king Ro* 
hert IIL ' The lord Denniestoun his two daugbr 
ten beiBg then married, the eldest to Cunning* 
barne of Kilmaurs^ and the second to Maxwel of 
Calderwood. Deooiestoun of Colgrain is now the 
representative of that ancient family. 

Apsdan Okyan not only was recompeoced for 
this service by king Malcolm with lands of coq» 
siderable value^ but also with very splendid arms ; 
as the same king is recorded to have done to the 
aneestor of the Keiths, upon his killing of Camus 
the Daeisb general, and to others upon the like 
accounts. The arms assigned by that king to this 
Anselan^ upon account of his descent, and more 
especially upon account of his heroic achieve- 
BiveptSy are* in a field Or, a lion rampant sable, 
armed and langued gules, holding in his paw a 
salnre, or crooked sword, proper. Which arms 
that surname retained always without the least 
addition or variation, until that addition obtained^ 
upon a very honourable occasion, at the battle of 
OauipB) as in due place shall be observed. Not^ 
withstanding of the entire affection of that family 
for several ages to, and dependence upon, the fami- 
ly of LenQOX,yet Uie family of Buclianan did never, 
by way of concession or patronage, assume any 
part of that honourable family their armorial bear- 
ing ; albeit it is evident that most other ordinary 


names of this kingdom, at some time or occasion, 
assumed some one part or other of their patronor 
superior'^s armorial bearing in conjunction, with 
their own. As, for instance, most samamesof 
Tiviotdale and Douglasdale assume a part of the 
Douglasses arms ; and those of Murrayland the 
arms of the Murrays. So that few of an equal 
character with that of Buchitnan reserved their 
arms so free of any addition or mixture as that 
surname did ; which is no small argument, not 
only of the honour of the family, but also of the 
cause and reason of the first granting of these 

' This Anselan Okyan, agreeable to the most or- 
dinary and received genealogy of that surname^ is 
reputed the progenitor of that surname, and first 
laird of Buchanan. His son and successor was 

John, in whose favours (as I have been in- 
formed by gentlemen of very much integrity, who 
asserted, they had seen the same in custody of 
the late laird of Buchanan,) there _was a charter, 
granted by Alcuin, (as it would seem,) first earl 
of Lennox, in the reign of king Malcolm III. of 
the Wester Mains of Buchanan. But the late 
laird of Buchanan, in the decline of his age and 
judgment, having conveyed his estate to strangerSf 
by that means many of his ancient evidents, as not 
conductive to the purpose then in hand, are lol^t, 
and probably this charter among others. And, 
therefore, not having seen the same, I cannot 
positively determine thereanent; but will- only 
place this John, agreeable to the traditional ac- 


count delivered of him, as son jEind successor to 
the first Anselan, and consequently second laird of 
Buchanan. John, his son and successor, conform 
to the same manner of account, was called > 

Ans£Lai4, the second of that name, and third 
laird of Buchanan ; whose son and successor is 
reported to be 

Walteb, the first of that name, being fourth 
laird of Buchanan. This Walter^s son and suc- 
cessor is reported to be 

GiBALD, or, as others say, and that with most 
probability, Bebnabd, being fifth laird of Buch- 
anan. I have been credibly informed, that these 
three last mentioned lairds are recorded as wit- 
nesses in a mortification,! granted by Aluin, earl 
of Lennox, of the lands of Cochnacb, and others, 
to4he old churdi of Eilpatriok, before the founda- 
tion of the monastery of Fasly ; and I have seen 
myself a charter, by which that church, and lands 
•mortified thereto, by the same Aluin, or an earl 
of that name his successor, are disponed to .that 
abbacy, some little time after the foundation there- 
of. But, not having seen this other charter, in 
vhich these three lairds of Buchanan are inserted^ 
I l4^ve what concerns the same undetermined. 
Bernard, the last-mentioned laird of Buchanan, 
his son and successor was called 

Macbbath, being sixth laird of Buchanan. 
And this proper name was very the 
Macauslans, before the assumption of the surnamje 
of Buchanan, as also to that sept of that surname, 
who, after assumption of Buchanan, have retained 
as yet the ancient denomination ; asy for instance. 


one Macbeatb Macauslan, proprietor of that little 
iat^reol called the barony of Macaualan, in the 
Lennox, who lived in the reign of king Robert 
III. and of whose uncommon stature and strength 
some aooounts, are retained to this yery time. 
Mad>eath> laird of Buchanan^s age is evidenoedj 
by the record after-specified, in favours of bis sob 
aad successor 

Anbelak, the third o( that oamct and sevmth 
laird of Buchanan; who is ordinarily termed, in 
any record in which he is mentioned^ ** Anselani son 
of Macbeatb, and sennescallus, or chamberlain, to 
the earl of Lennox,^ in written mortifications in 
die cbartulary of the abbacy of Fasly. This A»^ 
selan the third, with Gilbert and Methlen his two 
sons, are inserted witnesses in a charter, granted 
by Malduin, earl of Lennox, to Gilmore, son of 
Maoldonich, of the lands of Luss,in the beginning 
of the veign of king Alexander II. and they are 
designed in that charter the earl's clients, or vas- 
sals. This Anselan the third, besides Gilbert his 
^didest son and successor, who first assumed the 
surname^ of Buchanan, and Methlen his second 
SOD, ancestor of the McMillans, had a third sob 
catted Colman, ancestor of the MacColmans, as 
shall be elsewhere more fully illustrated. 

Anselan, third of that name, and seventh laird 
4;i Budianan, having succeeded bis father Mac- 
beatb, as already said, obtiuaed from Malduilk, 
earl of Lennox, a charter of an Island in Lochlo- 
mond, called Clareinch, dated in the year 1825, 
witnesses, Dougal, Gilchrist, and Amelyn, the 
•A4rFs brethren. The same Anselan is ako men- 


tioned as witness in a charter, granted by the earl 
of Lennox; of the lands of Dalmanoch in mortifi- 
cation to the old church of Kilpatrick, by the de- 
signation of Absalon de Buchanan ; Absalon being 
the same name with Anselan, as has been already 
observed. Though that of Clareinch is the most 
ancient can be found in this age» in relation to the 
family of Buchanan, nevertheless, it is very pre» 
sumeable, there were other charters of greater an- 
tiquity belonging to that Family, the first of them 
found upon record being of that repute, and char- 
ters having become customary so long before that 
time ; as is partly instanced by the original charter 
of Luss, which was of an anterior date to this of 
Clareinch; yet the same Anselan, with two of his 
sons, Gilbert and Methlen, are designed the earPs 
clients, or vassals, therein. I have been also in<» 
formed, by some of very good judgment, who 
went thorow the late Buchanan's evidences when 
entire, that they observed one little charter, being 
the original, of as great antiquity as any other in 
the .kingdom, being reckoned to be granted in or 
about the reign of king David the I. which, with 
other of these evidences, having since gone thorow 
so many hands, mavi upon very good grounds, be 
presumed to be neglected, or rather lost 

The isle of Clareinch was the slugorn, or call of 
war, proper to the family of Buchanan ; such like 
being usual in all other families in these times, 
and for some following ages. So soon as this call 
was raised upon any alarm, the word Clareinch 
was sounded aloud from one to another, in a very 
little time, throughout the whole country : upon 

*^ A00Q9NT OF ia» 

hearing of which, all eflfective men belonging to 
the laird of Buchanan with the utmost diligence, 
repaired well armed to the ordinary place of ren- 
dezvous, which, wfabn the lairds resided in that 
whmd, was upon aground upon the shore opposite 
thereto. That which in these more modem times 
came in place of the slugom was the fire-croM, 
bemg a httle stick with a cross on one end of it, 
the extremities of which were burnt, or made black 
by fire. This cross, being once sett a-going, was 
earned through with such despatch, as ia a few 
Hours would alarm the people of « vast extent of 

GuBBBi his son, being first of that name, and 
«ght laird, and who first, by any thing can be 
coUected, assumed the surname of Buchanan, was 
senescal, or chamberlain, to the earl of Lennox, 
Which office his father Anselan enjoyed for some 
nnw. There is a charter of confirmation of that 
« Clarewch, and some other lands of Buchanan, 
granted m favour of this Gilbert, by king Alexan- 
oer II. in the seventeenth year of bis reign, and 
f our Lord 1231. • The same Gilbert is also 
mserted witness in a charter, granted by Malcolm, 
earl of Lennox, discharging the abbot and monb 
ot Pasly of aU service and duties prestable by 
them to the earl, for any lands mortified by him 
«f his ancestors to that abbacy ; which chartw u 
dated at Renfrew, in year 1274. + To Gilbert 
succeeded his son 




Sta Maubio&« first of that naiiie» and ninth 
kurd of Buchanan, as is evident by a charter of 
confirmation, by Malcolin, earl of Lennox, in fa^ 
Tours of Makdme M'EdoIf» son to Gilmichal 
M^Edidf of West Cameron, of the lands of Gar^ 
tachorrans, dated at Bellach, in the year 1274» 
Witnesses to the said charter, Patrick Graham» 
Maurice of Buchanan, and Duncan, son of Aulay^ 
knights. * Sir Maurice had three sons, Maurice 
his successor, Allan, who first married die heiress 
of Lenny, and John, always reputed ancestor of 
Buchanan of Auc^n^ven* He was succeeded by 
hia son 

Sia Maurice, second of that natnci being tenth 
laird of Buchanan, as is clear by a charter, by 
Donald, earl of Lennox, to Maurice of Buchanan^ 
SOB and heir to Sir Maurice of Buchanan, of the 
lands of Sallocliy, with confirmation of the upper 
part of the carrucate of Buchanan, f This chax^ 
ter, as do many others granted in these tioMS^ 
wants a date, but, by the subsequent service, the 
time in which this Maurice lived is j^nly BHule 
a(^)ear, he being onie of the members of an inquest, 
by Malcolm, earl of Lennox, for serving of M»» 
thild, Elizabeth, and Forveleth Lermonths, beirs- 
portioners to Thomas Lermonth of Cremennan, 
thmr father ; the sud inq[ttest being at the kirk of 
KUleam, in the year 13K), and fourteenth year of 
the reign of king Robert L X The other menibeys 

* Chtrttdiiry of Dunbartonshire, f Charter among Bun- 
boiton^s old evidences. $ Extract of the above aervice from 
tha Cfaartokty «f Dwibortonahire. 


Uiereof, besides Bachanan, were Duncan M'Edolf, 
Eugen Mackessan of Garchell, Malcolm Macmur- 
dac> Kessan Innes of Finicktenent, Gilleqnc Mao- 
sawel of Ledlewan, John M^Gilchrist, Malise 
Macalbaine of West Finnickf Gilchrist Mackessan, 
Gilbert Macpaddo, Gilchrist Mac^lbert, and Pad- 
mund Maceggo. All which gentlemen may, upon 
good grounds, be supposed to have been of most 
considerable interest and repute of any others in 
that country and age ; yet in this there is not the 
least memory of any dP them extant, except of 
Buchanan, a very remarkable instance of that vast 
alteration and decay surnames and other affairs fre- 
quently meet with in an ordinary tract of time. 

As his &ther Sir Maurice had, so did also this 
gentleman adhere to the cause and interest of his 
prince and country, with much resolution, constan*^ 
cy and valour, to the evident hazard of his life 
and fortune, in imitation of his brave patron, that 
eminent patriot, Malcolm, earl of Lennox : who^ 
with the lairds of Buchanan and Luss, the first 
the greatest nobleman, the others the best gentle- 
men, and of best repute and drcumstances of any 
others in these parts of this kingdom, could never, 
by any artifice used by the kings of En^and, 
be induced to do any action prejudicial to their 
own honour, or the interest of their native coun- 
try ; as is demonstrable by their refusing to «gn 
the ragman roll, which few others, or rather none, 
of any tolerable repute, or circumstances, either 
durst or did decline. There is a traditional ac- 
count, that kibg Robert Bruce, after his defeat at 
Dalree, near Straithfillan, by Macdougal, lord of 


Lorn, and his adherents, came all alone, on foot, 
along the north side of Locblomond, (being the 
most rugged way of any other of this kingdom,) 
the day after that battle, to the pastle of Buch- 
anan ; where, being joyfully received, an4 for 
some days entertained, he was secretly conveyed,' 
by the earl of Lennox and Buchanan, to a place 
of safety. This report is the more probable, in 
regard there is a cave near the shore of Locblo- 
mond, in Buchanan parish, termed the King^s 
Cave; it being reported, that king Robert lay 
over night in that cave, in his journey towards 

This Maurice lived to a considerable age, hav- 
ing obtained a charter of the lands of Buchanan 
from king David Bruce, in the beginning of his. 
reign. He is also witness, in the same reign, in a 
charter, by Donald, earl of Lennox, to Finlay 
Campsy, of a part of the lands of Campsy, being 
designed in that charter, Maurice Macausland, 
dominus, or laird of Buchanan : whence it is pretty 
pliun,' that though the surname of Buchanan was 
assumed by Gilbert, this Maurice his grandfather, 
yet he and some of his successors seem to have 
used their ancient surname as their humours or 
inclinations led them^ Maurice the second his 
successor was 

SiK Walter, second also of that name, and 
eleventh laird. He seems to have been a very 
active gentleman, and made a very bright figure 
in his tim6, having made a very considerable addi- 
tion to his old .estate by the purchase of a greaA 
many other lands. There is a charter of confirma- 


tion of some of his lands of Buchanaiii granted in 
his favours by king Robert II. in which he is de- 
signed the king^s consanguineus, or cousin, upon 
resignation of William Boyd of Auchmar, in the 
hands of Walter of Faslane, lord of Lennox, of 
the lands of Cameron, Drumfad, and divers other 
lands. * Sir Walter lived to a great age, having 
only one son, 

JouN, who married the heiress of Lenny, and 
died before his father, and was never entered to 
the estate of Buchanan. However, seeing this 
John had issue, which continued or carried on the 
line of the family, I shall mention him in order as 
his father Walter's successor. Tlie clearest do- 
cument caii be found in relation to him is a char- 
ter, granted by king Robert III. in favo\irs of 
John Buchanan and Janet Lenny his spouse, in 
life-rent, and to their heirs, in fee, of the biaronry 
of Pitwhonydy, in the year 1363. f Whether the 
baronry of Pitwhonydy belonged formerly to the 
family of Lenny, or was part of that which be- 
longed to the family of Buchanan, and was at this 
juncture given off by this John to that of Lenny, 
cannot be clearly determined, this being the most 
ancient charter relating to that, or any other lands 
in hands of the present Lenny. Nor is there so 
much as a tradition, that the family of Lenny bad 
any lands before this marriage, except those pos- 
sest by Keir and. Lenny, and, as is thought, some 
part of these lands so designed in Mid-Lothian. 

* Charter among Buchanan's old evidences. 
f Ch. penes Buclianan de Lenny. 


This John, twelfth laird of Buchanan, is the first 
mentioned in the genealogical tree of Buchanan, 
there being a part of that tree cut awayi the actor 
as well as design of that action being unknown. 
John, laird of Buchanan and Lenny, had three 
sons, who came to age ; the eldest, Sir Alexander, 
who killed the duke of Clarence at the battle of 
Bauge, was also himself afterwards killed at the bat- 
tle of Vernoil, anno 1424, being never married. 
The second was Sir Walter, who succeeded to the 
estate of Buchanan; and the third, John, during his 
father's lifetime designed of Ballachondachy, and 
who did, after his father^s death, .succeed to the 
estate of Lenny, as the tree of Buchanan aQ^ 
some other evidents among Jthose of Buchanan, 
testify, as shall be in due place observed. I will 
elsewhere briefly recount some of the heroic 
achievements of that gallant gentleman. Sir Alex- 
ander, eldest son to John, laird of Buchanan, who 
acquired an addition to the armorial bearing, and 
a much greater to the honour of his family ; and 
will endeavour to remove some little mistake our 
historians are in concerning his surname; and, 
meanwhile, proceed to the account of 

Sib Walteb, third of that name, and thirteenth 
laird of Buchanan, who, upon the death of Sir 
Alexander, succeeded to his father John, laird of 
Buchanan and Lenny. There is a charter, granted 
by Duncan, earl of Lennox, to Walter, laird of 
Buchanan, of the lands of Ledlewan ; and he is 
witness to a charter, by the same earl, to John 
Hamilton, son and heir to John Hamilton of Bar- 
dowie, of the lands of Bathemock; most of bis 


' evidents in relation to the estate of Buchanan 
being by some contingency or other lost. How- 
ever, he is mentioned by the genealogical tree of 
the family, and is thereby asserted to be married 
to Isobel Stewart, daughter to Murdoch Stewart, 
duke of Albany, and governor of Scotland, and to 
Isobel, heiress of Lennox, his lady. This mar- 
riage is further made appear by a charter, in the 
hands of Buchanan of Drumikill, granted by Iso- 
bel, duchess of Albany and countess of Lennox, to 
one Donald Patrick, of a tenement of houses and 
land next adjacent to the north side of the church- 
yard of Drymen, dated in the year 1443. Wit- 
nesses being Andrew and Murdoch^ the duchesses 
nephews, and Walter, laird of Buchanan, her son- 
in-law, knight, with divers others. Sir Walter 
had three sons, Patrick his successor, and Maurice, 
who was treasurer to lady Margaret, daughter to 
king James I. and dauphiness of France ; having 
gone to that kingdom with her, there is no further 
account of him. His third son was Thomas, 
Carbeth's ancestor. Sir Walter had a daughter 
married to Gray of Foulis, the lord Gray his an- 
cestor. To Sir Walter succeeded his son 

Patrick, first of that name, and fourteenth 
laird of Buchanan. He acquired a part of Strath- 
yre from David Oquhuanan, heritor thereof, in 
the year 1455, being the date of the charter there- 
of, confirmed by charter under the great seal in 
the year 1458, as is also a charter in his favour 
under the great seal, of his estate of Buchanan, 
dated in the year 1460. He purchased the lands 
of Easter Ballcun ; and, in the year 1414, re- 


signed the lands of Drumfad and EirkmicheaU in 
favour of Walter Buchanan his son and heir, which 
this Walter sold to the laird of Ardkindlass in the 
year 1513.- Patrick, laird of Buchanan, and An* 
drew, laird of Lenny, made, in the year 1455, 
mutual tailzies of their estates in favour of one 
another, and the heirs of their own bodies, and 
past some of their brethren of either side ; by which 
it is pretty clear, they have been no further re- 
moved in kindred than cousin-germ ans : so that 
the genealogy of both families, as already asserted, 
will hold good. He was married to one Galbraitb, 
heiress of Killearn, Bamoir and Auchinreoch, and 
had with her two sons, Walter his successor, and 
Thomas, ancestor of Drumikill, and a daughter^ 
Anabella, married to her cousin, James Stewart 
of Baldorrans, grandchild to Murdoch, duke of 
Albany. He had also an illegitimate son, Fatri^^ 
of whose issue there is no account. 

The last- mentioned laird of Buchanan being 
married to an heiress of the name of Galbraitb^ 
and the circumstances of that name being now 
parallel to that of Buchanan, mutual sympathy, in 
a manner, obliges me to digress a little, in giving 
a brief account of that name. 

The name of Galbraith is evidently an an- 
cient Scottish surname, the denomination of that 
name importing in Irish^ A brave stranger. The 
first I find upon record of this name was Gillespie^ 
or Archibald Galbraith^ being inserted witness in 
a charter, by Malduin, earl of Lennox,, to Hum- 
phrey Kirkpatrick^ of the lands of Colchoun^ in 
the reign of king Alexander II. This Gillespie's 


son was Mauricei as evinces a charter, in his fa- 
vour, of Cartonbenach, now Bathemock, by the 
above Malduin, earl of Lennox, in the forecited 
reign. Maurice^s son was Arthur, in whose favour 
there is a charter of Auchincloich and Bathernock, 
with power to seize and condemn malefactors, 
with this proviso, that those so condemned be hang- 
ed upon the earPs gallows. This charter is of 
date in the year 1238. Witnesses, David Linde- 
say, David Graham, William Douglas *MaIcolm, 
thane of Calentyr, Maurice Galbraith, Auleth, 
the earPs brother, and Maurice, parson of Drymen. 
Arthur's sons were William, ancestor of Culcruich, 
as testifies a charter, in his favour, by Malcolm, 
earl of Lennox, of these lands, and the ancestors 
of the Galbraiths of Greenock and Killeam : the 
hieiress of the principal family of Bathernock hav- 
ing married a son of the lord Hamilton, the present 
Bardowie's ancestor ; as did the heiress of Greenock 
a son of Shaw of Sauchy, Shaw of Greenock^s 
, ancestor ; and the heiress of Eiilearn was married 
to the laird of Buchanan. The only remaining 
family of that name being Culcruich, Galbnuth, 
laird thereof, fell into such bad circumstances, in 
king Charles I. his time, as obliged him to pass 
his estate and go to Ireland, where his posterity 
are in very good circumstances. Galbraith of 
Balgair is now representative, the family of BaU 
gair^s ancestor being a son of that family* 

To Patrick, laird of Buchanan, succeeded hia 

Waltkh, fourth of that name, and fifteenth 
laird g€ Buchanan, as is clear by the charter of 


resignation, in his favour, by Patrick his father, in 
the year 1474. He married the lord Graham^s 
daughter^ whose mother was the earl of Ang^s^s 
daughter. Of this marriage be bad Patrick bis 
successor, who, as is confidently asserted^ was, with 
a great many of his name, killed at the battle of 
Flowdon, in the year 1513 ; and John of Aucb* 
mar, afterwards Arnpryor and 6artartan,and two 
daughters, one of them married to the laird of 
Lamond, the other to the laird of Ardkinglass; 

Patrick, the second of that name, albat his 
father outlived him many years, yet, as in the 
tree of the family, so also in this place, he may be 
accounted the sixteenth laird. He was married to 
the earl of Argyll his daughter, her mother being 
the earl of Huntley's daughter. He bad of this 
marriage two sons and two daughters, that came 
to age. His eldest son was George his successor, 
bis second, Walter, Spittle's ancestor. His two 
daughters, were married to the lairds of Auqbin* 
breck and Calder. He bad also an illegitimate 
son called Robert. Patrick^s successor was 

Georgb, first of that name, and seventeenth 
Iturd of Buchanan, as is clear by charter, under 
the great seal, in his favour, of the lands of Buch- 
anan, in the year 1530. He purchased the lands 
of Duchray and others, as evinces charter thereof^ 
anno 15^. He was made sheriff-principal of 
Dunbartonshire, anno 1561. He was first married 
to Margaret Edmonstone, daughter to the laird of 
Duntreatb, her mother being Shaw of Sauchy^s 
daughter. He bad of this marriage John his suo^ 
cessor. He married for his second lady, Janet Can- 


ningbame, daughter to Cunninghame of Criugens, 
being first married to the laird of Houstoun. He 
had with hiB second lady, William, ancestor of 
Buchanan of Auchmar, in whose favour his father 
grants charter of the thirteen merk land of Straith- 
yre, in the year 1556. He had also of this mar- 
riage one daughter, Margaret, first married to Cuiv* 
ninghame of Robertland, secondly, to Stirling of 
Glorat, and, lastly, to Douglas of Maines, George 
was succeeded by 

JoHK, second of that name, and eighteenth 
laird of Buchanan. His father grants charter in 
his favour, in the year 1552. He died before his 
father, and was twice married, first, to the lord 
Levingstone^s daughter, her mother being daugh- 
ter to the earl of Morton, whijch marriage was con-* 
summated by virtue of a dispensation, in regard 
of propinquity of blood. There was of this marr 
rii^ one son, George, who came to age. He mar- 
ried, secondly, a daughter of one Chisholm, bro- 
ther to the bishop of Dumblane, and had with 
her one daughter, married to Mr. Thomas Buch- 
anan of Ibert, lord privy-seal. To John succeeded 
his son 

SiK Geokoe, second of that name, and nine* 
ieenth laird of Buchanan, as is clear by charter, 
in his favour, by king Henry and queen Mary, of 
the lands of Buchanan, iaies of Clareinch and 
Kepinch, with bell and alms of St. Kessog, dated 
in the year 1564. This Sir Geoi^ was married 
to Mary Graham, daughter to the earl of Moo- 
teith, her mother being the lord Seaioun^a daugh<p> 
ten Of this marriage he had one mhi» Sfir' John^ 


and two daughters, Helen, married to Alexander 
Colchoun of Lu8s, and Susanna, first married to 
John MacFarian of Arrochar, secondly, to Camp- 
bell of Craignish. Sir George's successor was 

SiE John, third of that name, and twentieth 
laird of Buchanan, as appears by charter, in his 
favour, by king James VI. of the lands of Buch- 
anan, in the year 1618. This Sir John mortified 
six thousand pounds Scots to the university of 
Edinburgh, for maintaining three bursets at the 
study of theology there ; and an equal sum to the 
former to the university of St. Andrews, for mwn- 
taining, upon the interest thereof, three bursers at 
the study of philosophy there: and constituted 
the magistrates of Edinburgh managers, or patrons, 
of both mortifications, as the one double of the 
contract betwixt the said Sir John and the ma- 
gistrates of Edinburgh, in the hands of the duke 
of Montrose, among the late Buchanan's evidents, 
does testify. Sir John married Anabella Areskin, 
daughter to Adam Commendator, or lord Cam^ 
btiskenneth, being son to the master of Mar, her 
mother, Drummond of Carnock's daughter. He 
had with her one son, George his successor, and 
a daughter, married to Campbell of Eahdn. Sir 
John's successor was 

SiE George, third of that name, and one and 
twentieth laird of Buchanan. He married Elizar 
beth Preston, daughter to Preston of CraigmiUar, 
her mother being Hay of Pheinzie's daughter. 
Sir George, being colonel of Stirlingshire regiment, 
lost a great many of his regiment and kinsmen at 
the fatal conflict of Ennerkeithing, in wWcb bong 


taken prisoner, he djed in that state, in the latter 
part of the year 1651, having left one son, John 
his Bucessor, and three daughters, Helen, married 
to Sir John Rollo of Bannoqkburn ; Agnes, mar- 
ried to Stewart of Rossyth ; and Jean to Lecky of 
that Ilk. 

John, third of that name, the two and twentieth^ 
and last laird of Buchanan, succeeded to his father 
Sir George. He was first married to Mary Areskin, 
daughter to Henry, lord Cardross, her mother be- 
ing Ballanden^of Broughton^s daughter, and sis« 
ter to the first lord Ballanden. With her he had 
one daughter Elizabeth, married to James Stewart 
of Ardvorlich. He secondly married Jean Fringle, 
daughter to Mr. Andrew Fringle a minister. With 
her he had one daughter, Janetj married to Henry 
Buchanan of Lenny. John, last laird, died in De- 
cember 1682. 

Having thus given agenealo^cal account of the 
family of Buchanan, it may not be improper to en- 
quire how their estate came to be disposed of upon 
the extinction of the family. Not to go any fur- 
ther back, it is fit to know, that Sir John Buchan- 
an, grand-father to the last laird, by his frequent 
travels into foreign nations and other extrayagan- 
cies, had involved his estate in such an immense 
debt, that his grandson found it inconvenient for 
him to enter as heir, till he had caused David, lord 
Cardross, his brother-in-law, to compound with the 
most preferable. of his creditors, and upon that com- 
pontion to apprize the estate ; upon which acquisi- 
tion of Cardross,' he entered upon the estate as sin- 
gular successor ; nor did he seek for any new right 


during the life of the ladj Mary Areskin, his first 
lady, who at her death left only one daught^. 
Some few years after which, he entertained some 
thoughts of a second marriage, and for that pur- 
pose addressed himself to a daughter of Sir John 
Colchoun of Luss; between which family and 
that of Buchanan, there had been such frequent 
alliances, and communication of mutual good offices, 
as rendered the proposal very agreeable to Sir Jobn« 
The only obstruction that o£fered, sprung from 
the mutual tailzies betwixt the families of Buchan- 
an a|id Auchmar, whereby both interests were set- 
tled upon heirs-male. Buchanan, in order to re- 
moTe this difficulty, went to London and obtained 
a new charter of his estate, upon the right already 
mentioned, acquired by him from the lord Car- 
dross ; and further, procured an additional clause 
in it, impowering him to dispone his estate to heirs 
whatsoever, and to whom he pleased. By this 
means, Buchanan of Auchmar, nearest heir-male, 
and next in succession by the tailzie, was wholly 
excluded, and his pretehsions cut off. Buchanan^s 
design however, was wholly defeated ; the young 
lady having, much against his expectation, married 
the laird of Eeir before his return. This disap- 
pointment. had such effects upon his high spirit, as 
in a little time threw him in a palsy, and prejudiced 
him in his judgment, in which unhappy circum- 
stance he continued till his death. A little time 
before this misfortune befell him, John Buchanan 
of Arnpryor, then a widower, having come into Btt- 
chanan^s family , gained such an influence over him, 
as to be eatrusted with the whole management r^ 


his affairs. Arnpryor was not wanting to improve 
such an opportunity for the promoting his own in- 
terest, and found means to prevail on the laird to 
agree to a match between his daughter and Am- 
pryor^s son, then a student of the civil law, that by 
this means the estate might be kept in the name, 
failing other heirs of Buchanan. The proposal 
would have certainly taken place, had not the 
young lady interposed, by refusing her consent ; 
upon which) her father, then very much declined 
in judgment, conceived so much displeasure against 
her, as to make a disposition of his estate in favour 
of Arnpryor, and in prejudice of her right How- 
ever, keeping this paper in his own custody, and 
happening to go to the bath for recovery of his 
health) he, in his return, fell in love with Mrs. 
Jean Pringle, and married her, and, upon her ar* 
rival at Buchanan, caused the disposition in favour 
of Arnpryor to be cancelled, which gave rise to an 
inveterate animosity, which continued ever after, 
between him and Arnpryor. 

In a little time after this marriage, Buchanan, 
for i:easons we cannot account for, disponed his 
estate to an old comrade of his, major Greorge 
Grant, governor of Dunbarton castle, with this 
provision, that the major should marry his eldest 
daughter, and assume the name and arms of Buch- 
anan ; reserving his own life-rent and his lady^s 
jointure, and settling the estate so as to return to 
Buchanan's heirs-male, and, failing heirs of Grant^s 
own body, to Buchanan^s heirs whatsoever. Agree- 
able to this disposition. Grant made his addresses 
to the young lady, but was rejected by her with 

the utmost indignaliim. The late lady: BucbaMOi, 
has been blained> asfiromoting tbiadi9p(mlionm 
fa^MHir of Grant; .hut I have received spch ijafor- 
matioDyfcom people well versed in Buchanan^a af- 
fairs, as:&illy justiges her. Sooietioie after this, 
these was a project fosa^ by Buchanan and 
Crranty of seiling so much of the Highland lands 
of the estate of Buchanaa as might, together with 
the price of some woods .lately 8old,.and Buchanan^a 
Qlher^n^i^eaUes, dear: the whole debts affecting 
the lower barony, or $ remainder of that estate. 
These Highland lands, loecordii^y, were sold, to 
thee marquis of Montrose, whp, for. security of that 
part scdd to him, got infeftment of real warrandice 
upop the lower baa-ony. This bargain* 
pleted, it was auggested to the marquis, that he 
could not be fully secured in those lands lately 
purchased. by him, till well informed. of the extent 
of Buchanan's debts, and other circumstances of 
bis affiurs* For this purpose, Arnpryor, who^of 
all others best knew those affairs, was prevailed 
upon to make a discovery of them to the mar^uis^ 
havieg, for his service therein, and bis assistance 
in evicting .the wholeestate, obtained the. fourth 
part: thereof, burdened with a proportionable part 
of the debts. Hius, there having been a debt 
due by Buchanan to Sir James Dick, of Priestfield* 
for which all legal diligence was used, insomuch 
^t the laird» with DrumikiU, and some otheir 
eaationerst were denounced, and continued more 
than a year unrelated ; and Arnfuryor, while 
maw^rfor Buchanan* baviiig been ordered to 
daarahisidebl,>it %ras:aocordiogly pai4» ^^ ^i^ 

18S AtOdpUT cat THfi 

diarge and rebxation procured ftur the caution* 
ers, but the principal, unhappily, was left unre- 
laxed. This secret once divulged, there was a 
gift obtuned of Buchanan's life-rent and moyeable 
escheat ; by which, his whole moveables being ex- 
hausted, there was room left for wresting the estate 
, out of his hands, by procuring rights to those debts 
for payment whereof these moveables were allotted. 
This project was the effectual mean^ of ruining 
that estate; for divers adjudications being led in 
Ampryor's name, then principal manager for my 
lord marquis^ (the marquis himself, as it seems, 
being passive in it,) Buchanan's eldest daughter 
, found herself obliged to resign her pretensions, for 
a sum of money, in favour of his lordship ; .and 
major Grant having aiittle before his death given 
up all Buchanan's evidences, both the rights and 
the fortune became to be entirely transferred. 

This estate, as all others, was sometimes in- 
creased, or diminished, as it fell into the hands of 
good or bad managers. The lairds of Buchanan 
had, besides their old estate, several lands in the 
parishes of Eilleam, Strablane, and others ia the 
Lennox. The most flourishing condition it has' 
been in, for divers ages, was upon the last laird's 
accession to it. For his old estate, which, together 
with Strathyre, Brachern, and some superiorities, 
was worth thirteen thousand merks of yearly rent, 
most of the same arising from steelbow horses, 
cows, com, red land, besides casualties, and woods, 
computed in this age to be worth two thousand 
pounds sterling each cutting. Besides this, he 
liad the whole estate of Badtndailocb, aoaounling 


to ax thousand merks per annum, which was ac- 
quired by Sir John, the late laird^s grandfather, 
for money be was engaged in for Cunninghame of 
Glengamock, proprietor thereof; as also he had 
the estate of Craigmillar in Mid-Lothian, being 
ten thousand merks per annum, acquired, by his 
father. So that from these three estates the fa- 
mily had near thirty thousand merks of yearly 
rent. But Buchanan having sold Badindalloch 
and Craigmillar when in health, and that of Buch- 
anan going off in the manner we have already 
mentioned, after having continued nx hundred 
and nxty-five years in that name, and in an un- 
mterrupted succession of twenty-two liurds; by 
this mismanagement, and want of proper advice 
from his friends, this flourishing fortune has been 
destroyed, and the family itself extinguished. 

The Paternal Arms of the FamSy of Buchanan, 

Or, a lion rampant sable, armed and langued 
gules, within a double tressure, flowered and coun- 
terflowered with flower-de-luces of the second. 
Crest, a hand coupee holding up a ducal cap, or 
duke^s coronet, proper, with two laurel branches 
wreathed surrounding the crest, disposed orleways 
proper; supported by two falcons garnished Or. 
Ancnent notto above the crest, Audaees Juvo. Mo- 
dam motto in compartment, Clarior Hinc Homos. 


AH ' > ■ 




IN ^ving an exact account of these cadeti,.Tiow 
become families, which cameimnitdiateljr'off' tiial 
of Buchanan, and retain that surname, I shall be- 
gin with that family last came off' the principal 
one, and consequently next ta the samey and shall 
mention each, of the rest in' order, aocovdinig to^th^ 
times of their several 'descents off the chtefefamHyk 
In prosecution of this method, I shall-begin iwdi 
the family of Auchmab, which, by Ae origiiial 
charter thereof, as also by the genealogical aotount, 
or tree, of the family of Buchanan, is not only 
clearly evinced to be descended of a son of* tbe 
laird of Buchanan, but also to be the latdstricodet 
of that family. Though the principal family con- 
tinued in being for the space of one hundred and 
thirty-five years after this family came off tbe same, 
nevertheless, the few second sons, or cadets, which 
descended of Buchanan since that of Aachmar 


came off, left no male issue ; so that by this meains 
Auchihar continued to be the latest cadet of that 
ancient family. 

The interest of Auchmar was for some time tani- 
ttrie, or appennage lands^ being always given off to 
a second Son of the family of Buchanan for patri* 
mony, or rather aliment during life, and at his death 
returning to the family of Buchanan* These lands 
were in some time after disponed irreversibly to the 
ancestor of the present family of Auchmar, and his 
heirs. The first of which was William Bdchanak, 
first son, of the second marriage, to George Buchan- 
an of that ilk, and Janet Cunninghame, daughter to 
Cunninghame (for any thing I can find), first lurd 
of Craigens, who was son to the earl of Glencaim. 
Tliis lady was first married to Patrick, laird of 
Houston, director of the chancery in the reign of 
king James V. . Houston, with divers other good 
and loyal patriots, having joined that brave noble- 
man, John, earl of Lennox, in order to liberate 
tbeir sovereign from the restraint put upon him 
by the earls of Arran and Angus, with their asso- 
dates ; and Lennox having engaged with the earl of 
Arran^s army at Linlithgow, or Evanbridge, was 
there slain, together with Houston, and a greift 
many others of his party. Buchanan, after Hous- 
ton's death, having married his relict, granted 
charter, in favour of William Buchanan, his first 
son of this second marriage, and his heirs, of the 
lands of Auchnutr, dated the 3d of January, 1547 
yearn. Nor did Buchanan^s indulgence and liber- 
ality to this his son stop here, but he did also, in 
the year 1656, grant charter, in his favour^ of the 

1S6 JtfODim.VP TBB > 

tUrteen merle farad of StnUkjteimAvetlt 

dice for the sa«ft in the EastarliaMn'ofi Bwlk- 

anan, being the best portion any sacondaa^iof 

that hmly had got- of a longF timc^ aD<ralber at 

any time before thaL After whafe nraoasr'this 

fainUy lost posaesston of theJands ofi Straafetgasa is 

not very evident; the most eooMUon^acoount, fao«r* 

ever) of that event is this, that in the time, of: tht 

civil wars in the reigo of king Cfaarlea I.^ pariie»> 

larly in the year IMi^ the lands of :BtichaDaii> be*- 

2Dg at that time very sadly barrassed>.aDd.mo86 of 

tbe bouses burnt» Geoi^e Bucbanan of AnobBiar 

lost upon that oocasioa thi& ^wknlfr of Straitbyre^ 

and, as is also apprehended, the. double,. lodged in 

Aat famifyV hands^ of the- mutual taikde^bcimxt 

them and the family of Buchananv Afteir* which. 

Sir John, laifd of Buchanan, did, in an unjusttaad 

oppressive manner, dispossess the saidr-GEeorgo <^ 

-those lands^and wouid lia^e^ done the same, to bim 

in relation iao the- lands of Auohmar also, had not 

the evidence thereof been at thatitiflabe^providan^ 

tially in the laird of OraigenV custody, wbieh was 

the. only means of their prea^vation*. ThiSy wiab 

some other hard usage given by Sir John, cneafeed 

such animosity betwixt these twoifamiliea as eoiild 

scarcely be fully extinguished?: the said Sir 'John 

being acoounled the worst, if not the only^ 

of all the lairds oil Buchanan, and tfae:gneatefltrop>' 

pressor of his name and naghbours ; wheneaa^ the 

other kirds^ generally taken^ ace reported^tofhanne 

been the most discreet ne^^bbouclygentlemcD of 

any in these parts of this kugdora. 

William, the first of Auchmajr, was asaraed 

tW'XIiiabelk Hanvltpjiy dMot^rt^^M^Ailg 
lodnQacbaB^xj^ ' a9iI.fiBdp.biiiii 9om0^kBimk:dp^ff»t 

cxiioct in- lli& reign 'o£ kmg Gbark9iIIt. Mjr Jittle 
itmmm oS that interest felLintio.HmiUtw q£ Mt/^ 
kfsnbeidy aa nearest heir tp.HaaiUtmrof: ImehmiN 
ohavb. 0£ tbia nturriage. bcftwixi 4iUQbiQaf .m4 
IndimachanVdaughter, tbseeaonaaiKltiw/i^/dMg^^ 
teuB came, to matmity. The eldai^ <^ the ^oae 
«a»~ Patrick^ the second .George*, and th» tbvd 
Mr« WiUiaai. Margaret the eldest daughter was 
married to Cunnibghanie t>f Bhur wboi^b ; the se^ 
oond to James Colchoun, mecchant in.Gia^ow« 

Patrick the ddest bod sudceeded to his father 
William, in the lands o£ Aiichmar and Stitaitbj|^i3e^ 
He married .Helen Buchanan^ bwesa of. Ibent^ 
dnu^ter to Mx, Thomas Buchanan of Ibeist^ 
nephew to the great Mr. Geoi^Buchanani,wbi«h 
Thcxnas became lord privy seal* by reaignationiof 
tkat offioe in bis favour by Mr. George .his; lukr 
dei. Mr. Thomases wife was -a daiighler of John^ 
laird of Buchanan* Patrick above-mendonexl died 
within a few yeam of his marriage, his children 
haiaog' not long survived him.; so that his interest 
devolved' to George his second brother^ as is eviv 
dent by precept of Clare Comtat^ and: charter 
•th^)euix>n, in his favouvi by Jobn» laird .c£ Buehf. 
anaii, of the lands of Auchmar^. dated in the>year 

i This Gearge, in his; eldest bootiber^s, li&time, 
married. Janet Stewart, daughter to Andcew Siam^ 
art, who had a beneficial tack (esteemed ittitbeae 

18S ACooiniT or vhx 

days equiTatent to heritage,) cS the lands of Blair^ 
garie, and some other landtf, from the earl of Mur- 
ray, in Straithgartney, and the parish of Callender. 
He was also the earl's baillie in those parts. That 
family is notr represented by Alexander Stewart 
of Gartnafuaroe in Balquhidder parish; and is, 
with the families of Ardvoriich and Glenbucky, 
(JFrom w^ich three are sprung most of the Stewarts 
in the southern parts of Perthshire,) lineally de- 
scended of James Peg, or little James, son to 
James Stewart, youngest son to Murdoch, duke 
of Albany, and governor of Scotland. James Beg 
was married to Annabella Buchanan, daughter to 
Patrick, laird of Buchanan, as testifies a charter, 
in his and the said Annabella's favour, of the 
lands of Baldorrans in Stirlingshire, in the reign 
of king James II. I find also this James witness 
in a charter, by Isobel, duchess of Albany and 
oountess of Lennox, of a tenement of land in Dry- 
men, in the year 1443, being designed in thAt 
charter the duchesses nephew. James's successor 
was Walter Stewart of Baldorrans, as is clear by 
charter, in his favour, by Janet Oquhuanan, of a 
wadset-right the said Janet had upon a part of 
the lands of Straithyre^ dT'date in the year 1688. 
From three sons of this Walter, or, according to 
their own traditional account, from a son of Wal- 
ter, called William, are descended the three fami« 
lies aboVe-mentioned. 

Georgb JBochanan of Auchmar had seven 
sons ; Patrick his successor, > John, Andrew, Mr. 
Maurice, William, Robert, and George. He 

FA]ainr'OF)AO0BiiA&. ' 289 

hmi^aim two dmif^tiem tlwr dldBtt*: manied to 
CdchoHD of GamsUsodaii^ th» aeoond to captam 

To George sueceedsd his^eldefltMaPATiuts^ 
98' 18! deav by: charter^ in .biafavour^ of the lands 
of Audunan dsted in.lbety^ar 166&. Hemanried 
Agae% Buchanan^, daugbtes to, WiUiain 'Bnobaoan 
of Jiiosi. He bad by benoaeson,. JicrfiD^ who had 
iflBue^. and fiye^aughtiei^t; Janet. matrieditoBucb* 
man- of Camerony.MftRjr Ur Tbonas Andenon^ 
JBliaabeth: to Walton M^barlan,^ Agnaa taj(S«li. 
fanadi ' of Armfinlaijf!} and. J-eanrto Nairn) of fiatuv* 
ich<. He. bad .ako an. ille^tomatoisott^. Jofan^. wbio 
waot to. Ireland^ 

To PatiidB J&udttMO of Anohnaffraiicceedad 
bi&ao&JoHiu HedOQaanediAiinacfindiamydai^bA 
tec to Jofani Gfahaaa^ of Dudirajn.: H&had by 
bar- two sons and fbon daughters. The eldest of 
these daughters was married to Robert Graham of 
Grlmny^ The. second daij^tec was first aiartied 
to. George Buebanan, son to'ArtbuF'J&oohanaaiof 
Audikssyy and a&arwards to Andrew Stewart of 
townfhead of Dry men.: Tbettlurd iauf^er^^msB 
married to. Bobert Steward of Ci«lIii9more.i The 
fourth to iGeorge M^Pbarlan» mer cbant. 

Jfika Buchanan of Auobnua^ wnaaoooepdad by 
WiiJuiAic bis sottk Be married Jean. BqtabaiiM^ 
daughter to John. Bufibamui of. Carbetb.. Ckdin^ 
second son to tbesul Jobn» moBried AaeaiHaim 
UtoBf daughter to Jaasee Hamilton of Aitikeiihaask 

The first cadet of the family o£ Ajichwaaj was 
Mr. William Buchanan, third soO)- to li^liam^tfae 
first of Auekaaiw TUsMr« WiUkm^wMStoIre- 


land,, and became manager or ibctor, for the estate 
of tbe family of Hamilton, then lords of Clande* 
boys, and afterwards earls of Clanbrazil, in the 
county of Down, which family is now extinct* He 
married in that^ country, and had one son, major 
William Buchanan, a very brave gentleman, who 
was major to George, laird of Buchanan^s regiment, 
at the fatal conflict betwixt the Scots and English 
at Ennerkeithing. The major, upon defeat of the 
Scodsh army, being well mounted, made his way 
through a party of English horsemen, and though 
pursued for some miles, came off safe, having killed 
diverse of the pursuers. He went afterwards to 
Ireland, and purchased an estate there, called Sera- 
bohill, near Newtoun Clandeboys, in the County 
of Down. He had two sons, the eldest continued 
in Ireland, and the younger went abroad. He' 
had also two daughters, both married in that 

William of Auchmar, had an illegitimate son, 
called George, whose son John, had a wedset upon 
the lands of Blairluiek, in Eilmaronock parish, 
which having sold, he went to Ireland, where di- 
verse of his progeny reside near the village called 
St Johnstoun, in the county of Derry; from 
whence, one of them having come to the paroch of 
BcHioml, had two sons, Archibald at present in 
Bonneil, who hath three sons, George, a trader at 
sea ; William, a residenter in London ; and James, 
residing near Glasgow. Another, Archibald, being 
also descended of the said George, resides in Iutc- 
rary, in Argyllshire. 

The second cadet of the family of Auchmar, was 


Mr. Maurice Buchanan, fourth son to George Bu* 
chananbf Auchmar. He was a preacher in theooun- 
ty of Tyrone, and had one son, James, who had only 
one son, captain Maurice, who resides near DuUtn. 
George of Auchmar's fifth son was William, who 
was a captain in the Swedish service in Germany. 
He was, upon account of his valour^ conduct, and 
other laucTable qualities, very much esteemed • 
having signalized himself upon diverse occasions 
particularly in vanquishing an Italian, who in 
most countries of Europe, had acquired very much 
fame by his martial achievements, and dexterity 
always in performing divers feats of arms, having 
carried the prize in all places he went to, till at 
last he was overcome by this captain William, no 
less to his honour, than to the Italian's disgrace. 
Upon account of this action, he obtuned a major\i 
commission, but was within few days thereafter 
Icilled in the said service. He was married to Anna 
Pennel, an English woman. His children and 
their posterity have continued in Germany. 

George of Auchmar's seventh and youngest son, 
George, had one son, William, who married at 
London^ having left a son, James, who is a mer- 
diant in that city. John, Andrew and Robert^ 
Greorge^s other sons, their issue is wholly extinct. 

Patrick Buchanan of Auchmar, besides John his 
successor, had an illegitimate son called also John, 
who went to Ireland. He had two sons, Patrick, 
who went to the West Indies, and is in very good 
^ circumstances in that country ; and John, who re- 
sides near Newtoun-stewart, in the county of Ty- 
rone, and hath three sons. He^ had also an illegi 


tuante «0il,' f9amady -who imMss m iLaggan of 

The Ifttlcackt^ AudiiBar, ia Oofin 'Bacfaanan^ 
bsolber to the {nreaoit William Biidia»aiix>f Aaoh« 
mar, who for armorial Jbeariog, carries the paternal 
arms of the family of Buchanan, as already blaz- 
oned, without any manner of distinction. 
. I am hopeful by clear and authentic document^^ 
to have demmasttated this £unily, last mentioned, 
to be the latest in descent from that of Buchanan, 
notwithstanding' that Mr. Nisbet, in his kte book 
of heraldry and, geneidogy, hath asserted the con- 
trary, by giving it to a^certain gentieman, who is 
among^ the remotest of the cadets of the family of 
Buchanan. I . am? sui^rised he should have faUen 
into, such a mistake, especially .i^er having bad 
much' better information conveyed to his hands, by 
theauthor of these papers. But I am coafident» 
his4icoount^<»f the matter, will not make the least 
impressionan anyjudicious reader, that shall wdl 
weigh what he^has only barely assertedy and com- 
pare it witbihe autbestia account Lhave givem 





THE case of the family of Spittsl, seems to be 
much the same, with that of diverse other families 
of that name, they having been in possession of ae» 
vera! lands, at some little time after they came off 
the family of Buchanan, a great part of which lands 
are since gone from it, as from other families, by 
ways and means not easy to be discovered at this 
distance of time. 

The ancestor of the present family of Spittel, and 
who first obtained these lands, was Walter Bucbaa- 
an, son to Patrick, the second of that name, laird 
of Buchanan. This Walter, and his successor 
Jchuj their charters of these lands, by bad keeping 
in turbulent times, are so effaced, and the writing 
thereof so obliterated, as renders the same in a greal 
measure illegible. However, it is very presumeable, 
that the laird of Buchanan gave the lands of Spit- 
tel, to his son, Walter, for patrimony, when be 


came off the family, notwithstanding of the above 
inconveniency, that the two first, .or original char- 
ters of that family labour under. But for further 
proof of this family's descent off Buchanan, there 
lieing in divers of our kings^ reigns records of jus- 
ticiary, by which all chiefs of clans, were obliged for 
the good and peaceable behaviour of their name, or 
clan, it is remarkable that in one of these records, 
in the latter part of king James V. his reign, Wal- 
ter Buchanan of Spittel, is designed brotber-ger- 
man to George Buchanan of that ilk : also in a 
seasin by the same laird of the lands of Auchmar, 
anno 1547. John Buchanan, son and heir to the 
deceased Walter Buchanan of Spittel, the lairdV 
brother, is one of the witnesses. So that George, 
laird of Buchanan, being well known to have been 
eldest son, and successor to Patrick, laird of Buchan- 
an; and by these two documents, Walter Buchan- 
an of Spittel, being designed brother to the said 
George, the descent of this family is cleared beyond 
all controversy, however little their original writ- 
ings conduce to that purpose. Walter Buchanan^ 
first of Spittel, was married to Isabel Cuningham, 
asserted to have been daughter to the earl of Glen- 
cairn. There is a charter by Andrew Cunning- 
hame of Blairwhoish, with consent of Walter Stir- 
ling of Ballagan his curator, in favour of Walter 
Buchanan of Spittel, and Isabel Cuningham bis 
spouse, of the lands of Blairvocky, dated in the 
year 1 535. There is also another charter in favour 
of the same Walter, by Alexander, Master of Glen- 
cairn, of the lands of Arrochymore,: dated in the 
year 1630. Which lands, seem to be given in por- 


tion to him with Glencairn^s daughter. Walter 
left one son, John, his successor, and a daughter, 
married to Walter Buclianan of DrumikilL 

He was succeeded by his son John, who married 
Elizabeth Cuningham, daughter to Cuningham, 
laird of Drumquhuassle, as is evident by an herita- 
ble right, by Alexander, earl of Glencairn, to Eliz- 
abeth Cuningham, spouse to John Buchanan of 
Spittel, in liferent, and Edward Buchanan her son, 
in fee of the lands of Merkinch, dated in the year 

Edward, first of that name, succeeded to his fa- 
ther John. He married Christian Galbraith, 
daughter to the l^rd of Cuicruich, as testifies a 
charter in his and his said spouse^s favour, under 
the privy seal, dated in the year 1555. He had 
two sons, Robert his successor,, and George. 

To Edward of Spittel succeeded his son Robebt* 
He married Lawson of BoghaPs daughter, and had 
by her two sons, Walter his successor, and Andrew. 
There is a charter under the privy seal in favour 
of this Robert, in the latter part of queen Mary^s 

To Robert succeeded his son Walter* He 
married Galbraith of Balgair's daughter, and had 
with her two sons that came to maturity, Edward 
and Walter. 

Edward, second of that name, succeeded, to 
Walter his father. He was first married to Edmon- 
stoun of Balleun^s daughter. With her he bad 
James, Us.successor, and John, a captain in George, 
laird of Buchanan's regiment, who was killed at the 
&tal conflict betwixt the Scots and English at En- 


neridthing* He was secondly married to John 
Buchanan of Rosses daughter, and had with her 
Robert Buchanan, baker in Glasgow, and Edward, 
who was a man of great learning, and died while at 
the study of divinity in the college of Edinburgh, 
and one daughter married to Cuningham of Trin- 

Jakes succeeded to his father Edward. He 
married a daughter of John Buchanan of Cashlie, 
and had with her five sons, Edward, captain John, 
captain Archibald, Andrew and Walter. 

To James succeeded EnwAan third of that name^ 
He married Christian Mitchel, daughter to Mr. 
Thomas Mitchel> minister of Kilmaronock, and^had 
with her two sons, John and Thomas^ and two 

John, eldest son to Edward Buchanan of Spittel, 
married Margaret Muirhead, daughter to Muir- 
head of Rashiehill, relict of Mr. Robert Buchanan 
of Ampryor. Thomas his brother, was married to 
Napeir of Ballachairn^s daughter. 

The first cadet of Spittel's family, was Gsoege, 
second son to Edward, first of that name, and third 
of SpitteL George had one son, William, who ob- 
tained a beneficial tack of Arrachybeg in Buchanan 
parish. William had also one son, Donald, who 
had four sons, William, Duncan, Robert and Wat 
ter. Of these William had' one son, Donald, lately 
in Arrachybeg, who left issue. Duncan had <me 
son, John, who has also one son, Duncan, in the 
foot-guards. Robert was killed in the year 1645, 
and had only one daughter, married to James 
M^Grown in Catter. Walter, who mostly resided 


in Casbill in Buohaimn parish, bad two sons, John 
and William, both whereof have male issue. The 
said Donald had another son, called Walter, malt- 
man in Glasgow, father to Margaret Buchanan, 
who married James Couper, merchant in Port- 
Gla^ow, whose only daughter, Agnes, is married 
to Andrew Crawford, merchant in Fort-Glasgow. 
The progeny of the above-mentioned George, are 
ordinarily termed Buchanans of Arachybeg, or 
Donald Maewilliam's race. 
. The second cadet of the family of Spittel, waff 
Akdkbw, son to Robert Buchanan of Spittel. This 
Andrew seems to have been a man of education^ 
and was factor to part of the earl of Mar^s estate 
for some time. He bought Blairvoclcy from Spit^ 
tel, and having never married, disponed that inter- 
est to Walter Buchanan his nephew, ancestor to 
the Buchanans of Blairvocky, as shall be hereafter 
observed. Andrew had one illegitimate son, Bo- 
b^t, who resided for the most part in Arrachymore, 
in Buchanan parish.. Robert had four sons, .An- 
drew, James, Robert and Alexander. Andrew 
had no male issue. Robert had one son, who left 
no issue. James had one son, Andrew, lately in 
Auehingyle, in Buchanan Parish, who had four 
sons; two ofthese resided in Buchanan parish,, one 
in the parish of Luss, and another in that of Eil- 
maroDock. Alexander had two sonsj John in the 
parish of Eilleam, and Andrew^ merchant- ^ilor 
in Glasgow, father to James Buchanan, merchant 
in the Trongate, there* 

The tUrd cadet of the family of Spittel,, was 
Walsbk, the first of BUurvocky, second soa to 

199 Accomra oV thx 

Walter Buchanan of SpitteL There is a omtract 
of wedset, for the sum of one thousand merics 
Scots, upon the lands of Sallochy, by John Buch- 
anan of that ilk, in favour of this Walter, dated 
in the year 1618. Walter of Blairvocky had one 
son, Alexander, who had four sons, Walter, Alex- 
ander, William, and George. Walter^s progeny- 
is extinct. Alexander left only one daughter. 
George, the youngest, went abroad. William, 
the third brother, having obtained the interest of 
Blairvocky, sold the same to John Buchanan, 
younger of SpitteL William, the last of Blair* 
vocky, rended mostly in Ireland. He had four 
sons, Alexander, William, Walter, and Henry. 
Alexander the eldest resides in Glendermon, with- 
in two miles of Deny, being in very good repute 
and circumstances. William, Walter and Henry, 
reside near Omagh in the county of Tyrone, and 
kingdom of Ireland. 

The fourth cadet of SpittePs family was Robxkt 
BncuAKAK, late deacon of the bakers of Glasgow, 
being one of the sons of the second marriage of 
Edward Buchanan, second of that name, of Spit* 
tel, and Buchanan of Rosses daughter. His son 
Robert Buchanan, writer in Glasgow, married 
Buchanan of Drumhead^s daughter. He had also 
two daughters, one married to Mr. Neil Snodgrass, 
writer in Paisly, who left one son, John Snod- 
grass, their former children being dead ; she was 
afterwards married to Alexander Wallace, writer 
in Paisly : the other was married to J^hn Buch« 
anaii, elder, merchant in Glasgow. 

The next cadets of this family are the pre* 


sent Edward Buchanan of SpittePs brethren. 
The first of these, captwn John, was captain 
in the Dutch and English service, during - the 
whole time of the wars betwixt the French, Eng- 
lish and Dutch, with their other confederates^ 
from the year 1690, till the last peace ; and was 
also an officer in the service of the Dutch, and . 
some other states of Europe, a good many years 
before the commencement of these wars. The 
next brother was captwi Archibald, who for di- 
vers years before his death was one of the ci^ 
tains of the king^s horseguards, being a gentleman 
inferior to none of his age and station in all valua- 
ble qualities. Andrew and Walter, the other two 
brethren, died both unmarried. 

The last cadet of this family is Thomas Buch- 
anan, chirurgeon in Glasgow, second son to Ed* 
ward Buchanan, elder of SpitteL 

This family came off Buchanan immediately 
before that of Auchmar, Walter of Spittel being 
uncle to William the first of Auchmar. 

It has appeared a little surprising to some, that 
the family of Buchanan should have run through 
twenty-two generations in so short a time as six 
hundred and ninety-five years; and yet here we 
see in this family of Spittel no less than ten gener- 
ations in the space of about two hundred and 
twenty-three years, which is a great deal more in 
proportion than in the former case ; and I doubt 
not but frequent observations of this nature might 
be made in many other families. 



07 TBK 


THIS of Abmpryor having been for a consid- 
entble track of time one of the most reputed fami* 
Jies of the name of Buchanan/ both upon account 
of the estate possest by'them» being pretty con- 
siderables as also in regard these gentlemen them- 
selves were, for the most part, among the best ac- 
complished of that name. Nevertheless, since the 
middle of the last age, or some little time before, 
this iamily is so much decayed, that there can be 
very little sidd concerning the same, more than to 
give some account of what it hath been, and- of 
some few cadets now extant thereof, and who re- 
present the same. The cddest writes of this family 
being dtber carried off when the last laiid of Arn- 
pryor went to Ii'eland, or some other way lost, 
the manner of the descent thereof off the family of 
Buchanan cannot be so clearly illustrated as other- 
wise it might The most dear document for that 


purpose is the genealc^cal tree of the family of 
Buchanan, which positively asserts John Buchan- 
an, first pf Ampryor, to have been second son to 
Walter, fourth of that name, laird 0f Buchanan, 
and of the lord Graham^s daughter : which tree 
bdng composed, anno 1600, the composers thereof 
might have lived in or near the latter part of this 
gentleman^s lifetime, so that the account given 
thereby may fully satisfy all such as are not too 
much addicted to criticism or needless scrupulodty. 
The portion this gentleman obtained from' his &- 
ther, the laird of Buchanan, was the lands of Aucb- 
mar, which at his death returned to the &mily of 
Buchanan, as the custom was of a^penage, or 
tanistry lands. The manner of hb obtaining of 
the lands of Arnpryor was pretty smgular, b^ng 

In the reign of king James IV., and for divers 
ages before, the Meinzieses were proprietors of a 
great part of the parish of Kippen, and some of 
the parish of Sallearn, though scarce any memory 
of that name remains in either of those parishes 
in this age. A gentleman of that name being 
laird of Ampryor, at the above-mentioned juno* 
turey who had no children of his own, nor any of 
his name in these parts, that eould pretend any re- 
lation to him, was for some time at variance with 
one Forrester of Garden, a very toping gentleman 
of Ampryor^a neighbourhood, who, upon account 
of his neighbour Arnpryor^s circumstancesy sent a 
menacing kind of .message to him either to dispone 
his estate in bis favour voluntarily, otherwise hei 
would dispossess him of it by txee* Ampryor 


not being of power to oppose Garden, and being 
loath to give his estate by compulsion to his ene- 
iny» judged it the more proper, as well as honoura- 
ble method, to dispone his estate to some other 
gentleman who would counterbalance Garden, 
and would maintain the rightful owner in posses- 
sion thereof during his life. In this exigency be 
had recourse to the laird of Buchanan, offering to 
dispone his estate to one of Buchanan^s sons, if he 
would defend him irom any violence offered by 
Garden* Buchanan readily accepted of tKe offer, 
and so far undervalued Garden, that he sent his 
second son, then only a child, without any other 
guard, than his dry-nurse, to oversee him, along 
with Ampryor, to be kept by him as his heir. 
Upon notice hereof. Garden came to Aropryor's 
house with a resolution to kill him, or oblige him 
to send back Buchanftn^s son, and grant his former 
demands. Ampryor having gone out of the way. 
Garden very imperiously ordered the woman who 
attended fiuchanan^s child, to carry him back 
forthwith whence he came, otherwise he would 
burn Arnpryor*8 house, and them together. The 
woman replied, that she would not desert the 
house for any thing he durst do, telling, him 
withal, if he offered the least violence, it would be 
revenged to his cost. This stout reply was some- 
what damping to Garden, who at the same time 
reflecting, that he would not only be obnoxious to 
the laws for any violent measures he should take, 
but also to enmity with Buchanan, which he was 
by no means able to support, therefore followed 
th^ safest course, by desisting for the future ^ther 


to molest Arnpryor^ or frustrate bis destination, 
so that hb adopt^ heir enjoyed his estate, without 
the least impediment, after his death. 

This John Buchanan of Auohmar and Arnpry- 
or, was afterwards termed king of Kippen, upon, 
the following account : King James V., a very so- 
ciable debonair prince, residing at Stirling, in 
Buchanan of Arnpryor^s time, carriers were very 
frequently passing along the common road, being 
near Arnpryor's house, with necessaries for the 
use of the king^s family, and he having some ex 
traordinary occasion, ordered one of these carriers 
to leave his load at his house, and he would pay 
him for it ; which the carrier refused to do, telling 
him he was the king^s carrier, and his load for his 
majesty^s use, to which Arnpryor seemed to have 
small regard, compelling the carrier in the end to 
leave his load, telling him, if king James was 
king of Scotland, he was king of Ki[^n, so that 
it was reasonable he should share with his neigh- 
bour king in some of these loads, so frequently 
carried that road. The carrier representing this 
usage, and telling the story as Arnpryor spoke it, 
to some of the king^s servants, it came at length 
to his majesty's ears, who shortly thereafter with 
a few attendants came to visit his neighbour king, 
who was in the meantime at dinner. King James 
having sent a servant to demand access, wa& de« 
nied the same by a tall fellow, with a battle-ax, 
who stood pdrter at the gate, telling, there could 
be no access till dinner was over. This answer 
not satisfying the king, he sent to demand access 
a second time; upon which he was desired by the 


porter to danst, otherwise be would find, cause to* 
repent his rudeness. His majesty finding this 
method would not do» denied the porter to tell 
his master, that the Good-man of Ballageich de* 
£red to speak with the king of Xjppen. The 
porter telling Ampryor so much, he in all humble 
manner came and reedved the Ung, and having 
entertuned him with much sumptuousness and 
jollity, became so agreeable to king James, that 
he allowed him^ to take so much of any provi* 
Am he found carrying that road, as he had occa- 
sion for ; and seeing he made the first visit, de* 
sired Ampryor in a few days to return him a 
second at Stirling, which he performed, and con- 
tinued in very much favour with the king always 
thereafter, being termed king of Kippen while he 

Ampryor had also the lands of Gartartan, by 
which he was somedmes decdgned, particularly he 
is so designed in a charter, in his favour, by John, 
Commendator of Inehmahomo, of certain lands 
called Homhaugh. He obtained charter of the 
lands of Brachern from John M^Nair, heritor 
thereof, dated in the year 1830. There is a cer- 
tain traditional account, that the lands of Bra- 
chern, after Arnpryor obtained right thereto, were 
violently possessed by one M'Tormad, captain of 
a company of outlaws, who, with his associates, in 
number twenty-four, coming to a tavem in Dry- 
men parish, at a pkce called Chappellmroch ; 
Ampryor upon notice thereof, came in the night- 
time to the tavern, accompanied with some few 
horsemen, and finding these outlaws overcome 


^th liquor and deep, made fast the door of the 
bouse where they lay, and then set fire to it, all 
therein being either burnt or killed. He after- 
wards gaye the lands of Brachern, with those of 
Cashly, to one of his sons. This brave gentleman, 
with diyers others of his name, being killed at the 
battle of Pinky, in queen Mar/s minority, he was 
succeeded by 

Akdbkw his eldest son, as is dear by charter, 
in bis favour, and of John Buchanan his son and 
^parent heir« of the lands of Ampryor, dated in 
the year 1560. There is also a chiurter, by Bar- 
tholomew Bane, in favour of the said Andrew, of 
the Milntown of Buchlyvie, dated in the year 
1557. Andrew had two sons, John hb successor, 
and Walter, to whom his father disponed the 
Milntown, or, as others write, Hiltown of buch- 

There is little account to be had of John, third 
Isurd of Ampryor, or his successors for two de- 
scents, upon account of the loss of the prindpal 
writes of that family. The last of these who was in 
possesion of Ampryor, was John, who sold those 
lands to Sir John, laird of Buchanan, and were 
by him disponed to John Buchanan of Mochastel, 
of Lenny^s family, and grandfather to Francis 
Budianan, now of AmjHrjror. 

John Buchanan, who sold Ampryor, having 
gone to Ireland, was killed by the Irish in the 
year 1641. He had two sons, William and Da- 
vid, who both died without issue. He had dso 
three daughters s Dorothy, first married to Rdbert 
Budianan, one of king Charles I. his butlers. To 


him she had two daughters, bolli married io Ire- 
land. She was afterwards vianried to colonel 
Hublethorn, an Englishman, governor of Water- 
ford. She had to him one son, captain Huble- 
thorn, and some daughters. Ampryor's second 
daughter was Alice, married to Cuningham of 
Trinbeg. The third, Anna, married to Cuning*- 
ham of Finnick. 

This last Arnpryor had two brethren; Mr. 
David, a gentleman of great learning, of whom I 
shall speak afterwards, and captain WiUiam, a 
gentleman of very much courage, and of the great- 
est art and dexterity in managing a sword of any 
of his time. He killed an Italian in, Dublin, in 
presence of the lord lieutenant, and other nobility 
of that kingdom ; the same Italian having gone 
through most nations in Europe, always having 
had the victory of all he encountered with. Cap- 
tain William, being one of Buchanan^s captains at 
Ennerkeithing, a certain English officer, when the 
two armies advanced near to one another, stept 
forth, and challenged any of the Scottish army to 
exchange a few blows with him. The challenge 
was accepted by captain William, who, though a 
very little man of person, did in a tri^e kill that 
English champion. This captain WiHiam resided 
mostly in Ireland, in whiclji kingdom hi^ progeny 

The first cadet of the &mily of Acnpryor was 
Duncan, second son to John Buchanan, first. of 
Arnpryor, in whose &vour his father disponed 
the lands of Brachern, in Buchanan papsfa. He 
was succeeded by Duncan his son, who pmcdiased 


from Jaioes Drummond of Innerpafraj, the Lands 
of Cashly and Gartinstarry» as is clear by char- 
t€r of these lands in his favour, dated in the year 
1468. Duncan's daughter and heiress^ Margaret, 
married her cousin John Bi^hanan of Hiltown, 
or Milntown of Buchly vie, to whom she conveyed 
all her father^s interest. 

The second cadet of the family was Walter, 
second son to Andrew Buchanan, the second of 
Arnpryor, to whom his father disponed the Miln- 
town of Buchlyvie. His son John married the 
heiress of Cashly and Brachern, as already men- 
tioned. He was killed at the conflict of Glen- 
frdon, betwixt Luss and the M'Grigors. He left 
two sons, John and Andrew. John, the second 
of Buchlyvie and Cashly, sold the lands of Bra- 
chern to one Duncan M^Ph^lan. This John 
had two sons, Duncan, who sold the lands of 
Cashly, except Gartinstarry ; and Andrew, who 
purchased the lands of Ballachneck. Duncan 
had swo sons, John, late Gartinstarry, who had 
two sons, James, now of Gartinstarry, representer 
of the family of Arnpryor, and John, maltman 
in Glasgow. Andrew of Ballachneck had two 
sons, John, father to Moses Buchanan of Ballach- 
neck, and George, at present in Ballachneck. An- 
drew, second brother to John, late Gartinstarry, 
purchased the lands of Nenbolg and Provanstoun, 
being designed by the latter. Andrew, second 
son to John, first of Cashly, who went to Ireland,^ 
was ancestor to John, Andrew, , and William,, 
with others residing near Dunvigan in the county 
of Derry. There are also descended of this £Eunif-^ 


Iji Andrew Buchanan, merchant in Borrowstoun* 
e88y James Buchanan, wright in Edinburgh, and 
Jdin Budianan, merchant in England, with Bo- 
bert Buchanan, cordiner in Glasgow, and the pro- 
geny of Duncan Buchanan, Notar in Ammoir, 
and others in Sappen parish. 





THE estate bf Deumikill, with a great many 
other lands in the east parts of the parish of Dry- 
men, (as far. as a traditional account may be re-^ 
lied on,) did of old belong to the name of Arral, 
which namei in the minority of king David Bruce^ 
having associated with the enemies of their prince 
and country, they, upon the reduction of their ad- 
herents, not only continued obstinate in their re<- 
bellion, but in further aggravation of their guilt, 
committed divers other insolencies, which in the 
end gave just cause for their whole lands being 
forfeited, and letters of fire and sword being di- 
rected against them* The execution of these 
letters being committed to the laird of Buchanai^ 
he did, with no small difficulty and. bloodshed, 
bring the surviving remainder of these Arrals to 
justice. Among the number of these was Thomas 
Arral of DrumikiB, commonly tenqed Tarn na 


Ihmnaehf or Thomas the misduevoust The king 
is said to have offered this gentlemaa a pardon at 
the place of execution, which he refusedf disdain- 
ing to live after so many of his name^ who had 
lost their lives through his influence, and in his 
quarrel After the subversion of these Arrals, 
Buchanan, in reward of hb service against them, 
obtained Drumikill, Easter and Wester Ballats, 
and some other parts of their lands, lying most 
contiguous to his own estate, which the lairds of 
Buchanan retained in their own hands, till the (Hie* 
half of Drumikill, with Easter Ballat, was given 
to Carbeth^s ancestor^ as the other half, with 
Wester BaUat, was given to DmmikilFs, at the 
times the ancestors of these two famines came off 
that of Buchanan. 

There is a current tradition, that the laird of 
Buchanan gave the half of the estate of Drumikill, 
with Wester Ballat, and some other lands, former* 
ly belonging to the Arrals, to one of his sons 
long before the ancestor of the present family of 
Drumikill came off Buchanan^s family, and that 
Tliomas, the first of this present race, for his first 
lady married the heiress of the principal person 
of the old family. And that which favours some- 
what this account is, that the ancestors of the 
Buchanans of Drumhead and Wester Ballat, though 
always reputed cadets of Drumikill, can produce 
some evidents of their lands of a date not long 
posterior to the most ancient now in custody of 
Drumikill. Put having found no document either 
among the late Buchanan's or DrumikilPs eviden- 
ces that can in any measure clear this allegation^ 

r AMII.T or DB1»f IXILL# 2l i 

I tnust leave it iindeteniiiiied» though it be no 
way improbable, if there had been any such evi- 
dences, the same might by some contingency or 
other be lost, as are a great many of these of Buch- 
anan, and the whole of baron MacAuslan's most 
ancient writes. However this be. 

The first i of the present family of Drumikill, 
that is recorded by the genealogical tree of Buch- 
anan, and evidences of Drumikill, is Thohas 
BucHAHAK, son to Patrick, first of that name 
laird of Buchanan, and of Galbndth, heiress of 
Xillearn, Bamoir, and Auchinreoch, his lady. 
The first documents relating to this Thomas, is a 
disposition to him, by Finnoyse MacAulay, heiress 
of a little tenement in Drymen, called Crofkewer ; 
in which disposition he is designed, An honoura- 
ble person, Thomas Buchanan, brother-german to 
Walter Buchanan of that ilk ; the said disposition 
being dated in the year 1482. There is a resig- 
nation by John Blair of Adamtoun, in the hands 
of William, lord Graham, of the lands of Middle 
Ledlewan, now Moss, for new infeftment to be 
given of these lands to Thomas Buchanan of Bal- 
leun, brother-german to Walter Buchanan of that 
ilk, dated in the year 1484. Procurators to the 
resignation are Widter Buchanan of that ilk, Pa- 
trick Colchoun of Glyn, and John Nenboigof that 
ilk. There is a charter also of Balleun, by Wal- 
ter, laird of Buchanan, in favour of this Thomas, 
tfome little time before this of Moss, in the same 
year. There is also charter by Matthew, earl of 
Lennox, in favour of this Thomas, derigned of 
Balleun, of that part of the hidf-lands of Drumi- 


kill not fonnevly disponed, called Browster-croft, 
of date 1491. The same Thomas grants charter 
of the half>lands of Drumikill to Epbert Buchanan 
his 800 in fee, with reservation of his own, and 
Greils Cuningham, his spouse's life^rents, dated 
in the year 1495. This Thomas, upon the death 
of Thomas Buchanan of Carbeth, his uncle, ob- 
tinned the lands Gartincaber, which he and his 
flfuocessors retained possession of until Carbeth 
sold his half of Drumikill, to the proprietor of the 
other half of that estate, upon which occasion^ 
Carbeth re-obtsuned the beneficial tack of Gartin* 
caber, of which a cadet of his family is now in 
possession. And this seems to be the ground of 
the error into which some have run, concerning 
the ancestors of these two families being the same* 
in regard two Thomases, whose age differed sa 
little, were proprietors of Gartincaber, and some- 
times designed thereby. Thomas Buchanan of 
CarbeUi^s resignation of the half-lands of Drumi- 
kill, in the hands of James Halden of Glenegeis, 
superior thereof, and Glenegeis^s confirmation of 
these lands in favour of Robert Buchanan, are 
dated in the year 1565. Thomas Buchanan first 
of Drumikill was married to Geils Cuningham, 
daughter to Cuningham of Drumquhassil ; and 
by her as far as can be collected, he had four sons» 
that came to age ; Robert his successor, Thomas^^ 
afterwards of Moss, William of Baturrich, now 
Drumhead^ and John of Drumdash^ aft^rward^^ 
of Camocboill and Wester Ballat 

To Thomas first of Drumikill succeeded his 
son^ RoBEAT, as iis evident by the charters in his 


favour of the lands of Drumikill ; as also by char- 
ter in his ftLYouT of Spittel of Finnick, with boat 
and boatland of Catter, by Matthew, earl of Len- 
nox, dated at the earFs ancient mannon-house of 
Middle Catter, in the year 1505. This Robert 
was married to Margaret Hay, of what family not 
mentioned, and by her had two sons, Thomas his 
eldest, who, by any thing can be found, was mar- 
ried to Logy of that ilk's daughter. This Thomas 
was not entered to any of his father^s estate, hav- 
ing died young, and long before his father, he be- 
ing only mentioned as procurator in a seadin of 
Robert his father, by designation of Thomas Buch- 
anan, primogenitus, or eldest son of Robert Buch- 
anan of Drumikill. Robert's second son was 
John, ancestor of Buchanan in Wester Cameron. 
Thomas, last-mentioned, left two sons, Robert 
and Walter. 

Robert, eldest son to the said Thomas, was 
served heir to his grandfather, Robert Buchanan 
of Drumikill, by designation of his nephew, and 
apparent heir, in the year 1518. He died unmar- 
ried, at least without issue, and was succeeded by 
his brother Walter, as testifies a precept of Qare 
Constat and charter thereon» in favour of him, 
and' Janet Buchanan his spouse, in life-rent, and 
Thomas Buchanan, their son, in fee of the lands 
of Drumikill, dated 1536. I find this Walter 
mentioned in a bond of an hundred merks due to 
John Lennox of Branshogle, by Graham of Fin- 
try, Cuningham of Glengamock, and Galbndth 
of Balgair, principali, earl of Gkneaim, Cua- 


i^gham of DruoiquhassU^ and Walter Buchan- 
an of Drumikill, cauti<Nier&j all ia one bond, and 
subscribed by two nottars, in regard none of all 
the principals or cautioners could write, except 
Fintry and Drumikill. This bond was dated in 
the year 1537, which being in the time when po« 
pery prevailed in this nation, and a consummate 
ignorance of all manner of learning, it is not to be 
wondered at, that so many laicks should not be 
able to write, when I hate even heard from a gen- 
tleman of y^ry good repute, that he had perused 
a.write of date near that time, in which two of the 
monks of Paisly were inserted witnesses, for whom 
the nottar was obliged to sign, in regard these two 
clergymen were ignorant of letters* Walter Buch- 
anan of Drumikill was first married to Janet Buch- 
anan, daughter to Walter Buchanan of Spittel, 
by whom he had Thomas his successor. He had 
for second lady a daughter of Kinross of Sip- 
penross, and had by her William, afterward of 
Ross. . 

To Walter, succeeded his son Taomas, as is 
cleair, by the charter already mentioned, with di- 
vers others. He was first married to Logan of 
Balve/s daughter ; secondly, to Stirling of Glor- 
at^s daughter. Of these marriages he had three sons^ 
William, his successor; Walter of Conochra; and 
James who went to Ireland. 

Thomas was succeeded by his son WiuiaKi 
who married Semple of Fulwood^s daughter, by 
whom he had three sons, Walter his successor; 
Thomas and George; which last two wetU^ to Ire- 

FAMIZiY 09 9B17ttI»LL. 215 

landj wbere diyers ol tbaif progeny live in good 
ci]rG\Qnstapce& H^ had ulso one daughter, mar- 
riect to. K^Qcaid of Auobinreoc^ 

Waltjbii, siucceeded his father William» and was 
married to Hamilton of Kinglassy^s daughter*. By 
her he bad two fio^^is^ William, first of Cragievairn ; 
and D^gal of Crartincaber. 

To Walter, suoceed.ed his son William, who 
was married to Cuningham of Boquhan^s daughter. 
He bad with her three sons, John, William and 
Walter. The two last left no issue. This William 
sold the estate of Drumikill, to his cousiil. Captain 
William Buchanan, second son to William Buchan- 
an, first of Ross, and afterward purchased from my 
lord Napier, the lands of Craigievairn, by which he 
and bis successors were afterwards designed. 

To William, first designed Craigievaim, succeed- 
ed his son JoHK, who married Cuningham of Trixir 
beg*s daughter, and had by her one son, William, 
his successor ; and one daughter, married to lieu- 
tenant James Hamilton, brother to Hamilton of 

William, present Cragievairn, married Hamilton 
of Bardowie's daughter^ and hath by her a numer- 
ous- issue. 

The first cadet of the family of Drumikill, was 
Thomas Bu4?hanak, second son to Thomas Buch- 
anan,* first of Drumijcill, who obtiuned the lands of 
Moss* He married Agnes Herriot, daughter to 
Herriot of Trabrowos and bad by ha: three sons. 
Of tbe^e was Patrick, sent to the king of Denmark 
to reqpire ih$t Hepburn, earl c^ Bothwel, then 
pidsonei; in tbftt kiogdam^ should be sent to Scot- 

S16 AtCOaVt OF 90« 

land in order to be punished for Damlie's murder. 
This Patrick had no male issue ; so that the Moss, 
by virtue of some oertiun clause in his father Pa- 
trick's charter of the same, returned to the laird of 
Drumikilli or was purchased by him. Thomas of 
Moss's other two sons, were Alexander Buchanan 
of Ibert, and the great Mr. Greorge Buchanan. 

There are some of opinion, that Patrick, Alexan- 
der, and Mr. George were sons of Thomas^ eldest 
son of Robert, second Drumikill. But this suppo- 
sition is clearly overthrown by a charter among 
Drumikill's evidences lately perused by me, which 
had escaped me upon my first perusal of them, 
being a charter of William, earl of Montrose, to 
Thomas Buchanan, brother-german to Robert 
Buchanan of Drumikill, as nearest heir to Thomas 
Buchanan, bis pupillus, that is, as I take it, his ne- 
phew, or brother'*s son, of the lands of Moss. So 
that the Moss being then the appenage, or second 
son's portion of the family of Drumikill ; and this 
Thomas, being the only second son existing at that 
time, obtained these lands, at least during his own 
lifetime, as the custom of such lands was then, and 
for a long time thereafter. For further illustration 
of this matter, I have seen in the hands of George 
Buchanan of Bellachruin, lineal successor of Alex- 
ander Buchanan of Ibert, and consequently repre- 
senter of the family of Moss, a discharge by WaU 
ter Buchanan of Drumikill, to Alexander Buchan- 
an of Ibert, his cousin, and emm, discharging his 
intromission for some years, with the rents of apart 
of the esute of Drumikill. Which Walter, by au^ 
tbentic documents already mentioned, is found to 

be SOD io ^Thomas, younger of Dnwiikil], ^and 
gcmKMi^d to Robert. And Aiexandw of Ibeit, 
by the €¥idence6 of Gavtcailderland, aud others, is 
known to be son to Buchanan of Moss, and brother 
to Mr» George. Whereas if he, and Mr. Greorge 
had been sons to Thomas, younger of Drciinikill, 
they had undoubte(tty been designed brethren to 
Walter of Drumikill, grantor of the said discharge : 
and the term of oousnn and emm, had been utterly 
unsuitable and nonsensical ; the word emm, impor- 
ting an unde, or grandunde^s son, which was Che 
real rdation of these two gentlemen to the said 
Walter Buchanan of Drumikill. 

Thomas of Mosses second eon, was Alexandkr 
BuGHANAH of Ibert, who had two sons, the eldest of 
whom, was Mr. Thomas Buchanan, as is clear by 
charter of Ibert in his favour, by Mr. Thomas 
Ardiibaldy Vicar of Drymen, of date 1567 years. 
He became lord privy-seal, upon demission cf that 
ofBce by his uncle, Mr. George. He married a 
daughter of the second marriage, of John, laird of 
Buchanan ; by whom he bad two daughters, the 
eldest married to Patrick Buchanan of Auchmar^ 
the second to Captain Henry Cuningham. Johuj 
second son to Alexander of Ibert, acquired the 
lands of Ballachruin, being ancestor to George Bu- 
chanan of Bdladiruin, whose brethren were Moses 
Buchanan, Merchant; and Arthur, Wright in 
Glasgow; and William, who left one son George, 
who went abroad. There are also descended of this 
family, Buchanan, lately of Harperstoun ; Buch- 
anan, portioner of Clober, with some others. 

Thomas of Moss's third son, was die sud Mb. 

218 AccomsT OF ths 


CrBOBGX BocHAHAN ; tif whom being an honour to 
our name and nation^ I shall fpve a large account 
after having finished my account of the family of 

The next cadet of the family of Drunukill, to 
that of Moss, was William Buchanan of Baturrich, 
third son to Thomas Buchanan of DrumikilL The 
first lands obtained, after he came ofi^ that family, 
were those of Mdikle Baturrich in Sjlmaronock 
parish. He married one of the name of M'Aulay, 
Heiress of BUurhenachan, now Drumhead, in the 
parish of Cardross, and shire of Dunbarton ; as ap- 
pears by charter in favour of the said YiTilliam Bu« 
chanan, dated in the year 1590. The genealo^cal 
treeofthefamily of Buchanan, asserts this William 
to have been married to Amcaple^s daughter ; but 
it seems this M^Aulay of Blairhenachan, whose 
heiress he married, was a son of the family of Am- 
caple, so that the error is not very considerable* 
William first of Blairhanachan^s successor, was Ro- 
bert, who obtained a charter of these lands from 
Alexander M'AuIay of Amcaple, dated in the year 
1552. This Robert made an excambion with Hal- 
dan of Glenegeis, of the lands of Baturrich, with 
those of Blairwhoish, in possession of which Drum- 
* head continues. Robert above-mentioned, had 
' three sons, Robert, his successor ; Mungo, first of 
Tullichewn ; and John, or as others say with no less 
probability, Thomas, first of Drumfad. 

Robert, second Blairhenachan, was succeeded by 
his son of the same name, who had two sons^ 
Archibald his successor, and Robert, who went to 
Irdandy and resided in Glenmaqueen in the coun- 


ty of Deny. He had two sons, Archibald and 
George. Archibald, the eldest of these sons, mar* 
ried his counn-gennan, heiress of Blairhenachan, 
the title of which be changed into that of Drum- 
head, yet.retiuned. He was father to Archibald, 
now of Drumhead, who is married to Anderson 
of StobcroBs's daughter, by whom he hath three 
sons and two daughters. His eldest son, Archi- 
bald Budianan, younger of Drumhead, is tiiarried 
to Gilbert Buchanan of BankePs daughter. James 
and George, his other two sons, both merchants in 
Glasgow, are unmarried. His eldest daughter is 
married to Robert Buchanan, writer in Glasgow. 
His other daughter is unmarried. Drumhead had 
two risters, the eldest married to Napier of Balli* 
kinrainj the youngest to Buchanan of Balfunning. 
The first cadet of Drumhead's family, is Buch- 
anan of Tullichewn. Mungo Buchanan, second 
son to Robert, second Blairhenachan, who pivchas- 
ed the Spittels of Creitingaws, from the Dennis- 
touns, cohdresses of these Spittels ; the one part 
thereof from the one of these, with consent of Tho- 
mas Buchanan, her husband, who seems to be bro- 
ther to the siud Mungo, in the year 1603; the 
other half of these Spittels from the other heir- 
ess, in the year 1605. In which year, he got char- 
ter of confirmation of the Spittels, from James Dea- 
niestoun of Colgrain, superior thereof. Mungo!s 
successor was Robert, who obtained first a tack, and 
afiter a feu-charter, from Lodowick, Duke of Len- 
nox, of the lands of m&kie Tullichewn. T*his Ro- 
bert had two sons, Robert, his successor ; and Wil- 
fianii who acquired Stuckrodger. Robert ot TuU 


Ikhemi had one aon^ Miingot who had four sons, 
Boberty his suoceascMr ; James, who acquired apart 
of little TiiUicheWD^ and bad issue; Mungp, Writ- 
er in Edinburgh wbo purchased HiHoun and 
Auchitttorly, and left issue ; and William^ now in 

Thomas, youngest brother df Mungo, first of 
TulUchewn, and third son to Robert, second Blair- 
henachan, acquired a feu, or wedset-right^ of the 
lands of meikle Drudifiid in Glenfroon. His son 
was called John^ designed of Drumfad; which 
lands this John> or radber his son of the same name^ 
sdd, being ancestor to John Buchanan of Catter'- 
Buhi in the parish- of Eilmaronocki and others. 

There ate also di v^s of the family of Drumhead 
besides these mentioned, who reside in the parishes 
of Diinbarton and Bonndl. William of Studbrod- 
ger, above-named, had one son, William, who 
mostly resided at St Ninians, who had two sons, 
.William, who left one son ; and James, who went 

The next cadet of DrumheadV family, was 
WALtSB, ordinarily termed Walter in Dtymen^ 
because he resided the most part of his time in that 
village. Having no manner of document, to testify 
the time and manner of the descent of this Walter, 
off that of Drumhead, I must leave the same unde^ 
termined, though he is always reputed, as also own- 
ed by his progeny to be a cadet of the said family. 
This Walter had two sons, John and Walter, both 
notars. John had three sons, Walter the eldest, 
for whom he purchased the lands of Moss, being 
grahdfath^ to the present Walter Buchanan of 

FAKILT aF ]>SirKXKXLX.. 281 

Moss, and father to John Buchanan of Caiitoun. 
Jchn^ the notar^s second son was Jdin, grandfather 
to Archibald Buchanan of Balfunning, and father 
to John Buchanan of little Croy. His third son 
was William, who had one son, who never married* 
Walter in Drjrmen's second son, Waher, went to 
Argyllshire, and settled in Melfort in that shire, in 
whieh, and Lismore, divers of his race continue yet. 
Some others came thence, and settled in Drymen 
parish and other places. 

The last cadet of the family of Drumheadj is 
GBOEOKt the present Drumhead^s uncle. He re- 
aided the most of his time near Bapho, in.the 
county of Derry in Ireland. He purchased a pret* 
ty good interest in that kingdom. He was a gen« 
deman of a very good character, and very much 
esteemed in that place. He had two sons, the 
eldest succeeded to his interest, the youngest was a 

The third cadet of the family of Drumikill, was 
John, fourth son to Thomas, first of Drumikill, 
who for patrimony, got a beneficial tack of Drum- 
dash in Drymen parish. He was killed by the 
Buchanans of Cadiill, and succeeded by his son 
Walter, who sold Drumdash, and obtained a tack 
of Camochoil, and purchased the Spittel of Wester 
Ballat^ from the M^Convels, heiresses thereof, 
about the year 1553. He also got a grasoum tack of 
Wester Ballat. He had two sons John and Duncan, 
John, his eldest son, had no male issue, the bene« 
ficial tack of Camochoil, by that means fell to his 
daughters. The eldest of these being married to 
one Blair, convieyed with her the Camochoil, being 

8S8 Mecmn ov yb» 

ancestor to Blair BOW of CttteoehoiL Marfshro^hM 
obtained the heritage of the SpitteU» with taek dT 
Wester Ballat. I find* this John last mentionedy 
inserted witness in a brieve, directed to Patrick de 
Buehanan> sheriff of Stirling^ for infeftbg ofSoi* 
brt eBuchanan,^ nephew and heir to Robert Bilkch* 
anan of Drinnikill. Duncan the smd John's brbth'er^ 
was ancestor to Patrick Buchanan of Wester Bal-* 
lat, who had three sons, John, the eldest, who had* 
issue ; Mr. Thomas, writer in Edinburgh ; and* 
Duncan, merchant in London. Ot this family, is 
descended,. John Buchanan in Hiltoun of B«dily-» 
vie ; Patrick Buchanan Mwchant at Kij^n kidv 
with some others in these parts. There are also 
divers of this family in the counties of Antrim 
and Down, in Ireland. 

The fourth cadet ofthe family of Drumikill, was 
JoHK of Cameron, second son to Robert, second of 
Drumikill. He was married to Denniestoun of 
Auchindinnan'^s daughter. He obtained the lands 
of Wester Caineron in tack \ bis son having after- 
wards purchased the same in heritage, which was 
sold by Walter, grandfather to the present WiiUam 
in Cameron, to Drumikill. Th^e are few, or none 
of this family remaining, except William, now in 
Cameron, who bath three sons, Walter, William 
and John, all married* William had a brother 
called George, who went abroad. 

There was one Angus Buchanan of Finniekten* 
ent, reputed a cadet of Drumikill, andifso^ behov- 
ed to be a third son of Robert, second lairdr of 
Drumikill. The last of that family went to Ireland» 
Aore than an age ago. There being no account 


whether any of that iboe be i^emaniing iw thaft 
kingdom or not, thierf iff no greaH! ooeaiion to klh 
mt too much' upon the descent of the same* 

The fifth cadet of DrunrikiU^ was Wi&£iAnrBbw 
CHANAN of Boss, seoond son to Waliber,' fourA 
laird of Drumikill^ his mother being ICnrosff of 
KippenrosB^s daughter. He married John Buch- 
anan in Grartincaber^s daughter, by whom he had 
three sons, John, his sucoesBov ; Captaan Wittam 
and George ; also three deugfaterff,. die ebimsb nmju 
ried' to Cuningham of Trinbeg, the second tO'BuoH- 
anan of Auchmar, the third to Buchanan of €!ar- 
beth. He purchased the huids <^ Bos8< from' die 
earl of Glencaim, and was succeeded by John his 
son, who was thrice married, first to Cunhlgfaflfn 
of DrumqjuhassiFs daughter, and had by her, one 
son, and two daughters. The eldest of these 
daughters was married to Andrew, laird of M^Pfaa*^ 
Ian, being mother to the late John, hdrd of 
M ^Pharhin. The other daughter was married to 
Robert Taylor of Mansfield, and had issue. John 
of Ross was secondly married to Crawford o( Kit- 
birnie^s daughter, relict to Lindsay o£ Balquhua- 
rage. He bad with her one son, William, seoond 
lairdofDrumikill of that race, and one daughter 
married to Edward Buchanan of Spittel. He had 
for third lady, Anna Bickettoun, with whom he 
had issue. 

Captain William* second son to William first 
d Ross, was thrice married, but had no issue. 
He purchased the estate of DrumikiU from his 
cousin William, eighth laird thereof; and because 
he had. no issue of his own, disponed that estate 


to his nephew William Budianan, second son to 
John of RosSy the captain^s eldest brother. 

This William of DrumikiU married a daughter 
of MacAulay of Amcaple, and had by her three 
sons, William, who died unmarried, Archibald, 
now of Drumikill, and George, who had no issue, 
also one daughter, married to lieutenant William 
Bontrin, brother to the liurd of Airdoch, who had 
issue. Archibald, present Drumikillj married Jean 
Budbanan, heiress of Ross, daughter of James 
Buchanan of Ross his uncle, and of Margaret 
Stirling, daughter to Stirling of Law. With her 
he had four sons and four daughters ; George, third 
son to William first of Ross, was killed in the 
year 1645, having no issue. 

The nxth cadet of the fanuly of DrumikiU was 
Waltbe of Conachra in Drymen parish, second 
son to Thomas, third of that name, and fifth laird 
of DrumikilL There are none of his male issue 
living except Thomas Buchanan of Eirkhouse of 
Strablane, and his children. The said Walter 
had one daughter, married to John Govean in 
Drjrmen, being mother to William Govean of 
Drumquhassil. The said Thomas had a third 
SOU) James, who went to Ireland. ' 

' The seventh cadet of DrumikiU was Thomas, 
second son to William, sixth laird of DrumikiU. 
He, with his brother George, went to Ireland, 
where their progeny reside. 

The last cadet of that family was Dugal Buch- 
anan, second son to Walter, seventh laird of 
DrumikiU, and brother to WUIiam, last of that 
race of DrumikUI, and first of Craigievaira. This 


Dugal acquired Lower Gartincaber in Buchanan 
parish : he was twice married, having of the first 
marriage John Buchanan, writer in Edinburgh, 
of the second marriage Thomas Buchanan^ perri- 
wig-maker in Glasgow. 

The old family, of Drumikill of which William 
Buchanan, now of Craigievairn, is representer, by 
any information I can obtain, for armorial bearing 
carries the bearing of Buchanan ; and for distinc- 
tion, a battle-ax in the lion^s dexter paw, pointing 
towards th^ clnef proper,* uTith hornet in- crest, 
suiting his quality. The motto. Prosecute or 

The present Buchanan of Drumikill bears Buch- 
anan ; and for distinction, in the lion's dexter paw, 
a mail's heart proper; his ra*^t^ a dieicter hand 
holding a sword. Motto, God with my Hght. 

Buchanan of Drumhead, a cadet of the old fami* 
ly of Drumikill, bears Buchanan ; for distioetion, 
a bent bow in die HonV dmster paw,.andaa arrow 
in his dexter ; for crest, a sinister hand holding a 
bent bowr His motto, ParJU FortuM Laboaru 





HAVING finished my account of the fanuly of 
Drumikill, I return, aooording to promise, to glre 
some memoirs of the famous Mh. George Buch- 
ANAVf who brought such a mighty accession of 
honour both to his name and country. It i^rees 
not with my design to give a complete history of 
this great man ; for that would be to give a history 
of Scotland during the age in which he lived, in 
the affairs whereof he bore so considerable a part. 
He was born, as he himself informs us, in the 
year 1506. The death of his father, and the 
breaking of his grandfather, brought the family 
under very great difficulties. His mother being 
left a widow with eight children, did all she could 
for their education, though under the greatest dis- 
couragements. But it was George^s peculiar good 
fortune to be taken notice of by a brother of his 
mother^ who finding him extremely capable of 


leftntiDg, sent him to Paris ; from whence, after 
about two years^ stay, he was obliged to return, 
by leason of his nanow drcumstances, and want 
of health* After his. recovery he became a volun^ 
tear in the French troops then in Scotland, but 
soon falling sick. again, went to St. Andrews, and 
studied logic under the celebrated John Major. 
He followed him to France the same year, and 
after having stayed at Paris two years, struggling 
\vith his misfortunes, he was called to teach gram- 
mar in the college of St. Barbara. This he did 
for three years. He was brought back into Scot- 
land by a young nobleman, the earl of Cassils, 
who had kept him mth him five years in Paris. 
He intended to have returned again into France, 
but was prevented by the king^s appointing him 
governor to his natural son, the earl of Murray. 
He had some time before this wrote a poem, which 
enraged the whole fraternity of Cordeliers agunst 
him, and raised him many enemies, with whose 
reproaches he was so touched, that he began from 
thenceforward to listen more than ever to the 
teachers of the Reformation. About this time the 
king returning from France, made the clergy very 
uneasy, they being apprehensive, that queen Mag- 
dalen whom he brought along with him, had im- 
bibed the new opinions from her aunt the queen 
of Navarre. But the death of that princess soon 
dispelled their fears. Sometime after a plot was 
discovered against the king, who upon this found 
reason 'to believe, that the Cordeliers had not dis- 
charged their duty to him. ^ He therefore com- 
manded Buchanan to write some verses. Buchan- 

Stt AGoomiT or 

an obeyed withoQt any reludanoe, bntJcept within 
Ixmndsy 4Uid ^nade use of ambiguous expressioDS. 
The king notpleasedwidi those-verses, commaBded 
htm to write sharper, which was accordingly done 
in the famous Sylva, which is called Franciscanus. 
Cardinal iBeton hereupon plotted his ruin, and 
6?^ proceeded so far as to get him thrown into 
prison, from whence he escaped by his ingenuity, 
and fled into England. But matters bdng in such 
confutton there, that one day the Lutherans were 
burnt, and the next day the papists, he thought 
fit to retire again into France; and for fear car- 
dinal Beton, who was then ambassador at that 
court, should play him some trick, he privately 
^•jihdrew from Paris, and went to Bourdeaux, 
whither Andrew <3oveanus, a learned Portuguese, 
in.iited him* He taught three years there, though 
not without some dread of the Cordeliers and car- 
dinal Beton, which last had written to the arch- 
bishop of Bourdeaux to secure him ; but that pre- 
late was .90 kind as to discover the matter to some 
of Buchanan^s intimate friends. Afler this he fol- 
lowed Groveanus* into Portugal, who had orders 
fhMn* the king his master to bring him a certain 
number of persons fit to teach philosophy and 
literature in the new university he had fi^unded 
at XlSqaimbria. All went well as long as Goveanus 
Eved, but he dying soon after, the learned men 
who followed him, particularly Buchanan, were 
vexed all manner of ways. Hiey ript up his 
poem against the Cordeliers, ancf repnudbed him 
wilh mating flesh in Lent, though according to the 
enrtom of die country. It was also pretended, 


that in Us dificoiirae he had discovered some dis« 
gust at the catholic religion. He was thus plagued 
with them for above a jear together, till at last, 
for fear of discovering that they had unjustly har- 
rassed a man of reputation, they confined him for 
some months to a monastery, in order to be better 
instructed. It wasthere he undertook his admir- 
ed paraphrase of the Psalms, which has been since 
prized at such an inestimable rate by the learned 
world. Having obtoined his liberty, he past into 
England, but quickly returned to France. Some 
years after he entered into the service of mareschal 
de Brissac, and was tutor to his son Timoleon de 
Cosse, to whom he has inscribed his incomparable 
poem De Sphasra. The mareschal then command'^ 
ed the French army in Piedmont Buchanan con«p 
tinued five years in that employment, sometimes 
in Italy, and sometimes in France. He quitted 
it in 1560. Returning into Scotland after the dis- 
turbances occasdoned by the faction of the Guises 
were composed, he went over openly to the com- 
munion of the reformed church, and was. made 
preceptor to king James VI. in 1565. 

Thus far have we an account of this great man 
from himself, as he wrote, and published it in his 
own lifetime. His modesty withheld him from 
giving us a detail of the great honours and pros* 
perity to which he afterwards arrived. However, 
the histories of that age make it evident, he was 
for some years in the management of our Scottbh 
affairs. By being promoted to the post of lord pri- 
vy-seal, he became one. of the great ct&eevs of 
state. And his activity in pushing the Befonr 


tion gave him such a obaraeterwith bur refannersy 
that he was diosen by them to preside in one of 
their general assemblies as moderi^or, mitvidi- 
standing of his being a layman. 

Yet these are. but a small part of hb honours, 
compared with that lasting giory he has aeqmred 
by his admirable writings. His Hi^ory.of Soot- 
land, both for disposition and purity of Isnguage» 
has been looked upon, by all good judges^ to come 
the nearest to the ancients of any performance 
these latter ages hsTC produced* I know indeed 
he has been blamed by some people of paxtiality ; 
but the imputation has never yet been made suffi- 
ciently out upon those passages excepted agdinst. 
He has also been no less censured for maintainii^ 
several principles, apprehended to be destructive 
of government, in his dialogue DeJwre Regniapmd 
Sc^toe, It is not my bunness either to justify or, 
condemn him in this matter. Yet thus much may 
safely be said for him, That he has kud down no 
general principles of government, but what have 
been maintained by the greatest legislators and 
philosophers of antiquity ^ and that he has been 
fUtowed in them by several of the most eminent 
among the modem writers. If to err be a fault, 
it is always allowed to be an extenuation of it^ to 
err in good company. And this is all I sIitiH say 
oti the matter. 

Buchanan's poetical writings have met with a 
better fate ; very few having had the hardiness to 
detract £rora the worth of them» and those few 
that have done it^ having gained so little honour 
by k. He has been admbed over all Burope, as 


the many editions of his works abundantly testify, 
which» as they are in every body^s hands, it would 
be a very needless piece of presumption in me to 
give any character of. Nor shall I trouble either 
myself or the reader with the numerous encomiums 
of learned men upon him ; but conclude with the 
single testimony of the great Scaliger, whose praise, 
considering how little he was addicted to bestow 
it, cannot be suspected. 

Imperii fuerat Komani Scotia limes ; 
Bomani eloqui Scotia finia erit. 

As Scotia*8 realms the Roman power confined, 
So here that rest Bome*8 arts and language find. 





' THERE has been a long continued pretension 
made by the lairds of Drumikilly that the ancestor 
of this family of Carbetu was a cadet of the fa- 
mily of Drum! kill. At what time this pretennon 
was formed, how long continued, or how far ac- 
quiesced in, in more ancient times, I cannot posi* 
tively determine ; but am very confident, the late 
Carbeth, a man pretty well skilled in the genealo- 
gy of his own, and other families of his name, did 
not in the least own any such matter. Though I 
must own it would be a matter of the utmost dif- 
ficulty to distinguish these two families, were it 
not the two charters, after-mentionedi being the 
most ancient pertaining to this family^ are so very 
dear of themselves ; which, notwithstanding, does 
not fully satisfy some of the more nice and critical. 
For satisfaction of such, I shall here observe some 
few things, besides what I offered in the account 

Accouirr of vhb favilt of cabbbth. iM8 

of the family of Dimmikill. That wbiefa adiaiu 
of the greatest difficulty in beiog resolved, and is 
ssostly objected) is a service of William^ sixth laird 
of DrumikiUi which I perused among others of 
the late Buchauan^s evidents^ by which the said 
William is served hdr to Thomas Buchanani of 
Gartincaber, great grandfather to the said WiU 
ham. So that the first charter of Thomas of Car« 
betVs ancestor being that of Gartincaber, it is pre* 
sumed, he was ancestor of both the families. For 
resolution of this, it is very evident, that all appen«« 
age, or tanistry lands, though always disponed 
by charter to the second sons of families, did never 
descend or aocresce to their heirs, but did always, 
upon decease of him to whom these were first dis- 
poned, return again to the principal family, and 
were by that after the same manner reserved 
&Hr, and dinned to, the next second son of the 
. aame. This is so very demonstrable, by so many 
instancies, as to need no further confirmation. . So 
that Thomas of Carbeth, being second son to Sir 
Walter, laird of Buchanan, obtained from bis 
ddest brother, Patrick, the lands of Gartincaber 
during life, after whose death Patrick gave these 
lands to another Thomas, his second son ; or, more 
probably, Walter, Patrick^s successor, disponed 
these lands to the same Thomas his brother, being 
ancestor of the family of Drumikill, as the tree of 
Bwhanan plmnly asserts ; and by this means the 
service in favour of William of Drumikill is very 
j^bt, whereas if he had been served to Carbeth^s 
ancestor by designation of Gartincaber, he would 
be a degree further removed than Walter of Drumi^ 
3 ♦ 

884 ACC0|;NT OF THK 

kill his great grandfather. Yea, the cadets oi the 
finnily of Drumikilt, from the death of Thomas of 
Carbeth, possest these lands of Gartincaber till 
the time of this service, immediately after whicfay 
Carbeth obtained the beneficial tack of the same, 
or rather before this time, as is reported, having 
then obliged Drumikill to serve heir to his ances^ 
tor, in order to make his right thereof to Carbeth 
the more valid. For further illustration of this 
matter, it is plain, Thomas of Carbeth's ancestor 
obtwwd the lands of Carbeth in heritage some 
years before any charter can be produced in favour 
of Thomas first of Drumikill. So that if these 
had been one and the same^ it cannot be in reason 
supposed, but that he had been designed by Car- 
beth, in some one or other of these evidents of 
Drumikill and Moss, in which he is always men* 
tioned by other designations. Lastly* in that re- 
ttgnation, by Thomas Buchanan of Carbeth^ of his 
half of Drumikill, to Robert Buchanan, second 
Drumikill, anno 1505, he is there designed by 
Carbeth, without the least intimation of any re* 
lation betwixt him and the said Robert ; where- 
as if the above-mentioned allegation were true, 
this Thomas the disponer behoved to be Robert's 
father, which could not miss to be so specified 
upon this occasion ; whereas Roberts father in 
his disposition to him of the other half of Drumi- 
kill, in the year 149^5, is there designed Thomas 
Buchanan of Drumikill, ten years before the date 
of this other write. So that it is very clear^ 
Thomas first of Carbeth, and Thomas of DrliBit- 
kill> were two different persons, the first being 


uncle tQ the latter; and that Thomas^ who dis- 
poned bis part to Robert, was cousin-germaH to 
the first. Thomas of DrumikilL. 

Judging that by what I have here and else- 

wh^e advanced} I have put this matter in a clearer 

light than hitherto the same has been done; I 

shall proceed to the account of the family of Car- 

beth. The first charter I find relating to the same 

is, a charter by Patrick, first of that name lurd of 

Buchanan, to his beloved brother, Thomas Buch* 

AKAN, of the lands of Gartincaber, dated in the 

year 1461, by which it is clear that the said 

Thomas was second or third son to Sir Walter, 

third of that name laird of Buchanan, his mother 

being daughter of Murdoc, duke of Albany. This 

Thomas was the first who acquired Carbeth, as 

appears by a charter granted by John Halden of 

Glenegeis to an honourable person, Thomas Buch* 

anan of Gartincaber, of Meikle Carbeth, dated in 

the year 1476* There is no record to testify into 

what family this Thomas married ; but it is pretty 

dear be had two sons, Thomas and John, to whom 

he gave for portion the beneficial tack of Easter 

Ballat, which with Balwill and Kepdourie, (the 

two last being confirmed by charter of Carbeth,) 

seem to have been a part of the Arral^s lands, 

though no evidents concerning the same, if any 

such were, are now extant. 

To Thomas first of Carbeth succeeded his son 
Thomas, who gave away his half of the lands of 
Drumikill to Robert Buchanan, laird of the other 
half thereof, in the year 1505, as is already men- 
tioned. Thomas the second^s marriage is as little 


kaowa as tha firsts if he was mamed at all ; how- 
ever» he aeems to have lived a oonsideraUe limey 
haying outlived his seoond brother John, aad at 
length having died without issue. 
* Thomas Buchamam, son and heir to the de- 
ceased John Buchanan in Easter Ballat» as nearest 
heir to his uncle Thomas of Carbeth, obtained 
charter from John Halden of 61enegeis» in favour 
of himself and Janet Buchanan his spouse in life- 
rent, and of Thomas Buchanan his waa in fee, of 
the lands of Carbeth, in the year i55& This 
Thomas the third of Carbetb is said to have been 
first married to a daughter of Douglas of Mains, 
by whom he had Thoicas his successor ; and for 
his second wife, was married to a daughter of the 
laird of Buchanan. By her he had fi^e sons, and 
one daughter, married to Gregor MacGregor, 
Glengyte's ancestor. The sons were, John, WaW 
ter, William, Archibald, and Robert. 

Thomas third of Carbeth was succeeded by bis 
SOB of the same name, of whose marriage there is 
no account, nor of that of his successor, being also 
Thomas, fifth of that name of Carbeth, who had 
one daughter, married to Galbraith of Ba^g^, 
and was succeeded by his son 

Thomas, sixth of that name. He married a 
daughter of Adam Cokhoun, merchant in Dun- 
barton, said to be a son of Luss^s, her mother 
being Lindsay of Bonneirs daughter. He had 
by her two sons, John his successor, and Walter. 
, JoHS, first of that name, succeeded his father 
Thomas : he married a daughter ctf Williaun Buch- 
anan of Ross, and had by her two sons, John his 


successor, and Moses of Glyn ; also two daugUers, 
tbe eldest married to James Forrester of Polder, 
the youngest to John Brice, notar. 

John, second of that name, succeeded to his fa- 
ther. He was first married to Cleland of Ward- 
bead^s daughter, by whom he had two daughters. 
The eldest of these was married to John Callen- 
der of Westertoun, the other to Thomas Buchanan 
of Boquhan. Carbeth was secondly married to 
Margaret Steven, heiress of Easter Cattar and 
FiDnicktenant : by her he had two sons, John, his 
successor, and Moses of Gljrns ; also one daugh- 
ter, married to Buchanan of Auchmar. 

JoHK, third of that name of Carbeth, succeeded 
to his father. He married Stirling of Kippenda^ 
vie^s daughter, by whom he had two sons, William 
his heir, and Moses, and one daughter unmarried. 
William Buchanan^ younger of Carbeth, is^ mar- 
ried to Eincaid of Auchinreoch^s daughter, by 
whom he hath issue. 

The first cadet of tlie family of Carbeth is Buch- 
anan in Gartfarrand in Dry men parish, whose an- 
cestor seems to have been son to Thomas first of 
Carbeth, having obtained a beneficial tack from 
the lord Drummond, then proprietor of Gartfar- 
rands, in which, and other parts of that country, 
divers of that race continue as^yet. 

The second cadet of the family of Carbeth is 
Buchanan of Easter Ballat, his ancestor being 
John, second son to Thomas first of Carbeth. 
And although Thomas, eldest son to this John, 
fell into the interest of Carbeth, and left his bro- 
ths William in possession of Ballat, yet it seems 

896 ACoonvT of thb 

he Hd not quit the benefit of the tack of Ballat 
to Us brother, tiU the aame was sold off by llionuis, 
successor to the above Thonias, to Walter Buch- 
anan, son to the said William. I find this Wil- 
liam, who may be accounted ancestor of the pre- 
sent family of Ballat, mentioned in a discharge 
for five hundred merks Scots, by Semple of Craig- 
bat to Buchanan of Arupryor, for which it seems 
this William was cautioner, the date of which dis- 
charge was in the year 1576. That which clears 
the conveyance of the tack of Ballat by Carbeth, 
is a submission betwixt Thomas, Buchanan of 
Carbeth and Walter Buchanan in Easter JBallat, 
who refm* any difference betwixt them in relation 
to Ballat to the determination of John Buchanan 
in Ballacondachy, John MacLauchlan of Auchin- 
tRUg, and Duncan Buchanan of Braobem, upon 
Carbeth's part; and William Buchanap in Batur- 
rich, und John Buchanan, burgess in Dunbarton, 
his brother, with Andrew Galbraith in Tomdar- 
roch, upon Walter in Ballars part ; with Thomas 
Buchanan of Drumikill, oversman. These j udges 
decerned the said Walter to pay four hundred 
merks Scots to Carbeth for his preten»on to Bal- 
lat, and decerned Carbeth to maintain Walter^s 
potsesnon of these lands, and warrant him at the 
hands of his brethjren, and all others. This sub- 
mission is dated in the year 1594, and decreet was 
past thereon in January, 1595, there being a great 
many other persons <^ repute present, besides par- 
ties, who all were obliged to sign by a notar. For 
any thing I can find, this Walter had two sons, 
William, who succeeded in Ballat, and Duncan, 


who acquired the Diicbless. William aho had 
two sons, William his successor, and John, mer- 
chant in Stirling; William, third of that name of 
Bailat, had three sons, John, Walter, and Alex* 
ander. John of Ballat had four sons, William his 
successor, Walter, now in Ballat, John and Pa- 
trick, merchants in Glasgow. William late of 
Ballaf s successor is John, present Ballat. 

Of Duncan, the first cadet of Ballat, is deseend* 
ed Buchanan of DucKless, Buchanan, laldy of 
Mid-Cashlie, Buchanan in Little Eep, with difnefB 
others. John Buchanan, merchant in Stirling^ 
was father to Mr. John Buchanan, present mniift* 
ter of the gospel in Covintoun in the shire of 
Lanerk, who hath two sons, Mr. John» a proba*> 
tioner, and Mr. George, student of theology ia 
Glasgow. Alexander and Walter, sons to Wil* 
Ham Buchanan in Ballat, had male issue ; as hath 
also Patrick Buchanan, merchant in Glasgow, be* 
ing uncle to the present Ballat ; John hia uncle 
hath no issue, nor Walter his other uncle any Bude 

The third cadet of the family of Carbeth was 
John, first son of the second marriage to Thomas^ 
third of that name, of Carbeth.. This John ob» 
tained the tack of Gartincaber. He had two sons, 
George and Walter, and two daughters, the eldcat 
married to William Buchanan, first of Boss, the 
other to one MacAuslan. George had four sons^ 
the eldest John, for whom his father acquired the 
lands of Blairluisk. John had two sons» Georgev 
who went to Ireland » and William. €reorge sold 
Blairluisk to bis brother Williami now of Blairliuisky 

240 ACCOUNT or thk 

who bath two sons, George, younger of Blairluisk, 
and John, merchant in England. George, who 
sold Bliurluisk, hath four sons, John and Williamj 
who reside in the county of Tyrone, George, who 
resides in Munster, and Thomas, in the county of 
Don^all. John first of Gartincaber^s second son 
was Walter, who had no male issue. John had 
an illegitimate son, Thomas, who went tbireland, 
and had one son, John, whose only son, George, 
in Glenmaqueen, had four sons, John, William, 
Matthew, and George, whet reside mostly in the 
counties of Derry and Donegal!. George of 
Gartincaber'^s second son, George, was father to 
Thomas Buchanan in Creitchael, in Buchanan pa- 
rish. He had another son, Andrew, father to 
George and Patrick Buchanan in Ledrtsh, in Buch- 
anan parish. George^s third son was Thomas, 
who purchased in heritage a part of Grartincaber. 
He had two sons, William, who acquired Ardoch 
in Salmaronock parish, and George, late of Gar* 
tincaber, who left four sons, John, now of Gar- 
tincaber, Thomas, merchant in England, Dugal 
and Robert. George^s fourth son was Andrew, 
who had three sons, two of these having gone 
to Ireland, and one residing in Drymen parish. 
George had also a daughter married to Andrew 
Buchanan of Gartachaim. 

Thomas of Carbeth's second son of the second 
marriage was Walter, who obtained a tack of Bal- 
lendeom in Buchanan parish. He had one son, 
John, whoj from his low stature, was termed John 
Beg, or little John. His posterity reside in the 
parishes of Batfron and Drymen. The third son 


of that iB»rriage was William, who obtained a 
tack of Blairnabord in the parish of Drymen ; bis 
progeny reside mostly in Blairnabord as yet, as 
also in other parts of the parishes of Drymen and 
Buchanan. There is also one Archibald, a great 
grandchild of the said William, residing in good 
circumstances in Virginia ; and there is a brother 
of his in the Dutch service. The fourth of these 
sons was Archibald, who. had one son, Johi;i, a 
writer in Edinburgh, whose posterity, for any 
thing I can discover, reside in Mid-Calder. The 
fifth son was Bobert, who had only one illegiti- 
mate son, ancestor to some Buchanans for some . 
time in Sallochy, now in other parts of Buchanan 

The next cadet to these mentioned of the fami- 
ly of Carbeth, is Walter Buchanan, first of Bo- 
quhan, of the time and manner of whose descent 
off that of Carbeth I am not well assured. I find 
him obtain a charter from Sir John Buchanan of 
that ilk, of the lands of Meikle Boquhan, being 
designed Walter Buchanan in Drumquhassil. The 
said charter is dated in the year 16S{3. He had two 
sons, Thomas of Boquhan, and John, who purchas- 
ed Sheneglish in Kilmaronock paroch. Thomas 
of Boquhan had one son who left issue, being 
Walter, who married Lennox of Branshogle's 
daughter, by whom he had one son, Thomas, who 
hath three sons, Walter, John, and George. James 
and William Lennox dying without issue, the in- 
terest of Branshogle fell to Thomas of BoquhanV 
eldest son, Walter, now in possession thereof. John 
of Sheneglish bad four sons, Walter, who had one 


80X1, Walter, now of Sheneglish, Oeorge^ who 
purchased Ledrishniore, leaving one son, WiUiasi, 
now of Ledrisbmore : John's third son was James, 
who acquired Middle Catter : his fourth son was 
Johni in Little TuUicfaewn. 

The next cadet of the said family is Walter, 
second son to Thomas, sixth or last of that name 
of Carbeth. He had one son, James Buchanan, 
portioner of Caimock in Dunda£P. 

The next cadet to this Walter is Moses Buch- 
anan of Glyns, brother to the late John Buchanan 
of Carbeth. He left only one daughter, married 
to Denniestoun of Colgrain. 

The last cadet is Moses Buchanan of Glyns, 
brother to the present Buchanan of Carbeth, who 
is married to a daughter of Mr. Archibald Grovean 
of Drumquhassil, by whom he hath issue. 

Buchanan of Carbeth bears Buchanan ; and for 
distinction, a dagger in the lion^s dexter paw, 
pointed upward, or towards the chief, proper. Fcnr 
crest, a helmet suiting his station, Motto, Audada 
et Industrta. 





THIS family of Lenky is descended from the 
most ancient cadet which came off the family of 
Bactianan ; and although by that means the most 
remote from the principal family, is nevertheless 
preferaUe to some other cadets of later extract, in 
regard that Lenny descended at two different 
times of Buchanan, of which the first being son to 
Buchanan, married the heiress of Lenny, as did 
the laird of Buchanan a second heiress ; as also in 
regard Buchanan, now of Lenny, represents the 
old family of Lenny of that ilk, which is reported 
to have been a family of good repute, as far as 
tradition may be relied on. But there are as few 
documents relating to, as there are men of, that 
old family extant in this age, to clear this, or any 
other matter concerning the same. I have per- 
used a genealogical manuscript of that family in 
the laird of Lenny's hands, which asserts, that the 


Lennys, while owners of that esfate, had no char- 
ters of the same, but a* large sword, with which^ it 
seems, he who first of that nam^ acquired these 
lands had performed somb signal achievement, be- 
ing a means of his first advancement. This, and 
a relic, being one of St. Fillan'^s teeth, were held 
in such veneration, that whoever had those jtwo in 
possession, presumed he had a very good right to 
that estate. A tenure much like to that which is 
recorded of the estate of Arundel in England, that 
in old times, whoever, by whatsoever means, ob- 
tained possession of Arundel castle, was instantly 
acknowledged to have a sufficient title to that es- 
tate. Nor was this case of Lenny any way singu- 
lar ; a great many others in these more ancient 
times being circumstantiate after the same manner, 
as judging it a derogation to solicit for, or in the 
least rely upon, written evidents for security of the 
possession of their estates, and far more honoura- 
ble, and suitable to their inclinations, to maintain 
their possession by their sword, by whatever means 
acquired. As this* symbolical charter of St. Fil- 
lan'^s tooth was a relic much esteemed by the an- 
,cient lairds of Lenny; so another relic of the 
same saint, being one of his hands embalmed, was^. 
no less valued by some of our Scottish kings, in 
those times of ignorance and superstition ; it beings 
recorded of this last by some of our historians, 
that the night before the battle of Bannockbum, 
the Scottish nobles and principal officers having a 
conference with king Robert Bruce concerning the 
manner of ordering the battle next day, and being 
solicitous of the event, in regard of the greatness^ 


of the- Boglish army, being more than quadruple, 
the number of theirs, suddenly a silver box, which 
was in^ a coffer in the tent, gave a very great clink ; 
whereupon the king's chaplain ran to the box, and 
finding St Fillan^s hand therein, being ordinarily 
kept in that box, however, cried there was a great 
miracle wrought, in regard he had left the hand in 
the king'^s palace in Dunfermline, having taken only 
with him the iempty box, lest that precious relic 
should by some misadventure be lost, and that at 
that instant the hand had miraculously of its own 
accord come, and inclosed itself in the box, which, 
in his opinion, presaged good success to king Ro- 
bert and his army in the ensuing battle. This 
miracle, though invented by the ready wit of the 
chaplain, being divulged through the army, added 
no less courage than hope to them of the prosper- 
ous evient of the approaching engagement. 

The first son of the laird of Buchanan I find 
upon record, who married the heiress of Lenny, 
was Allan, second son to Gilbert, laird of Buchan- 
an, in the reign of king Alexander III. There is 
no charter, or other document in Lenny^s hands, 
that any manner does testify this first marriage ; 
any discovery I obtained thereof, being collected 
from an ancient manuscript register of the earl of 
Lennox'^s, and his vassal's charters, among the re- 
cords of Dunbartonshire, in which I found a char- 
ter by Malcolm,_earl of Lennox, upon resignation 
of Allan of Lenny, in the earl's hands of the lands 
of Drumquhassil, in favour of John, son to the said 
Allfm, for payment of four pennies of blench-duty 
if demanded. This charter (as do divers other old 

246 ACCouKT OF rws 

ones) wants date, but by a subsequent charter is^ 
found to be in the reign of king Alexander III., 
as appears by a charter by Gilmichael M*Edolf of 
Wester Cameron, termed therein Cameron Tim- 
pane, to Malcolm M*Edolf^ his son, of the lands of 
Garlafchorrans, dated in the year 1247, in which 
charter Allan is one of the witnesses, by designation 
of Allan Buchanan de Lenny. Drumquhassil seems 
to have been the patrimonial estate got by this Al- 
lan, at the time he came off the family of Buchan- 
an, or from his father, at the time- of his marriage 
with the heiress of Lenny. 

Allan's successor, as is evident by the above 
charter, was called John, whose successor was nam- 
ed Walter, as seems to appear by letters of i^bm- 
promise, or pacification betwixt Maurice and John 
Drummond, and Alexander Monteath and others 
of that name,' for the slaughter of William, John 
and James Monteaths, brethren to the said Alex- 
ander by these Drummonds. Among others whom: 
the Monteaths include of their friends, in the said 
letters, is mentioned Walter Buchanan, their uncle, 
who behoved to be either laird df Buchanan or 
Lenny, in regard there were not any other families 
of note, of the families of Buchanan extant in that 
age, except those of Buchanan and Lenny. But 
the traditional account most generally asserted,, is, 
that the said John'^s son was called also John, who 
had a son, his successor of the same name; which 
last John, having no male issue, Janet, his daughter 
and heiress, was married to John, the second of 
that name, laird of Buchanan, as testifies a charter 
in the public archives by king Robert IIL, in fa- 


vour of John de Buchanan, and Janet de Lenny, 
his spouse, of the barony of Pitwhoiiidy, dated in 
the year 1393. These lands of Pitwhonidy, seem 
to have been a part of Buchanan^s old estate, in re-* 
gard there is no evident relating thereto, extant 
before this one granted in favour of Buchanan, nor 
is there is so much as any traditional accoxint, of 
any lands belonging to the old family of Lenny, 
except those of that name in Perthshire, and a part 
of those so designed in Mid-Lothian. I was for 
some time surprised at Lenny^s retaining the name 
of Buchanan, and not rather having assumed the 
surname and arms of Lenny ; but observe the rea^ 
son to be very plain, that the laird of Buchanan, 
having married the second heiress of Lenny, would 
not upon that account, change his surname ; and 
John,. his third son, who succeeded to that estate, 
being always termed Buchanan during his father's 
Itfetirae, neglected to assume that of Lenny,^s did 
his successors in all time thereafter, partly moved 
thereto as is reported, by some disobligation put 
upon them by the survivors of the name- of Lenny. 
By the death of John, laird of Buchanan^s eldest 
son at the battle of Vernoil, and in consequence 
thereof, by Walter, the second song's succeeding to 
the estate of Buchanan, the estate of Lenny was 
conveyed in favour of John, the third son, ordin- 
arily designed John of Ballacondachy, being a 
farm room in the barony of Buchanan, given by 
his father to him for patrimony, before the estate 
of Lenny was conveyed in his favour. Though 
this John of Ballacondachy continued the line of 
present lairds and family of Lenny, and as such 


is mentioned in the genealogical tree of the family 
of Buchanan, yet neither by this, nor any other 
evident in Lenny^s hands, can there be an account 
obtained of this John's marriage, nor whether at 
Allan Buchanan, his first son'^s marriage with the 
heiress of Lenny, or at Buchanan's marriage with 
, the second heiress of the same, Keir married the 
coheiress, and with her obtained the half of the 
estate ; that marriage of Keir by the traditional 
account, and with much more probability, seeming 
to have been at the first of these two junctures. 
Neither is it evident by any document I could find 
in Lenny's hands, by what means Keir obtained 
the superiority of Lenny'^s half of that estate, in 
regard of his being married (as is generally report- 
ed) to the younger of the sisters, or cbheiresses. 
AU that is offered for clearing of this point, heiiig 
a traditional narration^ that Walter* laird of Lenny, 
in the beginning of the reign pf king James IV., 
had committed some frivolous crime, which Was 
construed in these times to be a kind of sacrilege, 
for which being cited before the next ecclesiastical 
judge, he disobeyed all citations given upon that 
account, till in the end, being excommunicated for 
his contumacy, he was thereafter delated to the ci« 
vil magistrate ; but giving as little obedience to the 
one, as to the other, he was prosecuted with the 
utmost rigour, being not only denounced rebel, but, 
as is reported, also forfeited, the gift of which, or 
more probably, of Lenny's life-rent escheat, was 
purchased by Keir, who reaped no advantage there- 
by, Lenny retaining possession of his estate by 
%rce, till in the end, one Shaw of Camsmore, an in- 


timate comrade of Lenny^s, was influenced (as the 
story goes) by Keir either to apprehend, or kill 
Lenny. Shaw, judging the first somewhat impracti- 
cable, resolved upon the last method, which he per« 
formed while at the hunting with Lenny, by stabbing 
him behind his back and killing him. After which 
Keir obtained possession of Lenny's estate, which 
he did not enjoy long. For Shaw, meeting Lenny^i^ 
lady and children upon a time, in a very mean con- 
dition, and the lady upbraiding him with her hu»- 
band^s murder, he was possessed with such horror 
of the fact, and detestation of Keir, his influencer, 
as put him upon the resolution of expiating Len- 
ny's murder by that of Keir, which he accordingly 
performed by killing of Keir, as he met him occa- 
sionally near Stirling. After which Keir's and 
Lenny's successors adjusted the matter so, that 
upon Lenny's holding his estate of Keir, he should 
pass from any other demand he had upon the sajne, 
which being then agreed to, continues so to this 

John, first laird of Lenny, of the second line,, 
and ancestor to the present Lenny, was succeeded 
by Andrew, his son, as appears by * charter by 
James IL, in the year 1458, in favour of the said 
Andrew Buchanan of Lenny, of the barony of Pitr 
whonidy, with the lands of Culenchard and Le- 
dunchard in life-rent, and to John Buchanan, his 
son in fee, and to their heirs-male ; which failing, to 
Walter Patrick Buchanan of that ilk, his other son, 
and his heirs-male; which failing, to Archibald, 

* Charta penes Buchanan de Lenny. 


Walter, George and Gilbert, Lenny's other sond^ 
olid their heir&-niale; which failing, to Lenny^s 
other heirs whatsoever: a very strange kind of a 
tttlzie $ Buchanan, and two of his sons, though he 
and Lenny were but cousin-germans, being pre- 
ferred in that charter of tailzie to four of Lenny's 
stm^f and his brother, if these last mentioned were 
legitimate. At what time these lands contained in 
the above charter went off from that family, cannot 
be determined, neither is there any necessity of in- 
serting any more of the charters of that family, some 
of the immediate successors of Andrew last men- 
tioned, not being entered ; so that any charters 
which are extant of some of the latter lairds, are so 
very late as there is not the least occasion of men- 
tioning them. I shall therefore give account of 
the laird's marriages, and of the cadets of that fa- 
mily, as mentioned in a manuscript collected from 
the charters, and other documents in the hands of 
Lenny, with a genealogical tree of his family, com- 
posed from that manuscript, it being asserted by 
both, that Andrew, second laird of Lenny, was 
married to a daughter of Lockhart of Barr, by 
whom he had John, his successor. -He had also 
other four sons, Archibald, Walter, George and 

John, third laird of Lenny, was married to 
Mushet of Burnbank's daughter, and had by her 
Patrick, his successor; which Patrick, married 
Semple of Fulwood's daughter, by whom he had 
Walter, his successor, who was killed by Shaw of 
Camsmore. He marriefl a daughter of Haldan, 
laird of Glenegeis,by whom he had John, his sue- 

FAMILY OF LEK19r. 251 

cessor, wbo married the earl of Monteath'a daughter. 
This John, in compan j with Patrick, second of 
that name, laird of Buchanan, with a good many 
others of best account of his name, was killed at the 
battle of Flowdon, anno 1513. 

To John, succeeded Robert, who was first mar- 
ried to Graham of Inchbrachie^s daughter, relict of 
the laird of Ardkinglass. He had for second ladj, 
Mushet of Burnbank's daughter. 

Robert, first of that name, laird g£ Lenny, was 
succeeded by Robert, the second of that name, who 
was married to Stirling of Ardoch's daughter, by 
whom he had Robert, his successor, and John, hk 
second son, grandfather to the present Lenny. 

Robert, third of that name, laird of Lenny, was 
married to a daughter of Campbel of Lawers, by 
whom he had one son, Robert, who died unmarried, 
and one daughter, married to captain Archibald 
Campbel, son to the laird of Dunstafnage, being 
mother to doctor John Campbel df Torry. 

Robert, the second of that name, had also another 
daughter, who was married to Mr. Donald Camp- 
bel, a son of the above-mentioned family, who had 
nine daughters, the eldest of which was married to 
baron MCorcade], the second to M'Dugal of Oal- 
lanaofa, the third to M'Lachlan of Kilchoan, the 
fourth to M'Lean of Shouna, the fifth to Campbel 
of Inchdrenic^, the sixth to Campbelof Fasnadmcfa, 
the seventh to Campbel of Fincrocan, the eighth 
to Reid of Achaorran, the ninth to Campbel of 

Robert, lastof that name, laird of Lenny, dying 
without issue, he was succeeded by John Bnchaiw 


an, hb courin-german, son to John Buchanan, se- 
cond son to Robert, second of that name, laird of 
Lei^ny, his mother being Stirling of Ardoch'^s 
daughter. John, laird of Lenny« last mentioned, 
married the laird of M'Pharlan's daughter, by 
whom he had two sons, John, his eldest son, mar- 
ried Lennox of Woodhead^s daughter, and died 
without issue* His second son was Henry, who 
upon bis broth^r^s death succeeded to the estate of 
Lenny. He was first married to a second daughter 
of Buchanan of that ilk. He married secondly a 
daughter of Campbel of Lawers, having by both a 
numerous issue. 

The first cadet of the family of Lenny, according 
to the genealogical manuscript of that family, was 
Walter, third son to Andrew, laird of Lenny. 
This Walter obtained a beneficial tack of Mochas- 
tel in Callander paroch, from Balfour, lord Bur- 
leigh's ancestor, then proprietor thereof. Walter^s 
son was called Andrew, whose son Patrick^ had one 
son, Alexander. 

This Alexander bad two sons, John his eldest, 
and Walter, who pbtained from his father the wad- 
set or feu^ight of the lands of Glenny in Mon- 
teath, his eldest brother, John, having preferred 
the tack of Mochastel to the heritage of Glenny, 
possessed the same, allowing his brother that of 
Glenny. The last of that race who possessed the 
same, was captain James Buchanan, grandchild to 
the above Walter, who lived a good part of his 
time, and died a captain in Douglasses regiment in 
France, . being never married, he sold his interest 
of iGlenny to Walter Graham of Gartmor's family.- 


Captain James had an uncle called Alexander, who 
obtained from'Cuningham of Drumquhassil, a bene- 
ficial tack of the lands of Gartachairn in Drymen 

This Alexander had two sons, Andrew, who feu- 
ed Gartachairn from my lord Napier, then proprie- 
tor thereof, and George. Andrew of Gartachairn 
had two sons, Alexander his^uccessor, and George, 
late bailie in Glasgbw, Alexander of Gartachairn 
had three sons, . George, now of- Gartachairn, 
Thomas Buchanan, maltman in Glasgow, and 
Andrew, tailor in the said town. Bailie George 
had four sons, George, his eldest son, -maltman, 
AndreW} Neil, and Archibald, merchants in Glas- 

George, second son to Alexander, first in Gar- 
tachairn, had three sons, John, who went abroad, 
Alexander, and William, residing in Edinburgh. 

John in Mochastel, had two sons, Robert, his 
eldest, and Archibald, ancestor to Buchanan of 
Tony, Robert had one son, Walter, who had two 
sons, John, and Arthur. John, the eldest, sold his 
tack of Mochastel, and acquired afterwards the 
iands of Arnpryor, Straithyre, and a part of the 
lands of Buchanan. He had one son, Mr. Robert, 
who had also one son, Francis Buchanan, present 

Walter in MochasteFs second son, Arthur, puip- 
chased the lands of Auehlessy. He had six sons 
that came to age, the eldest, John, whp went abroad; 
the second, James, now of Auehlessy ; the third, 
Walter, now Caornach ; the fourth, Robert, who 
left one son, James, maltman in Dumblain ; th^ 


fifth, George, who left no issue ; the sixth, Alex- 
ander of DuUaters residing at present in his ances- 
tor's old possession, Mochastel. 

John, first of that name, in Mochastel's second 
son, Archibald, had two sons, John of Torry, and 
Robert, who was killed by the English, and left one 
son, Archibald. John of Torry had two sons, 
Archibald of Torry, and Robert. Archibald of 
Torry had three sons, John, present Torry ; Archi- 
bald, who left no issue ; and Andrew who had 
one son, James. John of Torry^s second son, Ro- 
bert, had five sons that came to age, the eldest 
whereof, is John of Greathil, in St. Ninian paroch. 
His other sons were Archibald, Charles, Alexan- 
der, and Duncan. There are also of the family of 
Mochastel, some of the Buchanans residing in 
Straithyre, with others in the parishes of Calender 
and Kilmadock. 

The second cadet of Lenny^s family, was John 
Moir, or meikle John, ancestor to doctor John 
Buchanan, who left no issue, and to John Buchanan 
in Toddlebum, with divers others about Dumblain, 
and Straithallan. 

The third cadet of Lenny^s family is Sir John 
of Sootscraig, second son to Robert, first of that 
name, laird of Lenny. His estate of Scotscraig 
went with a daughter of his, to a son of the earl oi 
Marr, and since has been conveyed to divers others. 

The same Robert had a third aon, James> mer- 
chant in Edinburgh, who purchased the estate ol 
Shirrahal in Orkney. He had one son, Thomas, 
who sold Shirrahal, and bad three sons, Arthur 
for whom he purchased the estate of Sound; John, 
V whom he acquired the estate of Sandade; and 


William, to whom he left the estate of Russland ; 
all whose progeny is extinct, except one daughter, 
left by Thomas, late of Sandside, being heiress of 
that estate. 

By any account I could obtain from the two sons 
of Robert, second of that name, laird of Lenny, are 
descended the greatest part of these Buchanans, re- 
siding in the parishes of Campsy and Bathernock. 
One of these two sons, whose name was John, 
having first settled in Bancleroch, now Kirktoun in 
Campsy parish, and haying gone thence to Bankier, 
had three sons, . whereof the eldest Wjos Gilbert, 
whose posterity continue in and near Bankier, his 
second son, was William, who came to Blairsketh 
in BathernocL This William had a son of the 
same name, father to William Buchanan, merchant 
in^lasgow, and Gilbert Buchanan of Bankel, pre- 
sent dean of guild in Glasgow. 

There is also descended off this family, Walter 
Buchanan, late of Orchard, who dying without 
hrirs-male, his interest devolved upon his eldest 
daughter, and was conveyed by her, to William 
Atkin, merchant in Glasgow, her husband, and now 
proprietor thereof. Orchard had another daughter, 
married to Andrew Gray of Christoun, near Glas- 
gow '9 another to Robert Alexander, merchant, and 
late bailie in* Glasgow; and another, unmarried. 

There are cadets of Lenny^s family of a late ex- 
tract, called Alexander Boye's progeny, being only 
a small number of the vulgar sort, residing for the 
most part in Callender parish. 

The above-mentioned being all the cadets^ ac- 
cording to the manuscript frequently spoken of, 


or any other documents I could obtain, descended 
off the family of Lenny, who retain the surname 
of Buchanan, I shall in the next place mention 
those of other denominations descended of the 

The first, and most considerable of this last sort, 
are theMacwatties. The ancestor of these was Wal- 
ter, son to John, second of that name, laird of 
Lenny. This Walter, was ordinarily termed Wat- 
tie in Callintuy, being the name of the place of his 
residence. He had a son called John, who came to 
the Lennox, and resided in the parish of Luss. 
John, according to the ordinary custom of those, 
and even of the present times among the High- 
landers, had his surname changed into a patronimi- 
cal one, derived from his father^s proper name, 
being thence termed John Macwattie. He having 
nine sons, who all had issue, was the cause of that 
new name^s becoming in a small process of time 
pretty numerous. Some families of thefse Macwat- 
ties after the conflict of Glenfroon, having left the 
parish of Luss, settled in the parishes of Killearn 
and Strablain ; these, quitting that of Macwattie, 
reassumed their right surname of Buchanan, and 
those of Lenny's family in both the above parishes, 
with some few in the parish of Campsy descended 
off these' Macwatties, so many of them at least, as 
continued in the parish of Luss, and other Highland 
places, retain the surname of Macwattie yet, the 
principal person of these, being Alexander Macwat- 
tie in Glenmacoirn, in Luss parish. There are 
some bf these Macwatties in the shire of Argyll^ 
-nd in the county of Tyrone in Ireland. 

TAHlLt or LENNY. 257 

The seoond cadet of this last sort descended of 
the ^uniljr of L^nny^ are the MacaldoDicfas> deriving 
diat surname from a certain person d Lennj^s fas^ 
nulj named Muldonich» being an ancient Scottish 
christiaB, name, and in some parts of the Highlands. 
in use yet, from whose name his progeny obtained 
the surname of Macmaldonichs^ or contracted as 
above, and most ordinarily expressed. At what 
time the ancestor of these came off the family of 
Lenny, cannot be well determined ; however, they 
always own themselves to be of the said family, and 
the more to remove any scruple thereanent, have 
mostly now, as did some of their friends the Mac- 
watties, as already observed, assumed the surname 
of Buchanan. So that the old surname of Macal* 
donich will in a short time, turn into desuetude. 

The last cadet of those of other denominations^ . 
descended off the family of Lenny, was the ances- . 
tor of those termed Macrobs,^ denominated, from 
one of that family called Robert, by contraction 
Rob, whence his progeny obtained this surname. 
The number and character of these are very incon- . 
siderable, they residing mostly in the parishes of 
Calender and Kilmadock, as do the Macaldonichs^ 
mostly in the lower parts of Straithem, and Straith- 
allap, and some other places of Perthshire. And 
these are all the cadets of other denominations I 
could discover to be descended off the family of 

The armorial bearing of Buchanan of Lenny, is 

Buchanan, being a lion rampant sable, armed, and 

langued gules, urithin a double tressure, flowered 

and counterflowered, with flower-de-luces of the 



second, quartered with those of Lenny, being sable> 
a cheveron, betwixt two bear heads erazed in chief , 
and a boar head as the former in base, argent ; 
muzzled gules; on the chief pmnt of thecheveron, 
a cinque fcnl of the first; first and third, Buchanan ; 
second and fourth, Lenny. Crest, a helmet suiting 
his quality. Motto, Nobilis tat Ira Leanis^ 





THE first of this family was John^ third son to 
Gilbert, laird of Buchanan, who first assumed the 
surname of Buchanan, whose eldest son was Sir 
Maurice, his second Allan, first of Lenny, and the 
third John, first of Stainiflet, who is inserted wit- 
ness in a charter, by Malcolm, earl of Lennox, to 
Patrick Lindsay, of the lands of Bonneil. He is 
also, with John Napier of Kilmahew, Allan of 
Faslane, father to Walter of Faslane, afterward 
lord of Lennox, and Maurice Galbraith, witness 
to a charter, by the same earl, to the said Patrick, 
of his being tosheagor, or principal fbrrester, of 
Lennox. * And though these charters want dates, 
yet, by comparing them with those having dates, 

* Chartulaiy of Duubartondiire. 


granted to some of these witnesses themselves, and 
others in which they were witnesses, they are found 
to be in the latter part of the reign of king Alex- 
ander III. So that Gilbert, being the very first 
found by any manner of record to have assumed 
the name of Buchanan, and he having flourished 
in the latter part of the reign of king Alexander 
II. and a good part of the reign of king Alexan- 
der III. in which last the above-mentioned John 
is inserted witness by designation of Buchanan, he 
cannot, with any shadow of reason, be presumed 
any other than son to the said Gilbert, it being 
clear to a demonstration, there were no others de- 
signed by that surname at that time, but himself 
and his children ; all others descended before, as 
the MacAuselans, MacMillans, and MacColmansy 
having either retained the ancient surname, or 
assumed others, in use at this present time. And 
as it is fully evident, the ancestor of this family 
was a son of the lurd of Buchanan, by the con- 
tinued acquiescence of the lairds of Buchanan^ 
although there were no other evidence to that pur- 
pose ; so hence it appears, that the pretension of 
AucHKEivsM^s being a cadet of Lenny, can by no 
means be admitted, in regard Allan, who first 
married the heiress of Lenayy and the above-men- 
tioned John were cotemporaries, and both witnes- 
ses in the charter mentioned, and some others, by 
designations not in the least insinuating any thing 
as the latter^s being either son or cadet of the for- 
mer. Auchneiven's ancestor seems to have pos- 
sessed a considerable interest in Dunbartonshire^ 
being not only proprietor of Stiuniflet, Auchin- 


reoch, and some other moor lands near the town 
of Dunbarton, but also of a great deal of ground 
next adjacent to the town itself, known as yet by 
the name of Buchanan's Aikers ; likewise a part 
of the ground upon which many of the houses of 
that town are built, there being paid ground-mail 
for the same by the builders and possessors. Those 
lands continued with this family, till about the 
year 1590, when John Buchanan of Stainiflet 
sold them with all his other interest in and about 
Dunbarton, being mostly now in possession of Sir 
James Smdllet, as are also the most ancient evi* 
dents that pertained to that family; all now in 
custody of the present Auchneiven, being only the 
evidents of Auchneiven and Lecher, of a more 
modem date than those of Stainiflet. 

The first of those of Lecher I find upon record, 
is a resignation, by Neil Macllroy, heritor thereof, 
of the lands of Lecher and pertinents, to George 
Buchanan of Stainiflet, dated in the year 1483. 
The said right, with that of the lands of Ibert, 
for good service done, and to be done, was con- 
firmed to the said George by William, lord 
Graham, in the yeair 1489. 

George's successor was Patrick, whose successor 
was called Thomas, as appears by charter of the 
two parts of Lecher, by William, earl of Montrose, 
to Thomas Buchanan, son and heir to the deceased 
Patrick Buchanan of Stainiflet, and Elisabeth 
Edmonstone, daughter to the laird of Duntreath> 
his spouse, in life-rent, and their heirs, in fee>- 
dated in the year 1568. 


Thomases successor was John, who sold Staioi- 
flet, as appears by precept of Clare Constat, in his 
fevour, as heir to Thomas his father, by John, 
earl of Montrose, of the lands of Lechefr, dated in 
the year 1681. This John had two sons, Walter 
his successor, and Dugal, who went to Ireland, 
some of whose posterity having returned, reside 
at Linlithgow and Queensferry; and others re- 
mained in Ireland. Of this Dugal is descended 
William Buchanan, gardener in Glasgow. 

To John succeeded Walter, who was married 
to Edmpnstone of Balleun's daughter, as appears 
by a seasin in her favour, in life-rent, of the lands 
of Lecher, by John Buchanan, father to this WaU 
ter, dated in the year 1628, by wh6m he had 
John his successor, as is dear by charter in las fa- 
vour, by James, earl of Montrose, afterward mar- 
quis, of an annuity of three chalder of victual, 
payable, irredeemably, out of the lands of Auch- 
neiven, dated in the year 1630 ; as also a precept 
of Clare Constat, by James, marquis of Montrose, 
with seasin thereon, to the above-mentioned John, 
of the lands of Auchneiven, dated anno 1668. 
Walter of Auchneiven's second son was Walter, 
late deacon of the bakers in Glasgow, who had 
four sops, John Buchanan, merchant in Glasgow, 
Walter, maltman there, George, baker there, and 
Thomas Buchanan, master of a ship belonging to 
the said town. He had also two daughters, Ma- 
rion, married to Robert Graham, merchant in 
Glasgow, and Janet, married to George Currie, 
merchant in that city. John of Auchneiven was 


married to Elizabeth Crawfurd, daughter to John 
Crawfurd, portioner of Fartiek. He bad by her 
John his successor, and Walter Buchanan, writer 
in Glasgow, who acquired the limds of Teucfaer- 
hill in the parish of Meikle Grovan. 

John of Auchneiven last-mentioned was married 
to Graham of Eilleam's daughter, and had bj her 
one son, John Buchanan, present Auchneiven, 
who is married to Graham of Eillearn^s daughter ; 
and one daughter unmarried. 

The Buchanans of the third of Lecher are ca- 
dets of Auchneiven ; as also John Buchanan, ba- 
ker, and late deacon convener in Glasgow, father 
to John Buchanan, late deacon of the bakers there, 
who had three daughters, the eldest married to 
William Andersoti, merchant in Glasgow, the 
second to George Danzeil, wright in the said 
town, the third to Mr. Robert Buchanan of Am- 
pryor, whose daughter is n^arried to the laird of 

Also the ancestor of those Buchanans lately in 
Borland, now in other parts of Buchanan paroch, 
was a cadet of this family. James Buchanan, un- 
cle to these last-mentioned, went to Ireland in 
the beginning of the reign of king Charles II. 
John, eldest son to the said James, being a per- 
son of good parts and education, became lord 
mayor of Dublin, and upon that account obtuned 
the honour of Knighthood ; he purchased a good 
estate near that city, of which his son is now in 
possession, who, with some other sons of his, and 
a brother, and others of this family, resides in 
Leinster, and other places of that kingdom. 


The latest cadet of Auchneiven^s family is 
John» son to the deoeast Walter Buchanan, writer 
in Glasgow, being the present Auchneiven^s cou- 
sin-german, and present proprietor of Teucher- 




AIM or 


•»»><»*»#» o»iWii»»*» 

ALTHOUGH the descent of the ancestors of 
those I am ta treat of in this place be more late 
off the family of Buchanan than that of some 
others already mentioned, nevertheless, having ob- 
tuned no manner of written document tending to 
the illustration of their descent, but only a tradi- 
tional account of the same, by which means there 
cannot be very much advanced concerning them ; 
I have chosen for that reason, not only to treat of 
them jointly, but also to placetheaccount of them 
after that of others, whose descent can be cleared 
by written, and therefore more convincing, docu* 
mentsj or authorities. 


266 Accauvr of buchakan 

As for the family of Miltoux, neither I nor 
any other of the name of Buchanan I had ever 
occasion of conversing with, had the least know- 
ledge of, or correspondence with, any such family ; 
all found upon record concerning the same, being 
a description or blazon of the armorial bearing of 
Mr. Patrick Buchanan, son to Buchanan of Mil- 
toun, a cadet of Buchanan of that ilk, mentioned 
in Mr. Nisbet^s Treatise of Heraldry, lately pub- 
lished, in which is given no manner of account of 
that family^s genealogy, but only what relates to 
the above-mentioned gentleman^s bearing, as a car 
det thereof. So that all I can offer concerning 
this fiimily is founded upon a traditional account I 
had from a certmn gentleman, who was an officer 
in the laird of Buchanan^s re^^ent in the year 
1645, at which time that re^ment being in garri- 
son in Inverness, one Colin Buchanan of Miltoun 
of Peatty, a gentleman of good repute, and whose 
interest lay within a few miles of the town of 
Inverness, kept very much correspondence with 
Buchanan and his officers, while in garrison in 
that town. He was descended, by any thing can 
be collected from any account, given then out, of 
Maurice Buchanan^s son, who was treasurer to 
the dauphiness of France, in the reign of king 
James I. And though there can be no account 
had of any of that family^s having correspondence 
with any other of their name in these more southern 
parts, in which the same is most numerous these 
many years bygone, nevertheless, it is very pre- 
sumeable this family is s^Il in bebg ; at least it 
seems, by their, arms, to have been so not long 


ago, it being evident the late laird of Buchanan 
changed his motto from Audaeesjuvo^ into Clarwr 
htne Henoa^ in the latter plirt of his time, to which 
last that oFMr. Buchanan, Miltoun^s sony plainly al* 
ludesy his bearing being Buchanan, within a double 
border, gules, charged with eight crescents, argent, 
with a rose in crest, sliped, gules ; motto Ducitur 
hinc Honoa* The Buchanans of the isle of Sky 
seem to be descended of Miltoun. 

The ancestor of the Buchanans of Cashi ll was 
always reputed an immediate cadet of the family 
of Buchanan ; the first of these having obtained 
the lands of Cashill from the laird of Buchanan, 
by which that family was designed, and retained 
possession thereof for some ages, until about the 
latter part of the reign of queen Mary, Robert 
Buchanan of Cashill, and Walter Buchanan his 
son, fell at variance with Thomas Buchanan in 
Arduill, their kinsman and neighbour, in which 
contest the said Thomas and his son Duncan were 
both killed by those of Cashill, for which cause 
the laird of Buchanan dispossessed them of Cashill ; 
whereupon Walter, Bobert's eldest son, went to 
Ireland, where divers of his posterity remun yet 
One of these having come thence, and settled in 
Argyllshire, was ancestor to William Buchanan of 
Glens, who hath brethren, and some other rela- 
tions in that country. William's two sons are, 
John Buchanan, younger, merchant in Glasgow, 
and James, merchant in Tarbet. Robert of Cashill 
bad another son, who went to Braidalbin, and was 
oiBcer to one of the lairds of Glenorchy , the present 
earl of Btaidaibin^s anoestort from which office his 

968 A0fi#FiiT0FWCQAauai 

posterity wat^ tensfad Mac Amhaoirsy or officer jb 
WM9 of which there iv^ese sosi^ lately in BtichaBim 
porisdi, but BOW extinct There are oth»t» «f that 
name yet in Bnudaibint but they mcuotain 00 oop^ 
respondenoe with the naine of fiuchanana 

The anoestor of the Buehanans in AvBuxifL was 
Bobert Coich, or mad B^bert, well known to be 
eon to Patrick^ socondof that name lair^ of Bud^ 
anan, in the reign of king James IV.9 as by no* 
oontny^erted tnufition is jMserted. He was> i:^n 
account of his passionate or precipitant tempert 
termed Coioh, at mad, more especially from two 
mad adventures of his. The first of whidh wa% 
his being engaged, under a great penalty, to pro- 
sent a certain malefactiir to the laird of Buohanan, 
and the person to be presented dying before the 
prefixed time of presentation, mad Robert's surety 
was charged to pay the penalty >; whereupon he 
went to the (dace where the principal was interred, 
and having digged up his cerps, carried the same^ 
and threw it upon the court table before the lainl 
and company, protesting tbereupiHi to be free df 
the penalty f(Mr non-prodiiiotion* Theiaicd, and 
others pnesent, being somewhat surprised at this 
uncommon action, frankly acquitted the penalty, 
lest a greater inconvenience might ensue upon 
refusal. The second joi mad Robot's adventures 
was, his kitting a gentleman who belonged to the 
lord Graham, {or no ^otber reason, but that the 
said gentleman, by bis lord^s orders, was goiiig to 
vejpiHt the rents of certun lauds in the upper pari 
of Buchanan parish, tben belonging to thte lord 
Graham, and whicli Robert disdaioed ^oiild be 


possessed by any other than a Buchanan, it being 
contiguous to their estate. . 

The lord GraSiam, justly incensed at this ac- 
tion, had recourse to Buchanan for reparation, 
which seeing not very practicable to be had of the 
actor, and Buchanan having satisfied my lord of 
bis not being accessory to that affair, my lord was 
obliged for preventing future inconveniences, to 
make an exchange of the lands in Buchanan parish, 
with those of Bamoir, lying near to his other es- 
tate, and which then pertained to Buchanan. 

Mad Robert had only one son, called Patrick, 
who, as his father had that of Coich, had the nick- 
name of Courrui, or champion ; the reason of giving 
that epithet to him being this ; the families of Argyll 
and Buchanan being at variance in this Patrick's 
time, Argyll and Buchanan, each of them attended 
with a select party of horsemen, according to the 
custom of these times, met accidentally at Cramond 
water, the one coming from, the other going for, 
Edinburgh ; these two parties standing upon each 
bank of the river, and neither of them adventuring 
to enter the same ; at length Patrick Buchanan, 
mad Robert's son, couching his spear, and setting 
spurs to his horse, jumped boldly with ho little 
noise into the river, and past thi^ough, Buchanan 
with his party following him. Upon which Ar- 
gylPs party stood a little aside, and left the passage 
clear. - Upon Patrick's jumping into the water, 
Argyll said in Irish to the laird of Eilmartin, who 
stood next him, *< By St. Martin that is a massy 
champion,*^' in Irish Courrui, whence Patrick was 
always termed afterwards the Courrui, or char- 


pkm. He had fcur sons, FioIajF, AkxmdeTt 
Thomai, and Patrick. Of Finl«y, the «lde$t of 
tbdse, are descended Alewndn* Suchaoaii, father 
to James Buchanan; now of Cremanoan, whu^ with 
his sons, rendes in Ireland .; Mr* James Bucbanai^ 
who purchased the lands of Cremawiant and hav- 
ing no issue, disponed those knds to the present 
James of Cremannan his nephew. The Bucha»«r 
ans, possessors for a Jong time of Bbojrour in Dry * 
men parish, of which John Bocbanan in Easter 
Balfunning, Thomas Buchanan^ sUUer in Edin^r 
hurgh, x^th some others, «re afeo descend^ off 
the said Finlay. 

Of Alexander, Patrick's aecood son, ve descends 
ed the Buchanans, for some time possessors^ of Bal* 
lantoneaod Gaidrew of Drunu)uhas«l. 

Of Thomas the third son, are descended the 
Buchanans in Wester Arduill in Buchanw parish^ 
ordinarily termed Donald MacTbomas, his race* 

Of Patrick, the fourth son erf Patrick the Cour- 
rui, is descended Finlay Buchanan, in LaggJin of 
Tyrconndl in Ireland, who has some brethrec^ 
and other relations of that race, residing ne^ 
pho and some other places of that kingdom. 

The Buchanans in Sali^ochy their progenitor, 
as those others last-mentioned, conform to any tra*- 
ditional account can be obtained, was an imme*> 
diate cadet of the family of Buchanan, his name 
being Gilbert, whence his ■ progeny were termed 
ordinarily MacGilberts, or Gilbertsons. The first 
possession giv^n to this Gilbert was Sallochy in 
Buchanan parish, of which hia posterity retained 
possession for divers generations^ That family was 


divided into several branches, one of these con- 
tinuing in the old possession, till of late jrears, 
John, last of this branch, died without male issue. 
Another branch of this family went to Ealpar- 
trick, and settled in Forgiestoun, whose issue hav- 
ing spread through some other parts of Eilpatrick 
and Bathemock, any of them who yet exist, pre^ 
tend to be of Lenny's &mily,. seeing the greater 
part of the other Buchanans of these, and some 
neighbouring places are really of the family of 
Lenny. Besides those already mentioned, there 
are some small heritors, with divers fanners, of the 
name of Buchanan, in Middle and East Calder, as 
also near Langholm in the south country, of whose 
descent I could obtain no distinct account ; so that 
I must leave the same undetermined- 
Having completed (conform to what instructions 
I could obtain,) all I designed to treat ci in rela- 
tion to the family of Buchanan, and the cadets 
thereof, who retain that surname, I proceed next 
to the account of the cadets of that family, who 
pass under other denominations, nevertheless, are 
known, and own themselves to be cadets of the 
family of Buchanan. And though it be an inver- 
sion of the method I have hitherto used, I shall 
begin with the most ancient and most reputed of 





IN regard the M<Ausel ans are the only sept, or 
cadet of the family of Buchanan, though of another 
denomination, that have yet retained the ancient 
surname by which the family of Buchanan was de- 
nominated, I shall therefore treat of these in the 
first place, as being the eldest cadets, and those of 
that name in Scotland, and Ireland, complexly 
taken, of the best account of any other cadets of 
that family, whence they derived their origin. 
And though all the evidents of any considerable 
antiquity, which belonged to the baron M*Auselan» 
are long ago lost, so that all that can be obtained 
for illustration of the descent of that family, is a 
traditional account of the ancestor of the present fa- 
mily of M'Auselans, being a second son of one -of 
the Auselans, generally reputed to be the first of 
the three so named, and who firdt acquired the 
i<^Qds of Buchanan ; yet this account, though the 



exACt ilme <if the M^AsMelan^ dcaeeiit fianiiot be jo 
exactly knowDi ia fully oonfinned by the eyidenliB 
of the fiUExiily of l^oebaDan, by which it is clear to 
a daBonstration, that their sumnnie for diveni 
ages was M^AuselaB} before the assumption of that 
xtf JBucbanan, and that the laird of Buchanan, aa 
also the barons M^Auselan in all times thereafter^ 
owned the descent of that sept of M'Ausekas, to 
be as above related. There was indeed a ground- 
kfis pretence sometime -raade of the.bso^n M^Atise- 
lan's bdug the elder branch c^ the family, sedi^ 
be still retained the ancient sftrname, being ^of the 
aame import with the like pretensions made by ibe 
families of M'Arture, now Campbel of Strachjrr, 
and Mcpherson of Cluny ; tlie first prrten<fingto be 
descended off the family of Lochow, while O^m, 
before the assumption of CampbeU the other from 
thi^t of M'Cattan, bdfore that family assumed the 
surname of Mcintosh, and so both itbe more escient 
But as these long ago upon just grounds ceded their 
.pretensions, so also have the M'Ausekns. Their '* 
estate, by ajay of their documents now extant, was 
never known to amount to more than the little in- 
terest of about twenty pounds sterling of yearly 
rent, possessed by the late baron M^Ausekm, 
which seems to have been the patrimony given to 
the first of that family» upon ' bos descent off 
*M<Ausd^n, laird of Buchanan. Nor is the sup- 
posidon less groundless, that Sir Alexander, design- 
ed M^Auselani a knight of Lennox, who acquired 
the addi^n to the armorial bearkig of Buchanan 
at the battle of Bauge, might probably have been 
haronM'Auselan, and not Buchanan; seang the 


latter sumame was assumed some considerable time 
before that achievement ; but this supposition is 
still further frivolous upon divers accounts, it not 
being probable, that a person of so little interest, 
could be knighted at such early times, while a 
great many of the best quality with difficulty ob- 
tained that honour, and if any of that family had 
so done, it is improbable they would have allowed 
Buchanan to assume these arms, without the least 
opposition at any time thereafter. It is also evi- 
dent that the lairds of Buchanan used, and were 
designed by the surname of M<Auselan upon 
divers occasions, for a long time after the as* 
sumption of Buchanan; as for instance, in a 
charter by the earl of Lennox to Finlay Campsy, 
of a part of the lands so named, to which Maurice, 
laird of Buchanan, is witness by designation of 
M^Auselan, though grandchild to Gilbert, who 
first assumed Buchanan. So that it is no matter of 
admiration, that the monks of Pluscarden, whore- 
late the adventure of Sir Alexander, and living at 
such vast distance- from the place of his residence, 
might happen to design him by his.ancient surname, 
and best known to them, rather than by one so . 
lately assumed. 

The first of these M^Auselaps I could find upon 
record, is Malcolm M^Auselan, inserted witness in 
a charter, by Malcolm, earl of Lennox, of the lands 
of Luss, in favour of John, laird thereof, in the 
reign of king Alexander III. This Malcolm 
(though few or none in these old charters are fully 
designed) seems to have been baron M<Auselan, 
the lairds of Buchanan having generally disused 


that of MfAuselaD) before the date of this charter. 
I .find no nu>re of these recorded, but a traditkmal 
account of one M^Beth, baron M< Auselan, a person 
of uncommon, stature and strength, who lived in 
king Robert the third^s time, and seems to have 
been contemporary with Sir Alexander M< Auselan, 
(NT Buchanan, which makes the supposition already 
mentioned the. more improbable; Alexander, last 
baron M^Auselan, having only one daughter, who 
was married to. a gentleman of the name of Camp- 
bel, after whpse death, she : sold her interest to Sir 
Humphrey Colchoun of Luss, her superior. The 
remainder of the Scotch M'Auselans, reside mostly 
in Lennox. But the greatest number and of best 
account of that name, reside in the counties of Ty- 
rone, Deny, and Down, in the north of Ireland. 
The ancestors of the principal men of these last, 
were Andrew, and John M^Auselans, sons of the 
baron M^Auselan, who went out of the paroch of 
Luss to that kingdom, in the latter part of the 
reign of king James VI. This Andrew had a son 
called Alexander, upon whom he bestowed a good 
education, by which means, becoming a prudent, 
active gentleman, he obtained a commission in the 
army, in time of the civil wars, in the reign of king 
Charles I. At the end of those wars, partly by 
debenture, partly by purchase, he acquired the es^ 
tates of Resh and Ardstaw in the county of Tyrone. 
He had two sons, the eldest whereof, Oliver of Resh, 
was one of the most sufficient gentlemen in these 
parts of that kingdom. In the year 1698, he was 
high-sheriff of that county, and influenced most of 
his own name throughout the country, to settle in 


andmir histown €<tate» which jit fint soarce •- 
laounting lafi^e hundred powod starfing^of yeorfy 
rent, he ioeicMod in aueh a mamicr^ as to leave to 
hid 8iiB.a daav estato'of fifteen hundred pound per 
ammn*. He mas twice married, and left by both A 
nuattvous ittuek Hiat suocessor hatb a lodging m 
aSttlatowa^ called Strabane^ where he oisdiiMDrily 
rende^y and fiar which place he servei as n»nih«r 
of parliaaaentt^ as his father did fbr many yesni^ 
Olivca^s brother is<eaHed Andrew, havhig an^ estate 
catted Ardocheyly wfaa, aad a great many others^c^ 
gGMd circumstanoet of the name of M^AasefaoH ve^ 
sideviathB;eouiiliaialiaeady mentioned. 





NEXT in antiquity to the MacAuselans is the 
^fispt of the MacMillans ; for, as the MacAuse^ 
lans are generally reputed to be descended of An- 
selauy first of that name laird of Buchanan, so the 
MacMillans^ progenitor is known to be second son 
to Anselan, the third of that name. And though 
the first be the more ancient, this in respect of 
number is by far the most considerable of any 
other cadet of whatever denomination. There is 
no document, in so far as I could discover, in the 
hands of any of this sept, to clear their descent off 
the family of Buchanan, but only an uncontro- 
verted tradition, which asserts their ancestor to be 
bnother to the first who assumed the surname of 
Buchanan. Which is the more to be relied on, in 
regard I find the same to agree in all respects 
inth a written document lately found, by which 
that descent is clearly illustrated, by a charter, by 
2 A 

278 ACCOVKT or the 

MalduiD, earl oftjennoX} to 6iIn(iore» sonof Mul- 
donicb, of the estate of Luss, in the reign of king 
Alexander II. in which, Anselan, laird of Bucl^- 
anan, with Gilbert, his eldest son, who 6rst as- 
sumed the surname of Buchanan, and Methlan, 
his second son, ancestor of the MacMillans, are 
inserte4 witnesses. So that, notwithstanding a 
tnd opinion obtained for some time, of their 
obtaining that denomination from their ances- 
r^s being bald, in Irish Maoilain, and thence 
MacMailans, or bald-man^s sons, yet there is not 
the least show of reason for any such supposition, 
after such a clear evident for evincing the contra- 
ry, and a more probable reason of that denomina- 
tion is found out.^ For it is clear, that MacMeth- 
lan can be no otherwise pronounced in Irish than 
as the MacMillans pronounce their name. 

This Methlan is not found to have left his na- 
tive cfc«Aqtry* but' having a great many sons, one 
or two of t\rt<*«j5rgBt to Kintyre, upon account of 
a friendship then much cultivated betwixt the 
families of the great MacDonaM^nd Buchanan ; 
the first being some small time bejfoie allied with 
the principal person of the O'Kyans, of which fa- 
mily that of Buchanan was originally descended. 
By this means Methlan*s sons, being Buchanan's 
grandchildren, met with a very kind recdption 
from the lord MacDonald, who, for his service,^^]^ 
lowed to one of them a considerable estate in KnaW 
dale, in the south-west part of Kintyre, who f^ 
his heroic achievements was termed « the greai \ 
MacMillan of Knap,** as is asserted by an accouai \ 
of his family, conveyed to my hands by MacMiUan 


of Dunmore in Enapdale* being the principal man 
of that name, or sept. Who further adds, that in 
all times bygone, as also at present, he, and his 
whole sept did, and do own themselves to be de- 
scended of the family of Buchanan ; and that one 
of his ancestors caused build a very pretty chapel 
in Kilmorie of Knap, for devotion and burying- 
jdace, in which there is a fine cross, with divers 
other figures neatly cut in stone, and a great many 
characters engraven thereon scarcely legible, which 
intimate the founder ^s name to have been iEneas 
MacMillan, who, or some of his ancestors, built a 
large tower in addition to Castlesuin, or MacSuin^s 
castle, the other part of that castle, according to 
tradition, being built by the progenitor of the 
Maxwells, upon his first coming from Ireland, and 
settling for some time in Knapdale, being descend- 
ed of the great clan MacSuin in Ireland, and then 
naming the castle MacSuin^s castle, or Castlesuin, 
as now termed. It seems very probable, that up- 
on MacSuin's leaving that country, and settling 
in the southern parts, his neighbour MacMillan 
got possession of the castle, aud upon that occa^ 
sion built the additional tower thereto, which he 
termed «* MacMillan^s towei*," as the first was de- 
nominated from MacSuin. There is a tradition, 
that a brother of MacMillan, who went first from 
this cituntry with him in the time of the civil wars 
after the death of king Alexander III. went from 
Argyllshire to Galloway, and settled in that coun- 
try, being the progenitor of the MacMillans of 
Galloway. The principal man of these is Mac- 
Millan of Brocklocb. There are also divers other 

278 Accouirr or the 

MalduiD, earl oFtjennox^ to Gilmore^ sonof Mul- 
donicb, of the estate of Luss, in the reign of king 
Alexander II. in which, Anselan, laird of Buclv- 
anan, with Gilbert, his eldest son, who Bret as- 
sumed the surname of Buchanan, and Methlan, 
his second son, ancestor of the MacMillans, are 
inserte4 witnesses. So that, notwithstanding a 
fond opinion obtained for some time, of their 
obtaining that denomination from their ances* 
tore's being bald, in Irish Maoilain, and thence 
MacMailans, or bald-man^s sons, yet there is not 
the least show of reason for any such suppbsition, 
after such a clear evident for evincing the contra- 
ry, and a more probable reason of that denomina- 
tion is found out.< For it is clear, that MacMeth- 
Ian can be no otherwise pronounced in Irish than 
as the MacMillans pronounce their name. 

This Methlan is not found to have left his na- 
tive ctoAqtry* but' having a great many sons, one 
or two of tb>«^j8^gDt to Kintyre, upon account of 
a friendship then much ^hivated betwixt the 
families of the great MacDonaU^^nd Buchanan ; 
the first being some small time before allied with 
the principal person of the O'Kyans, of which fa- 
mily that of Buchanan was originally descended. 
By this means Methlan^s sons, being Buchanan's 
grandchildren, met with a very kind reception 
from the lord MacDonald, who, for- his service,\d- 
lowed to one of them a considerable estate in KnaW 
dale, in the south-west part of Kintyre, who fob 
his heroic achievements was termed « the great V 
MacMillan of Knap,** as is asserted by aq account 
of his family, conveyed to my hands by MacMiilan^ 


of Dunmore in Enapdale» being the principal man 
of that name, or sept. Who further adds, that in 
all times bygone, as also at present, he, and his 
whole sept did, and do own themselves to be de- 
scended of the family of Buchanan ; and that one 
of his ancestors caused build a very pretty chapel 
in Eilmorie of Knap, for devotion and burying- 
place, in which there is a fine cross, with divers 
other figures neatly cut in stone, and a great many 
characters engraven thereon scarcely legible, which 
intimate the founder^s name to have been iEneas 
MacMilian, who, or some of his ancestors, built a 
large tower in addition to Castlesuin, or MacSuin^s 
castle, the other part of that castle, according to 
tradition, being built by the progenitor of the 
Maxwells, upon his first coming from Ireland, and 
settling for some time in Knapdale^ being descend- 
ed of the great clan MacSuin in Ireland, and then 
naming the castle MacSuin's castle, or Castlesuin, 
as now termed. It seems very probable, that up- 
on MacSuin's leaving that country, and settling 
in the southern parts, his neighbour MacMilian 
got possession of the castle, aud upon that occa^ 
sion built the additional tower thereto, which he 
termed <* MacMillan^s towei^*'^ as the first was de- 
nominated from MacSuin. There is a tradition, 
that a brother of MacMilian, who went first from 
this cftuntry with him iii the time of the civil wars 
after the death of king Alexander III. went from 
Argyllshire to Galloway, and settled in that coun- 
try, being the progenitor of the MacMillans of 
Galloway. The principal man of these is Mac- 
Milian of Brocklocb. There are also divers other 


heritors^ and a good number of the vulgar sort of 
the name in that country, who acknowledge their 
origin to be the same with the MacMiUans of Ar* 

The cause of the MacMiUans losing the greatest 
part of their estate in Knapdale, is reported to 
have been their joining the lord MacDonald th^ 
superior, in aiding James, earl of Douglas, in that 
rebellion agwnst king James II. in the year 1456. 
Another of Methlan^s sons, being brother to Mao* 
Millan first of Knap, went to Perthshire, and 
settled in Lawers. This MacMillan had ten sons, 
whom Chalmers, then lurd of Lawers, o£Pering by 
force to dispossess of these lands possessed by them, 
could not get Jthe same effectuated till he obtained 
from king David II. letters of fire and sword 
against them, which orders, with the assbtance c^ 
the sheriff of that shire, he with the utniost diffi- 
culty put in execution, obliging most of them to 
abandon that country, and go to their friends in 
Argyllshire ; whence some of these retarning in 
process of time, obtained a part of their ancient 
possessions in Lawers, and were ancestors to the 
MacMiUans (though much decayed) in Ardownaig, 
and other parts of Braidalbin. This account is 
asserted by a brieve (of which I had a transcript) 
obtained some years ago by one Serjeant MacMil- 
lan, descended from the MacMiUans of GaEoway, 
in the gray dragoons, from one of the kings of 
arms in England. By this brieve it is further as- 
serted, that it was Metblan himself that settled in 
Lawers, and that some of his sons went first and_ 
settled in ArgyUshire, upon the said letters of fire 


and dword being put in execution against 
Chalmers, laird of Lawers. 
' A son of the great MacMillan of Kn 
resided in a certain place in Kintjre, ca] 
cbaintnag, having kilted one Marallach 
certain stranger, of great account, who ha 
in these parts, and seems to have bee 
oppressor of his neighbours, which ga' 
the contest betwixt him and his neighb< 
Millan ; for this he was with six of hi: 
his associates in that action, obliged to ti 
and flee to Lochaber, and in this exige 
ing recourse to the laird of Locheal, h 
cetved into his protection, and allowed p( 
in his lands. These changing their su 
little from MacMillan, into that of Ms 
to this day retained, some small time a 
settlement in Lochaber, there came one 
and settled in a place called Badokenna 
head of Lochfine in Argyllshire, being p: 
to the MacGilveils of Glenera and Glensti 
<»thers in those parts. 

There was another of the family of Km 
Archibald i5aan MacMillan, who having 
certain man of repute, was so closely pursi 
committing the slaughter, that coming b\ 
of Argyll's residence, he was forced into 
kitchen for refuge, where the cook, beii 
same time baking, hastily caused MacMilli 
change clothes with htm, and fall to bah 
prevented his being apprehended, or di 
by the pursuers; afler which this Ma 
and his progeny, assumed the surname 



Bhaxters, yet reUdned by them. Those of this 
name reside mostly in Cowal in Argyllshire; the 
principal man of them being Nivein MacBhaoLter 
in Glendarowal. They term themselyes in £i^ 
glishy Baxtei;^. Whether those of that name m 
the more Lowland parts be of the same stera> 
(though it seems probaUe,) is more than I can 
positively determine. 

The principal person of the MacMiUana of Ar- 
gyllshire, is Duncan MacMillan of Dunmore; 
his interest and residence is upon the south side 
of Lochtarbet in Knapdale» in the shire of Ar- 
gyll. There are also MacMillans of Coura, and 
of Clochbrecks, with a very considerable num- 
ber of the vulgar sort dispersed through that 

The MacGilveils oi Lochaber are mostly plants 
ed upon both sides of Locherkek in Lochaber* 
and live generally under and are close dependants 
upon the laird of Locheal, and upon, all expedi- 
tions make up a company of an hundred men, 
with officers, all of that sept ; not reputed the 
worst of Locheal's regiment, being generally em- 
ployed in any desperate enterprise that occurs. 
These bad a controversy not many years ago with 
another sept, reckoned the most desperate in all 
those parts, termed MacLonvies, dependants also 
of Locheal ; these last having murdered one of 
the MacGilveils, the actors being twelve in num- 
ber, betook themselves to the mountains, bdng 
outlaws before, upon which some of the MacGil- 
y^ls addrest Locheal, telling him, if he would 
not allow them to revenge this murder upon the 


actors, they would destroy the whole sept without 
distinction. Locheal granted their request^ upon 
condition they yrould only prosecute the guilty, 
which they so effectually did, that in a few days 
they either kiUed or brought to justice the whole 
number of them, having not lost one man of their 
own number, though divers were wounded. The 
principal persons of this sept are the MacGilveils 
of Murlagan, of Caiilie, and Glenpean. 

There are a great number also of the Mac- 
Millans in the parishes of Lend and Armuy in 
the county of Antrim, and other places of Ire- 
land. The persons of best account of them in 
that kingdom, is lieutenant John MacMillan of 
Killre, in the county of Derry, having an estate 
of five hundred pound sterling, per annum ; also 
doctor MacMillan in Lisbum, a person of good 
repute and circumstances ; and MacMillan of 
Glensase^ and others. 

MacMillan of Dunmore carries Buchanan, for 
distinction, upon & chief, parted per barr, gules, 
three moUets, argent 




THE ancestor of the MacColmans was Col- 
man, third son to Anselan, third of that name* 
and seventh laird or Buchanan, being brother to 
Gilbert, who 6rst assumed the surname of Buch- 
anan, and to Methlan, ancestor of the MacMil- 
lans. Colman was an ordinary Christian name of 
old in this kingdom ; as, for instance, Colman, 
bishop of Lindisfarn in Northumberland, and af- 
terwards abbot of Icolmkill, in the reign of king 
Ferquhard I. Also one of the Scottish nobility, 
who made an oration against concluding the league 
with France, in the reign of king Achaius. 

The time and cause of this Col mane's song's going 
to Argyllshire is not very evident, but it seems 
▼ery probable to be in the reign of king Alexan- 
der III. within a short space of his cousin Mac- 
Millan^s going into that country, whose good re- 
^ption there might have been. the principal mo- 


tive of his cousin MacCoIman^s following him. 
The only written document 1 find relating to the 
M»;Colmans is a charter, or life-rent-right, grant- 
ed hj Duncan MacPharlane, of a part of his lands, 
to Christian Campbell, daughter to Sir Colin Camp- 
bell of Lochow his lady, dated in the year 1395, 
and in the reign of king Robert III. The trus- 
tees employed by Sir Colin to see this right com- 
pleted, were John Campbell, dean of Argyll, and 
John MacColman. 

I had an account of the MacColmanstransmit- 
ted to me by that judicious and learned gentleman, 
the reverend Mr. Alexander MacColman, minister 
of Lismore and Appin, which justly deserves the 
greater regard and credit, seeing it exactly agrees 
with that sent me by MacMillan of Dunmore, 
near the same time, in relation to his clan, as also 
with a written document, which came not to my 
hands several years after receipt of the said ac- 
count. That delivered me by Mr. Alexander 
MacColman concerning the origin of that sept, 
asserts, that the ancestors of the MacMillans and 
MacColmans were brethren of him who first as- 
sumed the surname of Buchanan, though the same 
be not testified by any written document, but by 
a continued and inviolable tradition handed down 
. from one generation to another, with which they 
are satisfied, always cheerfully acknowledging their 
original descent to be of the family of Buchanan, 
though they cannot so very distinctly tell the man- 
ner and circumstances of the same. 

There is also a very great evidence of the Mac- 
Colmans^ blood-relation to the name of Buchanan^ 


from this, that notwithstanding of the great dis- 
tance betwixt the respective residences of these two 
names, and upon that account the seldomness of 
their mutual converse, or correspondence with one 
another, yet they have the same inviolable love 
and entire respect for the name of Buchanan, that 
they have for one another of their nearest rela- 
tions, although no preceding acquaintance or good 
offices intervene. 

Moreover, although the MacCoImans have rcr 
sided in Mucarn, and other adjacent places in Ar- 
gyllshire, upwards of four hundred years, yet they 
never gave any bond of Manrie, or other acknow- 
ledgement, to, or had the least dependance upon, 
any person or clan in these parts, though there is 
no other sept in the same circumstances in all those 
countries, but what are obliged to give some such 
bond or acknowledgement. The principal places 
in which these reside are Mucarn, and Benedera 
loch in Upper Lorn, in the shire of Argyll. The 
men of best account of them are Mr. John Mac- 
Colman, son to the said Mr. Alexander, who hath 
a little interest in Lismore; also another Mr. 
John, brother to the same Mr. Alexander, who 
hath ten sons, all men of good repute. 

Besides these, there are sixty effective men of 
that name in these parts. 

There is another sept of these MacCoImans in 
Kintail, in the earl of Seaforth^s land, descended 
of one Mr. Murdo,- (or, as the Irish term it,) 
Murcho MacCoJman, who went from Argyllshire 
into that country, near two hundred years ago. 
These are termed in Irish MacAmhaisdirs, or 

MACC0LMAN8. 287 

Mastersons, but term themselves in English Mur- 
chisons, from Murcho, their anoestor^s andent 
name. The principal man of these is Murchisoil 
of Ouchtertyre, in the parish of Locheilg in Cn- 
tail These term themselves Dowes when in the 
Lowlands, and assert the Dowes upon Forth and 
other places to be descend^ of them, which Dowe 
of Amhally the principal person of that name, in a 
great measure owned, there being upon that ac- 
count great intimacy betwixt the late laird of 
Buchanan and him ; but both their estates being 
gone to other families, through want of male issue, 
that correspondence betwixt the two names is 





THERE is no written document to evince the 
. circumstances, of the descent of the name of Spit- 
TEL ofP the family of Buchanan ; though an un- 
controverted tradition, and a continued pretension 
by the family of Buchanan to the name of Spittel^ 
and the acquiescence of the generality of that 
name in the pretensions made to the same, in a 
great measure clear theori^n of the name of Spit- 
tel to be, as is generally asserted. 

The ancestor of that name was son to Sir Mau- 
rice Buchanan of that ilk, who flourished in the 
reign of king Alexander III. The reason given 
of his assuming the surname of Spittel being, that 
he was admitted into that order of knighthood 
called knight-templars, or cruch-backs, which order 
was instituted about the eleventh century of the 
Christian epocha, for defence of the Christian reli- 
gion, more especially of the temple and cross of 

• ACCOmiT OF THE fiPITTSLa. 289 

Jerusalem, which, as the Roman legend has it, 
was miraculously found by Helena, mother to 
Constantine the first Christian emperor, after much 
search made by her orders in and about the place 
of our Saviour^s crucifixion. For preserving it, 
the empress caused a stately temple to be built at 
Jerusalem, and dedicated to the holy cross, whence 
in after ages a great many, if not innumerable, 
pieces were sent, by the popes of Rome, of that 
supposed cross, for good sums of money, to popish 
princes, and other potentates, insomuch that one 
of their own writers affirms, that if the thousand 
part of these pieces had been of the real cross, it 
would have soon broken the back of Simon of 
Cyrene in carrying it. However, the above order 
of knights was chiefly instituted for defence of 
that cross, and having the portraiture thereof be- 
twixt their shoulders, upon their upper garments, 
they were thence termed cross-backs, or cruch- 
backs, and from the temple in which the cross was 
kept, templars. There were a vast deal of lands 
throughout Christendom mortified to this order, 
for keeping up hospitality, in entertaining such 
poor pilgrims, as in those days of superstition 
were going to the holy land, to perform their de- 
votions ; whence their order obtained the name of 
the hospitallers, and their lands Spittels, many of 
which yet retain that name. And though the 
templars and they seem to have been originally of 
one order, yet they afterwards were distinct, the 
templars being afterwards known by the name of 
knights of St. Jobuy afterwards Rhodes, and now 
of Malta. However that be, the hospitallers be- 


oame in process, of time so sqandidoDS ibr^Aheit 
wicked lives, that the p6pe, upi^n^^t^otte theraof, 
dr% 7as some say, instigated by I^bilip !the(£!«ir, 
kiajg of France,, who had formed a detign <rf'>get* 
ting his sons invested in a.great.:part of : these 
knights^ laiids,Jn the year 1380, sent hkcpoMtive 
orders, or bulls, to exterminate this whole-order, 
and . sequestrate their lands. These orders 'weie 
fbr'most part observed, most rff these' knights^be- 
ing, witbont mercy, put to the sword, exeepti'SiiGJi 
as were preserved by some potent friends. The 
pope shortly repenting his orders in giving somlaDy 
lands, devoted once for sacred, to be now.bestowed 
to secular uses, recalled his promise of g^iing'the 
same to the French king and others, :andtheveaf«* 
ier mortified these lands to the knights of St. John 
ab6ve»«entioned. Nevertheless, a great part of 
these lands, in despite of all the pope ooulddo, 
were kept by those laicks who first seized the same, 
upon the extinetion of the hospitallers. 

Aniong others who kept their part, was this son 
of Buchanan, who, from these Spittel lands ^pos- 
sessed by him, assumed the surname of Spittel, 
(his son* being Adam Spittel of Ledlewans,)>be. 
sides which, he^had Easter Baleun, Biairwhoisfa, 
and other lands in the parishesr bf Strathblane and 
KiUeam, being a cobsiderabte estate with the Spt- 
tel- lands. All which, having made a purchase, as 
it would seem, of some othert place, the said Adam 
Spittel disponed in favour of fats cousin Walter, 
laird of Buchanan, by charter, dated in ^ jiear 
13M, 'md fburdi year of liie rtiea laf ki«ff 'Bo- 
bertlir. . «S" 5 


This Adam was ancestor to Spittel of Leuchart 
in Fife, which family, since that of Buchanan was 
extinct, has kept no manner of correspondence 
with any of the name, so that neither by perusal 
of any of his evidences, nor by converse with the 
gentleman himself, could I have the opportunity 
of obtaining a distinct account of the time and 
manner of his acquiring his present estate, nor the 
reason of his omitting to marshall any part of 
Bucbanan^s armorial bearing with that he now 
bears. The most obvious reason to 'me of his so 
doing is, that his predecessor being, in orders, and 
by that means prohibited an armorial bearing, his 
successors, if they acquired' their estate by mar- 
riage, assumed those of the family they matched 
into; if by purchase, arms most suitable to their 
own inclination. Spittel of Leuchart, being a 
g^tleman of a good estate. in the shire of ' Fife, is 
the p^ncipal person of that sept ; there being, be--, 
sides chose in Fife, divers of that name in the 
Straith of Monteath, and other places of this king- 








THERE are two several septs of these Mac- 
Maubices, descended off the family of Buchanan 
at two different junctures of time. The ancestor 
of the first of these septs, for any thing can be 
found, was an illegitimate son of Maurice, second 
of that name, laird of Buchanan, in the latter part 
of the reign of king Robert I., and beginning of 
king David II. The first of these I find upon re- 
cord, is Arthur M^Maurice, being witness in a 
charter by Eugen M'Kessan of Garchel, in favour 
of Celestin M^Lachlan, and Arthur McNeil, of that 
part of the estate of Garchel, called Aucbintroig, 
Gartclach, &c. in the reign of king Robert III. 
Those of this race reside mostly in the heads of 
Stratthem, and Struthallan, and a few of them in 
the parish of Callender. The other sept of these 


ll^Miitaric«9, i84f»ceQded of one stopping Maurio^ 
illegitinilite.sQn- to Waltert fourth of that natne^ 
I«rd of BucbaQaoi in the reign of king Jamed IIL 
T4)is Maurice, is reported to have been of a very 
huge statuf'e^ but withall so very coarse and un- 
bandsotne^ as gave occasion for his being little re* 
garded ; so that in the time of king James IV., the 
laibdof Buchanan^^ with most of his name* having battle of Flowdop, left Maurice, with 
some otiler invalids to oversee affairs at hoipe; 
there being at that; time, some feud or v^riai^oe be-' 
tmikt M^Kensie, Uird of Eintail and Buchdnan.; 
Kintail thought this a fit time to carry on the sapie, 
and sending for that effect, one Kenneth M.^Kenzie, 
a brother, or aooie other near relation of his owqi 
with eighty men to harass Buchanan^slandsj. these 
came to a hill betwixt Drymen and Buchanan, in 
sights of the latter, and being fatigued, lay down 
among the heather to take some little repose. Mean* 
while, MauricC) getting some notice of the advance 
of his party, went to get surer intelligence, and pa&« 
sing accidentdlly near the hill in which the party 
lay, Kenneth, the captain, observing him, went a« 
lone to himi to get information of the state of the 
country* Maurice seeming to take little notiioe of 
him^ went still on, giving no satisfactory answer to 
any of his demands ; which at length so exasperal* 
ed M'^Kensue, that he gave Maurice a stroke with; 
hie swOrd, not being at the trouble of drawing the 
same; which was no sooner done, than Maurice 
gave hitn. suob^ a stroke with his battle-ax, as clave 
bis. head to the teeth, whereupon he returned in->. 
stantly to Buchanan, and alarmed the country/ 


The party in a little time awakening, and finding 
their captain in that bad posture, returned with all 
speed back without doing the least violence* The 
place where this action was done, yet retains the 
name of Kenneth's plain. A grandchild of this 
Maurice, having killed a servant of my lord Glen- 
cairn, who resided in Kilmafonock, was obliged to 
leave his native country of Buchanan, and go to the 
village of Scoon, north of Tay. His posterity in 
these parts, are termed Morreises, or Morisons. 
Some of these came thence, and settled upon Forth, 
betwixt Stirling and Culross, of whom are descend- 
ed most of the Morisons in those parts. There 
are also some of this last sept in the parish of Buch- 
anan, who retain their ancient name of M*Maurice^ 
but very few in number. 

The ancestor of the sept of the Mac Ami>eoirs, 
is also reputed a cadet of the family, being report- 
ed to be a man of prudence and sagacity, who went 
to Argyllshire, along with Walter laird of Buchan- 
an^s daughter, married in the reign of king James 
III., to Campbel, laird of Ardkinglass; who, in 
regard there was no other of his surname in that 
country, was thence termed Deoir, or a sojourner, 
whence his posterity were termed M<Ande<nrs. 
This sept reside mostly in a place called Arskeot- 
nish, near the village of Kilmichael in Glasrie, as 
also upon the side of Lochow, in M<Lacblan of 
InchchonnePs lands. The principal person of these, 
is M« Andeoir of Kilchoan, near Kilmichael in Glas- 
rie. These are dependants of the laird of Ardkin- 
glass, seeing their ancestiHr went first there with his 


The MacChbvitres were of along time reputed 
Buchanans, having for divers ages resided in these 
landS} in the upper parts of the parishes of Buchan* 
an and Callender, pertaining to the lairds of Budi- 
anaiiy but are now wholly decayed in those parts* 
The few of that name now extant, reside in Argyll- 
shire^ but maintain no correspondence with the 
name of Buchanan. They obtained their surname, 
from some one of their ancestors being a harper^ and 
were thence termed MacChruiters, or Harpersons* 

The MacGbsusichs are so denominated, from 
one of their ancestors being a cordiner, termed in Ir- 
ish, Greusich, whence his posterity were thereafter 
termed Macgreusichs, or Cordiner-sons. These'are 
of the same origin with the Macandeoirs; that Buch- 
anan, who went to Argyllshire with the laird of 
Ardkinglass's lady, being ancestor to both septs. 
These M'Greusichs, reside in Gaunnans, upon the 
west side of Lochlong, and betwixt that and Loch- 
goyle in Ardkinglass^s lands, being, as their friends 
the M^Andeoirs, dependants on that gentleman. 
There is also a small number residing upon Loch- 
goyle-side, termed M^Nuyers of Evan Glass, or 
Gray Hugh's race, of the same origin with the 
M<Greusichs, and own themselves Buchanans. 
Those already mentioned, are all the cadets of other 
denominations, directly or immediately descended 
off the lamily of Buchanan. 

As for the M'Watties, M<Aldonichs, and 
M^Robs, being all those of other denominations 
descended off the family of Lenny, I made men- 
tion of them in the account of that family. Those 
cadets of other denominations, descended off the 

* 896 AOODuier< or ths^ VACiiMrftiost^ ire. 

trntHj* of DnimiinU, are the Biska^ so^ nmed 
final their moestor^s being born upon the Bisks Of 
Diytneii. Thete mostly reside in the parishes of 
"Dtymetty Balfroa and Killeani, and some few of 
theman.tbe Straith of Monteath. The seebnd ca* 
dets of this kind are the M^Einlays, so named fromr 
a son of DramikiU^ called Fialay; those lately* in 
Bloimyle^ taoA aboot BeUaehj are of this tort» as 
also tbope in Benaahra^ and about the Water of 
Einny in Luss^ parish* Tbe^ M^Kinlays in some 
olhcfr fiarts of these parishes, ane- M^Pbarlans. 
The third of these cadets was ancestor of the 
M^Tomases^ so nained from one Tbomlis of Dtumi* 
hiU's family* It is also pretended* thatthe Yuilles 
aredesoended of a sonof Drumikiirs, born upon 
Yuilday. This pretension is adhered to by some 
of; the name of Yuille, by others not. 







THE nature of public history not permitting 
notice to be taken of all the gallant actions of pri- 
vate men, many very singular achievements of per- 
sons bearing the name of Buchapan, have by that 
means been passed over in silence, so as to be capa- 
ble of being vouched no other ways than by private 
memoirs, or traditional accoun& However, we 
find from these, that many of the name of Buchanan 
have not been wanting to signalize themselves, in as 
eminent a manner as any of their station. For not 


to menticHi the vigoroas efforts and constancy of An* 
SXLAN, progenitor of that surname, in the quarrel 
and service of the Scotish king and nation against 
the Danes, the inveterate enemies of both, which 
was the cause of his obtaining that first and splen- 
did part of the armorial bearing of Buchanan ; our 
historians also celebrate the signal adherence of 
Sib Mauhice, one of his successors, to the interest 
of his country, during a greater part of the wars 
managed after thp death of king Alexander, a clear 
evidence of which, (as already hinted,) is his not 
having signed the ragman-roll, violently imposed 
by king Edward the first of England, upon most 
of any consideralble aocount throughout the king- 
dom, though this gentleman at the time was 
honoured with knighthood, and upon divers ac- 
counts, much preferable to a. great many, whose- 
names are found at that bpnd of allegiance to: the 
tyrannical king, who allowed none to reftneit, but 
such as adventured so to do at their utmost hazard. 
Nor was this gentleman^s successor of the same 
name of less bravery and attachment to the welfare 
and hmiour of his native country, having accompa- 
nied his patron, Malcolm^ earl of Lennox, in.all the 
dai^;dnnis adventures the earl was concerned in, 
during the reign of king Robert I;, and the minori-* 
ty of his son, king David U. 

The next, who ngnalized himself for the honour. 
of'hi3^ country, was Sib Albxandbe, eldest son t» 
Jolm, second of that name, laird of Buchanan, who* 
ptoeiured the addition afteiwrnentioned; to the ar* 
moriat'bearing-of Bo^hanMi. The cireumstaiioea: 

oF<BRBir^minr'OF<»irieHAKAN. ^2#9 

of'AeVfidNrenttire'Hi wfaich-tliis gehltetiMiti was oon- 
eemicdt 'and the «etion by which he si^alia^-^kki- 
0elf, being brkiy thus: 

C3Mu4es, the fipstof ibat'naroe, king of France^ 
becDmingfranttc^and hta<|UeM, with the bassist anee 
ofithe duke of Burgumiy, making up a party 
UgatMt' Charles the dauphin, to whom of right the 
government of the 'kingdom did belongs and i/rtio 
ims therefore the more favoured and suppc^rled by 
ht9 countrymen ; this created such jetiousyiin the 
advise party, as: put them upon all imag^rriible ,. 
melibods of supporting their o«»n interest'; in order . 
wfaei^to,they had recourse to Henry the fifth of En- 
gland, an aspirii^ y*oung king, who had not quite 
lost thoughts of the old pretensions of kingEdward 
IIL, his great grandfather, to that kingdom. -He 
therefore' readily accepted of the queen^s inTitation 
not to invade, but to accept in a manner of the 
kingdom of France, of which the dauphin, by her in- 
fluent, was disinherited by his father. Upon the 
view of these advantages, king Henry went to France 
with a good army, and having defeated thedauphin^s 
army at Agincourt, and afterwards proceeded to 
Paris, where he married the French king's daugh- 
ter, he was constituted not only regent of France, 
during the king's indisposition, but also his succes- 
sor in the kingdcmi. Thus having ordered matters 
in^ France to his satisfaction, he returned in triumph 
to England, leaving his brother, Thomas, dukeof 
Olflrence,' his viee-gerent and general of the En- 
glish army. The dauphin in this exigency sent 
a m baaaadors to Scotlandi in the year 1419, being 


the last year but one of the r^ncy of Bobert, 
duke of Albany, imploring aid against the English. 
In compliance witl^ this request, the regent in the 
beginning of the year 1420, sent over a supply of 
seven thousand volunteers, . under command of 
John, earl of Buchan, his own son, and Archibald, 
earl of Wigtoun, eldest son to the earl of Douglas. 
These forces arriving in France, some few days be- 
fore Easter, (which festival was then,- and is yet 
very religiously, if , not superstitiously, observed 
among the Romanists,) upon which account, there 
was a cessation of arms agreed upon for some days 
betwixt the Scots and English: in confidence 
whereof the former remained in much security : of 
this the duke of Clarence being informed by one 
f regosa, an Italian, who deserted from the Scot- 
ish army, he upon the intelligence, resolved, not- 
withstanding of the cessation, to take his advantage 
of theScots,fearing more harm from the experienced 
valour of that small number,tj)an most of tbeFrencb 
forces besides. So keeping his design secret, upon^ 
Easter Sabbath he ordered all his horsemen to arm, 
judging these suflScient for the enterprize, and by a 
hasty march arrived in a few hours at the Scots quar- 
ters, in a little town in the province of Anjou, called 
Bauge, near which was a river traversed with a 
stone bridge, and guarded by a party of French, 
who upon Clarence^s arrival, deserted the post. 
Upon this alarm, Hugh Kennedy, a Scotish cap- 
tain, with thirty archers advanced to the bridge, 
and for some time defended the same,^till Clarence 
ordered two hundred of his curassiers todismount» 


and with push of spear, beat Kennedy and his 
small party, destitute of defensive armour, from 
their post. But while this was a-doing, the earl of 
Buchan, with two hundred Scotish horsemen, ar- 
rived at the bridge, which Clarence observing, left 
the passage clear to the Scots, and drew up his men 
in order of battle. The Scotish general, as soon as 
he got his men together, advanced toward the 
enemy, and charged them with very great bra- 
very, which was received by the English with no 
less resolution, being superior both in number and 
experience. So that after a sharp dispute, the 
Scots were scarce able to maintain their ground ; 
till in the heat of the action, Sir Alexander I]iu6h- 
anan meeting the duke of Clarence, who was very 
conspicuous upon account of a coronet beset with a 
great many jewels affixed to his helmet, with bis 
couched spear with the utmost vigour made toward 
him ; the duke in the same posture met his anta- 
gonist, upon whose bi east-plate the duke^s spear 
slanting, Buchanan pierced * at once through his 
left eye and brain, whereupon he instantly fell from 
his horse. Buchanan in the mean time getting 
hold of the coronet, and putting the same upon the 
point of his spear, cried to his countrymen to take 
courage, for that there was a token he had killed 
the English general, which the English noticing, 
made no further resistance, but committed their 
safety to their horses^ heels, there being killed of 
them, besides Clarence, twenty-six officers, and 
other persons of quality, and near three thousand 
soldiers, besides two thousand taken prisoners, with 
2 C 

Tery little Joss to the Scots, th^re beting po^epfuQ- 
cbunt kiUed upon tbeir -side. . 

This victory, as it gaye a great c];ieck to tbe af- 
fairs of the English, did do less erect the drooping 
circun^staoces of tbe French, of which thedauphi^ 
waS'SO sensible, that he created tbe earl ofJBMchan 
his master of horse, and Wigtoun^ high copstj^l^ 
of France, and rewarded all the other .persons of 
distinction according to their merits, particularljr 
Buchadan, whom he bountifully reward^cjj and fpr 
preservation of bis heroic achievemept, added tQ 
bis former bearing, a second tressure round tjbte 
field, flowered and counterflowered, with flpwer^dcr 
luces of the second, and in a crest, a band coupee^ 
holding a duke^s coronet, with two laurel branchens 
wreathed round the same ; which addition was re- 
tained by ^be family of Budianan ip all time there- 

Mr. George Buchanan, who seems never to have 
been careful in advancing the honour of his name^ 
asserts that the common report was, that Clarence 
was first wounded by Sir John Swinton, and after- 
wards beat from bis horse by the earl of Buchan. 
But tbe assertion of the book Pluscarden, and the 
additional arms, being so plain a monument of that 
action, clear the truth thereof, as above related, be- 
yond all manner of controversy. Buchanan is report- 
ed to have sold the coronet to Stewart of Darnly» 
for one thousand angels of gold, and Darnly to have 
pawned the same to Sir Robert Houston, for five 
thousand angels. This gallant gentleman, with a 
great many more of bis countrymen^ was kiljed by 

OF rtLt FAMfALY OF B0Clf A'^AN. HfS 

^a Efls^hh, ibtt^ugh the ttettcheryi de^et'tion, or 
Mi^afdice of the Freiitih, in conjuneek>n withthein 
At the btfttle of Vernoifc, ift the year 1484. 

The next of that family who lost his life in the 
service of his prince, was Patrick,- second of that 
Atoiejaird of Buchanan, who, wit li mo^t of his name 
#tti9 with king James IV. at the battle of Flowdon, 
in which Buchanan himself, John, laird of Lenny, 
add divers Otliers of the name, were killed in the 
year 1613. Though our public histories give no 
slc^ount of tbid geifitleman^s death, at that occasion, 
nor of a great many others of quality, who lost 
their Irves tti thM fatal engagement, nevertheless, 
there a^e accounts found of the same in most 
of the families, whose prineipal. men were lost at 
that juncture. 

Georos, laird of Buchanan, with his name and 
dependants^, wa^ at the biattle of Pinkie in queen 
Mary*s minority, in which Buchanan of Arnpryor, 
atid divert others of the name lost their lives. The 
same George was also at the battle of Lang8ide,in 
which he behaved very honourably ; and no less so 
did Grokge, third of that name, laird ofBuchan^ 
fin, father to the kte laird, who b^tng colonel of 
Stirlingshire regiment, during the whole of the ci- 
^1 warn in the reign of king Charles I., was with 
fais regiment (most of the officers, and a good many 
of the tfdtdiers thereof, being of his own name,) at 
the battle of Dunbar, as also at the fatal conflict of 
Ennerketthing; at the last of which, Buchanan, 
irtlh Sit John Brown, colonel of Mid- Lothian re^- 
litem, with their two regiments, stopped the pas- 


sage of the Engfish army oyer Forth for some dajrs, ' 
and would have continued so to do till relief had 
come from the king^s grand army, then encamped 
at Stirling, had not major general Holborn, com- 
mander in chief of that party of the Scottish forces, 
(biassed as was thought with English gold) com- 
manded these brave gentlemen to abandon their 
post, and allow the English free passage, which 
when effected, the general drew on these two re^- 
ments with that of brave Sir Hector McLean, most- 
ly composed of bis own name, to an engagement 
with the best part of the English army ; Holborn 
himelf, with his regiment of horse, wheeling off 
without finng one shot, and leaving these three re- 
giments of foot to the mercy, or rather . merciless, 
rage of the enemy, they after a most valiant resis- 
tance, even much greater than could be expected 
from their number, were in the end overpowered, 
and mostly cut to pieces. The laird of M^LeaPi 
with most of any account of his name, was killed^ 
as also a vast number of the name of Buchanan, 
the laird himself, with Sir John Brown, and some 
few other officers being made prisoners, in which 
condition Buchanan continued unreleased till his ' 
death, in the year 1651. 

It may be upon good grounds presumed, that 
divers others of the liurds of Buchanan were con- 
cerned in a great many other battles, and other 
grand transactions managed in this nation, though 
a particular account of these matters cannot be so 
easily t)btained. Hoi^ever, the above mentioned 
instances, of which there are accounts, are sufficient 


ttstknotiies of these gentlemen^s willtngness upon atl 
oocasioDs, to evidence their duty in behalf and ser- 
vice <^ their prince and country. 

As the kirds of Buchanan were ordinarily among 
the first who appeared in the public service of their 
country, ao they were frequently obliged, according 
to the too general custom of the more ancient times, 
to maintain some private quarrels with some neigh* 
bouriog names, and being for the most part unjust- 
ly provoked, came very rarely off with disadvan- 

The first of these private quarrels that is report- 
ed to have been, was with the Arrals, then a nume- 
rous name in the Lennox, and whose perverse and 
insolent disposiuon was very singular, insomuch, 
that upon report of any quarrel, or slaughter in 
these parts, in which that name resided, those not 
present, upon hearing thereof ordinarily asked, 
who, besides the Arrals ? judging, whoever were 
seconds, the Arrals behoved to be first in any such 
adventure. Nevertheless, in that contest already 
giUmced at betwixt the Buchanans, and that name, 
the same was brought so low, that there scarce re- 
mained thereafter the least memory of it. 

Their next controversy is reported to be with 
the Galbraiths, in the reign of king James IL, 
being the most numerous and jpotent name of the 
Lennox in that age. The reason of this contest, 
is said to be the laird of Buchanan^s marrying a 
gentlewoman of the name of Galbraith, heiress of 
Killearn, Bamoir and Auchinreoch. The Gal- 
bruths grudging very much that so good an estate 


should be carried off by a stranger, and in regard 
they could not justly withhold those lands, they re- 
solved to take the advantage of these times, which, 
being very turbulent, favoured such projects, to 
detain them from Buchanan by violence. This be- 
gan the quarrel, which continued for sometime 
with mutual slaughter, and did in the end termin- 
ate not only in the loss of what the Gulbraiths so 
much struggled for, but also of divers of themselves 
in the action ; the last of them being Gralbraith of 
Benachra and Benraes, who resided in a little cas- 
tle, situated in^a small island of Lochlomond, 
called yet the Gralbriuth^s isle, whence he commit- 
ted a great many hostilities upon most of the 
neighbouring gentlemen : and if at any time de- 
prived of his boat, he would swim with his clothes 
and arms tyed betwixt his shoulders, and in that 
manner take a boat from the next adjacent shore, 
and carry the same into his isle. Of this practice 
Buchanan being informed, caused plant an am- 
budh in the next isle to Galbraith'^s, which inter- 
cepted him while in his swimming posture, and 
despatched him, to the. no small satisfaction of his 

There were divers other hostilities carried on 
betwixt that of Buchanan and some other neigh- 
bouring families, not necessary here to be men- 
tioned ; as there were also betwixt the family of 
Lenny and two several neighbouring clans, at two 
different junctures ; betwixt the family of Drumi- 
kill, with the like number of clans ; and also betwixt 
Carbeth and a certain clan in their neighbour- 


hood. In all which contests, though after a ' 
great deal of bloodshed, those families came off 
with the same honour and advantage that the 
principal family were wont to have in their en- 

The name of Buchanan was so numerous in 
heritors, and the castle of Buchanan so centrally 
placed in respect of the interests and residences 
of these heritors, that the laird of Buchanan 
could, in a summer^s day, call fifty heritors of his 
own name to bis house, upon any occasion, and 
all of them might with conveniency return to 
their respective residences against night, the fuiv 
tbest of them not being above ten miles from 

The name of Buchanan, since the principal fami- 
ly became extinct, consists of, or is classed into 
four classes, or families ; the first of these, being a 
certain number of heritors, and their dependants, 
who are immediately descended off the family of 
Buchanan, or the latest cadets thereof, who, though 
they keep entire friendship with, yet have no de* 
pendance upon, any other family of the nama 
The principal person of these is Buchanan of 
Auchmar, there being of this class ten heritors. 
Th6 next is the family of Drumikill, the principal 
person or head of which is Buchanan of Craigie- 
vairn, there being of this family seventeen heri- 
tors. The third is Buchanan of Lenny, of which 
iamily, himself included, there are ten heritors. 
The fourth is the family of Carbeth, of which, 
Carbeth himself included, there are fourteen heri- 


tors* The beriton of the MacAuselans, MacAiCl* 
UxMf MacColmanst and Spittels^ all immedialdy 
descended off that of Buchanan, being added to 
the first class, makes the same the most considera- 
ble of the four. 







THERE have been several learaed men of the 
name of Buchanani besides Mr. Georgey of whom 
already, particularly 

Mb. Thomas Buchanan of Ibert, nephew to 
Mr. Georgci upon whose demisnon the said Mr. 
Thomas succeeded in the office of lord privy-seal : 
before which he was a preacher, and a learned and 
eminent divine : being a great promoter of the 
Reformation, he was consulted in aU points any 
ways difficult that occurred in those times ; upon 
which account he is very often mentioned in the 
Histories of Knox and Calderwood. 

There was another Mb. Thomas Buchanan, 
son to Thomas, second of that name, young laird 
of Drumikill. He was minister of Syres in Fife, 
in the reign of king James VI., and was of the 
greatest learning^ and esteem of any ^f his time. 



Mb* Robebt Buchanan, provost of the colle- 
giate church of Eirkbeugh in St. Andrews, in the 
beginning of the reign of king James VI., was 
T^ry famous for philosophy and theology, being, 
for any thing I can find> of the old family of Am- 

Mb. David Buchanan, second son of William 
Buchanan of Arnpryor, was a gentleman of great 
learning : he flourished in the latter part of the 
reign of king James VI., and beginning of the 
reign of king Charles I. He wrote a large Natu- 
ral History, which was not completed at the au- 
thor^s death, and therefore never pi'intedy to the 
great loss of the learned and curious. He wrote 
also a large Etymologicon of all the Shires, Cities, 
Rivers and Mountains in Scotland, which was 
printed, though not in many hands ; from which 
I find Sir Robert Sibbald quotes some pas^ges 
in his History of the Shires of Stirling and Fife. 



Trlbxtadbf K. Cbxpman, GUagow. ^ 

'"» 11